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  • Tomb Owner
    Nikaure (G 8158)
  • Attested
    Hetepheres (in G 8158)
    Nikanebti (in G 8158)
    Nikanebti (in G 8158)
    Nikaure (in G 8158)
    Persenet (G 8156)
  • Excavator
    (Karl) Richard Lepsius, German, 1810–1884
  • Lepsius No
    LG 87
    Lepsius 87
  • PorterMoss Date
    Khephren to end of Dynasty 4
  • Site Type
    Rock-cut tomb
  • Remarks
    Rock-cut mastaba along western edge of Central Field, east of G 8156 (Lepsius 88) and southeast of G 8162 (Lepsius 86-z). Labeled Rock Tomb on Hassan plan. Excavated by Lepsius.

Maps & Plans 3

Drawings 2

Published Documents 7

Unpublished Documents 21

Full Bibliography

  • Breasted, James H. Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest, Collected Edited and Translated with Commentary, Vol. 1: The First to the Seventeenth Dynasties. Ancient Records. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1906, pp. 88-90.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, H-8/9.

    Jánosi, Peter. Giza in der 4 Dynastie: Die Baugeschichte und Belegung einer Nekropole des Alten Reiches. Band 1: Die Mastabas der Kernfriedhöfe und die Felsgräber. Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie 30. Untesuchungen der Zweigstelle Kairo des Österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes 24. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2005, p.fig. 71 after p. 302.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Gab es Kronprinzen in der 4. Dynastie?" Göttinger Miszellen 158 (1997), p. 29, note 89.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 48-49 [45].

    Pieke, Gabriele. "Der Grabherr und die Lotosblume. Zu Lokalen und Geschlechtsspezifischen Traditionen eines Motivkreises." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 262-263, 268, 275, Abb. 2.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 232-233, plans 21, B/C-2, 31.

    Sethe, Kurt. Urkunden des Alten Reichs. Erster Band. Urkunden des Ägyptischen Altertums Abteilung 1, Hft. 1-4. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1903-1933, pp. 16-17 [13].

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom in Egypt," The Cambridge Ancient History, rev. ed. of vols. I & II, Cambridge University Press, 1962, p. 33.

    Verner, Miroslav. "Contemporaneous Evidence for the Relative Chronology of Dyns. 4 and 5." In Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss & David A. Warburton, eds. Ancient Egyptian Chronology, Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2006, p. 134.

People 8

Ancient People

  • Hetepheres (in G 8158)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Nikaure (owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance.
  • Khafre

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Nikanebti (in G 8158)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Nikaure (owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht m swt=s nbt Hm-nTr Nt] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor MIstress-of-the-Sycamore in all her places, priestess of Neith.
  • Nikanebti (in G 8158)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Nikaure (owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance.
  • Nikaure (G 8158)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87, identified as [sA-nswt n Xt=f smsw tAjtj sAb TAtj] king's eldest son of his body, chief justice and vizier.
  • Nikaure (in G 8158)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Nikaure (owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87), identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance.
  • Persenet (G 8156)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Khafre

Modern People

  • (Karl) Richard Lepsius

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1810–1884
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.