Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Sekhemkare (G 8154)
  • Attested
    Djedef[...] (in G 8154)
    Heknu (in G 8154)
    Heknuhedjet (in G 8154)
    Horkhaf (in G 8154)
    In (in G 8154)
    Kek (in G 8154)
    Khafreankh (in G 8154)
    Khafrebaf (in G 8154)
    Khufu[...]et (in G 8154)
    Merrekh (in G 8154)
    Neb (in G 8154)
    Nimaatre (in G 8154)
    Sekhemkare (in G 8154)
  • Excavator
    (Karl) Richard Lepsius, German, 1810–1884
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Lepsius No
    LG 89
    L.89
    Lepsius 89
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
    75
  • Hassan No.
    Sekhem-ka-Ra'
  • Baer Date
    Khafre to Menkaure
  • PorterMoss Date
    Khafre to early Dynasty 5
  • Site Type
    Rock-cut tomb
  • Shafts
    S 805; S 806; S 807; S 808; S 809; outer chapel; inner chapel
  • Remarks
    Rock-cut mastaba along western edge of Central Field, against west side of G 8156 (Lepsius 88), east of G 8146 (Lepsius 89-x) which is east of G 8140 (Neuserre). Excavated in 1932-1933 by Hassan.

Finds 3

Maps & Plans 4

Drawings 4

Published Documents 10

Unpublished Documents 18

Full Bibliography

  • Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Funerary Boats and Boat Pits of the Old Kingdom." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2002, pp. 277-278.

    Harpur, Yvonne. "The Identity and Positions of Relief Fragments in Museums and Private Collections." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 71 (1985), pp. 40-42, fig. 10.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 4: 1932-1933. Cairo: Government Press, 1943, pp. 71-73, 103-123, figs. 53-70, pls. 33-35.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, H/G-9.

    Jánosi, Peter. Giza in der 4 Dynastie: Die Baugeschichte und Belegung einer Nekropole des Alten Reiches. Band. 1: Die Mastabas der Kernfriedhöfe und die Felsgräber. Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie 30. Untesuchungen der Zweigstelle Kairo des Österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes 24. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2005, fig. 71 after p. 302.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Gab es Kronprinzen in der 4. Dynastie?" Göttinger Miszellen 158 (1997), pp. 26, 28, notes 66, 77.

    Jánosi, Peter. "The Queens of the Old Kingdom and their Tombs." Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 3 (1992), pp. 52, 57, note 8.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, p. 49 [46].

    Lehner, Mark. "Giza. A Contextual Approach to the Pyramids." Archiv für Orientforschung 32 (1985), p. 149.

    Lepsius, Denkmaeler Text 1, pp. 108-111.

    Mariette, Auguste. Les mastabas de l'ancien empire. Paris: F. Vieweg, 1889, pp. 546-547.

    Pieke, Gabriele. "Der Grabherr und die Lotosblume. Zu Lokalen und Geschlechtsspezifischen Traditionen eines Motivkreises." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 262-263, 268, 276, Abb. 3.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 974, pp. 233-234, plans 21, C-2, 32.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, pp. 223-224, fig. 128.

    Sethe, Kurt. Urkunden des Alten Reichs. Erster Band. Urkunden des Ägyptischen Altertums Abteilung 1, Hft. 1-4. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1903/1933, p. 166 [15 (106)].

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom in Egypt," The Cambridge Ancient History, rev. ed. of vols. I & II, Cambridge University Press, 1962, p. 33.

Photos 4

People 16

Ancient People

  • Djedef[...] (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (figure and name only partially preserved) carrying bird on stone slab originally from entrance door left-hand reveal; found in debris in front of entrance to G 8154.
  • Heknu (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (figure only partially preserved) on stone slab originally from entrance door left-hand reveal; found in debris in front of entrance to G 8154.
  • Heknuhedjet (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]) and wife of Khafre. Appears seated with her son on western wall of room a1, identified as [wrt Hts (Hmt nswt) mrt=f] great one of the hetes-scepter, (king's wife), his beloved; in situ in G 8154. Also appears seated with her son on eastern wall of room a2, identified as [mAAt (Hr) stX Hm-nTr bApf(?)] seer of Horus and Seth, priestess of Bapef(?); in situ in G 8154.
  • Horkhaf (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]). Appears kneeling before his parents in top register of eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8154.
  • In (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (name perhaps incompletely preserved) carrying bird to Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]) in second register of eastern wall of room a-1; in situ in G 8154.
  • Kek (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in third register of eastern wall of room a2, identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; in situ in G 8154.
  • Khafreankh (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]). Appears kneeling before his parents in top register of eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8154.
  • Khafrebaf (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]). Appears kneeling before his parents in top register of eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8154.
  • Khufu[...]et (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]). Appears (name not completely legible) seated with her husband on eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8154. Possibly also appears on entrance door right-hand reveal seated with her husband (name not preserved); in situ in G 8154.
  • Merrekh (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in badly damaged second register of western wall of room a1, identified as [sS n pr-Dt] scribe of the House of Eternity; in situ in G 8154.
  • Neb (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears carrying bird (not preserved) to Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]) in second register of eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; in situ in G 8154.
  • Nimaatre (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears carrying birds to Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]) in second register of eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 8154.
  • Sekhemkare (G 8154)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8154 (Lepsius 89). Entrance door jambs, right-hand reveal and drum inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f jrj-pat hAtj-a jmj js xtmw-bjtj Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp n jt=f smr watj Hrj-sStA n pr-dwAt aA dwAw Hrj-sStA n jt=f] king's son of his body, hereditary prince, count, councillor, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, chief lector-priest of his father, sole companion, secretary of the House of Morning, assistant of (the god) Duau, secretary of his father; in situ in G 8154. Appears seated with his mother on western wall and seated with his wife on eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [tAjtj sAb TAtj] chief justice and vizier; in situ in G 8154. Also appears seated with his mother on eastern wall of room a-2, identified as [xrp aH] director of the palace; in situ in G 8154. Western wall of room a-2 inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp sSw mDAt nt (jt=f) smr watj n jt=f wt jnpw] chief lector-priest, director of scribes of the documents of (his father), sole companion of his father, embalmer of Anubis; in situ in G 8154. Northern wall of room a-2 inscribed for Sekhemkare, identified as [jmAx xr jt=f nswt xr nTr aA xr nswt-bjtj xafra xr nswt-bjtj mnkAwra xr nswt-bjtj SpsskAf xr nswt-bjtj wsrkAf xr nswt-bjtj sAHwra] revered before his father the king, before the Great God, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Khafre, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Menkaure, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Shepseskaf, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Userkaf, before the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Sahure; in situ in G 8154.
  • Sekhemkare (in G 8154)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Eldest son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Sekhemkare (owner of G 8154 [Lepsius 89]). Appears kneeling before his parents in top register of eastern wall of room a-1, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8154.

Modern People

  • (Karl) Richard Lepsius

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1810–1884
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.