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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Seneb (Seneb)
  • Attested
    Abu (in Seneb)
    Ankhmaredjedef (in Seneb)
    Auibenkhufu (in Seneb)
    Hemiunu (in Seneb)
    Hesi (in Seneb)
    Hetepka (in Seneb)
    Hetjes (in Seneb)
    Iakes (in Seneb)
    Idkhu (in Seneb)
    Ihi (in Seneb)
    Iika (in Seneb)
    Iikau (in Seneb)
    Iinefret (in Seneb)
    Iisatjef (in Seneb)
    Impi (in Seneb)
    Inkaf (in Seneb)
    Itiu (in Seneb)
    Iu (in Seneb)
    Kaihep (in Seneb)
    Kessunebef (in Seneb)
    Maakheru (in Seneb)
    Nedjem (in Seneb)
    Neferka (in Seneb)
    Nefret (in Seneb)
    Nesekha (in Seneb)
    Niutu (in Seneb)
    Peni (in Seneb)
    Peri (in Seneb)
    Peru (in Seneb)
    Redini (in Seneb)
    Semeretradjedef (in Seneb)
    Senenu (in Seneb)
    Senetites (in Seneb)
    Shedi (in Seneb)
    Tefi (in Seneb)
    Wennen (in Seneb)
    Wep (in Seneb)
    Weri (in Seneb)
  • Excavator
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • PorterMoss Date
    Middle Dynasty 6 or later
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    S 4516; S 4524; serdab; chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba built on northern concession boundary, north of Ankhu (2) and west of Ankhmare (2). Mastaba might be Reisner's G 1459 (if he did not identify Anchmare) or G 1460 which Reisner says are west of G 1458 which is south of G 1457.

Finds 25

Maps & Plans 1

Published Documents 13

Full Bibliography

  • Abu Bakr, Abdel Moneim. Excavations at Giza 1949-1950. Cairo: Government Press, 1953, pp. 137, 139-141, figs. 113, 114.

    Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Funerary Boats and Boat Pits of the Old Kingdom." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2002, pp. 275, 287, fig. 3.

    Arnold, Dieter. "Old Kingdom Statues in their Architectural Setting." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 45, fig. 23.

    Bolshakov, Andrey. "Hinting as a Method of Old Kingdom Tomb Decoration I. The Offering-Stone and the False Door of the Dwarf Snb." Göttinger Miszellen 139 (1994), pp. 10, 20, 25, 28-29, note 27, figs. 1, 2.

    Chauvet, Violaine. “Decoration and Architecture: The Definition of Private Tomb Environment.” Servant of Mut. Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honor of Edward F. Wente. Leiden: Brill, 2008, p. 49 note 54.

    Fischer, Henry G. "The ideographic use of [GLYPH] in a group of Old-Kingdom names." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 60 (1974), pp. 247-248, fig. 1.

    Galán, José M. "Two Old Kingdom officials connected with boats." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 86 (2000), pp. 145-147.

    Hawass, Zahi. "Unique Statues at Giza V: The Exceptional Statue of the Priest Kai and His Family." In Khaled Daoud, Shafia Bedier & Sawsan Abd el-Fatah, eds. Studies in Honor of Ali Radwan. Supplément aux Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, no. 34. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2005, p. 26.

    Hawass, Zahi. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Egyptian Archaeologists." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 164.

    Hawass, Zahi. "The Statue of the Dwarf Pr-n(j)-anx(w) Recently Discovered at Giza." Festschrift für Werner Kaiser. Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo 47 (1991), pp. 157-158, 161.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 40-41 [29].

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 5. Die Mastaba des Snb (Seneb) und die umliegenden Gräber. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 71, Abhandlung 2. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1941. pp. 3-124, figs. 2-3, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6-8, 14-30, pls. 2-8, plan after p. 213.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Kaiemankh (G 4561) and Seshemnefer I (G 4940), Volume I. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 16. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2001, pp. 7, 18, note 54.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G383.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 101-103, plans 13, 27.

    Scharff, Alexander. "On the Statuary of the Old Kingdom." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 26 (1941), pp. 49-50, pl. X.4.

    Simpson, William Kelly. Mastabas of the Western Cemetery, Part 1: Sekhemka (G 1029); Tjetu I (G 2001); Iasen (G 2196); Penmeru (G 2197); Hagy, Nefertjentet, and Herunefer (G 2352/53); Djaty, Tjetu II, and Nimesti (G 2337X, 2343, 2366). Giza Mastabas 4. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1980, pp. 21, 29, note 17.

    Strudwick, Nigel. "A slab of Int-kAs in the Fitzwilliam Museum." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 73 (1987), pp. 201-202.

Photos 86

People 40

Ancient People

  • Abu (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks One of two dogs depicted on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (reveal, top register); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Ankhmaredjedef (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Seneb (owner of Seneb, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Appears depicted as young boy in seated family group statue (Cairo JE 51280) of Seneb, his wife Senetites, and two children; found in situ in stone box (Cairo JE 51281) in mastaba of Seneb serdab (north of north false door). Also appears twice on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south outer jamb (top register [below inscription], censing before his father) and north inner jamb (second register, standing before his mother Senetites), identified (on south outer jamb) as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; found in situ in mastaba of Seneb.
  • Auibenkhufu (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Seneb (owner of Seneb, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Appears depicted as young girl in seated family group statue (Cairo JE 51280) of Seneb, his wife Senetites, and two children; found in situ in stone box (Cairo JE 51281) in mastaba of Seneb serdab (north of north false door). Also appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (second register, kneeling behind her mother Senetites); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb.
  • Hemiunu (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (second register, kneeling before two writing scribes) and north inner jamb (top register, second standing figure from right), identified (on north inner jamb) as [sS] scribe; found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Hesi (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south outer jamb (reveal, top register, second rower in boat); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Hetepka (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (top register, third standing figure from right), identified as [sS] scribe; found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Hetjes (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south inner jamb (top register, second figure from right, supporting sunshade); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Iakes (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks One of two dogs depicted on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (reveal, top register); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Idkhu (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (top register, offering roll of cloth to Seneb); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Ihi (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (bottom register, one of three female figures, figure in middle); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Iika (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (bottom register, third figure from left, carrying two trays of offerings); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Iikau (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south outer jamb (reveal, top register, steersman of boat); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Iinefret (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (reveal, second register, standing bald man wearing kilt made of matting[?]); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Iisatjef (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south inner jamb (middle register, second figure from right, carrying offering table with conical bread loaf); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Impi (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (bottom register, one of three female figures, figure on left); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumber mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Inkaf (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (top register, first standing figure on right, presenting document to Seneb), identified as [jmj-r pr] steward; found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Itiu (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south inner jamb (middle register, third figure from right, carrying tray of offerings); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Iu (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (third register, standing figure on left); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Kaihep (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (third register, first figure on left, carrying bread mold and beer jar); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Kessunebef (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (third register, kneeling scribe); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Maakheru (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (top register, figure on left with cloth draped over arm); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Nedjem (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (reveal, second register, figure on right holding stick); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Neferka (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (second register, figure on left, kneeling scribe); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Nefret (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (bottom register, one of three female figures, figure on right); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Nesekha (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (third register, figure on right, wearing headband); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Niutu (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south outer jamb (reveal, third register, third figure in boat); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Peni (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (bottom register, figure in middle, carrying beer jar); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Peri (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south inner jamb (top register, figure on left, supporting carrying chair); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Peru (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north outer jamb (third register, second figure from right, wearing headband); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Redini (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south outer jamb (reveal, top register, first rower in boat); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Semeretradjedef (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Seneb (owner of Seneb, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (second register, kneeling before her mother Senetites), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; found in situ in mastaba of Seneb.
  • Seneb (Seneb)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Various architectural elements inscribed for Seneb: lintel and drum lintel of offering room entrance, identified as [wr-a xrp hwwt nt Nt jmj-r mr pr-aA] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of estates of the Red Crown, overseer of weaving mills of the Great House; south false door (Cairo JE 51297), identified as [xrp dngw sSrw xtmw-nTr n wnHrbAw Hm-nTr wADt nb pr-nw jmj-r jwHw smr pr] director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, god's sealer of the Wenherbau-ship, priest of Wadjet lady of the Lower Egyptian shrine, overseer of libations (?), companion of the house; and granite offering stone, identified as [wr-a smr pr] he who is carried in the sedan chair, companion of the house; all found in situ in mastaba of Seneb. Seated family group statue (Cairo JE 51280) of Seneb (depicted as a dwarf, and identified as [wr-a xrp dngw sSrw smr Hm-nTr xwfw Hm-nTr Ddfra Hm-nTr WADt Hm-nTr kA wr xnt sTpt xrp Hwwt mw Hm-nTr kA mrHw xrp aprw ksw] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, companion, priest of Khufu and Djedefre, priest of Wadjet, priest of the Great Bull foremost of Setjpet, director of the estates of water, priest of the Merhu bull, director of crews of the kesu-ships), his wife Senetites, and two children; found in situ in stone box (Cairo JE 51281) in mastaba of Seneb serdab (north of north false door). Base fragment of granite statue (Hildesheim 3132) inscribed for Seneb, identified as [wr-a xrp dngw sSrw Hm-nTr wADt smr xrp hwwt nt Nt] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, priest of Wadjet, companion, director of estates of the Red Crown; found in mastaba of Seneb.
  • Senenu (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south inner jamb (third register, figure on right, carrying basin and ewer); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Senetites (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Seneb (owner of Seneb, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Seated family group statue (Cairo JE 51281) of Seneb, his wife Senetites, and two children; found in situ in stone box (Cairo JE 51281) in mastaba of Seneb serdab (north of north false door). North false door inscribed for Senetites, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr Hm-nTr Nt] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor, priestess of Neith; also appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (second register, seated holding lotus); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb.
  • Shedi (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south inner jamb (top register, first figure on right, supporting carrying chair); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Tefi (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (third register, figure in middle, carrying large jar); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Wennen (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (bottom register, figure on left, carrying beer jar); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Wep (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, north inner jamb (third register, figure on right, carrying haunch of meat on tray and bird on spit); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).
  • Weri (in Seneb)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Cairo JE 51297) inscribed for Seneb, south inner jamb (top register, third figure from right, carrying walking stick and garment bag); found in situ in mastaba of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker).

Modern People

  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.