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Details

  • Format
    Article
  • Language
    ENGLISH
  • Year Published
    2002
  • Number of Pages
    14
  • Citation Text
    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Unfinished Business: The Giza Tablet of Tjenti (JE 72135)." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, pp. 777-790.
  • Individual - Ancient
    Bebi
    Djedefre
    Khafre
    Khufu
    Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)
    Menkaure
    Merib Kapunisut (G 2100-I)
    Nefer (G 2110)
    Nefer [I] (G 4761)
    Nefretkau (in G 4920)
    Nisutnefer (G 4970)
    Senenuka Keki (G 2041)
    Seshathetep Heti (G 5150)
    Tjenti (G 2007)
    Tjenti (G 2051)
    Tjenti (G 4920)
    Tjenti (Tjenti 2)
    Tjenti (in G 2113)
    […]kau(?) (in G 2113)
  • Individual - Modern
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Editor
    M. Eldamaty
    M. Trad
  • Author
    Peter Der Manuelian, 1959–
  • Publisher
    Supreme Council of Antiquities

Tombs and Monuments 2

  • G 2051

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 2113

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Finds 6

People 23

Ancient People

  • Bebi

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Tjenti. Limestone stela inscribed for Tjenti and his wife Bebi; Bebi identified as [mjtrt] mitret; provenance unknown.
  • Djedefre

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 4. Son (?) of Khufu.
  • Khafre

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khufu

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son of Khufu and probably Henutsen. He is buried in G 7140.
  • Menkaure

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.
  • Merib Kapunisut (G 2100-I)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2100-I. Merib, also known as Kapunisut. Chapel entrance lintel, drum and door jambs inscribed for Merib, identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f smr xtmtj-nTr bA-nTrw dwA-tAwj xtmw-nTr Nb-rxjjt ab-nTrw jmj-r kAt nt nswt] king's son of his body, companion, god's sealer of (the ships) 'Ba-netjeru' and 'Dua-tawy', god's sealer of (the ships) 'Neb-rekhyt' and 'Ab-netjeru', overseer of royal works. North and south false doors inscribed for Merib, identified as [xtmw-nTr wjA jmj-r kAt nbt nswt Hts(?) jnpw smr watj wr mDw Sma rx nswt Xrj-Hb wt jnpw] god's sealer of the ship, overseer of all royal works, staff(?) of Anubis, sole companion, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, royal acquaintance, lector-priest, embalmer of Anubis. Also appears in chapel relief (north, west, south, and east walls), identified as [jmj-r mSa xrp aH aD-mr Haw r p nb wr mAAw jwnw Hm-nTr xwfw] expedition leader, director of the palace, administrator of the fleet, mouth of every Butite, greatest of seers in Iunu, priest of Khufu; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I. Also appears in tomb of his daughter Nensedjerkai (owner of G 2100-II), chapel, pillared portico, west faces of north and south pillars, identified as [sA nswt xtmw-nTr wjA smr watj sHD bA-nTrw] king's son, god's sealer of the ship, sole companion, inspector of (the ship) 'Ba-netjeru'; in situ in G 2100-II.
  • Nefer (G 2110)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2110. Appears in chapel relief (south, west, and east walls; not all instances with inscription preserved), identifed as [(sAb) nxt-xrw HqA Hwt jmj-r sSw Xrt-a nswt Hrj-sStA nswt m swt nb sS pr-aA] strong-of-voice (of the judiciary), chief of the estate, overseer of scribes of the portfolios of the king, secretary of the king in all places, scribe of the Great House; in situ in G 2110. Displaced fragments of relief (three unregistered fragments + 36-12-2 = MFA 31.780), upper part of standing figures of Nefer and Wenankhes; originally from G 2110, south wall of chapel (lower part of figures still in situ). Displaced blocks of relief from south door jamb (Louvre B 51) and north door jamb (MFA 07.1002) inscribed for Nefer, identifed as [jmj-r Xkrw nswt nb xrp aprw nfrw jmj-r stj DfAw jmj-r pr-aHAw wr mDw Sma rx nswt jmj-r prwj-HD] overseer of all royal ornaments, director of crews of recruits, overseer of the two places of provisions, overseer of the house of weapons, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, royal acquaintance, overseer of the two treasuries; originally from G 2110, chapel entrance. Displaced false door tablet with crossbar = lower lintel (Museo Barracco 1) inscribed for Nefer, identified as [jmj-r sSw aprw jmj-r pr-HD] overseer of scribes of the crews, overseer of the treasury; originally from G 2110, west wall of chapel. Limestone drum lintel (UPM_E13531) inscribed for Nefer, identified as [jmj-r sSw aprw xrp aprw nfrw sS a nswt jmj-r pr-HD] overseer of scribes of the crews, director of crews of recruits, royal document scribe, overseer of the treasury; found reused in G 3015, originally from G 2110, chapel entrance. Limestone reserve head (MFA 06.1886) attributed to Nefer; found in G 2110 A.
  • Nefer [I] (G 4761)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 4761 (occasionally misidentified as G 4861 by Reisner). Architectural elements, including chapel entrance drum lintel, east and west door jambs, and north and south false doors inscribed for Nefer; also appears in chapel relief (west, south, and east walls); identified as [rx nswt wab nswt Hm-nTr Hr mDdw Hm-nTr mDdrnbtj jmj-r pr jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, royal wab-priest, priest of the Horus Medjedu (Khufu), priest of Medjedernebty (Khufu), steward, overseer of ka-priests; in situ in G 4761.
  • Nefretkau (in G 4920)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife of Tjenti (owner of G 4920). Appears seated opposite her husband at offering table on south false door tablet, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4920. Possibly also on south wall (name only partially preserved), standing behind her husband, identified as [(snt) Dt (rxt) nswt] (sister) of the funerary estate, royal (acquaintance); in situ in G 4920.
  • Nisutnefer (G 4970)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 4970. Chapel entrance drum lintel and north and south false doors inscribed for Nisutnefer, also appears in chapel relief (north, south, west, and east walls), identified as [jmj-r aH sAb Hrj-sStA jmj-r prw msw-nswt aD-mr grgt jmj-r mnnw jmj-r nswtjw HqA Hwt aAt sSm-tA tA-wr sSm-tA wADt jmj-r wabw wrxafra xrp jmjw sAw wr-xafra Hm-nTr xafra] overseer of the palace, juridicial secretary, overseer of the houses of the royal children, administrator of a settlement, overseer of fortresses, overseer of the king's people, chief of a Great Estate, nomarch of U.E. 8, nomarch of U.E. 10, overseer of wab-priests of the pyramid of Khafre, director of members of the phyles of the pyramid of Khafre, priest of Khafre; in situ in G 4970. Seated statue (Hildesheim 2143) inscribed for Nisutnefer, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r wpwt] royal acquaintance, overseer of commissions; found in situ in G 4970 serdab (behind south false door).
  • Senenuka Keki (G 2041)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2041. Senenuka called Keki. North and south false doors inscribed for Senenuka Keki, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r njwt Axt-xwfw xrp wabw nswt sS a n nswt] royal acquaintance, overseer of the pyramid-town of Khufu, director of royal wab-priests, royal document scribe; also appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors), identified as [jmj-r kAt aD-mr grgt] overseer of works, administrator of a settlement; west wall of chapel (= MFA 11.1000 + MFA 11.1001 + MFA 11.1003 + MFA 11.1004 + MFA 11.1005) found in situ in G 2041. Also appears on fragments of relief (37-11-20a + 37-11-20b); found displaced in G 2040 X, originally from G 2041. Possibly same individual as scribe identified as Senenuka on block from north door jamb (MFA 07.1002) from chapel of Nefer (owner of G 2110).
  • Seshathetep Heti (G 5150)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5150. Seshathetep, called Heti. Chapel entrance lintel and door jambs, and north and south false doors inscribed for Seahathetep; also appears in chapel relief (west, north, south, and east walls); identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f smr xrp aH wt jnpw Xrj-Hb wr mDw Sma rx nswt Hrj-sStA kAt nb nswt jmj-r kAt nb nswt] king's son of his body, companion, director of the palace, embalmer of Anubis, lector-priest, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, royal acquaintance, secretary of all royal works, overseer of all royal works; most in situ in G 5150. Fragmentary limestone standing pair statue of man and woman (KHM Vienna ÄS 7788) inscribed for [sA nswt n Xt=f smsw jrj-pat tAjtj sAb TAtj wr (mDw Sma) wr mAw jwnw xrp tjst bjtj aA dwAw wn r (Hm-nTr) xntjxm Hm-nTr bA n anpt Hm-nTr Hr stX xrp mrwt Sma mHw Hm-nTr BAstt Hm-nTr Ssmtt wa wrw Hb sS mDAt-nTr smsw snwt jmj-r kAt nbt nswt] eldest king's son of his body, hereditary prince, chief justice and vizier, great one (of the tens of Upper Egypt), greatest of the seers of Iunu, director of the tjst-companions of the king of Lower Egypt, assistant of (the god) Duau, opener of the mouth, (priest of) Khenty-khem, priest of Ba-anpet, priest of Horus and Seth, director of singers of Upper and Lower Egypt, priest of Bastet, priest of Seshmetet, unique one among the great ones of the festival, scribe of the divine book, elder of the snwt-house, overseer of all royal works (names not preserved), possibly representing Seshathetep Heti and his wife, or his parents; found in G 5150 (part of statue found in shaft, part found in serdab). Limestone false door tablet (OIC_E_13546, now in Chicago) of Seshathetep Heti. He and his wife Hepetka(?) sit facing each other over an offering table. Findspot unrecorded, presumably from southern(?) false door.
  • Tjenti (G 2007)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2007. False door (south false door) inscribed for Tjenti, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 2007.
  • Tjenti (G 2051)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2051. Limestone offering stone (38-1-23) inscribed for Tjenti, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r sSw mDAt (Axt-)xwfw sAb sS] royal acquaintance, overseer of scribes of the archive of (the pyramid of) Khufu, juridicial scribe; found in situ in G 2051.
  • Tjenti (G 4920)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 4920. North and south false doors and chapel entrance door jambs inscribed for Tjenti, identified as [smr watj xrp aH Hrj-sStA pr-dwAt HqA bAt] sole companion, director of the palace, secretary of the House of Morning, priest of Bat; also appears in chapel relief (north, west, south, east walls, figure not fully preserved on east wall); in situ in G 4920.
  • Tjenti (Tjenti 2)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Presumed owner of Tjenti (2) (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Name appears on two seals found in tomb, belonging to officials who may have served in Tjenti's mortuary cult.
  • Tjenti (in G 2113)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Upper part of unfinished limestone false door (37-12-1 = Cairo JE 72135) inscribed for Tjenti, identified as [rx nswt sS a nswt] royal acquaintance, royal document scribe; found reused as roofing in G 2113 C, possibly originally from G 2051.
  • […]kau(?) (in G 2113)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife of Tjenti. Appears (name only partially inscribed) on upper part of unfinished limestone false door (37-12-1 = Cairo JE 72135) inscribed for Tjenti; found reused as roofing in G 2113 C, possibly originally from G 2051. Name perhaps can be reconstructed as [mnw=(j)-kA=(j)] or [xntjj-kAw].

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • M. Eldamaty

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates
  • M. Trad

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Peter Der Manuelian

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates 1959–
    • Remarks Giza Archives Project Director, 2000-2011; Giza Project at Harvard Director, 2011-present.

Institutions 1