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Details

  • Format
    Book
  • Language
    ENGLISH
  • Series
    Giza Mastabas
  • Year Published
    1974
  • Citation Text
    Dunham, Dows, and William Kelly Simpson. The Mastaba of Queen Mersyankh III (G 7530-7540). Giza Mastabas 1. Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, 1974.
  • Individual - Ancient
    Duaenre(?) (in G 8172)
    Hetepheres II (G 7110-7120)
    Kawab (G 7110-7120)
    Khemetnu (G 5210)
    Khemetnu-nedjes (in G 7530-7540)
    Khenterka (in G 7530-7540)
    Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)
    Nebemakhet (G 8172 and Lepsius 12)
    Ptahshepses (in G 7530-7540)
    Rehay (in G 7530-7540)
  • Author
    Dows Dunham, American, 1890–1984
  • Individual - Modern
    Douglas Erith Derry, British, 1874–1961
  • Publisher
    Department of Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art
  • Editor
    William Kelly Simpson, American
  • Co-author
    William Kelly Simpson, American

Tombs and Monuments 15

  • G 2382

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4561

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 5210

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 7130-7140

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G 7520

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G 7530-7540

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G 7650

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G 7660

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G 8090

    • Site Name Central Field (Hassan)
  • G 8172

    • Site Name Central Field (Hassan)
  • G 8464

    • Site Name Central Field (Hassan)
  • G 8530

    • Site Name Central Field (Hassan)
  • Giza Plateau

    • Site Name Giza
  • MQ 1

    • Site Name Menkaure Quarry Cemetery
  • Seneb

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Finds 51

3D Models 1

People 14

Ancient People

  • Duaenre(?) (in G 8172)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Brother (?) of Nebemakhet (owner of G 8172 [Lepsius 86]). Name and title (both incompletely preserved) appear above doorway in eastern wall of inner chapel, identified as [(sA nswt) n Xt=f] (king's son) of his body; in situ in G 8172. Also attested (main room, north wall) in the tomb of his mother Meresankh III (G 7530-7540). Possibly same individual as Duaenre (G 5110).
  • Hetepheres II (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Original owner of G 7110, along with Kawab (owner of G 7120). Appears with her daughter Meresankh III in G 7530-7540 (east and west walls, main room), and in pair statue MFA 30.1456 (= 27-4-963 + 27-4-964 + 27-4-965). Later married to a king, possibly Djedefre (Radjedef) according to Reisner, but Khafre is also a possibility. Her association with G 7350, and its sarcophagus is uncertain. Also mentioned in tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Kawab (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7120, along with Hetepheres [II] (original owner of G 7110). Son of Khufu and Meretites [I]. Appears in chapel relief in tomb of his daughter Meresankh III (owner of G 7530-7540), main room (east wall), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt smsw n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp jAwt nTrt aA dwAw] hereditary prince, king's eldest son of his body, chief lector-priest, director of divine offices, assistant of (the god) Duau; in situ in G 7530-7540). Also mentioned in tomb of his steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Khemetnu (G 5210)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5210. Architectural element (frieze-text, including back side of one block also inscribed for Khemetnu) and upper lintels of north and south niches (south niche also includes tablet and cross-bar = lower lintel) inscribed for Khemetnu, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA wab nswt Hm-nTr xwfw jmj-r pr n jrj-pat sa nswt kAwab jmj-r pr n wrt Hzt sAt nswt mrsanx jmj-r pr n (sAt?)- nswt ... HtpHrs] royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests, royal wab-priest, priest of Khufu, steward of the hereditary prince, king's son Kawab, steward of "Great-of-Praise", king's daughter Meresankh, steward of the king's daughter ... Hetepheres; in situ in G 5210. Also appears chapel relief in tomb of Meresankh III (owner of G 7530-7540: G 7530), chapel entrance south door jamb, and room a (= main room), west wall (panel of relief south of false door) with same titles.
  • Khemetnu-nedjes (in G 7530-7540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Appears on pillar in east wall of west room, tomb of Meresankh III, identified as [jmj-r pr jmj-r Hmw-kA sS] steward, overseer of ka-priests, scribe; in situ. Probable son of Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Khenterka (in G 7530-7540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son (?) of Meresankh III. Appears as small boy holding lotus and bird before his mother on east wall of main room, tomb of Mesresankh; in situ.
  • Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7530-7540.Granddaughter of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid, and wife of either Khafre or Menkaure. Her unique underground chapel (labeled G 7530-7540) preserves beautifully carved and painted scenes of the queen and her royal family, as well as servants, artisans, and funerary priests. The scenes also depict the sort of rich burial goods that would have been placed in Meresankh’s tomb: statues and fine furniture; boxes containing food, clothing, and jewelry; even a representation of the black granite sarcophagus that was actually found in situ in her burial chamber. Chapel entrance architrave, jambs, reveals and drum inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts nbwj xt Hr wrt Hst DHwtj smrt Hr mrt=f sAt nswt n Xt=f Hmt nswt mrt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Lords, khet-priestess of Horus, great of praises of Thoth, companion of Horus, his beloved, king's daughter of his body, beloved king's wife; in situ in G 7530-7540. Appears in chapel relief of main room: seated holding lotus (south wall); standing with her mother (east wall), idenitifed as [wrt Hts] great one of the hetes-scepter; on pillars (north wall), idenitifed as [tjst Hr] intimate(?) of Horus; seated at offering table, standing north of false door and on central pillar, and with her mother and son (west wall), idenitifed as [Hm-nTr DHwtj wrt Hts nbtj Hm-nTr bApf Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt jwnt smAwt mrjj nbtj] priestess of Thoth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Ladies, priestess of Bapef, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-Dendera, consort of him who is beloved of the Two Ladies; in situ in G 7530-7540. Also appears on all walls of offering (west) room; in situ in G 7530-7540. Architrave on north wall of north room inscribed for Meresankh; uninscribed statues may also represent Meresankh (along with other female family members); in situ in G 7530-7540. Black granite sarcophagus (Cairo JE 54935) inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [xrp sSmtjw SnDt] director of butchers of the 'Acacia House'; in situ in burial chamber of G 7530-7540. Incomplete limestone statue of Meresankh (MFA 30.1457) and pair statue of Meresankh and Hetepheres II (MFA 30.1456); found displaced in debris of main room. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Nebemakhet (owner of G 8172 = Lepsius 86). Appears in relief of inner chapel (above doorway in eastern wall), identified as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts wrt Hst Hmt nswt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, great of praises, king's wife; in situ in G 8172. Also mentioned in the tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Nebemakhet (G 8172 and Lepsius 12)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8172 (Lepsius 86) and Lepsius 12. Son of Khafre and Meresankh III. Fragmentary entrance lintel and drum inscribed for Nebemakhet, identified as [sS mDAt(-nTr) smsw snwt n jt=f tAjtj sAb TAtj jrj-pat sA nswt n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xt wr xt (?)] scribe of the (divine) book, elder of the snwt-house of his father, chief justice and vizier, hereditary prince, king's son of his body, chief lector-priest, khet-priest of the Great One, khet-priest of (?); found fallen in debris in front of entrance of G 8172. Originally appeared in chapel relief seated with his sister (neither figure preserved) on southern wall of outer chapel, identified as [sS mDAt-nTr n jt=f smr watj n jt=f] scribe of the divine book of his father, sole companion of his father; in situ in G 8172. Appears with his mother and sister above doorway in eastern wall of inner chapel, identified as [smr watj] sole companion, and with his wife on same wall, identified as [Hrj-sStA n jt=f] secretary of his father; in situ in G 8172. Originally appeared with his wife (figures not preserved) on southern wall of inner chapel; in situ in G 8172. Nebemakhet's name and titles also appear on fragments of relief originally from northern wall of inner chapel; found in debris of chapel of G 8172. Also entrance architrave, drum and jambs (very poorly preserved) originally inscribed for Nebemakhet (name partially preserved on northern door jamb), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt n Xt=f smr watj] hereditary prince, king's son of his body, sole companion; in situ in Lepsius 12. Also attested (main room, west wall) in tomb of his mother Meresankh III (G 7530-7540), and on back pillar (MFA 30.1457a) of fragmentary limestone statue of her; found in debris of forecourt of G 7530-7540.
  • Ptahshepses (in G 7530-7540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Appears on fragment from largely destroyed interior chapel of tomb of Meresankh III, identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests.
  • Rehay (in G 7530-7540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Appears on south wall of main room working on statue, identified as [sS qdwt] draftsman; possibly also on east wall of main room, third register from top, painting standing staue on left, mostly illegible inscription may read [qdwt raHAjj] "the painter Rehay"; in situ.

Modern People

  • Douglas Erith Derry

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates British, 1874–1961
    • Remarks Anatomist and anthropologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Dows Dunham

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1890–1984
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Curator; Assistant Curator, Egyptian Department, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • William Kelly Simpson

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates American
  • William Kelly Simpson

    • Type Co-author
    • Nationality & Dates American

Institutions 1