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Details

  • Format
    Journal Article
  • Language
    ENGLISH
  • Year Published
    2009
  • Number of Pages
    46
  • Citation Text
    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited-Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)."Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt45 (2009), pp. 3-48.
  • Publisher
    American Research Center in Egypt
  • Author
    Peter Der Manuelian, 1959–
  • Individual - Ancient
    Akhmerutnisut (G 2184)
    Ankhtef (G 8806)
    Babaef (G 5230)
    Demedj (in G 2197)
    Djaty (G 5370)
    Henutsen (in G 5080)
    Heti (G 5480)
    Iasen (G 2196)
    Kaninisut [I] (G 2155)
    Meretites (in G 2197)
    Mersuankh (G 8990)
    Minnefer (G 2421)
    Neferherenptah Fefi (G 8412)
    Neferhetep (in G 2197)
    Neferseshemes (in G 2197)
    Nikauhathor (G 8504)
    Peni (in Seneb)
    Penmeru (G 2197)
    Penu (in G 2155)
    Ptahshepses [I] (Ptahshepses [I])
    Raramu (G 2099)
    Rawer (G 8988)
    Rawer [II] (G 5470)
    Rawer [I] (G 5270)
    Seneb (Seneb)
    Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)
    Seshemnefer (in G 2197)
    Seshemnefer [III] (G 5170)
    Seshemnefer [II] (G 5080)
    Wepemnefret Wep (G 8882)
  • Individual - Modern
    Clarence Stanley Fisher, American, 1876–1941
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 1

  • G 2197

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Finds 26

Maps & Plans 1

Unpublished Documents 2

People 33

Ancient People

  • Akhmerutnisut (G 2184)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2184. Limestone seated statue (MFA 12.1482) inscribed for Akhmerutnisut, identified as [rx nswt smr jmj-r st n xntjw-S n pr-aA] royal acquaintance, companion, overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; found in situ in G 2184 inner room of chapel. North and south false doors and architrave in west wall of interior chapel inscribed for Akhmerutnisut; in situ in G 2184 (interior chapel previously blocked by later phases of construction). False door in niche (blocking entrance to interior chapel) in west wall of inner room of chapel inscribed for Akhmerutnisut; found in situ in G 2184. Also appears on painted block (MFA 13.6040) from this false door; found displaced. South false door in west wall of outer room of chapel inscribed for Akhmerutnisut; west and south walls (MFA 13.4352) found in situ in G 2184. Architectural elements (drum lintel and jambs of entrance to inner room of chapel) inscribed for Akhmerutnisut, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S n pr-aA jmj-r Xrjw-a nswt n pr-aA wab nswt] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House, overseer of the royal authorizations of the Great House, royal wab-priest; also appears in chapel relief (east door jamb of entrance to inner room of chapel, west wall of outer room of chapel, identifying inscriptions not preserved in all cases); west and south walls of outer room of chapel (MFA 13.4352) found in situ in G 2184. Fragments of displaced door frame (MFA 47.1886 + MFA 47.1887 + MFA 47.1888 + MFA 47.1889 + MFA 47.1890 + MFA 47.1891 + MFA 47.1892 + MFA 47.1893 + MFA 47.1894) inscribed for Akhmerutnisut, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S n pr-aA jmj-r Xrjw-a nswt n pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House, overseer of the royal authorizations of the Great House. Fragment of displaced lintel (MFA 47.1895) inscribed for Akhmerutnisut, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S n pr-aA jmj-r Xrjw-a nswt n pr-aA nb jmAx xr nb=f wab nswt rx nswt] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House, overseer of royal authorizations of the Great House, possessor of reverence before his lord, royal wab-priest, royal acquaintance. Limestone offering basin (36-10-4) made from lintel inscribed for Akhmerutnisut, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S n pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; found reused in G 2421 X. Roth (Mummies & Magic, p. 87) suggests: "If this lintel was not taken from the tomb of the elder [Akhmerutnisut] (there is no obvious place in that tomb to restore it), it may have been taken from a lost chapel built by his son."
  • Ankhtef (G 8806)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8806. False door in vestibule and central false door of offering chamber inscribed for Ankhtef, identified in both places as [rx nswt jmj-r sSr sHD Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, overseer of linen, inspector of ka-priests. Seated statuette (JE 87808) of Ankhtef, identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; in situ in serdab of G 8806. Also appears on false door of Rawer (owner of G 8992), identified as [sHD Hmw-kA jmj-r sSr] inspector of ka-priests, overseer of linen.
  • Babaef (G 5230)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5230. Name translated as either Khnumbaef or Babaef, identified variously as [sA nswt n Xt=f jrj-pat HAtj-a smr watj jmj-r kAt nb nswt xrp aH tAjtj sAb TAtj Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp Hm-nTr Hr THnw qA-a wr idt Hm st Hm jAqs Hm Hpwj (Hm) Hr SwA Hrj-sStA n mdw-nTr smsw snwt xt wr] king's son of his body, hereditary prince, count, sole companion, overseer of all royal works, director of the palace, chief justice and vizier, chief lector-priest, priest of Horus of Libya, elevated of arm, great of censing, servant of the throne, priest of the akes-ornament, priest of Hepwy, priest of Horus-Shewa(?), secretary of the sacred writings, elder of the snwt-house, khet-priest of the Great One. Six damaged limestone standing statues (14-11-92 = MFA 34.1461, 14-11-93 = MFA 34.235, 14-11-94 = MFA 21.953a-b, 14-11-95 = MFA 21.955a-b, 14-11-96 = MFA 21954a-b deaccessioned = MMA 64.66.2, 14-11-97 = MFA 21.956a-b deaccessioned = MMA 64.66.1) inscribed for Babaef; found in G 5230 S (= S chapel/serdab) SS-2. Four limestone statue bases (14-11-78, 14-11-79 = MFA 14.1686, 14-11-80 = MFA 14.1687, 14-11-81) inscribed for Babaef; found in G 5230 S (= S chapel/serdab) SS-1. Fragmentary black granite seated scribe statue (14-11-151 + 14-12-7 + 14-12-82 = MFA 21.931a-c) inscribed for Babaef; pieces found scattered in G 5230 S (= S chapel/serdab) room O, pit G 5221 A, and pit G 5211 A. Fragmentary incomplete red granite standing pair statue (14-11-84 = MFA 14.1688 + 14-11-89a = MFA 14.1690.1 + 14-11-89b = MFA 14.1690.2 + 14-11-89c = MFA 14.1690.3 + 14-11-117 = MFA 14.1960.2 + 14-11-118 = MFA 14.1697) inscribed for Babaef; pieces found scattered in G 5230 S (= S chapel/serdab) SS-1 and SS-2, and between mastabas G 5110 and G 5230. Fragmentary alabaster standing statue (fragments from 14-2-2 + 14-2-4 + 14-3-1 = MFA 24.603 reconstructed statue) inscribed for Babaef; found scattered in vicinity of G 4620 and G 4820. Fragments of alabaster seated statue (15-1-41) inscribed for Babaef; found between mastabas G 5110 and G 5230. Fragment of limestone statue base (33-2-170) inscribed for Babaef; found E of G 2370. Alabaster standing statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 7785) inscribed for Babaef; head of alabaster statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 7786) attributed to Babaef; lower part of granodiorite seated statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 8567) inscribed for Babaef; fragment of granodiorite standing statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 8566) inscribed for Babaef; all found in debris at north end of G 5230.
  • Demedj (in G 2197)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Name appears on fragment of relief (35-10-24) depicting man carrying hyena; found in G 2197 U, chamber.
  • Djaty (G 5370)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5370. Architrave and false door inscribed for Djaty, identified as [wr mDw Sma jmj-r kAt nswt] great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, overseer of royal works; in situ in G 5370.
  • Henutsen (in G 5080)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080); Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, seated with her husband at offering table), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore; in situ in G 5080. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief south of south false door), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr Nt wptt wAwt Hm-nTr HwtHr swt=s nb] royal acquaintance, priestess of Neith Opener-of-the-Ways and of Hathor in all her places; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Heti (G 5480)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5480. Appears in chapel relief (west and north walls and chapel entrance door jamb, name not preserved in chapel); in situ in G 5480. Headless seated statue (Cairo TR 20.1.41.4) inscribed for Heti, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; incomplete standing pair statue (Cambridge E 42.1926) inscribed for Heti and his sister Khenut, and base of limestone standing statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 8543) inscribed for Heti, identified (on both) as [zAb jmy-r sS] judge, overseer of scribes; all found in G 5480 serdab. Limestone statue base (12-11-1 = MFA 13.3447) inscribed for Heti, identified as [zAb jmy-r sS] judge, overseer of scribes; found in upper debris of G 2360 A, originally from G 2340 = G 5480. Uninscribed scribal statue of Heti (Hildesheim 2407); head found in mastaba of Khenit, body found in serdab of G 5480.
  • Iasen (G 2196)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2196. Architectural elements: chapel outer entrance lintel inscribed for Iasen, identified as [jmj-r sjs xntjw-S pr-aA (jmj-r) Hrjw-a a nw nswt wab nswt sHD wabw xntj-S Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr xwfw] overseer of six palace attendants of the Great House, overseer of the authorisations of the royal decrees, royal wab-priest, inspector of wab-priests, palace attendant, secretary, priest of Khufu; drum lintel and south door jamb (name of male figure not preserved on north door jamb) inscribed for Iasen, identified as [sHD wabw xntj-S Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr xwfw rx nswt] inspector of wab-priests, palace attendant, secretary, priest of Khufu, royal acquaintance; chapel inner entrance door jambs uninscribed; also appears in chapel relief (north, south, east, and west walls) and rock-cut statue (west wall); in situ in G 2196.
  • Kaninisut [I] (G 2155)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2155. Father of Kaninisut [II] (owner of G 2156). Chapel entrance north and south door jambs, and north and south false doors inscribed for Kaninisut; also appears in chapel relief (west wall, between false doors, north wall, and east wall, over chapel entrance); chapel (KHM Vienna ÄS 8006) found in situ in G 2155.
  • Meretites (in G 2197)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Penmeru (owner of G 2197). Testamentary decree of Penmeru (south wall of niche) provides for offerings to be made for Meretites, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 2197. Limestone pseudo-group statue (MFA 12.1484) depicting two figures of Penmeru, his wife Meretites, his son Seshemnefer, and his daughter Neferseshemes; Meretites identified as [mjtrt] mitret; found in situ in G 2197 serdab.
  • Mersuankh (G 8990)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8990. Chapel lintel, door jambs and reveals inscribed for Mersuankh, identified as [jmj-r jdw n Xnw sHD Hmw-kA nfr] overseer of young men of the Residence, inspector of ka-priests, cadet; in situ in G 8990. False door inscribed for Mersuankh, identified as [Dt smr rawr jmj-r jdw n Xnw jmj-r jSt=f nbt n Xnw nt rwt] djet-priest of the companion Rawer, overseer of young men of the Residence, overseer of all his (Rawer's) possessions of the Residence and the exterior; in situ in G 8990. Four limestone offering tables inscribed for Mersuankh; in situ before false door. Also appears on false door of his mother Rudjsaus, and in wall reliefs and statuary (JE 66617-66620) from serdabs and shafts; in situ in G 8990.
  • Minnefer (G 2421)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2421. Four limestone standing statues (36-5-40 = MFA 37.637 deaccessioned = Cleveland 1948.420, 36-5-41 = MFA 37.639, 36-5-42, 36-5-43 = MFA 37.2740) inscribed for Minnefer, identified on all as [sHD xntjw-S pr-aA] inspector of palace attendants of the Great House; all found in situ in G 2421 serdab (incorrectly attributed to G 2427 in Porter-Moss III, p. 94). Limestone lintel (36-5-67) inscribed for Minnefer and his wife Hekenu; Minnefer identified as [jmj-r wpwt xntjw-S pr-aA rx nswt Hrj-sStA sHD xntjw-S pr-aA] overseer of commissions of palace attendants of the Great House, royal acquaintance, secretary, inspector of palace attendants of the Great House; found displaced in G 2421. Limestone offering basin (12-11-54) inscribed for Minnefer, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA xrp aH(?) Hrj-sStA n nb=f sHD xntjw-S pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House, director of the palace(?), secretary of his lord, inspector of palace attendants of the Great House; found in test hole north of G 2375 (G 2399), probably originally from G 2421.
  • Neferherenptah Fefi (G 8412)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8412. Entrance and chapel lintels inscribed for Neferherenptah Fefi, identified as [rx nswt wab nswt Hm-nTr xafra Hm-nTr mnkAwra] royal acquaintance, royal wab-priest, priest of Khafre, priest of Menkaure; entrance lintel found in debris in front of tomb, chapel lintel in situ in G 8412. Standing statue (JE 87804) of Neferherenptah Fefi, idenitifed as [rx nswt Hm-nTr mnkAwra] royal acquaintance, priest of Menkaure; found in situ in serdab of G 8412.
  • Neferhetep (in G 2197)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Mentioned (without family relationship, if any, indicated) in testamentary decree in tomb of Penmeru (owner of G 2197), south wall of niche, identified as [sn-Dt Hm-kA] brother of the funerary estate, ka-priest; in situ in G 2197.
  • Neferseshemes (in G 2197)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Penmeru (owner of G 2197). Limestone pseudo-group statue (MFA 12.1484) depicting two figures of Penmeru, his wife Meretites, his son Seshemnefer, and his daughter Neferseshemes; found in situ in G 2197 serdab.
  • Nikauhathor (G 8504)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
  • Peni (in Seneb)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (bottom register, figure in middle, carrying beer jar); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Penmeru (G 2197)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2197. Testamentary decree of Penmeru (south wall of niche), identified as [wab nswt Hm-nTr mnkAwra jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal wab-priest, priest of Menkaure, overseer of ka-priests; in situ in G 2197. Limestone triad (MFA 12.1504) representing Penmeru in three Ka forms, identified as [rx nswt xrp sH] royal acquaintance, director of the dining hall; limestone pseudo-group statue (MFA 12.1484) depicting two figures of Penmeru, his wife Meretites, his son Seshemnefer, and his daughter Neferseshemes; Penmeru identified as [sHD Hmw-kA rx nswt xrp sH] inspector of ka-priests, royal acquaintance, director of the dining hall; limestone standing pair statue (Cairo JE 43753) depicting two figures of Penmeru; statues found in situ in G 2197 serdab.
  • Penu (in G 2155)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Appears three times in chapel relief in tomb of Kaninisut [I] (owner of G 2155), north false door (south jamb), west wall (between false doors, middle register of ka-priests, first figure on right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest (on west wall), and east wall (over chapel entrance, top register, stern of boat); chapel (KHM Vienna ÄS 8006) found in situ in G 2155.
  • Ptahshepses [I] (Ptahshepses [I])

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Ptahshepses [I] (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Limestone standing statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 7503) inscribed for Ptahshepses, identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests, and limestone standing pair statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 7501) inscribed for Ptahshepses and his wife Redines; found in situ in mastaba of Ptahshepses [I] serdab 2 (S 2).
  • Raramu (G 2099)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2099. Seated statue (39-1-17 = Toledo 49.5) inscribed for Raramu (with his daughter Tjes-tjaset and his son Kahersetef depicted on sides of seat), identified as [wab nswt Hm-nTr xwfw m swt nb rx nswt jmj-xt xntjw-S pr-aA] royal wab-priest, priest of Khufu in all (his) places, royal acquaintance, under-supervisor of palace attendants of the Great House; limestone standing pair statue (39-1-16 = Toledo 49.4) inscribed for Raramu and his wife Ankhet; Raramu identified as [rx nswt wab nswt pr-aA] royal acquaintance, royal wab-priest of the Great House; limestone triad (39-1-18 = Cairo JE 72138) of two men and small boy, Raramu (proper left), Nikauptah (proper right), Kednes (boy, center); Raramu identified as [rx nswt jmj-xt pr-aA wab nswt xntjw-S] royal acquaintance, under-supervisor of palace attendants (royal wab-priest) of the Great House (words of titles seem to have been copied slightly out of sequence); statues found in situ in G 2099 serdab.
  • Rawer (G 8988)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8988. Son of Itisen and Hetepheres. Entrance architrave, lintel and facade inscribed for Rawer, identified as [smr watj Hrj-tp nxb Hm-nTr Hr-jnpw xntj pr Smswt watj aD-mr Hr sbA xntj pt sm xrp SnDt xt mnw xrp aH Hrj-sStA n pr(-dwAt) Xrj-Hb wa m wrw Hb xrp Hwwt nt mw aD-mr dp Hm-nTr wADt jrj nfr-HAt] sole companion, chief of Nekheb, priest of Horus-Anubis who presides solely over the suite, administrator of the district 'Star-of-Horus-Foremost-of-Heaven', sem-priest, director of the kilt, khet-priest of Min, director of the palace, secretary of the House (of Morning), lector-priest, sole one of the great ones of the festival, director of mansions of mu-textiles(?), administrator of Dep, priest of Wadjet, keeper of the diadem; facade in situ, lintel and architrave fallen in front of entrance to G 8988. Inner door jambs inscribed for Rawer, identified as [jmj-r Xkrw nswt n jswj overseer of the king's ornaments in the two chambers; in situ in G 8988. Inscription along top of eastern wall of serdab 14 with titles [Hm-nTr nxbt Hm-ntr wADt smr watj n(j) mrwt] priest of Nekhbet, priest of Wadjet, sole companion, possessor of love; in situ in G 8988. Rawer appears on alabaster panel (JE 66626) in niche 14, identified as [Hrj-sStA n mdw-nTr] secretary of the sacred writings; in situ in G 8988. Inscribed limestone slab with title [Hm-nTr wADt p dp] priest of Wadjet in Pe and Dep; found displaced in G 8988. Inscribed limestone slab with title [jmj-r wabt] overseer of the wabet; found fallen from wall of first chamber of eastern passage in G 8988. Life-size limestone statue of Rawer, inscribed [jrj nfr-HAt (smsw?) wxrt aAt jr Sn nswt] keeper of the diadem, (elder?) of the great shipyard, royal hairdresser; found in back of second chamber of eastern passage in G 8988. Life-size limestone statue of Rawer, inscribed [jmj-jb n nb=f Hrj-sStA n nswt] he who is in the heart of his lord, secretary of the king; found in situ in serdab 12 of G 8988, along with limestone relief of biographical inscription (JE 66682). A large number of other inscribed statues and fragments of Rawer and his family found throughout G 8988 (including JE 66615, a quartzite "pseudo-group" statue of Rawer, and JE 66625, a limestone statue head of Rawer).
  • Rawer [II] (G 5470)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5470. False door inscribed for Rawer, identified as [sAb aD-mr jmj-r sSw Hm-nTr maAt] judge and administrator, overseer of scribes, priest of Ma'at; also appears in chapel relief (west, east, south walls); false door in situ in G 5470. Brother ([sn=f] his brother) of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, second register, figure on left), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Rawer [I] (G 5270)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5270. Base of limestone statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 8544) and fragments of frieze-text originally from over serdab (Cairo JE 43965) inscribed for Rawer, identified as [sS a n nswt rx nswt sS n Xrt-a nswt sS a n nswt xft-Hr] royal document scribe, royal acquaintance, scribe of the royal document-case, royal document scribe in the presence; found in G 5270. Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] his son of his body) of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, depicted as young boy standing in front of his parents); in situ in G 4940.
  • Seneb (Seneb)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Various architectural elements inscribed for Seneb: lintel and drum lintel of offering room entrance, identified as [wr-a xrp hwwt nt Nt jmj-r mr pr-aA] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of estates of the Red Crown, overseer of weaving mills of the Great House; south false door (Cairo JE 51297), identified as [xrp dngw sSrw xtmw-nTr n wnHrbAw Hm-nTr wADt nb pr-nw jmj-r jwHw smr pr] director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, god's sealer of the Wenherbau-ship, priest of Wadjet lady of the Lower Egyptian shrine, overseer of libations (?), companion of the house; and granite offering stone, identified as [wr-a smr pr] he who is carried in the sedan chair, companion of the house; all found in situ in mastaba of Seneb. Seated family group statue (Cairo JE 51280) of Seneb (depicted as a dwarf, and identified as [wr-a xrp dngw sSrw smr Hm-nTr xwfw Hm-nTr Ddfra Hm-nTr WADt Hm-nTr kA wr xnt sTpt xrp Hwwt mw Hm-nTr kA mrHw xrp aprw ksw] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, companion, priest of Khufu and Djedefre, priest of Wadjet, priest of the Great Bull foremost of Setjpet, director of the estates of water, priest of the Merhu bull, director of crews of the kesu-ships), his wife Senetites, and two children; found in situ in stone box (Cairo JE 51281) in mastaba of Seneb serdab (north of north false door). Base fragment of granite statue (Hildesheim 3132) inscribed for Seneb, identified as [wr-a xrp dngw sSrw Hm-nTr wADt smr xrp hwwt nt Nt] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, priest of Wadjet, companion, director of estates of the Red Crown; found in mastaba of Seneb.
  • Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2370. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Inti. Father of Senedjemib Mehi (owner of G 2378) and Khnumenti (owner of G 2374). Appears in chapel relief (throughout chapel), architectural elements (including portico facade, door jambs and displaced portico architrave) and false door inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [xrp sSw nbw Xrj-tp nswt jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r pr-aHAw mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r prwj-HD jmj-r jswj Xkr nswt jmj-r st nbt nt Xnw jmj-r prw msw nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt jmj-r Hwt-wrt sjsw jmj-r sDmt nbt jrj-pat HAtj-a tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt Hrj-Xb smr watj] controller of all scribes, royal chamberlain, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the armory, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two treasuries, overseer of the two chambers of royal regalia, overseer of every department of the Residence, overseer of the houses of the royal children, overseer of royal regalia, overseer of the six great law-courts, overseer of all that is judged, hereditary prince, count, chief justice and vizier, overseer of all royal works, overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, lector-priest, sole companion; in situ in G 2370. Limestone sarcophagus inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [HAtj-a mAa jntj tAjtj sAb TAtj snDmjb Xrj-tp nswt jntj] true count Inti, chief justice and vizier Senedjemib, royal chamberlain Inti; in situ in burial chamber of G 2370 B. Possibly same individual as owner of Lepsius 10 (in Khafre Quarry). Similar titles found on entrance lintel of Lepsius 10, inscribed for Senedjemib Inti. Probably same individual whose name appears on fragmentary limestone architrave (35-9-17 = MFA 35.2033) inscribed for Tjetu; found displaced in G 2338 B (possibly originally from G 2343 = G 5511).
  • Seshemnefer (in G 2197)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Penmeru (owner of G 2197). Limestone pseudo-group statue (MFA 12.1484) depicting two figures of Penmeru, his wife Meretites, his son Seshemnefer, and his daughter Neferseshemes; found in situ in G 2197 serdab.
  • Seshemnefer [III] (G 5170)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5170. North and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer; also appears in chapel relief (west, south, east walls); identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f tAjtj sAb Tatj] king's son of his body, chief justice and vizier; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170. Son ([sA=f] his son) of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080) and Henutsen. Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, kneeling beneath chair, figure on right), south wall (upper register of three registers fully preserved, figure on left), and east wall (depicted as young boy standing in front of his father), identified as [jmj-r sSw a nswt] overseer of royal document scribes; in situ in G 5080.
  • Seshemnefer [II] (G 5080)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5080. Pillars and jambs of court entrance and north and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer, identified as [jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nb nt nswt jmj-r kAt nb nswt sS Xrt-a nswt sS a nswt n sbAjt nswt Hrj-sStA n Xrt-a nswt jmj-r (pr) aHAw m prwj] overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, overseer of all royal works, scribe of the royal document-case, royal document scribe of the royal instructors, secretary of the royal document-case, overseer of (the house of) weapons in the two houses; also appears in chapel relief (west, south, and east walls); in situ in G 5080. Red granite sarcophagus (33-4-19 = Cairo JE 60541) inscribed for Seshemnefer; found in situ in G 5080 B.
  • Wepemnefret Wep (G 8882)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8882. Entrance lintel inscribed for Wepemnefret, identified as [smr watj Hrj-tp nxb Hrj-sStA n pr-dwAt jmj-jb n nb=f n(j) mrwt] sole companion, chief of Nekheb, secretary of the House of Morning, he who is in the heart of his lord, possessor of love; in situ in G 8882. Chapel entrance lintel and jambs inscribed for Wepemnefret, identified as [xrp aH Hm-nTr Hr-jnpw xntj pr Smswt Hrj-sStA] director of the palace, priest of Horus-Anubis who presides over the suite, secretary; in situ in G 8882. Two eroded false doors and lintels inscribed for Wepemnefret; in situ in chapel of Wepemnefret in G 8882. Also appears in chapel relief (eastern wall), identified as [aD-mr dp aD-mr Hr sbA xntj pt Hrj-wDbw m Hwt-anx] administrator of Dep, administrator of the district 'Star-of-Horus-Foremost-of-Heaven', master of reversion-offerings in the Mansion of Life; in situ in chapel of Ibi in G 8882.

Modern People

  • Clarence Stanley Fisher

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1876–1941
    • Remarks Archaeologist and architect. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Peter Der Manuelian

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates 1959–
    • Remarks Giza Archives Project Director, 2000-2011; Giza Project at Harvard Director, 2011-present.

Institutions 1