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*Original paper documents for Appendix A: Cemetery en Échelon are in archival box K11 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934–1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Ernesto Schiaparelli, Italian, 1856–1928
    Francesco Ballerini
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Hesi (G 8923)
    Hetepheres (in Wehemnefret)
    Irenptah (in Wehemnefret)
    Khentkaef (in Wehemnefret)
    Khenu (in Wehemnefret)
    Meresankh (in Wehemnefret)
    Nefrethasnefru (in Wehemnefret)
    Reputnisut (in Wehemnefret)
    Snefrubaef (in Wehemnefret)
    Tjentet (Tjentet)
    Wehemnefret (Wehemnefret)
    Wenshet (G 4840)
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 2

  • G 4840

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4940

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Photos 1

People 16

Ancient People

  • Hesi (G 8923)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 8923. Chapel entrance drum inscribed for Hesi, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; found broken in chapel of G 8923. Southern false door inscribed for Hesi, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S sHD pr-aA sHD xntjw-S pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants, inspector of the Great House, inspector of palace attendants of the Great House; in situ in G 8923. Uninscribed limestone head (JE 87817) of life-size male statue (probably representing Hesi); found in G 8923, shaft 492.
  • Hetepheres (in Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker), north outer jamb (top register, figure on right), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; found in mastaba of Wehemnefret.
  • Irenptah (in Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Grandson ([sA sA] son of <her> son) of Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker). Appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret, north inner jamb (top register, depicted as young boy); found in mastaba of Wehemnefret.
  • Khentkaef (in Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker), north outer jamb (top register, figure on left), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; found in mastaba of Wehemnefret.
  • Khenu (in Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker), north inner jamb (middle register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; found in mastaba of Wehemnefret.
  • Meresankh (in Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker), south outer jamb (second register, figure on right), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; found in mastaba of Wehemnefret.
  • Nefrethasnefru (in Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker), north outer jamb (second register, figure on left), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; found in mastaba of Wehemnefret.
  • Reputnisut (in Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker), south outer jamb (second register, figure on left), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; found in mastaba of Wehemnefret.
  • Snefrubaef (in Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker), south outer jamb (top register, figure on right), identified as [wr mDw Sma jmj-r kAt] great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, overseer of works; found in mastaba of Wehemnefret.
  • Tjentet (Tjentet)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of Tjentet (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker). False door (Turin S.1842) and fragment of false door tablet (Turin S.1862) inscribed for Tjentet; found in mastaba of Tjentet. Also appears on false door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret (owner of Wehemnefret, unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schaiparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker), south outer jamb (third register, figure on left, name spelled Tjenteti); found in mastaba of Wehemnefret. Daughter (?) of Wenshet (owner of G 4840). Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on false door (Hildesheim 2971) inscribed for Wenshet, north inner jamb (middle register, name spelled Tjenteti), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; found in situ in G 4840 (north chapel). Family relationships between Tjentet, Wehemnefret, and Wenshet based on proximity of mastabas and titles.
  • Wehemnefret (Wehemnefret)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of Wehemnefret (unnumbered mastaba excavated by Schiaparelli, probably part of mastaba S 984 excavated by Junker). False door (Turin S.1840) inscribed for Wehemnefret, identified as [sAt nswt] king's daughter; found in mastaba of Wehemnefret. Daughter (?) of Wenshet (owner of G 4840). Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on false door (Hildesheim 2971) inscribed for Wenshet, south inner jamb (bottom register), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; found in situ in G 4840 (north chapel). Family relationship between Wehemnefret and Wenshet based on proximity of mastabas, and titles.
  • Wenshet (G 4840)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4840. False door (Hildesheim 2971) inscribed for Wenshet, identified as [sAt nswt n Xt=f Hm-nTr Nt mHtt jnb=s Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht] king's daughter of his body, priestess of Neith north of her wall, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore; found in situ in G 4840 (north chapel). Fragment of limestone slab stela (14-2-1 = MFA 14.1183) inscribed for Wenshet; found in G 4832 A, originally from G 4840.

Modern People

  • Ernesto Schiaparelli

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates Italian, 1856–1928
    • Remarks Turin University; Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Francesco Ballerini

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Francesco Ballerini (1877-1910), an Egyptologist and Orientalist, started his unfortunately too short career in the Egyptian Museum of Turin approximately 100 years ago. He became a trustworthy collaborator of Ernesto Schiaparelli, director of the Italian Archaeological Mission, operating in Egypt at the beginning of the 20th century. Ballerini assisted Schiaparelli on the Italian excavations at Giza, producing many of the drawings that are published in the Scavi books by Schiaparelli, and played an active role in some of the most important discoveries of Ancient Egypt in his era. One of the most important was the discovery of the tomb of Queen Nefertari in the Valley of the Queens (Western Thebes). His contribution to the knowledge of Egyptian civilization can be judged simply by examining the hundreds of finds exhibited in the large halls of the Egyptian Museum of Turin, one of the greatest Egyptological collections in the world, to which the work of Ballerini contributed. Since 2009, the association CEFB (Centro di Egittologia Francesco Ballerini) has aimed to create more interest in Ancient Egyptian culture in Como, Italy, the town where Ballerini was born and lived.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.