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Details

  • Format
    Journal Article
  • Language
    ENGLISH
  • Year Published
    1994
  • Number of Pages
    24
  • Citation Text
    Bolshakov, Andrey. "Hinting as a Method of Old Kingdom Tomb Decoration I. The Offering-Stone and the False Door of the Dwarf Snb." Göttinger Miszellen 139 (1994), pp. 9-32.
  • Individual - Ancient
    Ankh-haf (G 7510)
    Idu (G 7102)
    Kaemankh (G 4561)
    Kakherptah (G 7721)
    Kakherptah Fetekta (G 5560)
    Khafre
    Khafreankh (G 7948)
    Khuwiwer (G 8674)
    Perniankh (Perniankh)
    Rawer [III] (G 8310)
    Redines (G 5032)
    Seneb (Seneb)
    Unas
  • Individual - Modern
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Author
    Andrey Bolshakov
  • Publisher
    Ägyptologischen Seminars der Universität Göttingen

Tombs and Monuments 1

  • Seneb

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Finds 4

People 15

Ancient People

  • Ankh-haf (G 7510)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7510. Husband of Hetepheres.
  • Idu (G 7102)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7102. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, statuary), identified variously as [jmj-r Hwt wrt jmj-r sSw mrt xntj-S mnnfr-ppj Xrj tp nswt] overseer of the great chapel, overseer of scribes of the meret-serfs, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Pepi, he who is at the head of the king; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Idu (in G 7101), son of Qar (owner of G 7101). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Kaemankh (G 4561)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 4561. Architectural elements, including large scale inscription (frieze-text) on north and south faces of chapel, chapel entrance lintel, drum lintel, and door jambs, and architrave (standing figures of Kaemankh separated by panels of vertical inscription) over chapel recess, inscribed for Kaemankh; in situ in G 4561. False door on west wall of chapel recess inscribed for Kaemankh and appears on false door on west wall of chapel corridor inscribed for his wife Tjeset; in situ in G 4651. Also appears in chapel relief (north and south walls of chapel recess; west wall of chapel corridor); in situ in G 4561. Identified variously as [rx nswt sHD jrjw-xt pr-HD sHD Hmw-nTr Hrj-sStA n xtmt nswt wab nswt sS pr-HD sHD pr-HD] royal acquaintance, inspector of administrators of the treasury, inspector of priests, secretary of the king's treasure, royal wab-priest, scribe of the treasury, inspector of the treasury.
  • Kakherptah (G 7721)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
  • Kakherptah Fetekta (G 5560)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5560. Kakherptah, [rn=f nfr] his good name Fetekta. Architectural elements, including frieze-text from top of east facade, chapel entrance lintel and door jambs, and south false door inscribed for Kakherptah, identified as [sAb aD-mr jmj-r jnb-HD xm sHD wabw Axt-xwfw jmj-r njwt mAwt nt nfr-jssj jmj-r sSw wr mDw Sma nj-nst-xntt xrp sSw jrjw jaH Hm-nTr mAat] judge and administrator, overseer of the Memphite and Letopolite nomes, inspector of wab-priests of the pyramid of Khufu, overseer of new settlements of the pyramid of Isesi, overseer of scribes, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, preeminent of place, director of scribes connected with the moon, priest of Maat; also appears in chapel relief (one block of relief = Berlin (East) 1137) and burial chamber wall painting; some in situ in G 5560 (fragments of frieze-text and chapel relief found in or near G 5560). Possibly same individual as Fetekta, son of Senedjemb Inti (owner of G 2370).
  • Khafre

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khafreankh (G 7948)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
  • Khuwiwer (G 8674)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8674. Son of Mes-sa (owner of G 8668). Entrance drum lintel inscribed for Mes-sa (identified as [smr watj xrp aH] sole companion, director of the palace) and Khuwiwer (identified as [sAb jmj-r sSw] juridicial overseer of scribes); found in entrance debris of G 8674. Biographical inscription of Khuwiwer on northern and southern walls of antechamber; in situ in G 8674. Chapel entrance architrave, drum lintel and door jambs inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb sHD sSw n Hwtj wrtj jmj wrt nt Xnw xrp sSw jrjw jaH] juridicial inspector of scribes in the two great courts (of justice) amongst those on the right-hand side(?) of the Residence, director of scribes connected with the moon. Also appears in chapel wall relief (east, north and west walls); all in situ in G 8674. False door inscribed for Khuwiwer; in situ in G 8674. Lower part of schist seated statue inscribed for Khuwiwer; found in chapel debris of G 8674. Lower part of granite seated statue inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb sHD sSw] juridicial inspector of scribes; found in filling of southern serdab of G 8674. Uninscribed limestone head (JE 72221), probably of Khuwiwer; found in G 8674, shaft 973. Statue base inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb jmj-r sSw] juridicial overseer of scribes; found in shaft 35 of G 8972.
  • Perniankh (Perniankh)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Perniankh (unnumbered rock-cut tomb). Drum lintel with offering text (UPM E 15990) inscribed for Perniankh, identified as [sqd wjA jrj xt n pr-HD rx nswt] rower of the bark, administrator of the treasury, royal acquaintance; originally over entrance to tomb of Perniankh, found by W.M.F. Petrie (see Petrie, Gizeh and Rifeh, pp. 8-9, pl. VIIa).
  • Rawer [III] (G 8310)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8310 = Lepsius 94.
  • Redines (G 5032)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5032. False door (MFA 21.961a-c) inscribed for Redines, identified as [wab nswt sS] royal wab-priest, scribe; found in situ in G 5032 chapel.
  • Seneb (Seneb)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Seneb (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Junker). Various architectural elements inscribed for Seneb: lintel and drum lintel of offering room entrance, identified as [wr-a xrp hwwt nt Nt jmj-r mr pr-aA] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of estates of the Red Crown, overseer of weaving mills of the Great House; south false door (Cairo JE 51297), identified as [xrp dngw sSrw xtmw-nTr n wnHrbAw Hm-nTr wADt nb pr-nw jmj-r jwHw smr pr] director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, god's sealer of the Wenherbau-ship, priest of Wadjet lady of the Lower Egyptian shrine, overseer of libations (?), companion of the house; and granite offering stone, identified as [wr-a smr pr] he who is carried in the sedan chair, companion of the house; all found in situ in mastaba of Seneb. Seated family group statue (Cairo JE 51280) of Seneb (depicted as a dwarf, and identified as [wr-a xrp dngw sSrw smr Hm-nTr xwfw Hm-nTr Ddfra Hm-nTr WADt Hm-nTr kA wr xnt sTpt xrp Hwwt mw Hm-nTr kA mrHw xrp aprw ksw] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, companion, priest of Khufu and Djedefre, priest of Wadjet, priest of the Great Bull foremost of Setjpet, director of the estates of water, priest of the Merhu bull, director of crews of the kesu-ships), his wife Senetites, and two children; found in situ in stone box (Cairo JE 51281) in mastaba of Seneb serdab (north of north false door). Base fragment of granite statue (Hildesheim 3132) inscribed for Seneb, identified as [wr-a xrp dngw sSrw Hm-nTr wADt smr xrp hwwt nt Nt] he who is carried in the sedan chair, director of dwarfs in charge of dressing, priest of Wadjet, companion, director of estates of the Red Crown; found in mastaba of Seneb.
  • Unas

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Last king of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [wAD-tAwj]; other names: [wnjs] Unis

Modern People

  • Andrey Bolshakov

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.

Institutions 1