Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Details

  • Format
    Article
  • Language
    ENGLISH
  • Series
    Supplément aux Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte
  • Year Published
    2005
  • Number of Pages
    17
  • Citation Text
    Kanawati, Naguib. "Decoration of Burial Chambers, Sarcophagi and Coffins in the Old Kingdom." In Khaled Daoud, Shafia Bedier & Sawsan Abd el-Fatah, eds. Studies in Honor of Ali Radwan. Supplément aux Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, no. 34. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2005, pp. 55-71.
  • Individual - Ancient
    Idu [II] (Idu [II])
    Isesi
    Kaemankh (G 4561)
    Kakherptah Fetekta (G 5560)
    Khnumenti (G 2374)
    Merenre I
    Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (G 2381)
    Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy (G 2386/G 2381)
    Nefer Idu [I] (G 5550)
    Pepi I
    Pepi II
    Rawer [III] (G 8310)
    Sabuptah Ibebi (G 2386/G 2381)
    Senedjemib Inti (G 2364)
    Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)
    Seshemnefer [IV] (Lepsius 53)
    Teti
    Unas
    Userkare
  • Editor
    Khaled Daoud, Egyptian
    Sawsan Abd el-Fatah, Egyptian
    Shafia Bedier, Egyptian
  • Author
    Naguib Kanawati
  • Publisher
    Supreme Council of Antiquities
  • Individual - Modern
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962

Tombs and Monuments 2

  • G 4561

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 5560

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

People 24

Ancient People

  • Idu [II] (Idu [II])

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Idu [II] (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Wood coffin (Hildesheim 2511) inscribed for Idu, identified as [Xrj-tp nswt pr-aA sHD sSw a nswt sS a nswt xft-Hr jmj-r pr-aS] royal chamberlain of the Great House, inspector of royal document scribes, royal document scribe in the presence, overseer of the House of Cedar; found in situ in mastaba of Idu [II], shaft S 790, burial chamber.
  • Isesi

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks King of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [Dd-xaw] Djedkhau; other names: [Dd-kA-ra] Djedkare, [jssj] Isesi
  • Kaemankh (G 4561)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 4561. Architectural elements, including large scale inscription (frieze-text) on north and south faces of chapel, chapel entrance lintel, drum lintel, and door jambs, and architrave (standing figures of Kaemankh separated by panels of vertical inscription) over chapel recess, inscribed for Kaemankh; in situ in G 4561. False door on west wall of chapel recess inscribed for Kaemankh and appears on false door on west wall of chapel corridor inscribed for his wife Tjeset; in situ in G 4651. Also appears in chapel relief (north and south walls of chapel recess; west wall of chapel corridor); in situ in G 4561. Identified variously as [rx nswt sHD jrjw-xt pr-HD sHD Hmw-nTr Hrj-sStA n xtmt nswt wab nswt sS pr-HD sHD pr-HD] royal acquaintance, inspector of administrators of the treasury, inspector of priests, secretary of the king's treasure, royal wab-priest, scribe of the treasury, inspector of the treasury.
  • Kakherptah Fetekta (G 5560)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5560. Kakherptah, [rn=f nfr] his good name Fetekta. Architectural elements, including frieze-text from top of east facade, chapel entrance lintel and door jambs, and south false door inscribed for Kakherptah, identified as [sAb aD-mr jmj-r jnb-HD xm sHD wabw Axt-xwfw jmj-r njwt mAwt nt nfr-jssj jmj-r sSw wr mDw Sma nj-nst-xntt xrp sSw jrjw jaH Hm-nTr mAat] judge and administrator, overseer of the Memphite and Letopolite nomes, inspector of wab-priests of the pyramid of Khufu, overseer of new settlements of the pyramid of Isesi, overseer of scribes, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, preeminent of place, director of scribes connected with the moon, priest of Maat; also appears in chapel relief (one block of relief = Berlin (East) 1137) and burial chamber wall painting; some in situ in G 5560 (fragments of frieze-text and chapel relief found in or near G 5560). Possibly same individual as Fetekta, son of Senedjemb Inti (owner of G 2370).
  • Khnumenti (G 2374)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2374 (possibly buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2385 A). Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] son of his body) of Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370); father of Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (?) (owner of G 2381, buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2382 A). False door inscribed for Khnumenti, identified as [smr watj mdw rxjjt jwn-knmwt jmj-r wabtj jmj-r prwj nbw Hrj-sStA n nswt jmj-r Snwtj mrj nb=f m tAwj=f jmj-jb nswt m kAt=f nbt jmj-r prwj-HD] sole companion, staff of the commoners, iun-kenmut priest, overseer of the two wabets, overseer of the two houses of gold, royal secretary, overseer of the two granaries, beloved of his lord in his Two Lands, he who is in the heart of the king in all his works, overseer of the two treasuries; in situ in G 2374. Chapel architrave inscribed for Khnumenti and appears in chapel relief (facade and through out chapel), identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt mDH qd nswt m prwj Xrj-tp nswt Hrj-sStA wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt jmj-jb nswt jmj-r sSw a n nswt jmj-r Hwt-wrt sjsw sHD Hmw-nTr Dd-swt-sA-ra-ttj] hereditary prince, count, chief justice and vizier, overseer of all royal works, royal architect in the two houses, royal chamberlain, secretary of every royal decree, he who is in the heart of the king, overseer of royal document scribes, overseer of the six great law-courts, inspector of priests of the pyramid of Teti; some blocks in situ, others found loose in G 2374. Also appears in chapel relief in tomb of his father Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370), first antechamber (= room II, west wall, standing behind his father [bottom register]); this scene now almost completely destroyed (only lowest register still in situ in G 2370), but was drawn in its entirety by Lepsius. Khnumenti likely also appeared in lowest registers of south and/or north walls of offering room (= room IV), but inscriptions are illegible.
  • Merenre I

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 6. Horus name: [anx-xaw] Ankhkhau; other names: [mrnra] Merenre
  • Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (G 2381)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2381, buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2382 A. Son of Khnumenti (?) (owner of G 2374). Father of Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy, Sabuptah Ibebi, and Tjemat; Nekhebu identified variously as [jmj-r kAt jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r wpwt nswt mnnfr-mrjra ppj jmj-r xntjw-S mnnfr-mrjra ppj jmj-r qdw aA dwAw mtj n sA mDH nswt mDH nswt qdw mDH nswt qdw m prwj Hrj-sStA n wabtj xrp SnDt nbt Xrj-Hb Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp Xrj-tp nswt sm smr watj smsw snwt sHD qdw Sps nswt qdw n aSAt qdw m prwj kAwtj] overseer of works, overseer of all royal works, overseer of royal commissions of the pyramid of Pepi I, overseer of palace attendants of the pyramid of Pepi I, overseer of builders, assistant of (the god) Duau, regulator of a phyle, royal carpenter, royal architect, royal architect in the two houses, secretary of the two wabets, director of every kilt, lector-priest, chief lector-priest, royal chamberlain, sem-priest, sole companion, elder of the snwt-house, inspector of builders, noble of the king, ordinary builder, builder in the two houses, workman. Appears in chapel relief and wall paintings: 1) relief scene (13-3-545 = MFA 13.4335) probably from lintel depicting six standing figures (three facing right, three facing left) of Nekhebu holding staff and scepter with columns of hieroglyphic text between figures identifying Nekhebu with his names, titles, and honorific epithets; 2) painted scene (13-1-546 = MFA 13.4339) of at least three registers depicting Nekhebu striding to right with name and titles in black in front of each figure; 3) autobiographical inscription of Nekhebu (13-1-547 = MFA 13.4331) with eight vertical columns and one horizontal line of text above seated figure of Nekhebu (facing left); 4) autobiographical inscription of Nekhebu (13-1-548 = MFA 13.5969 + Cairo JE 44608) with ten vertical columns and one horizontal line of text above seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right); 5) relief scene (13-1-549 = MFA 13.4331 + possibly one fragment from 13-1-558a = MFA 13.5975) from wall adjoining autobiographical inscription (13-1-547) depicting Nekhebu spear fishing in marsh; 6) relief scene (13-1-550 = MFA 13.4351) depicting figure of Nekhebu (facing right, only top of head preserved) with five vertical columns of inscription (above) and offering list (in front); 7) two door jambs (13-1-551: left jamb = MFA 13.4348; right jamb = MFA 13.4349) depicting standing figures of Nekhebu with accompanying inscription; 8) relief scene (13-1-553 + 13-1-556j + 13-1-558i = MFA 13.5834) depicting aging Nekhebu kneeling in boat in marsh; 9) relief scene (13-1-554 = MFA 13.4349) from section of facade adjoining right door jamb (13-1-551) depicting registers of Nile boats, on one boat in middle register (MFA 13.4349.2) seated figure of Nekhebu faced by his wife Hatkau playing harp; 10) relief scene (13-1-555 = MFA 13.4346 + possibly 13-1-558d = MFA 13.5974) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) and three registers of offering bearers (facing left) leading cattle and gazelle; 11) relief scene (13-1-555 + 13-1-556 + 13-1-558o = MFA 13.5830) depicting Nekhebu seated in carrying chair; 12) relief scene (13-1-556d + 13-1-558j = MFA 13.5934) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) and two registers of family members and offering bearers (facing left); 13) relief scene (13-1-556l + 13-1-558k = MFA 13.5935) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing left) with vertical columns of inscription above; 14) relief scene (13-1-558l = MFA 13.5936) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) with vertical columns of inscription above (original position to left of section of facade with ceremonial dancers and offering bearers MFA 13.4348). Chapel almost completely destroyed with most blocks and fragments of relief and inscription found scattered in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragmentary limestone seated statue (12-12-14 + 12-12-22 = MFA 13.3161a-b) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; fragments found scattered in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragmentary limestone seated statue (12-11-26) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; fragments found scattered in G 2370 and Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-595 = MFA 13.3159) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; found in debris west of G 2381 A. Fragmentary incomplete limestone seated statue (12-11-58 + 12-12-176a = MFA 13.3149a-c), preserved fragments uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; fragments found scattered in G 2381. Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-9 = MFA 13.3156), preserved fragment uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-16 = MFA 13.3154), preserved fragment uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; found in G 2381. Limestone obelisk (12-12-23 = MFA 13.4353 deaccessioned = Memphis 1981.1.5) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt smr watj] overseer of all royal works, sole companion; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragments of diorite offering table (12-12-20 = MFA 13.3143a-b) inscribed for Nekhebu; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382).
  • Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy (G 2386/G 2381)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Possible owner of one of two stone built chapels G 2386a or G 2386b, buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2381 A. Merptahankh-meryre, [rn=f nfr] his good name Ptahshepses Impy. Son of Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (owner of G 2381). Wood coffin (12-12-575 = MFA 13.3085) inscribed for Impy, identified as [HAtj-a sm xrp SnDt nbt Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp jmA-a xtmw-bjtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt smr watj mDH nswt qdw m prwj jmj-r wabtj] count, sem-priest, director of every kilt, chief lector-priest, gracious of arm, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, overseer of all royal works, sole companion, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two wabets; found in situ in G 2381 A. Copper flaring basin (12-12-265 = MFA 13.2940) inscribed for Impy, identified as [HAtj-a jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt smr watj mDH nswt qdw] count, overseer of all royal works, sole companion, royal architect; found in situ in G 2381 A. Wesekh broadcollar (12-12-583 = MFA 13.3086) with terminals inscribed for Impy, identified as [HAtj-a jmj-r kAt] count, overseer of works; found (more than one-half intact) in situ in G 2381 A.
  • Nefer Idu [I] (G 5550)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5550. Nefer, [rn=f nfr] his good name Idu. False door (fragmentary, some fragments = Hildesheim 2391-2395), chapel entrance lintel (Hildesheim 2396-2397) and door jamb (Cairo JE 44972) inscribed for Nefer Idu, identified as [tAjtj sAb TAtj Hrj-tp nswt jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r wabtj jmj-r jswj Xkrw nswt Hrj-sStA nswt mdw rxjjt jwn-knmwt jmj-r Hwt-jHwt jmj-r wDt-mdw nbt StAt nswt jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt sAb aD-mr sS a nswt] chief justice and vizier, royal chamberlain, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the two wabets, overseer of the two bureaux of the king's ornaments, royal secretary, staff of the commoners, iun-kenmut priest, overseer of Hut-ihut, overseer of every secret royal decree, overseer of all royal works, judge and administrator, royal document scribe; also appears in chapel relief (blocks of relief from N and S walls = Hildesheim 2398-2400, Hildesheim 2390), identified as [jmj-r gswj-pr jmj-r Xnw jmj-r sxt nbt] overseer of the two workshops(?), overseer of the Residence, overseer of all fields; found in G 5550. Sarcophagus inscribed (in ink) for Nefer Idu, identified as [jmj-r prwj-HD jmj-r wabt jmj-r r-pr] overseer of the two treasuries, overseer of the wabet, overseer of the offering chapel; found in G 5550, burial chamber.
  • Pepi I

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 6.
  • Pepi II

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 6. Horus name: [nTr-xaw] Netjerkhau; other names: [nfr-kA-ra] Neferkare, [pjpj] Pepi
  • Rawer [III] (G 8310)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8310 = Lepsius 94.
  • Sabuptah Ibebi (G 2386/G 2381)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Possible owner of one of two stone built chapels G 2386a or G 2386b, probably buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2381 C. Sabuptah, [rn=f nfr] his good name Ibebi. Son ([sA=f] his son) of Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (owner of G 2381); brother of Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy and Tjemat. Appears in chapel relief possibly from G 2386: two blocks of relief (13-1-556o = MFA 13.4345) depicting portions of three registers of standing male figures (facing right) separated by vertical panels of inscription naming Sabuptah Ibebi, identified as [jmj-r sS prwj sm xrp SnDt nbt smr watj Xrj-Hb xtmw bjtj HAtj-a jmj-r njwt...] overseer of the fowling pond of the two houses, sem-priest, director of every kilt, sole companion, lector-priest, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, count, overseer of the pyramid town of...; two related fragments (13-1-558dd = MFA 13.5951, MFA 13.5979) depicting portions of male figures wearing long kilts; blocks of relief found displaced in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Also appears in chapel relief in G 2381: scene (13-1-549 = MFA 13.4331) from wall adjoining autobiographical inscription (13-1-547) depicting Nekhebu spear fishing, standing male figure of Sabuptah Ibebi (facing right, on two blocks MFA 13.4331.21 + MFA 13.4331.22) behind figure of Nekhebu, identified as [Xrj-Hb sS pr-mDAT nTr] lector-priest, scribe of the library of the god; blocks of relief found displaced in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Alabaster headrest (12-12-581 = MFA 13.2925) inscribed for Sabuptah Ibebi, identified as [smr watj Xrj-tp nswt mDH nswt qdw m prwj] sole companion, royal chamberlain, royal architect in the two houses; found in burial of Impy in G 2381 A. Wood coffin (12-12-575 = MFA 13.3085) mainly inscribed for Impy, but with short inscription of Ibebi, identified as [smr watj Xrj-Hb mDH nswt qdw m prwj] sole companion, lector-priest, royal architect in the two houses; found in situ in G 2381 A.
  • Senedjemib Inti (G 2364)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Probable owner of G 2364. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Inti. Limestone stela inscribed for Senedjemib Inti and his wife Kedetnes; Senedjemib Inti identified as [sS a nswt xft-Hr sS n sA n Hmw-kA] royal document scribe in the presence, scribe of the phyle of ka-priests; in situ in G 2364. Possibly same individual as Senedjemib Inti (in S 696/703). Similar titles found on limestone false door (KHM Vienna ÄS 8527) found displaced in mastaba S 696/703, shaft S 703, inscribed for Senedjemib Inti.
  • Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2378. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Mehi. Son of Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370). Portico architrave inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt jmj-jb n nswt m st=f nbt jmAxw xr nswt-bjtj Wnjs] hereditary prince, true count, overseer of all royal works, secretary of every royal decree, he who is in the heart of the king in all his places, revered before the King of Upper and Lower Egypt Unis; offering room false door inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [smr watj tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r sSw a nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt nb Xrj-tp nswt mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r prwj-aHAw jmj-r wabtj jmj-r prwj nbw jmj-r sSr nswt jmAxw xr Jssj] sole companion, chief justice and vizier, overseer of royal document scribes, overseer of all royal regalia, royal chamberlain, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the two armories, overseer of the two wabets, overseer of the two houses of gold, overseer of royal linen, revered before Isesi; also appears in chapel relief (thoughout chapel), identified as [jwn-knmt] iun-kenmut priest; false door and relief in situ in G 2378, portico reconstructed. Also appears in chapel relief (including portico west wall, door jambs, and offering room) in tomb of his father Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370), identified as [HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt] true count, overseer of all royal works; in situ in G 2370.
  • Seshemnefer [IV] (Lepsius 53)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Lepsius 53. Two seated statues in forecourt (on either side of exterior chapel entrance), inscribed [smr watj sSmnfr] sole companion Seshemnefer; in situ in Lepsius 53. Interior chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel and false door (in room c) inscribed for Seshemnefer; also appears in chapel relief (in most instances name not preserved, only lower portions of walls preserved) and displaced fragmentary block of relief (Hildesheim 3190) depicted as statue; identified as [xrp nstj m pr-anx Hrj-sStA n mdt nb sStA nt nswt HqA bAt] director of the two thrones in the Mansion of Life, secretary of all secret commands of the king, chief of Bat; in situ in Lepsius 53 (block found in Lepsius 53). Possibly same individual as Seshemnefer (in G 5170), eldest son of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170).
  • Teti

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 6.
  • Unas

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Last king of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [wAD-tAwj]; other names: [wnjs] Unis
  • Userkare

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Usurper and possible assassin of Teti in early Dynasty 6.

Modern People

  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Khaled Daoud

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian
    • Remarks Co-editor of Radwan Festschrift.
  • Naguib Kanawati

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Egyptian Australian Egyptologist.
  • Sawsan Abd el-Fatah

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian
    • Remarks Co-editor of Radwan Festschrift.
  • Shafia Bedier

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian
    • Remarks Co-editor of Radwan Festschrift.

Institutions 1