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*The original, paper version of this page in “Chapter 15: Chronological Order of Finished Mastabas in the Giza Necropolis” can be found in archival box K15 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934—1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Ankhmare (G 7837+7843)
    Bunefer (G 8408)
    Ian (G 1607)
    Iasen (G 2196)
    Idu (G 7102)
    Kaemnefret (in Lepsius 63)
    Kai (G 8720)
    Kakherptah (G 7721)
    Kameni (G 8664)
    Khafre
    Khafreankh (G 7948)
    Khamerernebty [I] (in G 8978)
    Khufu
    Khuwiwer (G 8674)
    Neferhanisut (in G 1607)
    Neferirkare
    Netjerpunisut (G 8740)
    Qar (G 7101)
    Senenu (G 1608)
    Userkaf
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 14

Photos 1

People 21

Ancient People

  • Ankhmare (G 7837+7843)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Bunefer (G 8408)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 8408. Daughter or wife of Shepseskaf. Southern, middle and northern chapel entrance lintels and drums, and northern and southern pilasters, inscribed for Bunefer, identified as [Hmt nswt wrt Hts Hm-nTr Spss-nbtj mAAt Hr stX sAt nswt n (Xt=f) Hm-nTr Hr (Spss-Xt) Hst wrt Hm-nTr TAspf] king's wife, great one of the hetes-sceptre, priestess of Shepses-Nebty (Shepseskaf), seer of Horus and Seth, king's daughter of (his body), priestess of the Horus Shepses-khet (Shepseskaf), great favorite, priestess of (the god) Tjasepef; in situ in G 8408. Secondary chapel entrance lintel and drum inscribed for Bunefer, identified as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-sceptre; in situ in G 8408. Also appears on limestone relief fragments, identified as [Hm-nTr HwtHr] priestess of Hathor; found displaced in chapel debris of G 8408.
  • Ian (G 1607)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1607. Inscribed architrave over niches on west wall of chapel and offering table scene on east wall of chapel, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r pr jnawt nt msw-nswt] royal acquaintance, overseer of the house of weavers of the royal children; in situ in G 1607. Fragments of inscribed relief (32-3-4a + 32-3-12), identified as [Hrj nst (?)] temple functionary (?); most fragments found outside chapel entrance, one fragment found in G 1607 A. Two limestone offering basins (32-3-13, 32-3-14) inscribed for Ian, identified (on 32-3-13) as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; found in G 1607 debris (one in chapel debris, one in debris of pit A).
  • Iasen (G 2196)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2196. Architectural elements: chapel outer entrance lintel inscribed for Iasen, identified as [jmj-r sjs xntjw-S pr-aA (jmj-r) Hrjw-a a nw nswt wab nswt sHD wabw xntj-S Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr xwfw] overseer of six palace attendants of the Great House, overseer of the authorisations of the royal decrees, royal wab-priest, inspector of wab-priests, palace attendant, secretary, priest of Khufu; drum lintel and south door jamb (name of male figure not preserved on north door jamb) inscribed for Iasen, identified as [sHD wabw xntj-S Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr xwfw rx nswt] inspector of wab-priests, palace attendant, secretary, priest of Khufu, royal acquaintance; chapel inner entrance door jambs uninscribed; also appears in chapel relief (north, south, east, and west walls) and rock-cut statue (west wall); in situ in G 2196.
  • Idu (G 7102)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7102. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, statuary), identified variously as [jmj-r Hwt wrt jmj-r sSw mrt xntj-S mnnfr-ppj Xrj tp nswt] overseer of the great chapel, overseer of scribes of the meret-serfs, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Pepi, he who is at the head of the king; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Idu (in G 7101), son of Qar (owner of G 7101). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Kaemnefret (in Lepsius 63)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Small son of Kaemnefret
  • Kai (G 8720)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 8720. Entrance jambs and reveals (poorly preserved) inscribed for Kai, identified as [sa nswt jmj-r Xnw xtmw nTr wjA] king's son, overseer of the residence, god's sealer of the ship; in situ in G 8720. Inner chapel entrance lintel inscribed for Kai; in situ in G 8720. Also three model alabaster cups inscribed for [sA nswt kAj] king's son Kai; found displaced in G 8720. Possibly same individual as Kai (in G III-a temple), a descendent of Queen Khamerernebti II, based on five model alabaster vessels found in G III-a temple, inscribed for [sA nswt kAj] king's son Kai.
  • Kakherptah (G 7721)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Kameni (G 8664)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 8664. Entrance lintel and door reveals inscribed for Kameni, identified as [HqA nswt] manager of the king; in situ in G 8664. Two false doors inscribed for Kameni, identified as [HqA nswt] manager of the king; in situ in G 8664.
  • Khafre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khafreankh (G 7948)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Khamerernebty [I] (in G 8978)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Mother of Khamerernebty [II] and Menkaure and wife of Khafre (Chephren). Identified on entrance lintel as [mwt nswt-bjtj sAt nswt-bjtj sAt nTr] mother of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, daughter of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, daughter of the god; found above entrance to G 8978, possibly not in situ.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Khuwiwer (G 8674)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 8674. Son of Mes-sa (owner of G 8668). Entrance drum lintel inscribed for Mes-sa (identified as [smr watj xrp aH] sole companion, director of the palace) and Khuwiwer (identified as [sAb jmj-r sSw] juridicial overseer of scribes); found in entrance debris of G 8674. Biographical inscription of Khuwiwer on northern and southern walls of antechamber; in situ in G 8674. Chapel entrance architrave, drum lintel and door jambs inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb sHD sSw n Hwtj wrtj jmj wrt nt Xnw xrp sSw jrjw jaH] juridicial inspector of scribes in the two great courts (of justice) amongst those on the right-hand side(?) of the Residence, director of scribes connected with the moon. Also appears in chapel wall relief (east, north and west walls); all in situ in G 8674. False door inscribed for Khuwiwer; in situ in G 8674. Lower part of schist seated statue inscribed for Khuwiwer; found in chapel debris of G 8674. Lower part of granite seated statue inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb sHD sSw] juridicial inspector of scribes; found in filling of southern serdab of G 8674. Uninscribed limestone head (JE 72221), probably of Khuwiwer; found in G 8674, shaft 973. Statue base inscribed for Khuwiwer, identified as [sAb jmj-r sSw] juridicial overseer of scribes; found in shaft 35 of G 8972.
  • Neferhanisut (in G 1607)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Ian (owner of G 1607). Two names attributed to same woman: Neferhanisut and Nefery. Called Nefery on inscribed architrave over niches on west wall of chapel and on offering table scene on east wall of chapel; in situ in G 1607. Called Neferhanisut on fragments of inscribed relief (32-3-4a + 32-3-12), identified as [(rxt) nswt] royal acquaintance; most fragments found outside chapel entrance, one fragment found in G 1607 A.
  • Neferirkare

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 5.
  • Netjerpunisut (G 8740)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Qar (G 7101)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7101. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, pillar), identified variously as [jmj-r kAt nbt xntj-S mnnfr-mrjjra Xrj tp nswt sS a nswt xft-Hr mAa] overseer of all works, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Meryre (Pepi I), he who is at the head of the king, true royal document scribe in the presence; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Qar (in G 7102), son of Idu (owner of G 7102). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Senenu (G 1608)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1608. Limestone seated statue (32-3-11 = Cairo JE 60546) inscribed for Senenu, identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; found in situ in G 1608 serdab.
  • Userkaf

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [jrjmAat] Irymaat.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.