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Diary Transcription:

microfilm: begin page 16

Friday, January 28, 1910 (continued)

Cutting through floors of houses in northwest quarter, we find other house (?) walls below.

Mr. Ogilvie has arranged to paint the new portraits of Menkaure and the queen. He has brought out the plaster model of the pyramid field and we are going to work it up together.
Have had many visitors to see the work and the statue. Today Mr. Iddings brought out a party of his relatives.

Saturday, January 29, 1910

The Germans are working with a force of four hundred (400) men on the fore court of the Sphinx temple (the valley of the second pyramid). The German system is as follows:
1. Three men (Dr. Borchardt, Dr. Abel and Dr. Zucker) are kept permanently in Egypt and paid salaries by the German government.
2. When excavations are undertaken and more men are needed, German government architects are sent out. Their salaries are paid by the government and their expenses by the expedition.
3. Excavations undertaken by any German museum, society or university are thus provided at very little expense with a trained European staff and practically the whole sum subscribed is used for wages of labor.
4. The weak point in their system is the body of native laborers. They have only a few well-trained men from Quft (not over five first class men of whom we have over sixty). The bulk of their men are lazy and inefficient locals.

Work as yesterday. In the northwest corner of the fore court, two stacks of pans and two of pots as if we had here a magazine. Also many fragments of stone vessels in lower debris along west wall.

Sunday, January 30, 1910

Cleared slope leading from ramp of fore court to III 1. Built of stone. Cleared foundation stones of fore court showing temple was planned as upper temple with portico of pillars.


microfilm: end page 16


  • Classification
    Documentation-Expedition diary pages
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Display Page Dates
    01/28/1910; 01/29/1910; 01/30/1910
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Dr. Abel, German
    Dr. Zucker
    Frederick F. Ogilvie
    Ludwig Borchardt, German, 1863–1938

Tombs and Monuments 4

Photos 1

People 6

Ancient People

  • Menkaure

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.

Modern People

  • Dr. Abel

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German
    • Remarks German archaeologist
  • Dr. Zucker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks German archaeologist
  • Frederick F. Ogilvie

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Frederick F. Ogilvie (active:1902-1920) was a watercolour landscape painter who travelled in the Middle East and lived in Egypt for a time. He exhibited at the Royal Academy, Royal Scottish Academy, and Walker’s Gallery in London, as well as at galleries and universities in the U.S. His most famous Egyptian subjects seem to have been the sites of Philae and Meir, although Deir el-Bahri and Giza are also represented in his work.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Ludwig Borchardt

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1863–1938
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1863-1938) German Egyptologist; he was bom in Berlin, 5 Oct. 1863, son of Herman B. and Bertha Levin; he trained as an architect at the Technische Hochschule, 1883-7; he assisted in the Egyptian section of Berlin Museum 1887-8; between 1890 and 1897 he was in charge of building works at Konigsberg; Doctor hon. c. 1897; he studied Egyptology under Erman (q.v.) and first visited Egypt in 1895, working at Philae under Capt. Lyons(q.v.); following de Morgan's great project to catalogue the standing monuments of Egypt ,he inaugurated a less grandiose scheme in conjunction with Maspero (q.v.) for the great (Catalogue Général of Cairo Museum; he became attaché to the German Consulate in Cairo; Borchardt founded and directed the German Institute of Archaeology, 1907-28, on his retirement, he founded his own institute which later became the Swiss Institute; he also contributed a great many texts and much useful information to the Berlin Dictionary; using methods partly derived from Dorpfeld he excavated the sun temple of King Nyuserre at Abu Gurab, 1898-1901, and the pyramids of Abusir; he also excavated and established reconstructions of Amarna houses, 1913-14; Borchardt was the first person to make an intensive study of Egyptian architecture as a subject on its own; he also discovered the workshop of the sculptor Thutmose at Amarna and enriched Berlin Museum with many fine objects from this excavation; another interest of his was chronology; he was a member of the German Arch. Institute, 1898, and a bibliography of his writings, 214 nos., was issued in 1933 to celebrate his 70th birthday; he published, Die aegyptischen,.-, Pflanzensaule1897; Denkmaeler des Alten Reiches (ausser den Statuen) im Museum von Kairo, pt. 1, Cat. Gén., 1901; Das Re- Heiligtum des Konigs Ne-woser-re (Rathures), pt. 1, Der Bau, 1905; Zur Baugeschichte des Amonstempels von Karnak, 1905; Nilmesser und Nilstandsmarken, 1906; Das Grabenkmal des Konigs Ne-user-rec , 1907; Works of Art from the Egyptian Museum at Cairo. With explanations by L. Borchardt, 1908; Das Grabenkmal des Koenig Nefer-ir-ke3-rec, 1909; Das Grabdenkmal des Konigs S'a3hu-rec, 3pts, 1910, 1913; Statuen und Statuetten von Koenigen und Privatleuten im Museum von Kairo, Cat. Gén., 1911-36; Die Annalen und die zeitliche Festlegung des Alten Reiches der Aegyptischen Geschichte, 1917; Quellen und Forschungen zur Zeitbestimmung der Aegyptischen Geschichte, 3pts. 1917, 1935, 1938; Die Altaegyptische Zeitmessung 1920; altaegyptische Festungen an der zweiten Nilschnelle, 1923; Portraets der Koenigin Nofret-ete aus den Grabungen 1912/13 in Tell el-Amarna, 1923; Agypten. Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst, with H Ricke, 1930; Allerhand Kleinigkeiten ... zu seinem 70. Geburtstage am 3. Oktober 1933, 1933 Beitraege zur Aegyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde, with Ricke, 1937; Die Entstehung des Generalkatalogs und seine Entwicklung in den Jahren 1897-1899, 1937; Aegyptische Tempel mit Umgang, 1938; he died in Paris, 12 Aug. 1938, and was buried in Cairo. ASAE 39 (1939), 43-7 (portr.) U. Leibovitch); Chron. d .Eg. 14 (1939), 141-3 U. Capart) JEA 24 (1938), 248 (G. Steindorff); NDB 2, 455 (H. Ricke).