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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Menkaure
  • Attested
    Ireru[...] (in Menkaure Valley Temple)
    Khnumwerkau Iku (in Menkaure Valley Temple)
    Minnakht (in Menkaure Valley Temple)
    Rawer (in Menkaure Valley Temple)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Other No
    Mycerinus Valley Temple
  • Alternate Reisner No
    G III Valley Temple
  • PorterMoss Date
    Dynasty 4

Finds 1203

Excavation Diary Pages 45

  • Vol.01.p.001

    • Diary page dates 12/03/1909 through 12/13/1909
  • Vol.01.p.002

    • Diary page dates 12/15/1909; 12/16/1909
  • Vol.01.p.003

    • Diary page dates 12/16/1909 through 12/23/1909
  • Vol.01.p.004

    • Diary page dates 12/24/1909 through 12/30/1909
  • Vol.01.p.005

    • Diary page dates 12/30/1909, 12/31/1909, 01/01/1910
  • Vol.01.p.006

    • Diary page dates 01/01/1910 through 01/07/1910
  • Vol.01.p.007

    • Diary page dates 01/07/1910, 01/08/1910, 01/09/1910, 01/10/1910, 01/11/1910, 01/12/1910
  • Vol.01.p.008

    • Diary page dates 01/12/1910; 01/13/1910; 01/14/1910; 01/15/1910; 01/16/1910
  • Vol.01.p.009

    • Diary page dates 01/16/1910; 01/17/1910; 01/18/1910
  • Vol.01.p.010

    • Diary page dates 01/18/1910; 01/19/1910; 01/20/1910
  • Vol.01.p.011

    • Diary page dates 01/20/1910
  • Vol.01.p.012

    • Diary page dates 01/20/1910; 01/21/1910
  • Vol.01.p.013

    • Diary page dates 01/21/1910; 01/22/1910; 01/23/1910
  • Vol.01.p.014

    • Diary page dates 01/23/1910
  • Vol.01.p.015

    • Diary page dates 01/23/1910; 01/24/1910; 01/25/1910; 01/26/1910; 01/27/1910; 01/28/1910
  • Vol.01.p.016

    • Diary page dates 01/28/1910; 01/29/1910; 01/30/1910
  • Vol.01.p.017

    • Diary page dates 01/30/1910; 01/31/1910; 02/01/1910
  • Vol.01.p.018

    • Diary page dates 02/01/1910; 02/02/1910
  • Vol.01.p.019

    • Diary page dates 02/02/1910; 02/03/1910; 02/04/1910; 02/05/1910; 02/06/1910
  • Vol.01.p.020

    • Diary page dates 02/07/1910; 02/08/1910; 02/09/1910
  • Vol.01.p.021

    • Diary page dates 02/09/1910; 02/10/1910; 02/11/1910; 02/13/1910
  • Vol.01.p.022

    • Diary page dates 02/12/1910; 02/13/1910; 02/14/1919; 02/15/1910
  • Vol.01.p.023

    • Diary page dates 02/15/1910; 02/16/1910
  • Vol.01.p.024

    • Diary page dates 02/17/1910; 02/18/1910; 02/19/1910
  • Vol.01.p.025

    • Diary page dates 02/19/1910; 02/20/1910; 02/21/1910
  • Vol.01.p.026

    • Diary page dates 02/21/1910; 02/22/1910
  • Vol.01.p.027

    • Diary page dates 02/22/1910; 02/23/1910; 02/24/1910; 02/25/1910
  • Vol.01.p.027back

    • Diary page dates 02/25/1910
  • Vol.01.p.028

    • Diary page dates 02/01/1910 through 03/03/1910
  • Vol.01.p.032

    • Diary page dates 03/11/1910; 03/12/1910; 03/13/1910; 03/14/1910; 03/15/1910; 03/16/1910
  • Vol.01.p.033

    • Diary page dates 03/16/1910; 03/17/1910; 03/18/1910
  • Vol.01.p.034

    • Diary page dates 03/18/1910; 03/19/1910; 03/20/1910; 03/21/1910; 03/22/1910; 03/23/1910
  • Vol.01.p.035

    • Diary page dates 03/24/1910; 03/25/1910
  • Vol.01.p.036

    • Diary page dates 03/25/1910; 03/26/1910; 03/27/1910; 03/28/1910
  • Vol.02.p.037

    • Diary page dates 03/28/1910; 03/29/1910; 03/30/1910
  • Vol.02.p.038

    • Diary page dates 03/30/1910; 03/31/1910; 04/01/1910; 04/02/1910
  • Vol.02.p.039

    • Diary page dates 04/03/1910; 04/04/1910; 04/05/1910; 04/06/1910; 04/07/1910
  • Vol.02.p.040

    • Diary page dates 04/07/1910
  • Vol.02.p.041

    • Diary page dates 04/08/1910; 04/09/1910; 04/10/1910; 04/11/1910; 04/12/1910
  • Vol.02.p.042

    • Diary page dates 04/12/1910; 04/13/1910; 04/14/1910; 04/15/1910; 04/16/1910; 04/17/1910
  • Vol.03.p.066

    • Diary page dates 03/21/1912
  • Vol.03.p.067

    • Diary page dates 03/21/1912
  • Vol.03.p.068

    • Diary page dates 03/21/1912
  • Vol.03.p.069

    • Diary page dates 03/21/1912
  • Vol.03.p.128

    • Diary page dates 07/24/1924

Maps & Plans 18

Drawings 6

Published Documents 15

Unpublished Documents 74

Full Bibliography

  • Arnold, Dieter. "Old Kingdom Statues in their Architectural Setting." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, pp. 41-42, 44.

    Bothmer, Bernard V. "Notes on the Mycerinus Triad." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 48, No. 271 (February 1950), p. 13.

    Cwiek, Andrzej. Relief Decoration in the Royal Funerary Complexes of the Old Kingdom: Studies in the Development, Scene Content and Iconography. Warsaw: Institute of Archaeology, Faculty of History, Warsaw University, 2003, pp. 105-106.

    Faulkner, Raymond O. "Review of 'Mycerinus. The Temples of the Third Pyramid at Giza'." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 19 (1933), p. 111.

    Fay, Biri. "Royal Women as Represented in Sculpture dunring the Old Kingdom." In Nicolas Grimal, ed. Les Critères de Datation Stylistiques à l'Ancien Empire. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 1998, p. 164.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Menkaure Dyad(s)." In Stephen E. Thompson and Peter Der Manuelian, eds. Egypt and Beyond: Essays Presented to Leonard H. Lesko upon his Retirement from the Wilbour Chair of Egyptology at Brown University June 2005. Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, 2008, pp. 109, 111, 129, 139, 141.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 4: 1932-1933. Cairo: Government Press, 1943, p. 91.

    Hawass, Zahi. "The Discovery of the Harbors of Khufu and Khafre at Gîza." In Catherine Berger and Bernard Mathieu, eds. Études sur l'Ancien Empire et la nécropole de Saqqâra dédiées à Jean-Philippe Lauer. Orientalia Monspeliensia IX. Montpellier: Université Paul Valéry, 1997, p. 247.

    Hawass, Zahi. "The Discovery of a Pair-Statue near the Pyramid of Menkaure at Giza." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo 53 (1997), p. 289.

    Hawass, Zahi. "The Great Sphinx at Giza: Date and Function." In Gian Maria Zaccone and Tomaso Ricardi di Netro (eds.) Sesto Congresso Internazionale di Egittologia. Atti, Volume II. Turin, 1993, p. 183.

    Holden, Lynn. "An Anubis Figure in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts." In William K. Simpson and Whitney M. Davis, eds. Studies in Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Sudan. Essays in honor of Dows Dunham on the occasion of his 90th birthday, June 1, 1980, Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1981, pp. 99, 102.

    Lehner, Mark. "Giza. A Contextual Approach to the Pyramids." Archiv für Orientforschung 32 (1985), pp. 156, 157, notes 77, 78.

    Lesko, Barbara S. "Queen Khamerernebty II and Her Sculpture." In Leonard H. Lesko, ed. Ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Studies in Memory of William A. Ward, Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, Brown University, 1998, p. 161.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, pp. 141, 145, figs. 80, 85, 86, 87.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "A Race against Time in the Shadow of the Pyramids. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Giza Necropolis, 1902-1990." KMT 1, No. 4 (1990-91), pp. 15-17.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 27-32.

    Reisner, George A. Mycerinus: The Temples of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931.

    Reisner, George A. "Solving the Riddle of the Sphinx." Cosmopolitan Magazine 53 (1912), pp. 10-13.

    Roth, Ann Macy. "Fingers, Stars, and the 'Opening of the Mouth': the Nature and Function of the nTrwj-blades." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 79 (1993), p. 73.

    Rowe, Alan. "Studies in the Archaeology of the Near East II: Some Facts Concerning the Gread Pyramids of el-Gîza and Their Royal Constructors." Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 44, No. 1 (September 1961), p. 117.

    Rzepka, Slawomir. "Some Remarks on Two Mycerinus Group Statues." Göttinger Miszellen 166 (1998), pp. 77, 79, 83.

    Saleh, Abdel-Aziz. "Excavations Around Mycerinus Pyramid Complex." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo 30 (1974), pp. 142, 153.

    Sethe, Kurt. Urkunden des Alten Reichs. Erster Band. Urkunden des Ägyptischen Altertums Abteilung 1, Hft. 1-4. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1903/1933, pp. 277-278 [29 (169)].

    Unsigned. "The Dawn of Civilization in Egypt: Tracing the Culture of the Egyptians nearly to the Stone Age--Mummies Not of Ancient Origin--The Secret of the Sphinx Revealed." Science Conspectus 2, No. 3 (February 1912), p. 77, unnumbered figure on p. 73.

    Verner, Miroslav. "Further Thoughts on the Khentkaus Problem." Discussions in Egyptology 38 (1997), p. 113.

    Wood, Wendy. "A Reconstruction of the Triads of King Mycerinus." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 60 (1974), pp. 82-93, fig. 1.

Photos 1994

3D Models 1

Videos 6

People 6

Ancient People

  • Ireru[...] (in Menkaure Valley Temple)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fragmentary lintel inscribed for Ireru[...], identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; found in Menkaure Valley Temple, west doorway of III 377 (antechamber/vestibule), originally from above chapel entrance doorway or false door of unidentified tomb (appears to be late in date, perhaps from Pepi II).
  • Khnumwerkau Iku (in Menkaure Valley Temple)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Limestone statue of squatting man (1908 no. 25 = published no. 43 = Cairo JE 41978) inscribed for Khnumwerkau, [rn=f nfr] his good name Iku, identified as [smr watj Xrj-Hb smsw Hrj-sStA n xtmt-nTr Spss nswt jmj-r st xntjw-S(?) pr-aA] sole companion, senior lector-priest, secretary of the god's treasure, noble of the king, overseer of the department of palace attendants(?) of the Great House; found in Menkaure valley temple (MVT / corridor III-4). Possibly same individual as Werkauba Iku (G 2383).
  • Menkaure

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.
  • Minnakht (in Menkaure Valley Temple)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Name appears on fragment of alabaster stela (MFA 11.716c), identified as [sm(?)] sem-priest; found in Menkaure Valley Temple.
  • Rawer (in Menkaure Valley Temple)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Name appears on two fitting fragments of alabaster stela (MFA 11.716), and fragment of alabaster stela (MFA 11.716c), identified as [sm] sem-priest; found in Menkaure Valley Temple.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.