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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)
  • Attested
    Henutsen (G I-c)
    Iretru (in G 7130-7140)
    Iuenka (in G 7130-7140)
    Khufu
    Nefretkau (G 7130-7140)
    Seshemuka (in G 7130-7140)
    Shebeniset (in G 7130-7140)
    Wahibre (in G 7130-7140)
    Wetka (in G 7130-7140)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Correct Double Mastaba No
    G 7130
    G 7140
  • Alternate Reisner No
    G 7130-7140: G 7130
    G 7130-7140: G 7140
  • Baer Date
    Mid to end of Dynasty 4
  • PorterMoss Date
    Khufu to end of Dynasty 4
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 7130 A; G 7130 B; G 7140 B; G 7140 C; G 7140 I

Finds 163

Excavation Diary Pages 139

Maps & Plans 48

Drawings 37

Published Documents 21

Unpublished Documents 140

Full Bibliography

  • Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Presenting the nDt-Hr Offerings to the Tomb Owner." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 29-32.

    Bolshakov, Andrey. "Osiris in the Fourth Dynasty Again? The False Door of Jntj, MFA 31.781." In Hedvig Györy, ed. Mélanges offerts à Edith Varga. Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts Supplément-2001, Budapest: Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts, 2001, p. 75, note 86.

    Brovarski, Edward. "Inventory Offering Lists and the Nomenclature for Boxes and Chests in the Old Kingdom." In Emily Teeter and John A. Larson, eds. Gold of Praise. Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honor of Edward F. Wente. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 58. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 1999, p. 33.

    Brovarski, Edward. "Old Kingdom Beaded Collars." In Jacke Phillips with Lanny Bell, Bruce B. Williams, James Hoch and Ronald J. Leprohon (eds.) Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Near East. Studies in Honour of Martha Rhoads Bell, Volume 1. San Antonio: Van Siclen Books, 1997, pp. 148, 157, note 129.

    Brovarski, Edward. "An Inventory List from 'Covington's Tomb' and Nomenclature for Furniture in the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 1. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1996, p. 123.

    Callender, Vivienne Gae. "The Iconography of the Princess in the Old Kingdom." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 122-123, fig. 6.

    Eaton-Krauss, Marianne. "An Offering Table Scene in the Art Institue, Chicago." Göttinger Miszellen 219 (2008), p. 21.

    Fay, Biri. "Royal Women as Represented in Sculpture during the Old Kingdom. Part II: Uninscribed Sculptures." In Christiane Ziegler, ed. L'art de l'ancien empire égyptien. Paris: Musée du Louvre, 1999, pp. 107, 137, fig. 30.

    Fay, Biri. "Royal Women as Represented in Sculpture dunring the Old Kingdom." In Nicolas Grimal, ed. Les Critères de Datation Stylistiques à l'Ancien Empire. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 1998, p. 163, note 22.

    Fischer, Henry G. Varia Nova. Egyptian Studies 3. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996, pp. 112, 222.

    Flentye, Laurel. "The Development of Art in the Eastern and GIS Cemeteries at Giza during the Fourth Dynasty: Iconography and Style." In Jean-Claude Goyon and Christine Cardin, eds. Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Egyptologists, Grenoble, 6-12 septembre 2004, vol. I. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 150. Leuven: Uitgeveru Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies, 2007, pp. 722, 726-727, 730-731, 733, notes 3, 34, figs. 1, 4.

    Flentye, Laurel. "The Mastabas of Ankh-haf (G 7510) and Akhethetep and Meretites (G 7650) in the Eastern Cemetery at Giza: A Reassessment." In Zahi Hawass and Janet Richards, eds. The Archaeology and Art of Ancient Egypt. Essays in Honor of David B. O'Connor, Vol. I. Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, Cahier no. 36. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2007, pp. 298, 304, note 17, fig. 1.

    Flentye, Laurel. "The Mastaba of Meresankh III (G 7530/7540) in the Eastern Cemetery at Giza: An Archaeological and Art Historical Analysis." Bulletin of the Egyptian Museum 3 (2006), pp. 73, 76-77, notes 58, 83, fig. 1.

    Flentye, Laurel. "The Development of the Eastern and GIS Cemeteries at Giza during the Fourth Dynasty." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, p. 140, pl. 6 (10).

    Flentye, Laurel. "The Development of Art in the Fourth Dynasty: The Eastern and GIS Cemeteries at Giza." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, pp. 387, 389-394, pl. Ib.

    Holden, Lynn. "An Anubis Figure in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts." In William K. Simpson and Whitney M. Davis, eds. Studies in Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Sudan. Essays in honor of Dows Dunham on the occasion of his 90th birthday, June 1, 1980, Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1981, p. 101.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Bemerkungen zur Entstehung, Lage und Datierung der Nekropolenfelder von Giza unter Cheops." Sokar 4 (1. Halbjahr 2002), pp. 7-9, unnumbered figures.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Aspects of Mastaba Development: The Position of Shafts and the Identification of Tomb Owners." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, pp. 341, 347, fig. 3.

    Jánosi, Peter. "The Tombs of Officials. Houses of Eternity." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 38, note 51.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Gab es Kronprinzen in der 4. Dynastie?" Göttinger Miszellen 158 (1997), pp. 18-19, 26, note 66.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Die Grabanlagen der Konigin Hetepheres II." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 123 (1996), p. 61, fig. 1.

    Junker, Hermann. "Mutter und Sohn auf einem relief des frühen Alten Reiches." Anzeiger der phil.-hist. Klasse der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Jahrgang 1953, Nr. 14, pp. 172–175, unnumbered figure.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 10. Der Friedhof südlich der Cheopspyramide: Westteil. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 74, Abhandlung 1. Vienna: Rudolph M. Rohrer, 1951, p. 340.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G242.

    Lesko, Barbara S. "Queen Khamerernebty II and Her Sculpture." In Leonard H. Lesko, ed. Ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Studies in Memory of William A. Ward, Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, Brown University, 1998, pp. 157, 159, 161.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Unfinished Business: The Giza Tablet of Tjenti (JE 72135)." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, p. 785.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "A Case of Prefabrication at Giza? The False Door of Inti." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 35 (1998), p. 119, note 13.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Presenting the Scroll: Papyrus Documents in Tombs Scenes of the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 2. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1996, pp. 579, 586, fig. 10.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 188-190.

    Reisner, George A. "The Servants of the Ka." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 32, No. 189 (February 1934), pp. 8-10, 12.

    Simpson, William Kelly. The Mastabas of Kawab, Khafkhufu I and II. Giza Mastabas 3. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1978, pp. 1, 2, 4, 5, 9-20, 28, 31, figs. 19-34, pls. XII-XXIX.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Coffin of Prince Min-Khaf."Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 19 (1933), pp. 154-158, figs. 1, 2.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom Linen List." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 71 (1935), pp. 135, 137, 140-141, 144, 147-148, fig. 2.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Origin of Some Unidentified Old Kingdom Reliefs." American Journal of Archaeology 46 (1942), p. 524.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "Inscriptional Evidence for the History of the Fourth Dynasty." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 11 (1952), pp. 119, 127, fig. 7.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom in Egypt," The Cambridge Ancient History, rev. ed. of vols. I & II, Cambridge University Press, 1962, p. 29.

    Verner, Miroslav. "Contemporaneous Evidence for the Relative Chronology of Dyns. 4 and 5." In Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss & David A. Warburton, eds. Ancient Egyptian Chronology, Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2006, p. 132.

Photos 144

3D Models 1

People 11

Ancient People

  • Henutsen (G I-c)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Khufu.
  • Iretru (in G 7130-7140)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother of Psamtik-nakht-sa-Neith, wife of Wahibre. Name appears on ushabti (fragment: 26-3-109) inscribed for Psamtik-nakht-sa-Neith; found in G 7140 I.
  • Iuenka (in G 7130-7140)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Khufukaf [I] (owner of G 7130-7140); appears offering papyrus scroll to his father on north inner jamb of chapel; also appears holding scroll on south inner jamb, both times identified as [sA nswt]. Appears kneeling in top register of north facade.
  • Khufu

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Son of Khufu and probably Henutsen. He is buried in G 7140.
  • Nefretkau (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Khafkhufu I. She is buried in G 7130.
  • Seshemuka (in G 7130-7140)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on east wall of chapel of Khafkhufu I, G 7130-7140; misread by Reisner as Senenuka.
  • Shebeniset (in G 7130-7140)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Ushabtis (36-11-5) inscribed for Shebeniset; found in G 7130 B II.
  • Wahibre (in G 7130-7140)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wahibre, identified as "overseer of the army" (general). Father of Psamtik-nakht-sa-Neith, husband of Iretru. Name appears on ushabti (fragment: 26-3-109) inscribed for Psamtik-nakht-sa-Neith; found in G 7140 I.
  • Wetka (in G 7130-7140)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Khufukaf [I] (owner of G 7130-7140). Appears offering papyrus scroll to his father on north inner jamb of chapel; also appears holding scroll on south inner jamb, both times identified as [sA nswt]. Appears kneeling in top register of north facade. Also on fragment of inscribed relief (26-3-72); found in street G 7100 debris and presumed to be originally from G 7130 chapel.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.