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Fragment of greywacke triad of Menkaure, goddess Hathor, and nome god; female figure (Hathor) to right of central figure (Menkaure), male figure (nome god) to left, both male figures wear pleated kilts; heads and feet missing. [1910 no. 5 = published no. 13 = 10-1-17]


  • ID
  • Department
    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Classification
  • Findspot
    Menkaure Valley Temple (MVT / court, N of causeway [NW quarter of court])
  • Material
  • Dimensions
    Overall: 80 x 59.7 x 33 cm, 204.1 kg (31 1/2 x 23 1/2 x 13 in., 450 lb.)
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Object Ownership Information
  • Period
    Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Menkaure
  • Owner
  • Notes
    This object was excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition, but was not recorded in any object register book. 1910: Excavated by the Harvard University–Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1911: assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt.
  • Remarks
    Registration number obtained from publication; no registration records available for 1910.

Tombs and Monuments 1

Published Documents 9

Full Bibliography

  • Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 274, fig. 117.

    Fay, Biri. "Royal Women as Represented in Sculpture during the Old Kingdom." In Nicolas Grimal, ed. Les Critères de Datation Stylistiques à l'Ancien Empire. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 1998, pp. 164-165.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Menkaure Dyad(s)." In Stephen E. Thompson and Peter Der Manuelian, eds. Egypt and Beyond: Essays Presented to Leonard H. Lesko upon his Retirement from the Wilbour Chair of Egyptology at Brown University June 2005. Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, 2008, pp. 131, 133, 143, fig. 24.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Cultic Relationship of the Menkaure Triads to the Small Step Pyramids." In Filip Coppens, Jiři Janák, and Hana Vymazlová, eds. Royal versus Divine Authority: Acquisition, Legitimization and Renewal of Power. 7th Symposium on Egyptian Royal Ideology, Prague, June 26-28, 2013. Wiesbade: Harrassowitz, 2015, pp. 95, 98, 100, 104-106; figures 1e, 3.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "Economic Implications of the Menkaure Triads." In Manuelian, Peter Der, and Thomas Schneider, eds. Towards a New History for the Egyptian Old Kingdom. Harvard Egyptological Studies 1. Leiden: Brill, 2015, pp. 19-21; figure 2.1d.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Names of Menkaure." In Kamil O. Kuraszkiewicz, Edyta Kopp, and Daniel Takács, eds. 'The Perfection that Endures... ': Studies on Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Warsaw: Department of Egyptology - Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw, 2018, p. 113; plate XIX.2.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 145.

    Reisner, George A. Mycerinus: The Temples of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931, pp. 37, 110.

    Rzepka, Slawomir. "Some Remarks on Two Mycerinus Group Statues." Göttinger Miszellen 166 (1998), pp. 77-83, 85, pl. 1, fig. 1.

    Simpson, William Kelly. "Grammar of Egyptian Statuary: The Old Kingdom." In Bettina Schmitz, ed. Festschrift Arne Eggebrecht zum 65. Geburtstag am 12. März 2000. Hildesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge 48. Hildesheim: Gerstenberg Verlag, 2002, pp. 112-113.

    Wood, Wendy. "A Reconstruction of the Triads of King Mycerinus." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 60 (1974), pp. 82, 85-90, pl. XXV.1.

People 1

Ancient People

  • Menkaure

    • Type Owner
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.