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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Kaemankh (G 4561)
  • Excavator
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Attested
    Akh (in G 4561)
    Khuwiwer (in G 4561)
    Senedjemef (in G 4561)
    Tjeset (in G 4561)
  • PorterMoss Date
    Dynasty 6
  • Baer Date
    Dynasty 6
  • Harpur Date
    Dynasty 6
  • Junker Date
    Dynasty 6
  • Kanawati Date
    Early Djedkare
  • idem Date
    Most likely Djedkare
  • Reisner Date
    After Neferirkare
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    1 shaft; chapel
  • Remarks
    Junker's Giza 4 is almost exclusively about G 4561. Junker does not label the single shaft.

Finds 1

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 12

Unpublished Documents 11

Full Bibliography

  • Bolshakov, Andrey. "Hinting as a Method of Old Kingdom Tomb Decoration I. The Offering-Stone and the False Door of the Dwarf Snb." Göttinger Miszellen 139 (1994), p. 17, note 16.

    Brovarski, Edward. "Inventory Offering Lists and the Nomenclature for Boxes and Chests in the Old Kingdom." In Emily Teeter and John A. Larson, eds. Gold of Praise. Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honor of Edward F. Wente. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 58. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 1999, pp. 28, 31, note 2.

    Brovarski, Edward. "An Inventory List from 'Covington's Tomb' and Nomenclature for Furniture in the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 1. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1996, pp. 124-125, 129 [23], 142-145, 150, 155, figs. 8, 13c.

    Hawass, Zahi. "Unique Statues at Giza V: The Exceptional Statue of the Priest Kai and His Family." In Khaled Daoud, Shafia Bedier & Sawsan Abd el-Fatah, eds. Studies in Honor of Ali Radwan. Supplément aux Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, no. 34. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2005, p. 25.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 44-5 [35].

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 4. Die Mastaba des K3jm'nh (Kai-em-anch). Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 71, Abhandlung 1. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1940, pp. 1-43, 51-96, figs. 1-11, pls. 1-17.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 6. Die Mastabas des Nfr (Nefer), Kdfjj (Kedfi), Kahjf (Kahjef) und die westlich anschließenden Grabanlagen. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 72, Abhandlung 1. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1943. p. 228, plan after p. 273.

    Kanawati, Naguib. "Decoration of Burial Chambers, Sarcophagi and Coffins in the Old Kingdom." In Khaled Daoud, Shafia Bedier & Sawsan Abd el-Fatah, eds. Studies in Honor of Ali Radwan. Supplément aux Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, no. 34. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2005, pp. 57-58, 60, figs. 1, 2.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Kaiemankh (G 4561) and Seshemnefer I (G 4940), Volume I. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 16. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2001, pp. 8-9, 13-50, pls. 1-17, 25-37.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Seshathetep/Heti (G 5150), Nesutnefer (G 4970) and Seshemnefer II (G 5080), Volume 2. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 18. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2002, pl. 33.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 146.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 131-133, plans 15, 26.

    Reisner, unpublished manuscript, Box L 13, Description of Mastabas in Cemetery G 4000, p. 4a.

    Simpson, William Kelly. Mastabas of the Western Cemetery, Part 1: Sekhemka (G 1029); Tjetu I (G 2001); Iasen (G 2196); Penmeru (G 2197); Hagy, Nefertjentet, and Herunefer (G 2352/53); Djaty, Tjetu II, and Nimesti (G 2337X, 2343, 2366). Giza Mastabas 4. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1980, pp. 4 (note 14), 21 (note 17).

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Coffin of Prince Min-Khaf."Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 19 (1933), pp. 152-154.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom Linen List." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 71 (1935), pp. 135, 143, 147.

    Strudwick, Nigel. "Three Monuments of Old Kingdom Treasury Officials." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 71 (1985), p. 50.

    Woods, Alexandra. "Contribution to a Controversy: A Date For the Tomb of kA(=j)-m-anx at Giza." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 95 (2009), pp. 161-174.

Photos 87

People 6

Ancient People

  • Akh (in G 4561)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Kaemankh (owner of G 4561). Appears in chapel relief, chapel corridor, west wall (north of false door, bottom register, first of three clapping women); in situ in G 4561. Name may be only partially preserved.
  • Kaemankh (G 4561)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 4561. Architectural elements, including large scale inscription (frieze-text) on north and south faces of chapel, chapel entrance lintel, drum lintel, and door jambs, and architrave (standing figures of Kaemankh separated by panels of vertical inscription) over chapel recess, inscribed for Kaemankh; in situ in G 4561. False door on west wall of chapel recess inscribed for Kaemankh and appears on false door on west wall of chapel corridor inscribed for his wife Tjeset; in situ in G 4651. Also appears in chapel relief (north and south walls of chapel recess; west wall of chapel corridor); in situ in G 4561. Identified variously as [rx nswt sHD jrjw-xt pr-HD sHD Hmw-nTr Hrj-sStA n xtmt nswt wab nswt sS pr-HD sHD pr-HD] royal acquaintance, inspector of administrators of the treasury, inspector of priests, secretary of the king's treasure, royal wab-priest, scribe of the treasury, inspector of the treasury.
  • Khuwiwer (in G 4561)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Kaemankh (owner of G 4561). Appears in chapel relief, north wall (accompanying his father in papyrus boat), identified as [sS pr-HD] scribe of the treasury; in situ in G 4561.
  • Senedjemef (in G 4561)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Kaemankh (owner of G 4561). Appears in chapel relief, chapel corridor, west wall (north of false door, bottom register, second of three clapping women); in siut in G 4561. Name may be only partially preserved.
  • Tjeset (in G 4561)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Kaemankh (owner of G 4561). False door in chapel corridor inscribed for Tjeset, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht m swt=f Hm-nTr Nt wpt wAwt] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore in all her places, priestess of Neith Opener-of-the-Ways; also appears in chapel relief, chapel corridor, west wall (north of false door, seated with Kaemankh); in situ in G 4561.

Modern People

  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.