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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Qar (G 7101)
  • Attested
    Bendjyt (in G 7101)
    Gefi (in G 7101)
    Idu (in G 7101)
    Khenut (in G 7101)
    Nakhti (in G 7101)
    Tjetut (in G 7101)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • PorterMoss Date
    Pepy I or later
  • Baer Date
    Dynasty 6
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 7101 Serdab; G 7101 A (Gefi); G 7101 M (Qar); G 7101 B; G 7101 C; G 7101 D; G 7101 E; G 7101 F; G 7101 G; G 7101 H; G 7101 I; G 7101 J; G 7101 K; G 7101 L; G 7101 N; G 7101 O; G 7101 P; G 7101 Q; G 7101 R; G 7101 S; G 7101 T; G 7101 U; G 7101 V; G 7101 W; G 7101 X; G 7101 Y; G 7101 Z

Finds 165

Excavation Diary Pages 51

Maps & Plans 36

Drawings 73

Published Documents 16

Unpublished Documents 106

Full Bibliography

  • Arnold, Dieter. "Old Kingdom Statues in their Architectural Setting." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 49, note 38.

    Brovarski, Edward. "The Doors of Heaven." Orientalia 46 (1977), pp. 108-109, fig. 3.

    Brovarski, Edward. "False Doors & History: the Sixth Dynasty." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 87-88, 94, 97, 103, fig. 8a.

    Brovarski, Edward. "A Second Style in Egyptian Relief of the Old Kingdom." In Stephen E. Thomson and Peter Der Manuelian, eds. Egypt and Beyond. Essays Presented to Leonard H. Lesko upon his Retirement from the Wilbour Chair of Egyptology at Brown University June 2005, Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, 2008, pp. 62-63, 65-67, 70, 75-76, 80, 82, 89, figs. 2c-d, 4a, 5b, pl. IVb, VIa-b, VII.

    Eaton-Krauss, Marianne. "Pseudo-Groups." In Rainer Stadelmann and Hourig Sourouzian, eds. Kunst des Alten Reiches: Symposium im Deutschen Archäologischen Institut Kairo am 29. und 30. Oktober 1991. Sonderschrift des Deutschen Archäologischen Institut Abteilung Kairo 28, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1995, p. 58, n. 12.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 4: 1932-1933. Cairo: Government Press, 1943, pp. 71, 74, 77, 79, 82, 83, 88, 89, figs. 36, 44.

    Kendall, Timothy. "An Unusual Rock-Cut Tomb at Giza." In William Kelly Simpson and Whitney M. David, eds. Studies in Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Sudan: Essays in Honor of Dows Dunham on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday, June 1, 1980. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1981, p. 104, n. 1.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G240.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 147.

    Mysliwiec, Karol. "The Scheme 2 x 4 in the Decoration of Old Kingdom Tombs." In Zahi Hawass and Janet Richards, eds. The Archaeology and Art of Ancient Egypt. Essays in Honor of David B. O'Connor, Vol. II. Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, Cahier no. 36. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2007, p. 203, note 14.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 184-185.

    Reisner, George A. "Excavations in Egypt and Ethiopia 1922–1925." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 23, No. 137 (June 1925), p. 28.

    Reisner, George A. "The Servants of the Ka." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 32, No. 189 (February 1934), pp. 9-10.

    Reisner, George A. "The Dog Which was Honored by the King of Upper and Lower Egypt." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 34, No. 206 (December 1936), p. 98, unnumbered fig. (top right).

    Roth, Ann Macy. "Little Women: Gender and Hierarchic Proportion in Old Kingdom Mastaba Chapels." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, p. 294, table 6.

    Roth, Ann Macy. "Fingers, Stars, and the 'Opening of the Mouth': the Nature and Function of the nTrwj-blades." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 79 (1993), p. 67, fig. 6.

    Sethe, Kurt. Urkunden des Alten Reichs. Erster Band. Urkunden des Ägyptischen Altertums Abteilung 1, Hft. 1-4. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1903/1933, pp. 251-255 [13 (153)].

    Simpson, William Kelly. The Mastabas of Qar and Idu, G 7101 and 7102. Giza Mastabas 2. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1976, pp. 1-18, frontispiece, figs. 1-9, 15-32, pls. I-XIV.

    Simpson, William Kelly. "Topographical Notes on Giza Mastabas." In Manfred Görg and Edgar Pusch, eds. Festschrift Elmar Edel 12. März 1979. Ägypten und Altes Testament 1. Bamberg, 1979, pp. 491, 495.

    Unsigned. "Recent Discoveries at the Giza Pyramids." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 23, No. 136 (April 1925), pp. 13-14.

    Woods, Alexandra. "Contribution to a Controversy: A Date For the Tomb of kA(=j)-m-anx at Giza." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 95 (2009), p. 168, note 64.

Photos 161

3D Models 1

People 8

Ancient People

  • Bendjyt (in G 7101)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Sister ([snt=f mrt=f] his beloved sister) of Qar (owner of G 7101). Appears in chapel relief, room D (north wall, east end = south face of east pilaster, bottom register, figure on right); in situ in G 7101. Possibly same individual as Bendjet (in G 7102), daughter of Idu (owner of G 7102). Possibly buried in G 7215.
  • Gefi (in G 7101)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f mrt=f] his beloved wife) of Qar (owner of G 7101). Appears in chapel relief, court C (west wall); in situ in G 7101.
  • Idu (in G 7101)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA mrjj=f] his beloved son) of Qar (owner of G 7101). Appears in chapel relief, room E (north wall, standing before his father and grandmother, depicted as young boy); in situ in G 7101. Appears on displaced block of relief block (25-5-47 = MFA 27.1130), identifed as [sS a nswt xft-Hr sAb jmj-r sSw] royal document scribe in the presence, juridicial overseer of scribes; found in G 7101 (originally from upper stairway). Name appears on displaced block of relief (25-5-46) originally from lower stairway (south wall), and in situ in room E (west wall, north of false door). Possibly same individual as Idu (G 7102), owner of G 7102.
  • Khenut (in G 7101)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother of Qar (owner of G 7101). Appears in chapel relief, room E (north wall, seated at offering table with her son); in situ in G 7101.
  • Nakhti (in G 7101)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Brother ([sn=f] his brother) of Qar (owner of G 7101). Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Qar, west wall of court C (bottom row of offering bearers, depicted pouring water), identified as [jmj-r Hmw-kA] overseer of ka-priests; in situ in G 7101. Also appears on displaced block of relief (25-5-45), depicted carrying large fish; assigned by Simpson (GM 2, pl. Vb) to north wall of lower stairs in G 7101. Probably buried in shaft G 7101 B. East, south, and west walls of G 7101 B burial chamber and broken sarcophagus lid inscribed for Nakhti, identified as [Sps nswt smr sS Xrj-tp nswt] noble of the king, companion, scribe, royal chamberlain; in situ in G 7101 B. Appears on two fitting fragments of relief (MFA 25.3041.1 + MFA 25.3041.2); originally attributed to G 7102 (based on notation on fragments), however, Simpson (GM 2, p. 13) suggests proposed destroyed chapel of Nakhti, possibly located west of upper stairs of Qar complex and north of G 7101 B, as place of origin. Also appears on fragment of relief (24-12-135), identified as [Xrj-tp nswt Hm-nTr... Sps nswt] royal chamberlain, priest of..., noble of the king; found displaced in Avenue G 0 (north of subsidiary pyramid G I-a).
  • Qar (G 7101)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 7101. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, pillar), identified variously as [jmj-r kAt nbt xntj-S mnnfr-mrjjra Xrj tp nswt sS a nswt xft-Hr mAa] overseer of all works, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Meryre (Pepi I), he who is at the head of the king, true royal document scribe in the presence; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Qar (in G 7102), son of Idu (owner of G 7102). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Tjetut (in G 7101)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Sister ([snt=f mrt=f] his beloved sister) of Qar (owner of G 7101). Appears in chapel relief, room D (north wall, east end = south face of east pilaster, bottom register, figure on left); in situ in G 7101.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.