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*The original, paper version of this page in “Chapter 16: The Royal Family of Dynasty Four” can be found in archival box L01 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934—1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Hemiunu (G 4000)
    Khufu
    Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)
    Merib Kapunisut (G 2100-I)
    Nefermaat (G 7060)
    Nefretkau (G 7130-7140)
    Nensedjerkai [I] (G 2100-II)
    Sedit (G 2100)
    Snefru
    Snefrukhaf (G 7070)
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 3

Photos 1

People 12

Ancient People

  • Hemiunu (G 4000)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4000. Probable son of Nefermaat (owner of tomb at Meidum), probable grandson of Snefru. Architectural elements, including chapel entrance lintel (Hildesheim 2380) and door jamb (Hildesheim 2146), inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a xtmw-bjtj] hereditary prince, count, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt; door jamb found in situ in G 4000. Seated statue (Hildesheim 1962) inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [sA nswt n XT=f tAjtj sAb TAtj wr djw pr-DHwtj] king's son of his body, chief justice and vizier, greatest of the five of the House of Thoth; found in situ in G 4000 serdab behind north niche.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Khufu and probably Henutsen. He is buried in G 7140.
  • Merib Kapunisut (G 2100-I)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2100-I. Merib, also known as Kapunisut. Chapel entrance lintel, drum and door jambs inscribed for Merib, identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f smr xtmtj-nTr bA-nTrw dwA-tAwj xtmw-nTr Nb-rxjjt ab-nTrw jmj-r kAt nt nswt] king's son of his body, companion, god's sealer of (the ships) 'Ba-netjeru' and 'Dua-tawy', god's sealer of (the ships) 'Neb-rekhyt' and 'Ab-netjeru', overseer of royal works. North and south false doors inscribed for Merib, identified as [xtmw-nTr wjA jmj-r kAt nbt nswt Hts(?) jnpw smr watj wr mDw Sma rx nswt Xrj-Hb wt jnpw] god's sealer of the ship, overseer of all royal works, staff(?) of Anubis, sole companion, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, royal acquaintance, lector-priest, embalmer of Anubis. Also appears in chapel relief (north, west, south, and east walls), identified as [jmj-r mSa xrp aH aD-mr Haw r p nb wr mAAw jwnw Hm-nTr xwfw] expedition leader, director of the palace, administrator of the fleet, mouth of every Butite, greatest of seers in Iunu, priest of Khufu; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I. Also appears in tomb of his daughter Nensedjerkai (owner of G 2100-II), chapel, pillared portico, west faces of north and south pillars, identified as [sA nswt xtmw-nTr wjA smr watj sHD bA-nTrw] king's son, god's sealer of the ship, sole companion, inspector of (the ship) 'Ba-netjeru'; in situ in G 2100-II.
  • Nefermaat (G 7060)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Nefertkau.
  • Nefretkau (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Khafkhufu I. She is buried in G 7130.
  • Nensedjerkai [I] (G 2100-II)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2100-II. Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Architectural elements, including archtrave over pillared portico, chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel, and north and south false doors inscribed for Nensedjerkai; also appears on east and west faces of pillars of pillared portico; identified as [sAt nswt Xkrt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr Hm-nTr xwfw] king's daughter, royal ornament, priestess of Hathor, priestess of Khufu; in situ in G 2100-II. Also appears in chapel relief in tomb of her father Merib, chapel entrance south door jamb (reveal); chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Sedit (G 2100)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Probable owner of G 2100. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Appears in chapel relief in tomb of her son Merib, south and east walls, identified as [sAt nswt n Xt=f Hm-nTr Nt mHtt jnb=s] king's daughter of his body, priestess of Neith north of her wall; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Snefru

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 4. Father of Khufu.
  • Snefrukhaf (G 7070)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Nefermaat and grandson of Nefertkaw

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.