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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Seshemnefer [I] (G 4940)
  • Attested
    Ab (in G 4940)
    Amendjefaes (in G 4940)
    Bunefer (in G 4940)
    Dj[…] (in G 4940)
    Ifi (in G 4940)
    Imu (in G 4940)
    Isa (in G 4940)
    Ishi (in G 4940)
    Isi (in G 4940)
    Iuf (in G 4940)
    Iufenptah (in G 4940)
    Iynefret (in G 4940)
    Khentiuka (in G 4940)
    Khufuankh (in G 4940)
    Mededwy (in G 4940)
    Nebib (in G 4940)
    Nebiny (in G 4940)
    Neferhathor (in G 4940)
    Nefrethakhufu (in G 4940)
    Pehenptah (G 5280)
    Perneb (in G 4940)
    Ptahwer (in G 4940)
    Rahetep (in G 4940)
    Rawer [I] (G 5270)
    Resi (in G 4940)
    Seshemnefer-nedjes (in G 4940)
    Sobekremetes (in G 4940)
    Teti (in G 4940)
    Wenennefer (in G 4940)
    Wenennefer (in G 4940)
    Weni (in G 4940)
    Weretka (in G 4940)
  • Excavator
    (Karl) Richard Lepsius, German, 1810–1884
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Lepsius No
    L.45
    Lepsius 45
    LG 45
  • Baer Date
    Sahure-Neferirkare
  • Harpur Date
    Userkaf - Neferirkare
  • Jacquet-Gordon Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Junker Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Kanawati Date
    Late Sahure
  • idem Date
    Dyn 5, probably Sahure-Niuserre
  • Reisner Date
    Late Menkaure - post-Neferirkare
  • Strudwick Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Baer Date
    Dynasty 5
  • PorterMoss Date
    Sahure or Neferirkare
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 4940 Serdab; G 4940 Chapel a; G 4940 Chapel b; G 4940 Chapel c; G 4940 Chapel d; G 4940 A; G 4940 B

Finds 32

Excavation Diary Pages 50

Maps & Plans 15

Drawings 16

Published Documents 16

Unpublished Documents 88

Full Bibliography

  • Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Funerary Boats and Boat Pits of the Old Kingdom." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2002, p. 276.

    Bolshakov, Andrey. "Osiris in the Fourth Dynasty Again? The False Door of Jntj, MFA 31.781." In Hedvig Györy, ed. Mélanges offerts à Edith Varga. Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts Supplément-2001, Budapest: Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts, 2001, p. 73.

    Brovarski, Edward. "Inventory Offering Lists and the Nomenclature for Boxes and Chests in the Old Kingdom." In Emily Teeter and John A. Larson, eds. Gold of Praise. Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honor of Edward F. Wente. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 58. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 1999, p. 28, note 2.

    Brovarski, Edward. "A Triad for Pehenptah." Warsaw Egyptological Studies I. Essays in honour of Prof. Dr. Jadwiga Lipinska. Warsaw: National Museum "Pro-Egipt," 1997, p. 263.

    Brovarski, Edward. "An Inventory List from 'Covington's Tomb' and Nomenclature for Furniture in the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 1. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1996, pp. 124, 129 [21], 134, 155.

    Eaton-Krauss, Marianne. "The Striding Statue of Pehenptah (JE 44609)." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, p. 312.

    Eaton-Krauss, Marianne. "Pseudo-Groups." In Rainer Stadelmann and Hourig Sourouzian, eds. Kunst des Alten Reiches: Symposium im Deutschen Archäologischen Institut Kairo am 29. und 30. Oktober 1991. Sonderschrift des Deutschen Archäologischen Institut Abteilung Kairo 28, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1995, p. 59.

    Gamer-Wallert, Ingrid."Die bewegte Geschichte der Mastaba Seschemnofers III. (G 5170)." Sokar 9 (2. Halbjahr, 2004), pp. 30, 32, unnumbered plan on p. 29.

    García, Juan Carlos Moreno. "A New Old Kingdom Inscription from Giza (CGC 57163), and the Problem of sn-Dt in Pharaonic Third Millennium Society." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 93 (2007), p. 122.

    Jacquet-Gordon, Domaines funéraires, 239-40 (18G5), figs. 46-47.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3: Die Mastabas der Vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, p. 33 [1].

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 6. Die Mastabas des Nfr (Nefer), Kdfjj (Kedfi), Kahjf (Kahjef) und die westlich anschließenden Grabanlagen. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 72, Abhandlung 1. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1943. plan after p. 273.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 7. Der Ostabschnitt des Westfriedhofs, Erster Teil. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 72, Abhandlung 3. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1944, plan after plate 40.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Kaiemankh (G 4561) and Seshemnefer I (G 4940), Volume I. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 16. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2001, pp. 8-9, 51-65, pls. 18-24, 38-51.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Seshathetep/Heti (G 5150), Nesutnefer (G 4970) and Seshemnefer II (G 5080), Volume 2. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 18. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2002, p. 62, notes 321, 322, pls. 34-38.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G199.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Hemiunu, Pehenptah, and German/American Collaboration at the Giza Necropolis (Giza Archives Project Gleanings: II)." In Antje Spiekermann, ed. Zur Zierde gereicht. . . Festschrift Bettina Schmitz zum 60. Geburtstag am 24. Juli 2008, HIldesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge 50. Hildesheim: Verlag Gebrüder Gerstenberg, 2008, p. 33.

    Millet, N.B. "The Reserve Heads of the Old Kingdom." In William Kelly Simpson and Whitney M. Davis, eds. Studies in Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Sudan: Essays in Honor of Dows Dunham on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday, June 1, 1980. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1981, p. 130.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 142-143, plan 16.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, pp. 214, 311, 325, figs. 89, 124, pl. 56.

    Reisner, George A., and Clarence S. Fisher. "Preliminary Report on the Work of the Harvard-Boston Expedition in 1911-13." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte 13 (1914), pp. 227-252.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Coffin of Prince Min-Khaf."Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 19 (1933), p. 157.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom Linen List." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 71 (1935), p. 135.

Photos 132

People 35

Ancient People

  • Ab (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, north end, lower register, third figure from left); in situ in G 4940.
  • Amendjefaes (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief (west and north walls), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4940. Mother of Pehenptah (owner of G 5280). Limestone standing pair statue (12-10-3 = KHM Vienna ÄS 7502) inscribed for Pehenptah and his mother Amendjefaes; found in G 5280 serdab. Shattered triad statue (12-10-4 = MFA 13.4330 triad + 12-10-4 = MFA 13.4358 fragment of female figure + 12-11-22 = MFA 13.3160 fragment of male figure proper right) of Pehenptah and his mother Amendjefaes; found in G 5280 serdab (some fragments from outside serdab).
  • Bunefer (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (second register, first figure on right), identified as [sn Dt jmj-r pr] brother of the funerary estate, steward; in situ in G 4940.
  • Dj[…] (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, first figure on right, name only partially preserved), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Ifi (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, last figure on left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Imu (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, eleventh figure from right), and south wall (behind seated figure of Seshemnefer [I], lower register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Isa (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, eighth figure from right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Ishi (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, ninth figure from right), and west wall (south false door, north jamb, bottom register), identified in both places as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Isi (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (second register, fifth figure from right), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; in situ in G 4940.
  • Iuf (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), west wall (south false door, north jamb, top register); in situ in G 4940.
  • Iufenptah (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fitting fragments of relief (15-1-5) depicting Iufenptah, identified as [jmj-r mDHw] overseer of carpenters; found in pit G 4940 B.
  • Iynefret (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, sixth figure from right), and west wall (south false door, north jamb, reveal, bottom register), identified in both places as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Khentiuka (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), west wall (south false door, north jamb, reveal, top register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Khufuankh (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] his son of his body) of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, north wall (depicted as young boy standing in front of his parents); in situ in G 4940.
  • Mededwy (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, bottom register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Nebib (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (top register, second boat), identified as [sHD] supervisor; in situ in G 4940.
  • Nebiny (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (top register, first boat), identified as [xrp] captain; in situ in G 4940.
  • Neferhathor (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears twice in chapel relief, twice on west wall (between false doors: north end, upper register, last figure on right, and south end, holding her mother's leg); in situ in G 4940.
  • Nefrethakhufu (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, north end, upper register, first figure on left); in situ in G 4940.
  • Pehenptah (G 5280)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 5280. False door inscribed for Pehenptah; found in situ in G 5280. Limestone drum lintel (39-9-2) inscribed for Pehenptah, identified as [rx nswt sS a n nswt] royal acquaintance, royal document scribe; found displaced in G 5280. Limestone standing statue (12-10-2 = Cairo JE 44609) inscribed for Pehenptah and limestone standing pair statue (12-10-3 = KHM Vienna ÄS 7502) inscribed for Pehenptah and his mother Amendjefaes; both found in G 5280 serdab. Shattered triad statue (12-10-4 = MFA 13.4330 triad + 12-10-4 = MFA 13.4358 fragment of female figure + 12-11-22 = MFA 13.3160 fragment of male figure proper right) of Pehenptah and his mother Amendjefaes; found in G 5280 serdab with some fragments from outside serdab. Son of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, north end, lower register, second figure from left); in situ in G 4940.
  • Perneb (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, seventh figure from right), and south wall (behind seated figure of Seshemnefer [I], upper register), identified in both places as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Ptahwer (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, third figure from right), and west wall (south false door, south jamb, reveal, bottom register), identified in both places as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Rahetep (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, second figure from right), and west wall (south false door, south jamb, bottom register), identified in both places as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Rawer [I] (G 5270)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 5270. Base of limestone statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 8544) and fragments of frieze-text originally from over serdab (Cairo JE 43965) inscribed for Rawer, identified as [sS a n nswt rx nswt sS n Xrt-a nswt sS a n nswt xft-Hr] royal document scribe, royal acquaintance, scribe of the royal document-case, royal document scribe in the presence; found in G 5270. Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] his son of his body) of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, depicted as young boy standing in front of his parents); in situ in G 4940.
  • Resi (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (second register, sixth figure from right), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; in situ in G 4940.
  • Seshemnefer [I] (G 4940)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 4940. North and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer; also appears in chapel relief (north, west, east, and south walls), identified as [rx nswt Xrj-tp nswt Hwt Hr-xpr xt HA Hm-nTr Hqt Hm-nTr Hr THnw qA-a sAb aD-mr wr mDw Sma Hrj-sStA jmj-r kAt nt nswt jmj-r sSw Xr-a nswt Hrj-wDbw m Hwt-anx jmj-r stj-DfAw smr Hm-nTr jnpw xrp aH] royal acquaintance, royal chamberlain of the funerary temple of Horkheper (Djedefre), khet-priest of Ha, priest of Heqet, priest of Horus of Libya, elevated of arm, judge and administrator, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, secretary, overseer of royal works, overseer of scribes of the royal portfolios, master of reversion-offerings in the Mansion of Life, overseer of the two places of provisions, companion, priest of Anubis, director of the palace; in situ in G 4940.
  • Seshemnefer-nedjes (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, north end, lower register, first figure on left); in situ in G 4940.
  • Sobekremetes (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, north end, upper register, third figure from left); in situ in G 4940.
  • Teti (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (third register, twelfth figure from right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4940.
  • Wenennefer (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (second register, fourth figure from right), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; in situ in G 4940. One of two individuals named Wenennefer, both appear in same register on east wall.
  • Wenennefer (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (second register, third figure from right), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; in situ in G 4940. One of two individuals named Wenennefer, both appear in same register on east wall.
  • Weni (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940), east wall (second register, second figure from right), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; in situ in G 4940.
  • Weretka (in G 4940)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, north end, upper register, second figure from left); in situ in G 4940.

Modern People

  • (Karl) Richard Lepsius

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1810–1884
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.