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  • Tomb Owner
    Iasen (G 2196)
  • Attested
    Meretites (in G 2196)
    Meryankh (in G 2196)
    Nebuhetep (in G 2196)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Reisner Date
    Dynasty 5
  • PorterMoss Date
    Dynasty 5 or 6
  • Baer Date
    Dynasty 6
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 2196 Serdab; G 2196 A; G 2196 B; G 2196 C; G 2196 D; G 2196 E; G 2196 F; G 2196 G; G 2196 H; G 2196 I; G 2196 U; G 2196 X; G 2196 Y; G 2196 Z

Finds 18

Excavation Diary Pages 35

Maps & Plans 17

Drawings 15

Published Documents 13

Unpublished Documents 44

Full Bibliography

  • Flentye, Laurel. "The Mastaba of Meresankh III (G 7530/7540) in the Eastern Cemetery at Giza: An Archaeological and Art Historical Analysis." Bulletin of the Egyptian Museum 3 (2006), p. 76, note 60.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Kaiemankh (G 4561) and Seshemnefer I (G 4940), Volume I. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 16. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2001, p. 18, note 54.

    Kendall, Timothy. "An Unusual Rock-Cut Tomb at Giza." In William Kelly Simpson and Whitney M. David, eds. Studies in Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Sudan: Essays in Honor of Dows Dunham on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday, June 1, 1980. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1981, p. 104, note 1.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G120.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited–Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), pp. 3, 47, figs. 1-4.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 82.

    Reisner, George A. "The Dog Which was Honored by the King of Upper and Lower Egypt." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 34, No. 206 (December 1936), pp. 96, 98, unnumbered fig. (bottom right).

    Reisner, George A. "Ancient King Gives Dog A Royal Burial." The American Kennel Gazette 55, No. 5 (May 1, 1938), p. 9, unnumbered figs. (top & middle right).

    Reisner, George A. "Report on the Egyptian Expedition during 1934-35." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 33, No. 199 (October 1935), p. 76, fig. 13.

    Reisner, George A., and Clarence S. Fisher. "Preliminary Report on the Work of the Harvard-Boston Expedition in 1911-13." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte 13 (1914), pp. 227-252.

    Roth, Ann Macy. "Little Women: Gender and Hierarchic Proportion in Old Kingdom Mastaba Chapels." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 286-287, table 2.

    Simpson, William Kelly. Mastabas of the Western Cemetery, Part 1: Sekhemka (G 1029); Tjetu I (G 2001); Iasen (G 2196); Penmeru (G 2197); Hagy, Nefertjentet, and Herunefer (G 2352/53); Djaty, Tjetu II, and Nimesti (G 2337X, 2343, 2366). Giza Mastabas 4. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1980, pp. vii, 4, 16-23, pls. XXXIII-XLV, figs. 27-38.

    Woods, Alexandra. "Contribution to a Controversy: A Date For the Tomb of kA(=j)-m-anx at Giza." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 95 (2009), pp. 165, 166.

People 5

Ancient People

  • Iasen (G 2196)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 2196. Architectural elements: chapel outer entrance lintel inscribed for Iasen, identified as [jmj-r sjs xntjw-S pr-aA (jmj-r) Hrjw-a a nw nswt wab nswt sHD wabw xntj-S Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr xwfw] overseer of six palace attendants of the Great House, overseer of the authorisations of the royal decrees, royal wab-priest, inspector of wab-priests, palace attendant, secretary, priest of Khufu; drum lintel and south door jamb (name of male figure not preserved on north door jamb) inscribed for Iasen, identified as [sHD wabw xntj-S Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr xwfw rx nswt] inspector of wab-priests, palace attendant, secretary, priest of Khufu, royal acquaintance; chapel inner entrance door jambs uninscribed; also appears in chapel relief (north, south, east, and west walls) and rock-cut statue (west wall); in situ in G 2196.
  • Meretites (in G 2196)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Iasen (owner of G 2196). Appears on chapel outer entrance lintel and south door jamb, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; also appears in chapel relief, east wall; in situ in G 2196.
  • Meryankh (in G 2196)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Iasen (owner of G 2196). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (depicted on smaller scale than standing figures on Iasen and Meretites), identified as [xntj-S pr-aA wab nswt rx nswt] palace attendant of the Great House, royal wab-priest, royal acquaintance; in situ in G 2196.
  • Nebuhetep (in G 2196)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship indicated, inscription only partially preserved) on chapel outer entrance north door jamb (standing behind larger male figure, name of male figure not preserved), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 2196.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.