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*Original paper documents for Chapter 14 are in archival box K09 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934–1942
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Mentioned on page
    (Karl) Richard Lepsius, German, 1810–1884
    Clarence Stanley Fisher, American, 1876–1941
    Ian (G 1607)
    Iasen (G 2196)
    Iteti (G 7391)
    Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)
    Neferbauptah (in G 6010)
    Neferqed (G 1151)
    Niankhmin (G 1047)
    Sekhemka (G 1029)
    Senenuka Keki (G 2041)
    Seshemnefer [I] (G 4940)
    Shepseskafankh (G 6040)
    Sneferuhetep (G 3008)

Tombs and Monuments 12

  • G 1029

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 1047

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 1151

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 1607

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 2041

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 2196

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 3008

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4940

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 6010

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 6040

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 7391

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G 7530-7540

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery

Photos 1

People 15

Ancient People

  • Ian (G 1607)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1607. Inscribed architrave over niches on west wall of chapel and offering table scene on east wall of chapel, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r pr jnawt nt msw-nswt] royal acquaintance, overseer of the house of weavers of the royal children; in situ in G 1607. Fragments of inscribed relief (32-3-4a + 32-3-12), identified as [Hrj nst (?)] temple functionary (?); most fragments found outside chapel entrance, one fragment found in G 1607 A. Two limestone offering basins (32-3-13, 32-3-14) inscribed for Ian, identified (on 32-3-13) as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; found in G 1607 debris (one in chapel debris, one in debris of pit A).
  • Iasen (G 2196)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2196. Architectural elements: chapel outer entrance lintel inscribed for Iasen, identified as [jmj-r sjs xntjw-S pr-aA (jmj-r) Hrjw-a a nw nswt wab nswt sHD wabw xntj-S Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr xwfw] overseer of six palace attendants of the Great House, overseer of the authorisations of the royal decrees, royal wab-priest, inspector of wab-priests, palace attendant, secretary, priest of Khufu; drum lintel and south door jamb (name of male figure not preserved on north door jamb) inscribed for Iasen, identified as [sHD wabw xntj-S Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr xwfw rx nswt] inspector of wab-priests, palace attendant, secretary, priest of Khufu, royal acquaintance; chapel inner entrance door jambs uninscribed; also appears in chapel relief (north, south, east, and west walls) and rock-cut statue (west wall); in situ in G 2196.
  • Iteti (G 7391)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7391. Chapel entrance drum lintel and door jamb reveals inscribed for Iteti, identified as [rx nswt sHD pr-aA jmj-r pr-aA jmj-r kAt nt nswt wab wr-xafra] royal acquaintance, inspector of the Great House, overseer of the Great House, overseer of royal works, wab-priest of the pyramid of Khafre; false door from east face (Turin S.1843) and chapel false door inscribed for Iteti; also appears in chapel relief (north and west walls); relief in situ and east face false door found in situ in G 7391. Fragmentary seated statue (Turin S.1876) inscribed for Iteti, identified as [...dpt aAt sHD wabw wr-xafra] ...in the great boat, inspector of wab-priests of the pyramid of Khafre; found in fill above serdab, probably originally in serdab of G 7391.
  • Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7530-7540.Granddaughter of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid, and wife of either Khafre or Menkaure. Her unique underground chapel (labeled G 7530-7540) preserves beautifully carved and painted scenes of the queen and her royal family, as well as servants, artisans, and funerary priests. The scenes also depict the sort of rich burial goods that would have been placed in Meresankh’s tomb: statues and fine furniture; boxes containing food, clothing, and jewelry; even a representation of the black granite sarcophagus that was actually found in situ in her burial chamber. Chapel entrance architrave, jambs, reveals and drum inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts nbwj xt Hr wrt Hst DHwtj smrt Hr mrt=f sAt nswt n Xt=f Hmt nswt mrt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Lords, khet-priestess of Horus, great of praises of Thoth, companion of Horus, his beloved, king's daughter of his body, beloved king's wife; in situ in G 7530-7540. Appears in chapel relief of main room: seated holding lotus (south wall); standing with her mother (east wall), idenitifed as [wrt Hts] great one of the hetes-scepter; on pillars (north wall), idenitifed as [tjst Hr] intimate(?) of Horus; seated at offering table, standing north of false door and on central pillar, and with her mother and son (west wall), idenitifed as [Hm-nTr DHwtj wrt Hts nbtj Hm-nTr bApf Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt jwnt smAwt mrjj nbtj] priestess of Thoth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Ladies, priestess of Bapef, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-Dendera, consort of him who is beloved of the Two Ladies; in situ in G 7530-7540. Also appears on all walls of offering (west) room; in situ in G 7530-7540. Architrave on north wall of north room inscribed for Meresankh; uninscribed statues may also represent Meresankh (along with other female family members); in situ in G 7530-7540. Black granite sarcophagus (Cairo JE 54935) inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [xrp sSmtjw SnDt] director of butchers of the 'Acacia House'; in situ in burial chamber of G 7530-7540. Incomplete limestone statue of Meresankh (MFA 30.1457) and pair statue of Meresankh and Hetepheres II (MFA 30.1456); found displaced in debris of main room. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Nebemakhet (owner of G 8172 = Lepsius 86). Appears in relief of inner chapel (above doorway in eastern wall), identified as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts wrt Hst Hmt nswt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, great of praises, king's wife; in situ in G 8172. Also mentioned in the tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Neferbauptah (in G 6010)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Iymery (owner of G 6020).
  • Neferqed (G 1151)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1151. False door inscribed for Neferqed, identified as [rx nswt pr-aA sHD xntjw-S pr-aA Hm-nTr xwfw wab nswt Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr ra m Sspwjbra] royal acquaintance of the Great House, inspector of palace attendants of the Great House, priest of Khufu, royal wab-priest, secretary, priest of Re in the sun-temple of Niuserre; also appears in chapel relief (west and north walls of recess, west wall of corridor, south wall), identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; in situ in G 1151. Uninscribed limestone seated family group statue (Hearst 6-19806) attributed to Neferqed, his wife Hemetre, and son (unidentified); found in situ in G 1151, vestibule (= pillared portico).
  • Niankhmin (G 1047)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1047. False door inscribed (in red paint) for Niankhmin, identified as [Hm-nTr nTrjswt-mnkAwHr Hm-nTr mnswt-n(j)wsrra jmj-r njwt mAwt] priest of the pyramid of Menkauhor, priest of the pyramid of Niuserre, overseer of the new settlements; in situ in G 1047.
  • Sekhemka (G 1029)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1029. False door (south false door) inscribed for Sekhemka; also appears in chapel relief (not all instances inscribed with his name); identified as [Hm-nTr Ra m Sspwjbra Hrj-sStA jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA wab nswt Hm-nTr xwfw] priest of Re in the sun-temple of Niuserre, secretary, overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House, royal wab-priest, priest of Khufu; in situ in G 1029.
  • Senenuka Keki (G 2041)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2041. Senenuka called Keki. North and south false doors inscribed for Senenuka Keki, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r njwt Axt-xwfw xrp wabw nswt sS a n nswt] royal acquaintance, overseer of the pyramid-town of Khufu, director of royal wab-priests, royal document scribe; also appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors), identified as [jmj-r kAt aD-mr grgt] overseer of works, administrator of a settlement; west wall of chapel (= MFA 11.1000 + MFA 11.1001 + MFA 11.1003 + MFA 11.1004 + MFA 11.1005) found in situ in G 2041. Also appears on fragments of relief (37-11-20a + 37-11-20b); found displaced in G 2040 X, originally from G 2041. Possibly same individual as scribe identified as Senenuka on block from north door jamb (MFA 07.1002) from chapel of Nefer (owner of G 2110).
  • Seshemnefer [I] (G 4940)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4940. North and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer; also appears in chapel relief (north, west, east, and south walls), identified as [rx nswt Xrj-tp nswt Hwt Hr-xpr xt HA Hm-nTr Hqt Hm-nTr Hr THnw qA-a sAb aD-mr wr mDw Sma Hrj-sStA jmj-r kAt nt nswt jmj-r sSw Xr-a nswt Hrj-wDbw m Hwt-anx jmj-r stj-DfAw smr Hm-nTr jnpw xrp aH] royal acquaintance, royal chamberlain of the funerary temple of Horkheper (Djedefre), khet-priest of Ha, priest of Heqet, priest of Horus of Libya, elevated of arm, judge and administrator, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, secretary, overseer of royal works, overseer of scribes of the royal portfolios, master of reversion-offerings in the Mansion of Life, overseer of the two places of provisions, companion, priest of Anubis, director of the palace; in situ in G 4940.
  • Shepseskafankh (G 6040)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 6040.
  • Sneferuhetep (G 3008)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 3008. South false door inscribed for Sneferuhetep, also appears in chapel wall painting, east, south, and west walls, identified as [rx nswt sS nswt sHD wabw xa-snfrw wr mDw Sma Hrj-sStA n nTr=f Hrj-sStA m kAt sxt] royal acquaintance, royal scribe, inspector of wab-priests of the pyramid of Snefru, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, secretary of his god, secretary of works in the field; in situ in G 3008. Fragment of door jamb (UPM_E13543) inscribed for Sneferuhetep, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; found in debris of shaft G 3008 C, originally from door to offering room.

Modern People

  • (Karl) Richard Lepsius

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1810–1884
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Clarence Stanley Fisher

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1876–1941
    • Remarks Archaeologist and architect. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.