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Details

  • Format
    Book
  • Language
    GERMAN
  • Series
    Urkunden des Ägyptischen Altertums Abteilung
  • Year Published
    1933
  • Citation Text
    Sethe, Kurt. Urkunden des Alten Reichs. Erster Band. Urkunden des Ägyptischen Altertums Abteilung 1, Hft. 1-4. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1903/1933.
  • Individual - Ancient
    Akhethetep (in G 1206)
    Ankhiris (in G 4630)
    Debehen (G 8090)
    Heknu (in G 8911)
    Hepetweser (Hepetweser)
    Hetepib (G 1022)
    Iabtet (G 4650)
    Idu (G 7102)
    Iti (G 6030)
    Iy (G 8911)
    Kaemnefret (G 8993)
    Kakherptah Fetekta (G 5560)
    Kapunisut Kai (G 4651 and G 1741)
    Keki (in G 1037-Addition)
    Khamerernebty [II] (G 8978 & G III-a)
    Khufuhetep (Lepsius 76)
    Khuwiwer (G 8674)
    Medunefer (G 4630)
    Memi (D 32+32 A)
    Meni [II] (Meni [II])
    Meni [I] (Meni [I])
    Merenre I
    Merenre I
    Meresankh II (G 7410-7420)
    Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)
    Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (G 2381)
    Mersuankh (G 8990)
    Nebemakhet (G 8172 and Lepsius 12)
    Nefer [II] (in S 576)
    Nihetepptah (G 2430)
    Nikaure (G 8158)
    Pepi II
    Ptahsedjefa Fefi (G 8926)
    Qar (G 7101)
    Rawer (G 8988)
    Redines (G 5032)
    Rudjsaus (in G 8990)
    Sekhemkare (G 8154)
    Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)
    Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)
    Senenu (in G 1206)
    Seshemnefer [IV] (Lepsius 53)
    Shepseskaf
    Tjenti (Lepsius 77)
    Tjesi (D 220)
    Weta
  • Publisher
    J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung
  • Author
    Kurt Heinrich Sethe, German, 1869–1934

Tombs and Monuments 38

Finds 10

People 47

Ancient People

  • Akhethetep (in G 1206)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Grandson (?) of Ikhetneb (owner of G 1206). Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Senenu. Limestone offering basin (Hearst 6-19752) inscribed for Senenu, dedicated by his son Akhethetep, identified as [sHD wjA xrp apr nfrw sHD wabw xrp jmjw sA aD-mr grgt] inspector of the boat, director of a crew of recruits, inspector of wab-priests, director of members of a phyle, administrator of a settlement; found in situ in front of entrance to G 1206 offering chamber-serdab.
  • Ankhiris (in G 4630)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Medunefer (owner of G 4630). Appears on south false door tablet, standing before his parents Medunefer and Nebuka seated at offering table; south false door (Cairo EMC_JE_36191) dedicated by Ankhiris; found in situ in G 4630. North false door (Cairo EMC_JE_36192) inscribed for Ankhiris (dedicated by his son Medunefer), identified as [sS pr-mDAt nTr smA jnpw xt wr Tntt] scribe of the library of the god, smA-priest of Anubis, khet-priest of the Great One and of Tjentet; found in situ in G 4630. Also appears on false door (north jamb) inscribed for Nensedjerkai (owner of G 4631), identified as [Xrj-Hb smA jnpw xt wr] lector-priest, smA-priest of Anubis, khet-priest of the Great One; in situ in G 4361.
  • Debehen (G 8090)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8090. Chapel entrance architrave, drum and door reveals inscribed for Debehen, identified as [smr watj jmj-jb nb=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp Hrj-sStA n pr-dwAt jrj nfr-HAt sXkr Hr Hrj-wDbw m Hwt-anx xrp aH aD-mr Hr sbAw xntj pt jmj-r swt Spswt nt pr-aA mrjj nb=f] sole companion, who is in the heart of his lord, chief lector-priest, secretary of the House of Morning, keeper of the headdress, adorner of Horus, master of reversions-offerings in the Mansion of Life, director of the palace, administrator of the district 'Star-of-Horus-Foremost-of-Heaven', overseer of august places of the Great House, beloved of his lord; in situ in G 8090. Appears in chapel relief (seated on north wall), identified as [smr jr mrrt nb=f] companion, one who does what his lord loves; in situ in G 8090. Eastern jamb of entrance to second (northern) room inscribed for Debehen, identified as [Hrj-tp nxb] overlord of El-Kab; in situ in G 8090. Southern wall of second room inscribed for Debehen, identified as [nswt ... jmj-jb n nTr=f mrr nb=f mrj...] royal ..., who is in the heart of his god, beloved of his lord, who is beloved...; first half in situ in G 8090, second on slab found displaced in debris of second room. A number of fragmentary limestone slabs are inscribed with the name and titles of Debehen, identified as [(Hrj-sS)tA n nswt smr n jb nb=f] royal (secretary), companion and favorite of his lord; found displaced in debris of second room, probably originally from northern wall of second room. Poorly preserved false door inscribed for Debehen; in situ in western wall of second room of G 8090.
  • Heknu (in G 8911)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Iy (owner of G 8911). Appears on entrance lintel inscribed for Iy; found displaced in front of entrance to G 8911. Also appears on false door inscribed for Iy; in situ in chapel of G 8911.
  • Hepetweser (Hepetweser)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Offering basin (Hildesheim 3172), inscribed [jr.n=f nw Hr jmAHt (sic) sA=f Hptwsr] he made this on behalf of the honored one, his son Hepetweser; found in situ in mastaba of Hepetweser (S 4248/4321).
  • Hetepib (G 1022)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Probable owner of G 1022. Limestone standing pair statue (Hearst 6-19781) inscribed for Hetepib and his wife Setepet; Hetepib identified as [sHD wabt] inspector of the wabet; found between G 1022 and G 1025 (corridor chapel of G 1022), attributed to G 1022 (incorrectly attributed to G 1032 in Porter-Moss III, p. 54). Limestone offering basin (Hearst 6-19761) inscribed for Hetepib (dedicated by his son Inkaf), identified as [sHD Hmwtjw wabt jmj-r mDw Hmwtjw wabt rx nswt] inspector of craftsmen of the wabet, overseer of ten craftsmen of the wabet, royal acquaintance; found displaced in G 1032, attributed to G 1022 (attributed to G 1032 with name incorrectly spelled Iunkaf in Porter-Moss III, p. 54). Pair statue of Hetepib and Setepet (Hearst 6-19781) and pair statue of Inkaf (Hearst 6-19782) found E of G 1022 (between G 1022 and G 1025) (in situ: A10828_OS – A10832_OS, C10240_OS – C10243_OS, C10591_OS, C13270-01A_OS). Offering basin inscribed for Hetepib, dedicated by his son Inkaf (Hearst 6-19761) found in disturbed context at S end of G 1032 (in situ: C10244_OS, C10245_OS, C133056-01_OS; this would appear to be pit A, see cemetery area plan EG000500). Reisner originally (tentatively) attributed the offering basin to G 1022 (GN2_K01_ChapIX_p083), probably based on the findspot of the two pair statues. Reisner later revised his opinion and attributed the two pair statues to G 1032 (GN3_L04_p062), despite the fact that G 1022 is the primary mastaba with G 1032 built (abutting N end of G 1022) at a later date, that the statues were found in "the debris of the chapel of G 1022" (GN3_L03_p023, GN3_L04_p006), and that the offering basin was not in situ in G 1032. It seems more likely that all of the inscribed material (statues, offering basin) originated in G 1022 chapel.
  • Iabtet (G 4650)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 4650. False door inscribed for Iabtet, identified as [sAt nswt nt Xt=f mrt=f nbt jmAxw xr nTr aA] king's daughter of his body, his beloved, possessor of reverence before the Great God; in situ in G 4650.
  • Idu (G 7102)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7102. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, statuary), identified variously as [jmj-r Hwt wrt jmj-r sSw mrt xntj-S mnnfr-ppj Xrj tp nswt] overseer of the great chapel, overseer of scribes of the meret-serfs, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Pepi, he who is at the head of the king; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Idu (in G 7101), son of Qar (owner of G 7101). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Iti (G 6030)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Married to Usertka, daughter of Shepseshaf-ankh.
  • Iy (G 8911)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8911. Entrance lintel inscribed for Iy, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r pr] royal acquaintance, steward; found displaced in front of entrance to G 8911. False door inscribed for Iy, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r pr] royal acquaintance, steward; in situ in chapel of G 8911.
  • Kaemnefret (G 8993)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of south tomb in G 8993 (Kaemnefret Complex). Father of Kaemnefret (owner of north tomb in G 8993). Outer faces, jambs and broken drum of tomb entrance inscribed for Kaemnefret, identified as [Hm-nTr (Hr-jnpw) xntj pr Smswt (aD-mr) Hr (sbA) xntj pt smr watj xrp aH] priest of (Horus-Anubis) who presides over the suite, (administrator) of the district 'Star-of-Horus-Foremost-of-Heaven', sole companion, director of the palace; all found in situ in G 8993 south tomb, except for drum found in debris. Chapel entrance lintel, jambs and reveals, and drum inscribed for Kaemnefret, identified as [smr watj xrp aH Hrj-tp nxb xw-a HqA BAt xrp hATs km(?) aD-mr wHaw jmj-r pHw Hrj-tp DAt jmj-jb n nb=f Hrj-wDbw m Hwt-anx] sole companion, director of the palace, chief of Nekheb, protector, chief of Bat, controller of the black pot(?), administrator of the fleet, overseer of marshlands, supervisor of linen, he who is in the heart of his lord, master of reversion-offerings in the Mansion of Life; in situ in G 8993 south tomb.
  • Kakherptah Fetekta (G 5560)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5560. Kakherptah, [rn=f nfr] his good name Fetekta. Architectural elements, including frieze-text from top of east facade, chapel entrance lintel and door jambs, and south false door inscribed for Kakherptah, identified as [sAb aD-mr jmj-r jnb-HD xm sHD wabw Axt-xwfw jmj-r njwt mAwt nt nfr-jssj jmj-r sSw wr mDw Sma nj-nst-xntt xrp sSw jrjw jaH Hm-nTr mAat] judge and administrator, overseer of the Memphite and Letopolite nomes, inspector of wab-priests of the pyramid of Khufu, overseer of new settlements of the pyramid of Isesi, overseer of scribes, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, preeminent of place, director of scribes connected with the moon, priest of Maat; also appears in chapel relief (one block of relief = Berlin (East) 1137) and burial chamber wall painting; some in situ in G 5560 (fragments of frieze-text and chapel relief found in or near G 5560). Possibly same individual as Fetekta, son of Senedjemb Inti (owner of G 2370).
  • Kapunisut Kai (G 4651 and G 1741)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 4651 and G 1741. Architectural elements (in G 4651), including chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel, and north and south false doors inscribed for Kai; also appears (in G 4651) in chapel relief, west and south walls, and chapel entrance north and south door jambs, and chapel facade (panels of relief on either side of chapel entrance), identified as [rx nswt sS a nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA jmj-r prw mswt nswt wab nswt sAb sS aprw] royal acquaintance, royal document scribe, overseer of ka-priests, overseer of the houses of the king's children, royal wab-priest, juridicial scribe of the crews; in situ in G 4651. Also appears (in G 4650) on false door inscribed for Iabtet (owner of G 4650), lower north and south inner jambs, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA nb jmAx kAj] royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests, possessor of reverence, Kai; in situ in G 4650. Architectural elements (in G 1741) inscribed for Kai; also seated group statue (Cairo JE 99128) inscribed for Kai and two of his children, Nefretankh and Shepseska; Kai identified as [sAb sS sqd n wjA] juridicial scribe, rower of a boat); found in situ in G 1741 serdab.
  • Keki (in G 1037-Addition)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son of Mesdjer. Limestone offering basin (Hearst 6-19821) inscribed for Mesdjer and his wife Mernefretnisut, dedicated by his son Keki, identified as [jmj-r pr] steward; found in situ at north end of east face of G 1037-Addition (southern addition containing pits D and E).
  • Khamerernebty [II] (G 8978 & G III-a)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife of Menkaure, daughter of Khafre and Khamerernebty [I]. Identified on entrance lintel as [sAt nswt nt Xt=f Hmt nswt mAAt Hr StX] king's daughter of his body, king's wife, seer of Horus and Seth; found above entrance to G 8978, possibly not in situ. Two uninscribed statues: one fragmentary wearing pleated robe (JE 48828), the other seated (JE 48856), probably represent Khamerernebty II (or possibly her mother Khamerernebty I); JE 48828 found in serdab ("room B") of G 8978, JE 48856 found in pillared outer hall ("room C") of G 8978. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Khuenre (owner of MQ 1). Appears in chapel relief, south wall (seated before her son), identified as [mAAt Hr StX wrt Hts xrpt sSmtjw SnDt Hmt nswt sAt nswt smswt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, directress of the butchers of the "Acacia House," king's wife, king's eldest daughter; in situ in Menkaure quarry cemetery MQ 1 = MQ 137. Also mentioned on entrance lintel of Washptah (owner of G 8976), identified as [sAt smswt nswt nt Xt=f mAAt Hr StX wrt Hts Hmt nswt] king's eldest daughter of his body, seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, king's wife; in situ in G 8976.
  • Khufuhetep (Lepsius 76)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
  • Khuwiwer (G 8674)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8674. Son of Mes-sa (owner of G 8668). Entrance drum lintel inscribed for Mes-sa (identified as [smr watj xrp aH] sole companion, director of the palace) and Khuwiwer (identified as [sAb jmj-r sSw] juridicial overseer of scribes); found in entrance debris of G 8674. Biographical inscription of Khuwiwer on northern and southern walls of antechamber; in situ in G 8674. Chapel entrance architrave, drum lintel and door jambs inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb sHD sSw n Hwtj wrtj jmj wrt nt Xnw xrp sSw jrjw jaH] juridicial inspector of scribes in the two great courts (of justice) amongst those on the right-hand side(?) of the Residence, director of scribes connected with the moon. Also appears in chapel wall relief (east, north and west walls); all in situ in G 8674. False door inscribed for Khuwiwer; in situ in G 8674. Lower part of schist seated statue inscribed for Khuwiwer; found in chapel debris of G 8674. Lower part of granite seated statue inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb sHD sSw] juridicial inspector of scribes; found in filling of southern serdab of G 8674. Uninscribed limestone head (JE 72221), probably of Khuwiwer; found in G 8674, shaft 973. Statue base inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb jmj-r sSw] juridicial overseer of scribes; found in shaft 35 of G 8972.
  • Medunefer (G 4630)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 4630. South false door (Cairo EMC_JE_36191) inscribed for Medunefer (dedicated by his son Ankhiris), identified as [Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp sS mDAt-nTr smA jnpw] chief lector-priest, scribe of the divine book, smA-priest of Anubis; found in situ in G 4630.
  • Memi (D 32+32 A)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner (along with Neferherenptah) of D 32+32 A. South false door (drum lintel) inscribed for Memi; in situ in D 32+32 A east chapel. Seated statue (Leipzig 2560) inscribed for Memi, identified as [wab nswt] royal wab-priest, and limestone standing statue (Hildesheim 2) inscribed for Memi; found in situ in D 32+ 32 A east chapel serdab.
  • Meni [II] (Meni [II])

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Meni [II] (probably to be identified with S 2530/2531, brick mastaba west of Meni [I]). Same as Meni I?
  • Meni [I] (Meni [I])

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Meni [I] (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Eight fragments (Hildesheim 3053) from false door of chapel, inscribed with offering formulae; architrave fragment (Hildesheim 3053c) inscribed [smsw pr mnj ms=f sS aAHwtHr mjtrt Htpnbw ...Ts...] elder of the house Meni, his children: scribe Aahathor, mitret Hetepnebu, [Nefer]tjes[hathor]; all found in debris of chapel of Meni [I]. Possibly same as Meni [II] ?
  • Merenre I

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 6. Horus name: [anx-xaw] Ankhkhau; other names: [mrnra] Merenre
  • Merenre I

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 6. Horus name: [anx-xaw] Ankhkhau; other names: [mrnra] Merenre
  • Meresankh II (G 7410-7420)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Meresankh buried in G 7410.
  • Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7530-7540.Granddaughter of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid, and wife of either Khafre or Menkaure. Her unique underground chapel (labeled G 7530-7540) preserves beautifully carved and painted scenes of the queen and her royal family, as well as servants, artisans, and funerary priests. The scenes also depict the sort of rich burial goods that would have been placed in Meresankh’s tomb: statues and fine furniture; boxes containing food, clothing, and jewelry; even a representation of the black granite sarcophagus that was actually found in situ in her burial chamber. Chapel entrance architrave, jambs, reveals and drum inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts nbwj xt Hr wrt Hst DHwtj smrt Hr mrt=f sAt nswt n Xt=f Hmt nswt mrt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Lords, khet-priestess of Horus, great of praises of Thoth, companion of Horus, his beloved, king's daughter of his body, beloved king's wife; in situ in G 7530-7540. Appears in chapel relief of main room: seated holding lotus (south wall); standing with her mother (east wall), idenitifed as [wrt Hts] great one of the hetes-scepter; on pillars (north wall), idenitifed as [tjst Hr] intimate(?) of Horus; seated at offering table, standing north of false door and on central pillar, and with her mother and son (west wall), idenitifed as [Hm-nTr DHwtj wrt Hts nbtj Hm-nTr bApf Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt jwnt smAwt mrjj nbtj] priestess of Thoth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Ladies, priestess of Bapef, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-Dendera, consort of him who is beloved of the Two Ladies; in situ in G 7530-7540. Also appears on all walls of offering (west) room; in situ in G 7530-7540. Architrave on north wall of north room inscribed for Meresankh; uninscribed statues may also represent Meresankh (along with other female family members); in situ in G 7530-7540. Black granite sarcophagus (Cairo JE 54935) inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [xrp sSmtjw SnDt] director of butchers of the 'Acacia House'; in situ in burial chamber of G 7530-7540. Incomplete limestone statue of Meresankh (MFA 30.1457) and pair statue of Meresankh and Hetepheres II (MFA 30.1456); found displaced in debris of main room. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Nebemakhet (owner of G 8172 = Lepsius 86). Appears in relief of inner chapel (above doorway in eastern wall), identified as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts wrt Hst Hmt nswt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, great of praises, king's wife; in situ in G 8172. Also mentioned in the tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (G 2381)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2381, buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2382 A. Son of Khnumenti (?) (owner of G 2374). Father of Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy, Sabuptah Ibebi, and Tjemat; Nekhebu identified variously as [jmj-r kAt jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r wpwt nswt mnnfr-mrjra ppj jmj-r xntjw-S mnnfr-mrjra ppj jmj-r qdw aA dwAw mtj n sA mDH nswt mDH nswt qdw mDH nswt qdw m prwj Hrj-sStA n wabtj xrp SnDt nbt Xrj-Hb Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp Xrj-tp nswt sm smr watj smsw snwt sHD qdw Sps nswt qdw n aSAt qdw m prwj kAwtj] overseer of works, overseer of all royal works, overseer of royal commissions of the pyramid of Pepi I, overseer of palace attendants of the pyramid of Pepi I, overseer of builders, assistant of (the god) Duau, regulator of a phyle, royal carpenter, royal architect, royal architect in the two houses, secretary of the two wabets, director of every kilt, lector-priest, chief lector-priest, royal chamberlain, sem-priest, sole companion, elder of the snwt-house, inspector of builders, noble of the king, ordinary builder, builder in the two houses, workman. Appears in chapel relief and wall paintings: 1) relief scene (13-3-545 = MFA 13.4335) probably from lintel depicting six standing figures (three facing right, three facing left) of Nekhebu holding staff and scepter with columns of hieroglyphic text between figures identifying Nekhebu with his names, titles, and honorific epithets; 2) painted scene (13-1-546 = MFA 13.4339) of at least three registers depicting Nekhebu striding to right with name and titles in black in front of each figure; 3) autobiographical inscription of Nekhebu (13-1-547 = MFA 13.4331) with eight vertical columns and one horizontal line of text above seated figure of Nekhebu (facing left); 4) autobiographical inscription of Nekhebu (13-1-548 = MFA 13.5969 + Cairo JE 44608) with ten vertical columns and one horizontal line of text above seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right); 5) relief scene (13-1-549 = MFA 13.4331 + possibly one fragment from 13-1-558a = MFA 13.5975) from wall adjoining autobiographical inscription (13-1-547) depicting Nekhebu spear fishing in marsh; 6) relief scene (13-1-550 = MFA 13.4351) depicting figure of Nekhebu (facing right, only top of head preserved) with five vertical columns of inscription (above) and offering list (in front); 7) two door jambs (13-1-551: left jamb = MFA 13.4348; right jamb = MFA 13.4349) depicting standing figures of Nekhebu with accompanying inscription; 8) relief scene (13-1-553 + 13-1-556j + 13-1-558i = MFA 13.5834) depicting aging Nekhebu kneeling in boat in marsh; 9) relief scene (13-1-554 = MFA 13.4349) from section of facade adjoining right door jamb (13-1-551) depicting registers of Nile boats, on one boat in middle register (MFA 13.4349.2) seated figure of Nekhebu faced by his wife Hatkau playing harp; 10) relief scene (13-1-555 = MFA 13.4346 + possibly 13-1-558d = MFA 13.5974) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) and three registers of offering bearers (facing left) leading cattle and gazelle; 11) relief scene (13-1-555 + 13-1-556 + 13-1-558o = MFA 13.5830) depicting Nekhebu seated in carrying chair; 12) relief scene (13-1-556d + 13-1-558j = MFA 13.5934) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) and two registers of family members and offering bearers (facing left); 13) relief scene (13-1-556l + 13-1-558k = MFA 13.5935) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing left) with vertical columns of inscription above; 14) relief scene (13-1-558l = MFA 13.5936) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) with vertical columns of inscription above (original position to left of section of facade with ceremonial dancers and offering bearers MFA 13.4348). Chapel almost completely destroyed with most blocks and fragments of relief and inscription found scattered in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragmentary limestone seated statue (12-12-14 + 12-12-22 = MFA 13.3161a-b) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; fragments found scattered in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragmentary limestone seated statue (12-11-26) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; fragments found scattered in G 2370 and Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-595 = MFA 13.3159) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; found in debris west of G 2381 A. Fragmentary incomplete limestone seated statue (12-11-58 + 12-12-176a = MFA 13.3149a-c), preserved fragments uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; fragments found scattered in G 2381. Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-9 = MFA 13.3156), preserved fragment uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-16 = MFA 13.3154), preserved fragment uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; found in G 2381. Limestone obelisk (12-12-23 = MFA 13.4353 deaccessioned = Memphis 1981.1.5) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt smr watj] overseer of all royal works, sole companion; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragments of diorite offering table (12-12-20 = MFA 13.3143a-b) inscribed for Nekhebu; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382).
  • Mersuankh (G 8990)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8990. Chapel lintel, door jambs and reveals inscribed for Mersuankh, identified as [jmj-r jdw n Xnw sHD Hmw-kA nfr] overseer of young men of the Residence, inspector of ka-priests, cadet; in situ in G 8990. False door inscribed for Mersuankh, identified as [Dt smr rawr jmj-r jdw n Xnw jmj-r jSt=f nbt n Xnw nt rwt] djet-priest of the companion Rawer, overseer of young men of the Residence, overseer of all his (Rawer's) possessions of the Residence and the exterior; in situ in G 8990. Four limestone offering tables inscribed for Mersuankh; in situ before false door. Also appears on false door of his mother Rudjsaus, and in wall reliefs and statuary (JE 66617-66620) from serdabs and shafts; in situ in G 8990.
  • Nebemakhet (G 8172 and Lepsius 12)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8172 (Lepsius 86) and Lepsius 12. Son of Khafre and Meresankh III. Fragmentary entrance lintel and drum inscribed for Nebemakhet, identified as [sS mDAt(-nTr) smsw snwt n jt=f tAjtj sAb TAtj jrj-pat sA nswt n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xt wr xt (?)] scribe of the (divine) book, elder of the snwt-house of his father, chief justice and vizier, hereditary prince, king's son of his body, chief lector-priest, khet-priest of the Great One, khet-priest of (?); found fallen in debris in front of entrance of G 8172. Originally appeared in chapel relief seated with his sister (neither figure preserved) on southern wall of outer chapel, identified as [sS mDAt-nTr n jt=f smr watj n jt=f] scribe of the divine book of his father, sole companion of his father; in situ in G 8172. Appears with his mother and sister above doorway in eastern wall of inner chapel, identified as [smr watj] sole companion, and with his wife on same wall, identified as [Hrj-sStA n jt=f] secretary of his father; in situ in G 8172. Originally appeared with his wife (figures not preserved) on southern wall of inner chapel; in situ in G 8172. Nebemakhet's name and titles also appear on fragments of relief originally from northern wall of inner chapel; found in debris of chapel of G 8172. Also entrance architrave, drum and jambs (very poorly preserved) originally inscribed for Nebemakhet (name partially preserved on northern door jamb), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt n Xt=f smr watj] hereditary prince, king's son of his body, sole companion; in situ in Lepsius 12. Also attested (main room, west wall) in tomb of his mother Meresankh III (G 7530-7540), and on back pillar (MFA 30.1457a) of fragmentary limestone statue of her; found in debris of forecourt of G 7530-7540.
  • Nefer [II] (in S 576)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks False door (Hildesheim 2403) inscribed for Nefer, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r pr] royal acquaintance, steward; found reused as roofing over shaft S 576.
  • Nihetepptah (G 2430)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2430. Nihetepptah called Peni (on north face of north pillar called Peni among his wife titles: [jmAxwt xr pnj] revered before [her husband] Peni). False door inscribed for Nihetepptah, identified as [jmj-r xntjw-S pr-aA Hrj-sStA jmj-r Swj pr-aA xrp aH jmj-r aHAw smr pr] overseer of palace attendants of the Great House, secretary, overseer of the two weaving shops of the Great House, controller of the palace, overseer of the arsenal, companion of the house; also appears in chapel relief (chapel entrance door jambs, west, north, and south walls, identifiying inscriptions not preserved, and north and south pillars), identified as [sAb aD-mr pr-aA Hrj-sStA n nswt m swt=f nb jmj-r swt Spswt nt pr-aA] judge and administrator of the Great House, secretary of the king in all his places, overseer of the noble places of the Great House; in situ in G 2430 (less relief preserved 1936-1939 than originally recorded by Lepsius).
  • Nikaure (G 8158)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87, identified as [sA-nswt n Xt=f smsw tAjtj sAb TAtj] king's eldest son of his body, chief justice and vizier.
  • Pepi II

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 6. Horus name: [nTr-xaw] Netjerkhau; other names: [nfr-kA-ra] Neferkare, [pjpj] Pepi
  • Ptahsedjefa Fefi (G 8926)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8926. Entrance lintel and drum inscribed for Fefi, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests; lintel found broken in fragments before entrance, drum in situ in G 8926. False door inscribed for Ptahsedjefa Fefi, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests; in situ in G 8926. Limestone sarcophagus (JE 66681) inscribed for Ptahsedjefa Fefi; found in burial chamber of G 8926.
  • Qar (G 7101)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7101. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, pillar), identified variously as [jmj-r kAt nbt xntj-S mnnfr-mrjjra Xrj tp nswt sS a nswt xft-Hr mAa] overseer of all works, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Meryre (Pepi I), he who is at the head of the king, true royal document scribe in the presence; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Qar (in G 7102), son of Idu (owner of G 7102). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Rawer (G 8988)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8988. Son of Itisen and Hetepheres. Entrance architrave, lintel and facade inscribed for Rawer, identified as [smr watj Hrj-tp nxb Hm-nTr Hr-jnpw xntj pr Smswt watj aD-mr Hr sbA xntj pt sm xrp SnDt xt mnw xrp aH Hrj-sStA n pr(-dwAt) Xrj-Hb wa m wrw Hb xrp Hwwt nt mw aD-mr dp Hm-nTr wADt jrj nfr-HAt] sole companion, chief of Nekheb, priest of Horus-Anubis who presides solely over the suite, administrator of the district 'Star-of-Horus-Foremost-of-Heaven', sem-priest, director of the kilt, khet-priest of Min, director of the palace, secretary of the House (of Morning), lector-priest, sole one of the great ones of the festival, director of mansions of mu-textiles(?), administrator of Dep, priest of Wadjet, keeper of the diadem; facade in situ, lintel and architrave fallen in front of entrance to G 8988. Inner door jambs inscribed for Rawer, identified as [jmj-r Xkrw nswt n jswj overseer of the king's ornaments in the two chambers; in situ in G 8988. Inscription along top of eastern wall of serdab 14 with titles [Hm-nTr nxbt Hm-ntr wADt smr watj n(j) mrwt] priest of Nekhbet, priest of Wadjet, sole companion, possessor of love; in situ in G 8988. Rawer appears on alabaster panel (JE 66626) in niche 14, identified as [Hrj-sStA n mdw-nTr] secretary of the sacred writings; in situ in G 8988. Inscribed limestone slab with title [Hm-nTr wADt p dp] priest of Wadjet in Pe and Dep; found displaced in G 8988. Inscribed limestone slab with title [jmj-r wabt] overseer of the wabet; found fallen from wall of first chamber of eastern passage in G 8988. Life-size limestone statue of Rawer, inscribed [jrj nfr-HAt (smsw?) wxrt aAt jr Sn nswt] keeper of the diadem, (elder?) of the great shipyard, royal hairdresser; found in back of second chamber of eastern passage in G 8988. Life-size limestone statue of Rawer, inscribed [jmj-jb n nb=f Hrj-sStA n nswt] he who is in the heart of his lord, secretary of the king; found in situ in serdab 12 of G 8988, along with limestone relief of biographical inscription (JE 66682). A large number of other inscribed statues and fragments of Rawer and his family found throughout G 8988 (including JE 66615, a quartzite "pseudo-group" statue of Rawer, and JE 66625, a limestone statue head of Rawer).
  • Redines (G 5032)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5032. False door (MFA 21.961a-c) inscribed for Redines, identified as [wab nswt sS] royal wab-priest, scribe; found in situ in G 5032 chapel.
  • Rudjsaus (in G 8990)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Mother ([mwt=f]) of Mersuankh (owner of G 8990). False door dedicated by Mersuankh to Rudjsaus, identified as [jmj-r pr jnawt nt Xnw] overseer of the house of weaving women of the Residence. Also appears on false door of Mersuankh (southern inner jamb, top register); both doors in situ in G 8990.
  • Sekhemkare (G 8154)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8154 (Lepsius 89). Entrance door jambs, right-hand reveal and drum inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f jrj-pat hAtj-a jmj js xtmw-bjtj Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp n jt=f smr watj Hrj-sStA n pr-dwAt aA dwAw Hrj-sStA n jt=f] king's son of his body, hereditary prince, count, councillor, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, chief lector-priest of his father, sole companion, secretary of the House of Morning, assistant of (the god) Duau, secretary of his father; in situ in G 8154. Appears seated with his mother on western wall and seated with his wife on eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [tAjtj sAb TAtj] chief justice and vizier; in situ in G 8154. Also appears seated with his mother on eastern wall of room a-2, identified as [xrp aH] director of the palace; in situ in G 8154. Western wall of room a-2 inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp sSw mDAt nt (jt=f) smr watj n jt=f wt jnpw] chief lector-priest, director of scribes of the documents of (his father), sole companion of his father, embalmer of Anubis; in situ in G 8154. Northern wall of room a-2 inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [jmAx xr jt=f nswt xr nTr aA xr nswt-bjtj xafra xr nswt-bjtj mnkAwra xr nswt-bjtj SpsskAf xr nswt-bjtj wsrkAf xr nswt-bjtj sAHwra] revered before his father the king, before the Great God, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Khafre, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Menkaure, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Shepseskaf, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Userkaf, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Sahure; in situ in G 8154.
  • Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2370. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Inti. Father of Senedjemib Mehi (owner of G 2378) and Khnumenti (owner of G 2374). Appears in chapel relief (throughout chapel), architectural elements (including portico facade, door jambs and displaced portico architrave) and false door inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [xrp sSw nbw Xrj-tp nswt jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r pr-aHAw mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r prwj-HD jmj-r jswj Xkr nswt jmj-r st nbt nt Xnw jmj-r prw msw nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt jmj-r Hwt-wrt sjsw jmj-r sDmt nbt jrj-pat HAtj-a tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt Hrj-Xb smr watj] controller of all scribes, royal chamberlain, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the armory, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two treasuries, overseer of the two chambers of royal regalia, overseer of every department of the Residence, overseer of the houses of the royal children, overseer of royal regalia, overseer of the six great law-courts, overseer of all that is judged, hereditary prince, count, chief justice and vizier, overseer of all royal works, overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, lector-priest, sole companion; in situ in G 2370. Limestone sarcophagus inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [HAtj-a mAa jntj tAjtj sAb TAtj snDmjb Xrj-tp nswt jntj] true count Inti, chief justice and vizier Senedjemib, royal chamberlain Inti; in situ in burial chamber of G 2370 B. Possibly same individual as owner of Lepsius 10 (in Khafre Quarry). Similar titles found on entrance lintel of Lepsius 10, inscribed for Senedjemib Inti. Probably same individual whose name appears on fragmentary limestone architrave (35-9-17 = MFA 35.2033) inscribed for Tjetu; found displaced in G 2338 B (possibly originally from G 2343 = G 5511).
  • Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2378. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Mehi. Son of Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370). Portico architrave inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt jmj-jb n nswt m st=f nbt jmAxw xr nswt-bjtj Wnjs] hereditary prince, true count, overseer of all royal works, secretary of every royal decree, he who is in the heart of the king in all his places, revered before the King of Upper and Lower Egypt Unis; offering room false door inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [smr watj tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r sSw a nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt nb Xrj-tp nswt mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r prwj-aHAw jmj-r wabtj jmj-r prwj nbw jmj-r sSr nswt jmAxw xr Jssj] sole companion, chief justice and vizier, overseer of royal document scribes, overseer of all royal regalia, royal chamberlain, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the two armories, overseer of the two wabets, overseer of the two houses of gold, overseer of royal linen, revered before Isesi; also appears in chapel relief (thoughout chapel), identified as [jwn-knmt] iun-kenmut priest; false door and relief in situ in G 2378, portico reconstructed. Also appears in chapel relief (including portico west wall, door jambs, and offering room) in tomb of his father Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370), identified as [HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt] true count, overseer of all royal works; in situ in G 2370.
  • Senenu (in G 1206)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son (?) of Ikhetneb (owner of G 1206). Limestone offering basin (Hearst 6-19752) inscribed for Senenu (dedicated by his son Akhethetep), identified as [rx nswt sHD wabw xrp jmjw sA aD-mr grgt Hm-nTr xwfw] royal acquaintance, inspector of wab-priests, director of members of a phyle, administrator of a settlement, priest of Khufu; found in situ in front of entrance to G 1206 offering chamber-serdab. Uninscribed limestone standing pair statue (Hearst 6-19775) attributed to Senenu and his wife (unnamed); found in G 1206 offering chamber-serdab.
  • Seshemnefer [IV] (Lepsius 53)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Lepsius 53. Two seated statues in forecourt (on either side of exterior chapel entrance), inscribed [smr watj sSmnfr] sole companion Seshemnefer; in situ in Lepsius 53. Interior chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel and false door (in room c) inscribed for Seshemnefer; also appears in chapel relief (in most instances name not preserved, only lower portions of walls preserved) and displaced fragmentary block of relief (Hildesheim 3190) depicted as statue; identified as [xrp nstj m pr-anx Hrj-sStA n mdt nb sStA nt nswt HqA bAt] director of the two thrones in the Mansion of Life, secretary of all secret commands of the king, chief of Bat; in situ in Lepsius 53 (block found in Lepsius 53). Possibly same individual as Seshemnefer (in G 5170), eldest son of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170).
  • Shepseskaf

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Last king of Dynasty 4. Son of Menkaure. Horus name: [SpsXt] Shepseskhet.
  • Tjenti (Lepsius 77)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Lepsius 77. Name and titles appear on architectural fragments (jambs and drum lintels of doorways), identified as [rx nswt Hrj-sStA wabt nswt jmj-r gs-pr jmntt] royal acquaintance, secretary of the royal wabet, overseer of the gs-pr of the necropolis; in situ in Lepsius 77.
  • Tjesi (D 220)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of D 220. Tower-shaped limestone funerary monument (Cairo JE 36268 = CG 57174) inscribed for Tjesi, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmwtjw] royal acquaintance, overseer of craftsmen; found in D 220. Two false door lintels (Cairo CG 57159, Edinburgh 1909.483) and false door tablet inscribed for Tjesi; all from D 220.
  • Weta

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Limestone sarcophagus (Cairo JE 30189 = CG 1787) inscribed for Weta (on lid and sides), identifed as [wab nswt rx nswt xntj-S Hrj-sStA nTrj-mnkAwra gs jmj-r gsw Xrj-a nswt Tbw nswt jmj-r artjw jrt mDAt nt art nt Xrj-Hb] royal wab-priest, royal acquaintance, palace attendant and secretary of the pyramid of Menkaure, leather-worker, overseer of leather-workers and royal assistants(?), sandal-maker of the king, overseer of manufacturers of writing material/papyrus rolls(?); provenance uncertain (according to Reisner "from mastaba near Third Pyramid").

Modern People

  • Kurt Heinrich Sethe

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1869–1934
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.

Institutions 1