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Greywacke triad with figures of Menkaure, Hathor, and Diospolis Parva nome goddess (Bat); perfect condition. [triad no. 4 = published statue no. 12]


  • ID
  • Department
    Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Classification
  • Findspot
    Menkaure Valley Temple (MVT / corridor III 4, W side)
  • Material
  • Dimensions
    95.5 x 61 x 38 cm
  • Credit Line
    Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston accession number
  • Mycerinus publication number
  • Cairo Special Register number
  • Object Ownership Information
    MFA deaccessioned; returned to Egyptian Museum, Cairo (EMC_JE_46499)
  • Period
    Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Menkaure
  • Owner
  • Object owned by
    Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Notes
    This object was excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition, but was not recorded in any object register book. 1908: Excavated by the Harvard University–Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1909: assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt. (Deaccessioned June 2, 1910 and returned to Egyptian Museum, Cairo, EMC_JE_46499)
  • Remarks
    MFA 09.201 deaccessioned; returned to Egyptian Museum, Cairo (JE 46499)

Published Documents 17

Full Bibliography

  • Arnold, Dieter. "Old Kingdom Statues in their Architectural Setting." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, pp. 41-2.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Menkaure Dyad(s)." In Stephen E. Thompson and Peter Der Manuelian, eds. Egypt and Beyond: Essays Presented to Leonard H. Lesko upon his Retirement from the Wilbour Chair of Egyptology at Brown University June 2005. Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, 2008, pp. 121, 129, 134, 136, 138, figs, 9, 14c, 17d, 21e, 26.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Cultic Relationship of the Menkaure Triads to the Small Step Pyramids." In Filip Coppens, Jiři Janák, and Hana Vymazlová, eds. Royal versus Divine Authority: Acquisition, Legitimization and Renewal of Power. 7th Symposium on Egyptian Royal Ideology, Prague, June 26-28, 2013. Wiesbade: Harrassowitz, 2015, pp. 95, 98, 104-105; figures 1b, 3.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "Economic Implications of the Menkaure Triads." In Manuelian, Peter Der, and Thomas Schneider, eds. Towards a New History for the Egyptian Old Kingdom. Harvard Egyptological Studies 1. Leiden: Brill, 2015, pp. 19, 20, 21, 49; figures 2.1b, 2.2c.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Names of Menkaure." In Kamil O. Kuraszkiewicz, Edyta Kopp, and Daniel Takács, eds. 'The Perfection that Endures... ': Studies on Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Warsaw: Department of Egyptology - Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw, 2018, p. 113; plate XIX.2.
    Grzymski, Krzysztof. "Royal Statuary." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 54.

    Hawass, Zahi. "A Statue of Menkaure Found in Luxor." In Eva-Maria Engel, Vera Müller & Ulrich Hartung, eds. Zeichen aus dem Sand. Streiflichter aus Ägyptens Geschichte zu Ehren von Günter Dreyer. MENES 5. Wiesbaden: Harassowitz Verlag, 2008, p. 216.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 145.

    Petrie, W. M. Flinders. The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh. London: Histories & Mysteries of Man Ltd., 1990 (1st ed. London: Field and Tuer, 1883), p. 106.

    Reisner, George A. Mycerinus: The Temples of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931, p. 109.

    Rowe, Alan. "Studies in the Archaeology of the Near East II: Some Facts Concerning the Gread Pyramids of el-Gîza and Their Royal Constructors." Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 44, No. 1 (September 1961), p. 117.

    Rzepka, Slawomir. "Some Remarks on Two Mycerinus Group Statues." Göttinger Miszellen 166 (1998), pp. 78-79, 85, fig. 1.

    Sethe, Kurt. Urkunden des Alten Reichs. Erster Band. Urkunden des Ägyptischen Altertums Abteilung 1, Hft. 1-4. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1903/1933, p. 159 [9 (100) B].

    Simpson, William Kelly. "Grammar of Egyptian Statuary: The Old Kingdom." In Bettina Schmitz, ed. Festschrift Arne Eggebrecht zum 65. Geburtstag am 12. März 2000. Hildesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge 48. Hildesheim: Gerstenberg Verlag, 2002, pp. 112-113.

    Unsigned. "The Dawn of Civilization in Egypt: Tracing the Culture of the Egyptians nearly to the Stone Age--Mummies Not of Ancient Origin--The Secret of the Sphinx Revealed." Science Conspectus 2, No. 3 (February 1912), p. 77.

    Wood, Wendy. "A Reconstruction of the Triads of King Mycerinus." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 60 (1974), pp. 82, 85-87, 89-90, pl. XXIV.1.

    Woods, Alexandra. "Contribution to a Controversy: A Date For the Tomb of kA(=j)-m-anx at Giza." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 95 (2009), p. 169, note 70.

People 1

Ancient People

  • Menkaure

    • Type Owner
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.

Institutions 1