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Diary Transcription:

microfilm: begin page 305

Ownership of the Mastabas

The names of many owners seem to be established as follows.

Great Mastabas
1) G 7110 + G 7120 [TRANSLITERATION] [Kawab] eldest son of Khufu (and wife(?))
2) G 7130 [TRANSLITERATION] [Khufukhaf I] son of Khufu
3) G 7210 + G 7220 [TRANSLITERATION] [Hordjedef] son of Khufu (and wife)
4) G 7230 __
5) G 7310 + G 7320 possibly [TRANSLITERATION] [... Hetepheres] daughter of Khufu (page 97 Diary)
6) G 7330 __
7) G 7410 + G 7420 [TRANSLITERATION] [Meresankh II] daughter of Khufu and wife (?) of Khafre
8) ? G 7420 (probably part of twin meant for Khafre, unused)
9) G 7430 [TRANSLITERATION] [Minkhaf] son of Khufu
10) G 7510 [TRANSLITERATION] [Hetepheres] eldest daughter of Khufu and her husband [TRANSLITERATION] [Ankh-haf]
11) G 7710 (really rock cut)

Small mastabas
12) G 7101 [TRANSLITERATION] [Qar]
13) G 7102 [TRANSLITERATION] [Idu]
14) G 7211 [TRANSLITERATION] [Kaemankh, Kha]
15) G 7332 [= G 7333] [TRANSLITERATION] [Tjetju, Ptahneferdjed] [number G 7332 later reassigned to tomb G 7331+7332, in street G 7300, abutting E face of G 7330; this G 7332 = G 7333]
16) G 7431 [sic! G 7432] [TRANSLITERATION] [Qar]
17) G 7521 [TRANSLITERATION] [Nihetep-ptah Hepi]
18) G 7523 [TRANSLITERATION] [Sedaf Iby]
19) G 7631 [TRANSLITERATION] [Ninefer]

Rock cut tombs
20) G 7215 D1 [TRANSLITERATION] [Bendjet] [possibly same as Bendjyt in G 7101/Bendjet in G 7102]
21) G 7710 [TRANSLITERATION] [Iby]

The tomb of [TRANSLITERATION] [Khufukhaf I] cannot be very far from G 7130 where, in pit X, was found a fragment belonging to him. [TRANSLITERATION] [Minankh] is probably also near, possibly in G 7230 (?) for a fragment of his came from the same site.
It is noteworthy that all the named mastabas of the original grouping of streets belonged to sons and daughters of Khufu and their consorts, and that none seem to have belonged only to prominent or powerful officials.
The family of Khufu now appears as

[ILLUSTRATION/TRANSLITERATION]

Petrie (Hist. 1, 64) takes [TRANSLITERATION] [Minkhaf] as a son of Khafre although his tomb is in the Khufu Cemetery.
The name of [GLYPHS] [TRANSLITERATION] [Ankhtifi] occurs with the portrait of a girl [male] child on a relief fragment in the interior chapel of G 7510, named "his daughter." [son]

microfilm: end page 305

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Expedition diary pages
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Display Page Dates
    04/06/1925
  • Author
    Thomas Richard Duncan Greenlees, British, 1899–
  • Mentioned on page
    Ankh-haf (G 7510)
    Bendjet (in G 7102)
    Bendjyt (in G 7101)
    Henutsen (G I-c)
    Hetepheres (in G 7510)
    Hordjedef (G 7210-7220)
    Iby (G 7710)
    Idu (G 7102)
    Kaemankh (G 7211)
    Kawab (G 7110-7120)
    Kha (in G 7211)
    Khafre
    Khufu
    Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)
    Meresankh II (G 7410-7420)
    Minkhaf (G 7430-7440)
    Nebemakhet (G 8172 and Lepsius 12)
    Nihetep-ptah Hepi (G 7521)
    Ninefer (G 7631)
    Ptahneferdjed (in G 7333)
    Qar (G 7101)
    Qar (G 7432)
    Sedaf Iby (G 7523)
    Tjetju (in G 7333)

Tombs and Monuments 18

Photos 1

People 25

Ancient People

  • Ankh-haf (G 7510)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7510. Husband of Hetepheres.
  • Bendjet (in G 7102)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Idu (owner of G 7102). Appears in chapel relief, south wall (second register, lead dancer before her father); in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Bendjyt (in G 7101), sister of Qar (owner of G 7101). Possibly buried in G 7215.
  • Bendjyt (in G 7101)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Sister ([snt=f mrt=f] his beloved sister) of Qar (owner of G 7101). Appears in chapel relief, room D (north wall, east end = south face of east pilaster, bottom register, figure on right); in situ in G 7101. Possibly same individual as Bendjet (in G 7102), daughter of Idu (owner of G 7102). Possibly buried in G 7215.
  • Henutsen (G I-c)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Khufu.
  • Hetepheres (in G 7510)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Ank-haf (owner of G 7510) and eldest daughter of Snefru and Hetepheres I. North false door inscribed for Hetepheres; in situ in G 7510, interior chapel.
  • Hordjedef (G 7210-7220)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Hordjedef was buried in G 7220.
  • Iby (G 7710)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7710. Corridor chapel entrance drum lintel and east door jamb (door jamb very worn) inscribed for Iby, identified as [rx nswt sAb sS Hrj-sStA sHD wabw] royal acquaintance, juridicial scribe, secretary, inspector of wab-priests; in situ in G 7710. Two displaced architrave fragments both inscribed for Iby, identified as [sHD wabw Hrj-sStA] inspector of wab-priests, secretary; found in Lepsius 71 court. Two broken but adjoining architrave fragments probably inscribed for Iby (name not preserved), identified as [jmj-r sSw wab nswt Hrj-sStA] overseer of scribes, royal wab-priest, secretary; found displaced north of G 7711.
  • Idu (G 7102)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7102. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, statuary), identified variously as [jmj-r Hwt wrt jmj-r sSw mrt xntj-S mnnfr-ppj Xrj tp nswt] overseer of the great chapel, overseer of scribes of the meret-serfs, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Pepi, he who is at the head of the king; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Idu (in G 7101), son of Qar (owner of G 7101). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Kaemankh (G 7211)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7211.
  • Kawab (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7120, along with Hetepheres [II] (original owner of G 7110). Son of Khufu and Meretites [I]. Appears in chapel relief in tomb of his daughter Meresankh III (owner of G 7530-7540), main room (east wall), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt smsw n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp jAwt nTrt aA dwAw] hereditary prince, king's eldest son of his body, chief lector-priest, director of divine offices, assistant of (the god) Duau; in situ in G 7530-7540). Also mentioned in tomb of his steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Kha (in G 7211)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Limestone false door (25-1-319 = MFA 25.1514) inscribed for Kha; found reused in G 7211 B.
  • Khafre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Khufu and probably Henutsen. He is buried in G 7140.
  • Meresankh II (G 7410-7420)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Meresankh buried in G 7410.
  • Minkhaf (G 7430-7440)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Nebemakhet (G 8172 and Lepsius 12)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 8172 (Lepsius 86) and Lepsius 12. Son of Khafre and Meresankh III. Fragmentary entrance lintel and drum inscribed for Nebemakhet, identified as [sS mDAt(-nTr) smsw snwt n jt=f tAjtj sAb TAtj jrj-pat sA nswt n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xt wr xt (?)] scribe of the (divine) book, elder of the snwt-house of his father, chief justice and vizier, hereditary prince, king's son of his body, chief lector-priest, khet-priest of the Great One, khet-priest of (?); found fallen in debris in front of entrance of G 8172. Originally appeared in chapel relief seated with his sister (neither figure preserved) on southern wall of outer chapel, identified as [sS mDAt-nTr n jt=f smr watj n jt=f] scribe of the divine book of his father, sole companion of his father; in situ in G 8172. Appears with his mother and sister above doorway in eastern wall of inner chapel, identified as [smr watj] sole companion, and with his wife on same wall, identified as [Hrj-sStA n jt=f] secretary of his father; in situ in G 8172. Originally appeared with his wife (figures not preserved) on southern wall of inner chapel; in situ in G 8172. Nebemakhet's name and titles also appear on fragments of relief originally from northern wall of inner chapel; found in debris of chapel of G 8172. Also entrance architrave, drum and jambs (very poorly preserved) originally inscribed for Nebemakhet (name partially preserved on northern door jamb), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt n Xt=f smr watj] hereditary prince, king's son of his body, sole companion; in situ in Lepsius 12. Also attested (main room, west wall) in tomb of his mother Meresankh III (G 7530-7540), and on back pillar (MFA 30.1457a) of fragmentary limestone statue of her; found in debris of forecourt of G 7530-7540.
  • Nihetep-ptah Hepi (G 7521)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7521. Nihetep-ptah, [rn=f nfr] his good name Hepi. South false door (including displaced fitting fragment of tablet 25-2-1003) inscribed for Nihetep-ptah Hepi, identified as [sHD xntjw-S pr-aA sHD pr-aA] inspector of palace attendants of the Great House, inspector of the Great House; false door in situ in G 7521, fragment found displaced in G 7521 A. Also appears in chapel relief, entrance of chapel vestibule (= room b), east door jamb; in situ in G 7521. Limestone drum lintel (25-2-1036) inscribed for Nihetep-ptah Hepi, identified as [sHD xntjw-S pr-aA] inspector of palace attendants of the Great House; found displaced in G 7521 A.
  • Ninefer (G 7631)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Is Neferen or Ninefer the correct spelling of this name?
  • Ptahneferdjed (in G 7333)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on displaced false door (?) jamb (24-12-653 = MFA 24.1820), identified as [sAb aD-mr] judge, administrator; found in G 7333.
  • Qar (G 7101)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7101. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, pillar), identified variously as [jmj-r kAt nbt xntj-S mnnfr-mrjjra Xrj tp nswt sS a nswt xft-Hr mAa] overseer of all works, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Meryre (Pepi I), he who is at the head of the king, true royal document scribe in the presence; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Qar (in G 7102), son of Idu (owner of G 7102). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Qar (G 7432)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Sedaf Iby (G 7523)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7523. Remains of damaged false door and door jamb (25-2-1037) inscribed for Sedaf Iby, identified as [jmj(-r) prwj xrp wsht] overseer of the Two Houses, director of the broad hall; false door in situ in G 7523. Possibly two different individuals rather than same man with two different names.
  • Tjetju (in G 7333)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on displaced false door (?) jamb (24-12-653 = MFA 24.1820), identified as [sAb sHD sSw] juridicial inspector of scribes; found in G 7333.

Modern People

  • Thomas Richard Duncan Greenlees

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates British, 1899–
    • Remarks Thomas Richard Duncan Greenlees, born South Africa, Sivaratri, March 10, 1899. British subject with a Scottish father and an English mother. For a brief period during 1925 he was a staff member of Harvard University--Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition, who later joined the Theosophist movement in India. Greenlees received his MA degree in 1922 from Oxford, where he studied Egyptian, Coptic and Arabic. April 2,1925, Greenlees appointed Assistant Curator of Egyptian Art at MFA.