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*The original, paper version of this page in “Chapter 16: The Royal Family of Dynasty Four” can be found in archival box L01 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934—1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Ankh-haf (G 7510)
    Bauefre (G 7310-7320)
    Djedefre
    Heknuhedjet (in G 8154)
    Hemiunu (G 4000)
    Hetepheres (in G 7510)
    Hetepheres I (G 7000 X)
    Hetepheres II (G 7110-7120)
    Hordjedef (G 7210-7220)
    Iabtet (G 4650)
    Iunu (G 4150)
    Kaemah (G 1223)
    Kawab (G 7110-7120)
    Khafre
    Khamerernebty [I] (in G 8978)
    Khenterka (in G 7530-7540)
    Khentka (G 2130)
    Khufu
    Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)
    Meresankh II (G 7410-7420)
    Meretites (G 4140)
    Minkhaf (G 7430-7440)
    Nefermaat (G 7060)
    Nefretiabet (G 1225)
    Nefretkau (G 7130-7140)
    Persenet (G 8156)
    Sedit (G 2100)
    Seshatsekhentiu (G 2120)
    Snefru
    Snefruseneb (G 4240)
    Wenshet (G 4840)
    Wepemnefret (G 1201)
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 25

Photos 1

People 34

Ancient People

  • Ankh-haf (G 7510)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7510. Husband of Hetepheres.
  • Bauefre (G 7310-7320)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Question if name is correct.
  • Djedefre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 4. Son (?) of Khufu.
  • Heknuhedjet (in G 8154)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]) and wife of Khafre. Appears seated with her son on western wall of room a1, identified as [wrt Hts (Hmt nswt) mrt=f] great one of the hetes-scepter, (king's wife), his beloved; in situ in G 8154. Also appears seated with her son on eastern wall of room a2, identified as [mAAt (Hr) stX Hm-nTr bApf(?)] seer of Horus and Seth, priestess of Bapef(?); in situ in G 8154.
  • Hemiunu (G 4000)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4000. Probable son of Nefermaat (owner of tomb at Meidum), probable grandson of Snefru. Architectural elements, including chapel entrance lintel (Hildesheim 2380) and door jamb (Hildesheim 2146), inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a xtmw-bjtj] hereditary prince, count, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt; door jamb found in situ in G 4000. Seated statue (Hildesheim 1962) inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [sA nswt n XT=f tAjtj sAb TAtj wr djw pr-DHwtj] king's son of his body, chief justice and vizier, greatest of the five of the House of Thoth; found in situ in G 4000 serdab behind north niche.
  • Hetepheres (in G 7510)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Ank-haf (owner of G 7510) and eldest daughter of Snefru and Hetepheres I. North false door inscribed for Hetepheres; in situ in G 7510, interior chapel.
  • Hetepheres I (G 7000 X)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of King Snefru, founder of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty, and mother of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid. Her burial was hidden in a secret chamber (labeled G 7000 X) nearly 90 feet underground, and contained beautiful pieces of gilded and inlaid wooden furniture, silver jewelry, and a large alabaster sarcophagus that was found to be mysteriously empty.
  • Hetepheres II (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Original owner of G 7110, along with Kawab (owner of G 7120). Appears with her daughter Meresankh III in G 7530-7540 (east and west walls, main room), and in pair statue MFA 30.1456 (= 27-4-963 + 27-4-964 + 27-4-965). Later married to a king, possibly Djedefre (Radjedef) according to Reisner, but Khafre is also a possibility. Her association with G 7350, and its sarcophagus is uncertain. Also mentioned in tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Hordjedef (G 7210-7220)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Hordjedef was buried in G 7220.
  • Iabtet (G 4650)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4650. False door inscribed for Iabtet, identified as [sAt nswt nt Xt=f mrt=f nbt jmAxw xr nTr aA] king's daughter of his body, his beloved, possessor of reverence before the Great God; in situ in G 4650.
  • Iunu (G 4150)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4150. Limestone slab stela (Hildesheim 2145) inscribed for Iunu, identified as [jmj-r sAw Sma wr mDw Sma sA nswt] overseer of the phyles of Upper Egypt, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, king's son; found in situ on east face of G 4150.
  • Kaemah (G 1223)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1223. Limestone slab stela (Cairo JE 37725 = CG 57128) inscribed for Kaemah, identified as [jmj-r sAw Sma wr mDw Sma sA nswt] overseer of the phyles of Upper Egypt, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, king's son; found in situ on east face of G 1223.
  • Kawab (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7120, along with Hetepheres [II] (original owner of G 7110). Son of Khufu and Meretites [I]. Appears in chapel relief in tomb of his daughter Meresankh III (owner of G 7530-7540), main room (east wall), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt smsw n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp jAwt nTrt aA dwAw] hereditary prince, king's eldest son of his body, chief lector-priest, director of divine offices, assistant of (the god) Duau; in situ in G 7530-7540). Also mentioned in tomb of his steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Khafre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khamerernebty [I] (in G 8978)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Mother of Khamerernebty [II] and Menkaure and wife of Khafre (Chephren). Identified on entrance lintel as [mwt nswt-bjtj sAt nswt-bjtj sAt nTr] mother of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, daughter of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, daughter of the god; found above entrance to G 8978, possibly not in situ.
  • Khenterka (in G 7530-7540)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son (?) of Meresankh III. Appears as small boy holding lotus and bird before his mother on east wall of main room, tomb of Mesresankh; in situ.
  • Khentka (G 2130)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2130. False door (mostly destroyed) inscribed for Khentka, identified as [sA nswt (n Xt=f) smr (watj)] king's son (of his body), (sole) companion; in situ in G 2130.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Khufu and probably Henutsen. He is buried in G 7140.
  • Meresankh II (G 7410-7420)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Meresankh buried in G 7410.
  • Meretites (G 4140)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4140. Limestone slab stela (MFA 12.1510) inscribed for Meretites, identified as [sAt nswt nt Xt=f] king's daughter of his body; found in situ on east face of G 4140.
  • Minkhaf (G 7430-7440)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Nefermaat (G 7060)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Nefertkau.
  • Nefretiabet (G 1225)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1225. Limestone slab stela (Louvre E 15591) inscribed for Nefretiabet, identified as [sAt nswt] king's daughter; found in G 1225.
  • Nefretkau (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Khafkhufu I. She is buried in G 7130.
  • Persenet (G 8156)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Khafre
  • Sedit (G 2100)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Probable owner of G 2100. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Appears in chapel relief in tomb of her son Merib, south and east walls, identified as [sAt nswt n Xt=f Hm-nTr Nt mHtt jnb=s] king's daughter of his body, priestess of Neith north of her wall; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Seshatsekhentiu (G 2120)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2120. Limestone slab stela (group of unregistered fragments + 33-2-187 + 38-3-2 + 38-3-3 = MFA 06.1894) inscribed for Seshatsekhentiu; some fragments found east and west of G 2120. Fragments of red granite drum lintel (38-3-11) originally inscribed with name and titles of Seshatsekhentiu; partially preserved titles: [Xrj-(Hb)] lector(-priest), [Hrj-tp ...tjw] chief .... (Seshatsekhen)tiu; found in debris in front of slab stela emplacement in east face of G 2120.
  • Snefru

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 4. Father of Khufu.
  • Snefruseneb (G 4240)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4240. False door tablet (Cairo JE 43292) depicting Snefruseneb seated at offering table, identified as [sm xrp SnDt aD-mr dp r p nb smr sA nswt n Xt=f] sem-priest, director of the kilt, administrator of Dep, mouth of all Pe, companion, king's son of his body; found in G 4240. Reserve head (13-11-60 = Cairo JE 46215) attributed to Snefruseneb; found in G 4240 A.
  • Wenshet (G 4840)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4840. False door (Hildesheim 2971) inscribed for Wenshet, identified as [sAt nswt n Xt=f Hm-nTr Nt mHtt jnb=s Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht] king's daughter of his body, priestess of Neith north of her wall, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore; found in situ in G 4840 (north chapel). Fragment of limestone slab stela (14-2-1 = MFA 14.1183) inscribed for Wenshet; found in G 4832 A, originally from G 4840.
  • Wepemnefret (G 1201)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1201. Limestone slab stela (Hearst 6-19825) inscribed for Wepemnefret, identified as [mDH sSw nswt wr mDw Sma hkA mHjt Hm-nTr Hqt xt HA sA nswt] craftsman of the king's scribes, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, heka-priest of Mehit, priest of Heqet, khet-priest of Ha, king's son; found in situ on east face of G 1201.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.