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Greywacke standing pair statue (dyad) of Menkaure and queen, possibly Khamerernebty II; roughly 3/4 lifesize, unfinished, king's head fully finished, head of queen nearly finished, and rest of figures ready for polishing (no inscriptions, unpolished base), faint fraces of red paint on sides of king's head and portions of painted necklace on breast of queen; perfect except for end of king's beard (now found and in place). [published no. 17 = 10-1-16]

Details

  • ID
    MFAB_11.1738
  • Department
    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Classification
    Sculpture
  • Findspot
    Menkaure Valley Temple (MVT / thieves' hole in corridor III 4)
  • Material
    Greywacke
  • Dimensions
    Height x width x depth: 142.2 x 57.1 x 55.2 cm (56 x 22 1/2 x 21 3/4 in.)
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Object Ownership Information
    MFA
  • Period
    Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Menkaure
  • Owner
    Menkaure
  • Notes
    This object was excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition, but was not recorded in any object register book. 1909: Excavated by the Harvard University–Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1911: assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt. (Accession Date: March 2, 1911)
  • Remarks
    Registration number obtained from publication; no registration records available for 1910.

Tombs and Monuments 1

Published Documents 33

Full Bibliography

  • Arnold, Dieter. "Old Kingdom Statues in their Architectural Setting." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 41.

    Arnold, Dorothea. When the Pyramids were Built. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, pp. 66, 69, figs. 57, 58.

    Assmann, Jan. "Preservation and Presentation of Self in Ancient Egyptian Portraiture." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed., Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 1. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1996, p. 64, fig. 13.

    Bothmer, Bernard V. "Notes on the Mycerinus Triad." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 48, No. 271 (February 1950), p.12, fig. 2.

    Callender, Vivienne G. and Peter Jánosi. "The Tomb of Queen Khamerernebty II at Giza." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo 53 (1997), p. 20.

    Cott, Perry Blythe. "An Egyptian Sculpture of the Fourth Dynasty." Worcester Art Museum Annual I (1935-36), p. 17.

    Cwiek, Andrzej. Relief Decoration in the Royal Funerary Complexes of the Old Kingdom: Studies in the Development, Scene Content and Iconography. Warsaw: Institute of Archaeology, Faculty of History, Warsaw University, 2003, p. 106.

    Dunham, Dows. "Portraiture in Ancient Egypt." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 41, No. 246 (December 1943), p. 71, fig. 8.

    Dunham, Dows. The Egyptian Department and its Excavations. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1958, pp. 36-38, fig. 21.

    Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, pp. 268-271, cat. 67.

    Faulkner, Raymond O. "Review of 'Mycerinus. The Temples of the Third Pyramid at Giza'." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 19 (1933), p. 111.

    Fay, Biri. "Royal Women as Represented in Sculpture during the Old Kingdom. Part II: Uninscribed Sculptures." In Christiane Ziegler, ed. L'art de l'ancien empire égyptien. Paris: Musée du Louvre, 1999, p. 126, fig. 3.

    Fay, Biri. "Royal Women as Represented in Sculpture during the Old Kingdom." In Nicolas Grimal, ed. Les Critères de Datation Stylistiques à l'Ancien Empire. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 1998, pp. 164-166, 179-180, figs. 11, 12a-d.

    Freed, Rita E., Lawrence M. Berman, and Denise M. Doxey. Arts of Ancient Egypt. MFA Highlights. Boston: MFA Publications, 2003, pp. 86-87 (mislabeled 11.17385).

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Menkaure Dyad(s)." In Stephen E. Thompson and Peter Der Manuelian, eds. Egypt and Beyond: Essays Presented to Leonard H. Lesko upon his Retirement from the Wilbour Chair of Egyptology at Brown University June 2005. Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, 2008, pp. 109-113, 116, 121, 123, 128, 131, 134-139, 141, 143-144, figs. 1, 2a, 3, 4a-b, 5a-b, 16, 17f, 19, 21a, 22a, 23a, 25b, 28a-c, 29a.

    Gardiner, Alan H. "A New Masterpiece of Egyptian Sculpture." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 4 (1917), pp. 1-2.

    Grzymski, Krzysztof. "Royal Statuary." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, pp. 50, 55.

    Hawass, Zahi. "A Statue of Menkaure Found in Luxor." In Eva-Maria Engel, Vera Müller & Ulrich Hartung, eds. Zeichen aus dem Sand. Streiflichter aus Ägyptens Geschichte zu Ehren von Günter Dreyer. MENES 5. Wiesbaden: Harassowitz Verlag, 2008, p. 216.

    Lesko, Barbara S. "Queen Khamerernebty II and Her Sculpture." In Leonard H. Lesko, ed. Ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Studies in Memory of William A. Ward, Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, Brown University, 1998, pp. 151-152, 161.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited–Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), p. 8, note 11.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Eight Years at the Giza Archives Project: Past Experiences and Future Plans for the Giza Digital Archive." Egyptian and Egyptological Documents, Archives, and Libraries, An Annual 1 (Milan, 2009), p. 155. 

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Unfinished Business: The Giza Tablet of Tjenti (JE 72135)." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, p. 784.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, pp. 145, 146, 152, note 16.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. “March 1912: A Month in the Life of American Egyptologist George A. Reisner.” KMT 7, no. 2, Summer (1996), pp. 64-66.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "A Race against Time in the Shadow of the Pyramids. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Giza Necropolis, 1902-1990." KMT 1, No. 4 (1990-91), pp. 15-17.

    Markowitz, Yvonne J., Joyce L. Haynes, and Rita E. Freed. Egypt in the Age of the Pyramids: Highlights from the Harvard University–Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Expedition. Boston: MFA Publications, 2002, p. 25, fig. 8.

    Reisner, George A. "Egyptology 1896-1928." In Samuel Eliot Morison, ed. The Development of Harvard University since the Inauguration of President Eliot 1869–1929. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1930, p. 242.

    Reisner, George A. "The Harvard-University-Museum of Fine Arts Egyptian Expedition." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 9, No. 50 (April 1911), pp. 18-19, unnumbered figs.

    Reisner, George A. Mycerinus: The Temples of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931, pp. 37, 110.

    Rzepka, Slawomir. "Some Remarks on Two Mycerinus Group Statues." Göttinger Miszellen 166 (1998), pp. 83-86, pl. 2, fig. 2.

    Sanborn, Ashton. "New Installation of Egyptian Sculpture." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 23, No. 140 (December 1925), p. 72.

    Scharff, Alexander. "On the Statuary of the Old Kingdom." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 26 (1941), p. 47.

    Simpson, William Kelly. "Grammar of Egyptian Statuary: The Old Kingdom." In Bettina Schmitz, ed. Festschrift Arne Eggebrecht zum 65. Geburtstag am 12. März 2000. Hildesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge 48. Hildesheim: Gerstenberg Verlag, 2002, p. 107.

    Smith, William Stevenson. Ancient Egypt as Represented in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1960 (6th ed.), pp. 43, 47, fig. 22.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom in Egypt," The Cambridge Ancient History, rev. ed. of vols. I & II, Cambridge University Press, 1962, p. 34.

    Unsigned. "The Dawn of Civilization in Egypt: Tracing the Culture of the Egyptians nearly to the Stone Age--Mummies Not of Ancient Origin--The Secret of the Sphinx Revealed." Science Conspectus 2, No. 3 (February 1912), p. 77, unnumbered figures on pp. 71, 75 and 76.

    Wood, Wendy. "A Reconstruction of the Triads of King Mycerinus." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 60 (1974), pp. 82, 85, 93.

Photos 58

People 1

Ancient People

  • Menkaure

    • Type Owner
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.