Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Details

  • Format
    Book
  • Language
    ENGLISH
  • Series
    Ancient Records
  • Year Published
    1906
  • Citation Text
    Breasted, James H. Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest, Collected Edited and Translated with Commentary, Vol. 1: The First to the Seventeenth Dynasties. Ancient Records. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1906.
  • Individual - Ancient
    Debehen (G 8090)
    Djedefre
    Djoser
    Henutsen (G I-c)
    Hetepheres (in G 8158)
    Isesi
    Khafre
    Khufu
    Menkauhor
    Menkaure
    Merenre I
    Meretites I
    Neferefre
    Neferirkare
    Nikanebti (in G 8158)
    Nikanebti (in G 8158)
    Nikaure (G 8158)
    Nikaure (in G 8158)
    Niuserre
    Pepi I
    Pepi II
    Ptahiutni (in Lepsius 77)
    Sahure
    Sekhemkare (G 8154)
    Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)
    Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)
    Shepseskaf
    Snefru
    Teti
    Tjenti (Lepsius 77)
    Unas
    Userkaf
  • Editor
    William Rainey Harper
  • Publisher
    University of Chicago Press
  • Author
    James Henry Breasted, American, 1865–1935

Tombs and Monuments 4

  • G 2370

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 8090

    • Site Name Central Field (Hassan)
  • G 8158

    • Site Name Central Field (Hassan)
  • Sphinx

    • Site Name Sphinx Complex

People 34

Ancient People

  • Debehen (G 8090)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8090. Chapel entrance architrave, drum and door reveals inscribed for Debehen, identified as [smr watj jmj-jb nb=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp Hrj-sStA n pr-dwAt jrj nfr-HAt sXkr Hr Hrj-wDbw m Hwt-anx xrp aH aD-mr Hr sbAw xntj pt jmj-r swt Spswt nt pr-aA mrjj nb=f] sole companion, who is in the heart of his lord, chief lector-priest, secretary of the House of Morning, keeper of the headdress, adorner of Horus, master of reversions-offerings in the Mansion of Life, director of the palace, administrator of the district 'Star-of-Horus-Foremost-of-Heaven', overseer of august places of the Great House, beloved of his lord; in situ in G 8090. Appears in chapel relief (seated on north wall), identified as [smr jr mrrt nb=f] companion, one who does what his lord loves; in situ in G 8090. Eastern jamb of entrance to second (northern) room inscribed for Debehen, identified as [Hrj-tp nxb] overlord of El-Kab; in situ in G 8090. Southern wall of second room inscribed for Debehen, identified as [nswt ... jmj-jb n nTr=f mrr nb=f mrj...] royal ..., who is in the heart of his god, beloved of his lord, who is beloved...; first half in situ in G 8090, second on slab found displaced in debris of second room. A number of fragmentary limestone slabs are inscribed with the name and titles of Debehen, identified as [(Hrj-sS)tA n nswt smr n jb nb=f] royal (secretary), companion and favorite of his lord; found displaced in debris of second room, probably originally from northern wall of second room. Poorly preserved false door inscribed for Debehen; in situ in western wall of second room of G 8090.
  • Djedefre

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 4. Son (?) of Khufu.
  • Djoser

    • Type Individual - Ancient
  • Henutsen (G I-c)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife of Khufu.
  • Hetepheres (in G 8158)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Nikaure (owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance.
  • Isesi

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks King of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [Dd-xaw] Djedkhau; other names: [Dd-kA-ra] Djedkare, [jssj] Isesi
  • Khafre

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khufu

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Menkauhor

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks King of Dynasty 5.
  • Menkaure

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.
  • Merenre I

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 6. Horus name: [anx-xaw] Ankhkhau; other names: [mrnra] Merenre
  • Meretites I

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife of Khufu and mother of Kawab (G 7120), Meresankh [II] (G 7410) and Meretites (G 7650). Appeared with her son on west wall of G 7120 chapel room b (tomb of Kawab), three fragments (24-12-1000, 24-12-1002 and possibly 24-12-1122) may belong to this scene; fragments found displaced in G 7120 chapel rooms c and d and space in between.
  • Neferefre

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks King of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [nfr-xaw] Neferkhau; other names: [nfr-f-ra] Neferefre.
  • Neferirkare

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 5.
  • Nikanebti (in G 8158)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Nikaure (owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht m swt=s nbt Hm-nTr Nt] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor MIstress-of-the-Sycamore in all her places, priestess of Neith.
  • Nikanebti (in G 8158)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Nikaure (owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance.
  • Nikaure (G 8158)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87, identified as [sA-nswt n Xt=f smsw tAjtj sAb TAtj] king's eldest son of his body, chief justice and vizier.
  • Nikaure (in G 8158)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Nikaure (owner of G 8158 = Lepsius 87), identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance.
  • Niuserre

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks King of Dynasty 5.
  • Pepi I

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 6.
  • Pepi II

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 6. Horus name: [nTr-xaw] Netjerkhau; other names: [nfr-kA-ra] Neferkare, [pjpj] Pepi
  • Ptahiutni (in Lepsius 77)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Tjenti (owner of Lepsius 77). Name and titles appear in dedicatory inscription on chapel entrance left door jamb, identified as [jmj-r Hmw-kA sS] overseer of ka-priests, scribe; in situ in Lepsius 77.
  • Sahure

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [nbxaw] Nebkhau; other names: [sAHwra] Sahure
  • Sekhemkare (G 8154)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 8154 (Lepsius 89). Entrance door jambs, right-hand reveal and drum inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f jrj-pat hAtj-a jmj js xtmw-bjtj Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp n jt=f smr watj Hrj-sStA n pr-dwAt aA dwAw Hrj-sStA n jt=f] king's son of his body, hereditary prince, count, councillor, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, chief lector-priest of his father, sole companion, secretary of the House of Morning, assistant of (the god) Duau, secretary of his father; in situ in G 8154. Appears seated with his mother on western wall and seated with his wife on eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [tAjtj sAb TAtj] chief justice and vizier; in situ in G 8154. Also appears seated with his mother on eastern wall of room a-2, identified as [xrp aH] director of the palace; in situ in G 8154. Western wall of room a-2 inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp sSw mDAt nt (jt=f) smr watj n jt=f wt jnpw] chief lector-priest, director of scribes of the documents of (his father), sole companion of his father, embalmer of Anubis; in situ in G 8154. Northern wall of room a-2 inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [jmAx xr jt=f nswt xr nTr aA xr nswt-bjtj xafra xr nswt-bjtj mnkAwra xr nswt-bjtj SpsskAf xr nswt-bjtj wsrkAf xr nswt-bjtj sAHwra] revered before his father the king, before the Great God, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Khafre, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Menkaure, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Shepseskaf, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Userkaf, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Sahure; in situ in G 8154.
  • Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2370. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Inti. Father of Senedjemib Mehi (owner of G 2378) and Khnumenti (owner of G 2374). Appears in chapel relief (throughout chapel), architectural elements (including portico facade, door jambs and displaced portico architrave) and false door inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [xrp sSw nbw Xrj-tp nswt jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r pr-aHAw mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r prwj-HD jmj-r jswj Xkr nswt jmj-r st nbt nt Xnw jmj-r prw msw nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt jmj-r Hwt-wrt sjsw jmj-r sDmt nbt jrj-pat HAtj-a tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt Hrj-Xb smr watj] controller of all scribes, royal chamberlain, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the armory, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two treasuries, overseer of the two chambers of royal regalia, overseer of every department of the Residence, overseer of the houses of the royal children, overseer of royal regalia, overseer of the six great law-courts, overseer of all that is judged, hereditary prince, count, chief justice and vizier, overseer of all royal works, overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, lector-priest, sole companion; in situ in G 2370. Limestone sarcophagus inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [HAtj-a mAa jntj tAjtj sAb TAtj snDmjb Xrj-tp nswt jntj] true count Inti, chief justice and vizier Senedjemib, royal chamberlain Inti; in situ in burial chamber of G 2370 B. Possibly same individual as owner of Lepsius 10 (in Khafre Quarry). Similar titles found on entrance lintel of Lepsius 10, inscribed for Senedjemib Inti. Probably same individual whose name appears on fragmentary limestone architrave (35-9-17 = MFA 35.2033) inscribed for Tjetu; found displaced in G 2338 B (possibly originally from G 2343 = G 5511).
  • Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2378. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Mehi. Son of Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370). Portico architrave inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt jmj-jb n nswt m st=f nbt jmAxw xr nswt-bjtj Wnjs] hereditary prince, true count, overseer of all royal works, secretary of every royal decree, he who is in the heart of the king in all his places, revered before the King of Upper and Lower Egypt Unis; offering room false door inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [smr watj tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r sSw a nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt nb Xrj-tp nswt mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r prwj-aHAw jmj-r wabtj jmj-r prwj nbw jmj-r sSr nswt jmAxw xr Jssj] sole companion, chief justice and vizier, overseer of royal document scribes, overseer of all royal regalia, royal chamberlain, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the two armories, overseer of the two wabets, overseer of the two houses of gold, overseer of royal linen, revered before Isesi; also appears in chapel relief (thoughout chapel), identified as [jwn-knmt] iun-kenmut priest; false door and relief in situ in G 2378, portico reconstructed. Also appears in chapel relief (including portico west wall, door jambs, and offering room) in tomb of his father Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370), identified as [HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt] true count, overseer of all royal works; in situ in G 2370.
  • Shepseskaf

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Last king of Dynasty 4. Son of Menkaure. Horus name: [SpsXt] Shepseskhet.
  • Snefru

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 4. Father of Khufu.
  • Teti

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 6.
  • Tjenti (Lepsius 77)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of Lepsius 77. Name and titles appear on architectural fragments (jambs and drum lintels of doorways), identified as [rx nswt Hrj-sStA wabt nswt jmj-r gs-pr jmntt] royal acquaintance, secretary of the royal wabet, overseer of the gs-pr of the necropolis; in situ in Lepsius 77.
  • Unas

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Last king of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [wAD-tAwj]; other names: [wnjs] Unis
  • Userkaf

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [jrjmAat] Irymaat.

Modern People

  • James Henry Breasted

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1865–1935
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Father of Mr. Charles Breasted; Visitor from Chicago. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • William Rainey Harper

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates

Institutions 1