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White limestone pair statuette of Raramu and Ankhet; man and wife standing with feet side by side, support on back up to shoulders as wide as whole base; man on her left with arms hanging down, hands closed holding handkerchiefs (?), wears short wig covering ears, short [kilt] and pleated apron with belt, his name and titles inscribed vertically (facing right) on his left down front of back support and on top of base [GLYPHS] (on back support) and [GLYPHS] (on base), wife on his right with her left arm around him and her left hand on his left shoulder, right arm hanging down, hand open with palm towards body, wears full wig and long tunic, her name inscribed vertically (facing right) on her left (between two figures) down front of back support [GLYPHS]; black color of his hair and of base and red-brown of his body party preserved mainly on legs, support was grey, tip of man's nose broken off but otherwise perfect. Illustration: Yes. Illustration scale: 1:3


  • ID
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Classification
  • Findspot
    Mastaba G 2099, serdab, easternmost statue along S wall facing N
  • Material
  • Dimensions
    Height: 58.1 cm Width: 34.2 cm Thickness: 14.4 cm
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Object Ownership Information
    In the collection of: Toledo Museum of Art (49.4)
  • Date of Register Entry
  • Attested
    Ankhet (in G 2099)
  • Owner
    Raramu (G 2099)
  • Notes
    object not accessioned by MFA: sold to Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio, 1949

Tombs and Monuments 1

  • G 2099

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Published Documents 2

Full Bibliography

  • Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited–Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), p. 34.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 150, fig. 92.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 70.

    Roth, Ann Macy. A Cemetery of Palace Attendants. Giza Mastabas 6. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1995, p. 151, pl. 114.

People 2

Ancient People

  • Ankhet (in G 2099)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Raramu (owner of G 2099). Limestone standing pair statue (39-1-16 = Toledo 49.4) inscribed for Raramu and Ankhet; found in situ in G 2099 serdab.
  • Raramu (G 2099)

    • Type Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 2099. Seated statue (39-1-17 = Toledo 49.5) inscribed for Raramu (with his daughter Tjes-tjaset and his son Kahersetef depicted on sides of seat), identified as [wab nswt Hm-nTr xwfw m swt nb rx nswt jmj-xt xntjw-S pr-aA] royal wab-priest, priest of Khufu in all (his) places, royal acquaintance, under-supervisor of palace attendants of the Great House; limestone standing pair statue (39-1-16 = Toledo 49.4) inscribed for Raramu and his wife Ankhet; Raramu identified as [rx nswt wab nswt pr-aA] royal acquaintance, royal wab-priest of the Great House; limestone triad (39-1-18 = Cairo JE 72138) of two men and small boy, Raramu (proper left), Nikauptah (proper right), Kednes (boy, center); Raramu identified as [rx nswt jmj-xt pr-aA wab nswt xntjw-S] royal acquaintance, under-supervisor of palace attendants (royal wab-priest) of the Great House (words of titles seem to have been copied slightly out of sequence); statues found in situ in G 2099 serdab.