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Diary Transcription:

microfilm: begin page 23

Tuesday, February 15, 1910 (continued)

[ILLUSTRATION] ivory turtle [MFA 11.850], length 1.65 cm [in red]11[end in red]
[ILLUSTRATION] faience scarab [MFA 11.863] (1), length 1.1 cm (primitive form as in Girga cemetery 700)
Also five small rougher scarabs of faience [MFA 11.865, MFA 11.870, MFA 11.871, MFA 11.874, MFA 11.875] [see photo A418].
[ILLUSTRATION] sacred eye [MFA 11.868], faded blue faience, length 1.2 cm [ILLUSTRATION] hand (?) [MFA 11.854], faded blue faience, length 1.2 cm
also eight other small rough amulets [including MFA 11.866, MFA 11.876, MFA 11.877, MFA 11.878, MFA 11.883, MFA 11.886] and three fragments light blue faience.

The interest in these amulets lies in the fact that exactly similar beads and amulets were found by the Hearst Egyptian Expedition at Girga in N.615 (turtle: burial contracted on left side head north, with Old Kingdom alabaster vessels [ILLUSTRATION], etc.); N.619; N.714 (Thoueris [Taweret] of ivory); N.752; N.753; N.755; N.759 (sacred eye) (hippo head); N.780 (sacred eye, hand, turtle, fish, lion's head, etc.); N.879; N.953; N.609; N.505.
The copper blades need cleaning.

Artin Pasha, Mr. Erskine, Mr. Humphreys.

Wednesday, February 16, 1910

Southern trench has reached a point on the south corridor 65 meters form the southwest corner. The width of the building is about 45 meters. Several years ago at Dahshur, a decree of Pepy was found providing for the restoration of the funerary temple of Sneferu (similar to the Dynasty 6 decree found in our upper temple). The building (which was on land belonging to Mr. Klingler) was manifestly the valley temple of the Sneferu pyramid at Dahshur. (i.e. Dynasty 4). This Sneferu Valley temple measures about 60 wide to 95 meters long, as Borchardt pointed out to me on his plan (Borchardt obtained this decree from Klingler). If our temple has the same proportions, it would be about 74 1/2 meters long as it is 47 meters wide. If on the other hand, the Menkaure valley and Menkaure upper temple have the same proportions, our valley temple aught to be 58 1/2 meters.

In the middle of the court, there has appeared the southwest part of a mound of mud.
The south corridor (Dynasty 4) is well preserved except the south wall which has squashed down on itself.


microfilm: end page 23


  • Classification
    Documentation-Expedition diary pages
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Display Page Dates
    02/15/1910; 02/16/1910
  • Mentioned on page
    Artin (Pasha)
    Ludwig Borchardt, German, 1863–1938
    Mr. Erskine
    Mr. Humphreys
    Mr. Klinger
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 2

Photos 1

People 7

Ancient People

  • Menkaure

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.

Modern People

  • Artin (Pasha)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Ludwig Borchardt

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1863–1938
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1863-1938) German Egyptologist; he was bom in Berlin, 5 Oct. 1863, son of Herman B. and Bertha Levin; he trained as an architect at the Technische Hochschule, 1883-7; he assisted in the Egyptian section of Berlin Museum 1887-8; between 1890 and 1897 he was in charge of building works at Konigsberg; Doctor hon. c. 1897; he studied Egyptology under Erman (q.v.) and first visited Egypt in 1895, working at Philae under Capt. Lyons(q.v.); following de Morgan's great project to catalogue the standing monuments of Egypt ,he inaugurated a less grandiose scheme in conjunction with Maspero (q.v.) for the great (Catalogue Général of Cairo Museum; he became attaché to the German Consulate in Cairo; Borchardt founded and directed the German Institute of Archaeology, 1907-28, on his retirement, he founded his own institute which later became the Swiss Institute; he also contributed a great many texts and much useful information to the Berlin Dictionary; using methods partly derived from Dorpfeld he excavated the sun temple of King Nyuserre at Abu Gurab, 1898-1901, and the pyramids of Abusir; he also excavated and established reconstructions of Amarna houses, 1913-14; Borchardt was the first person to make an intensive study of Egyptian architecture as a subject on its own; he also discovered the workshop of the sculptor Thutmose at Amarna and enriched Berlin Museum with many fine objects from this excavation; another interest of his was chronology; he was a member of the German Arch. Institute, 1898, and a bibliography of his writings, 214 nos., was issued in 1933 to celebrate his 70th birthday; he published, Die aegyptischen,.-, Pflanzensaule1897; Denkmaeler des Alten Reiches (ausser den Statuen) im Museum von Kairo, pt. 1, Cat. Gén., 1901; Das Re- Heiligtum des Konigs Ne-woser-re (Rathures), pt. 1, Der Bau, 1905; Zur Baugeschichte des Amonstempels von Karnak, 1905; Nilmesser und Nilstandsmarken, 1906; Das Grabenkmal des Konigs Ne-user-rec , 1907; Works of Art from the Egyptian Museum at Cairo. With explanations by L. Borchardt, 1908; Das Grabenkmal des Koenig Nefer-ir-ke3-rec, 1909; Das Grabdenkmal des Konigs S'a3hu-rec, 3pts, 1910, 1913; Statuen und Statuetten von Koenigen und Privatleuten im Museum von Kairo, Cat. Gén., 1911-36; Die Annalen und die zeitliche Festlegung des Alten Reiches der Aegyptischen Geschichte, 1917; Quellen und Forschungen zur Zeitbestimmung der Aegyptischen Geschichte, 3pts. 1917, 1935, 1938; Die Altaegyptische Zeitmessung 1920; altaegyptische Festungen an der zweiten Nilschnelle, 1923; Portraets der Koenigin Nofret-ete aus den Grabungen 1912/13 in Tell el-Amarna, 1923; Agypten. Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst, with H Ricke, 1930; Allerhand Kleinigkeiten ... zu seinem 70. Geburtstage am 3. Oktober 1933, 1933 Beitraege zur Aegyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde, with Ricke, 1937; Die Entstehung des Generalkatalogs und seine Entwicklung in den Jahren 1897-1899, 1937; Aegyptische Tempel mit Umgang, 1938; he died in Paris, 12 Aug. 1938, and was buried in Cairo. ASAE 39 (1939), 43-7 (portr.) U. Leibovitch); Chron. d .Eg. 14 (1939), 141-3 U. Capart) JEA 24 (1938), 248 (G. Steindorff); NDB 2, 455 (H. Ricke).
  • Mr. Erskine

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Mr. Humphreys

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Mr. Klinger

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Owner of land containing Snefru Valley Temple at Dahshur