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  • Tomb Owner
    Kaemsekhem (G 7660)
  • Attested
    Hetepheres II (G 7110-7120)
    Kaaper (G 7660)
    Kawab (G 7110-7120)
    Minkhaf (in G 7660)
    Rawer (in G 7660)
  • Excavator
    (Karl) Richard Lepsius, German, 1810–1884
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Lepsius No
    LG 59
    Lepsius 59
  • PorterMoss Date
    Late Dynasty 4
  • Baer Date
    Dynasty 4 or so
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 7660 Chapel a; G 7660 Chapel b; G 7660 Chapel c; G 7660 Chapel d; G 7660 Chapel e; G 7660 A; G 7660 B ; G 7660 Y; G 7660 Z

Finds 111

Excavation Diary Pages 66

Maps & Plans 25

Drawings 4

Published Documents 4

Unpublished Documents 78

Full Bibliography

  • Flentye, Laurel. "The Development of Art in the Eastern and GIS Cemeteries at Giza during the Fourth Dynasty: Iconography and Style." In Jean-Claude Goyon and Christine Cardin, eds. Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Egyptologists, Grenoble, 6-12 septembre 2004, vol. I. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 150. Leuven: Uitgeveru Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies, 2007, pp. 723-724, 727, 733, fig. 1.

    Flentye, Laurel. "The Mastaba of Meresankh III (G 7530/7540) in the Eastern Cemetery at Giza: An Archaeological and Art Historical Analysis." Bulletin of the Egyptian Museum 3 (2006), pp. 74, 76-77, notes 61, 75, fig. 1.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 45-46 [39].

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 201-202, plans 18, 31.

People 8

Ancient People

  • Hetepheres II (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Original owner of G 7110, along with Kawab (owner of G 7120). Appears with her daughter Meresankh III in G 7530-7540 (east and west walls, main room), and in pair statue MFA 30.1456 (= 27-4-963 + 27-4-964 + 27-4-965). Later married to a king, possibly Djedefre (Radjedef) according to Reisner, but Khafre is also a possibility. Her association with G 7350, and its sarcophagus is uncertain. Also mentioned in tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Kaaper (G 7660)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Kaemsekhem (?)
  • Kaemsekhem (G 7660)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 7660.
  • Kawab (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 7120, along with Hetepheres [II] (original owner of G 7110). Son of Khufu and Meretites [I]. Appears in chapel relief in tomb of his daughter Meresankh III (owner of G 7530-7540), main room (east wall), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt smsw n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp jAwt nTrt aA dwAw] hereditary prince, king's eldest son of his body, chief lector-priest, director of divine offices, assistant of (the god) Duau; in situ in G 7530-7540). Also mentioned in tomb of his steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Minkhaf (in G 7660)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Kaemsekhem (owner of G 7660 = Lepsius 59); appears on west wall of his father's chapel.
  • Rawer (in G 7660)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Probable son of Kaemsekhem (owner of G 7660 = Lepsius 59); appears on north facade of his father's chapel, see HU-MFA Expedition Photo A6951_NS

Modern People

  • (Karl) Richard Lepsius

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1810–1884
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.