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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Seshemnefer [II] (G 5080)
  • Attested
    Henutsen (in G 5080)
    Hetep (in G 5080)
    Hetepti (in G 5080)
    Isi (in G 5080)
    Itji (in G 5080)
    Khentka (in G 5080)
    Meretites (in G 5080)
    Meretites (in G 5080)
    Nedjem (in G 5080)
    Nedjetempet (in G 5080)
    Neferhetepre (in G 5080)
    Neferi (east of G 2180 and G 5080)
    Pehenptah (in G 5080)
    Pehenptah (in G 5080)
    Rahetep (in G 5080)
    Rawer (in G 5080)
    Seshemnefer [III] (G 5170)
    Seshemnefer-nedjes (in G 5080)
    Setju (in G 5080)
    Tjena (in G 5080)
    Weri (in G 5080)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Alternate Reisner No
    G 2200
    e
  • PorterMoss Date
    Niuserre
  • Baer Date
    Dynasty 5: Niuserre
  • Harpur Date
    Niuserre
  • Jacquet-Gordon Date
    Niuserre
  • Kanawati Date
    Late Sahure - Niuserre
  • idem Date
    Probably 2nd half of Niuserre
  • Strudwick Date
    Early in the reign of Niuserre
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 5080 A; G 5080 B; G 5080 C; G 5080 Z; G 5080 Chapel a; G 5080 Chapel b; G 5080 Chapel c; G 5080 Chapel d; G 5080 Chapel e
  • Remarks
    In the 1912 excavation season, Reisner called this mastaba e. This mastaba was subsequently called G 2200 until it was definitively called G 5080. In his unpublished manuscript for The History of the Giza Necropolis II, Appendix A: Cemetery en Échelon, page 18, George A. Reisner mentions finding the upper part of a stela (accession number MFA 12.1393) in G 5082. No other references to G 5082 have been found to date. It is either an otherwise unrecorded tomb between G 5080 and G 2180, or G 5082 is new number he planned on renaming one of the smaller tombs found there. Shaft Z, an otherwise unrecorded pit, is mentioned on diary pages (Vol.26.p.1238 and Vol.26.p.1239). It is located in the street west of G 5080, probably just west of shaft B (i.e. the southern half of the tomb).

Finds 89

Excavation Diary Pages 59

Maps & Plans 11

Drawings 94

Published Documents 18

Unpublished Documents 195

Full Bibliography

  • Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Presenting the nDt-Hr Offerings to the Tomb Owner." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 25-26.

    Arnold, Dieter. "Old Kingdom Statues in their Architectural Setting." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, pp. 45-46, fig. 24.

    Brovarski, Edward. "A Triad for Pehenptah." Warsaw Egyptological Studies I. Essays in honour of Prof. Dr. Jadwiga Lipinska. Warsaw: National Museum "Pro-Egipt," 1997, p. 263, note 9.

    Delvaux, Luc and Eugène Warmenbol. "Trois Seshemnefer et Trente-Six Domaines." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 84 (1998), p. 66.

    Fischer, Henry G. Varia Nova. Egyptian Studies 3. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996, pp. 94, 101, pl. 13b.

    Fisher, Clarence S. "The Harvard University -- Museum of Fine Arts Egyptian Expedition." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 11, No. 62 (April 1913), p. 20, unnumbered fig.

    Galvin, Marianne. "The Hereditary Status of the Titles of the Cult of Hathor." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 70 (1984), p. 45.

    Gamer-Wallert, Ingrid."Die bewegte Geschichte der Mastaba Seschemnofers III. (G 5170)." Sokar 9 (2. Halbjahr, 2004), pp. 30, 33, unnumbered plan on p. 29.

    Jacquet-Gordon, Domaines funéraires, 243-4 (20G5), fig. 50.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 33, 187-192, figs. 1,4-5, 33-35, pl. 14 [c].

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 7. Der Ostabschnitt des Westfriedhofs, Erster Teil. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 72, Abhandlung 3. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1944, plan after pl. 40.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G204.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Kaiemankh (G 4561) and Seshemnefer I (G 4940), Volume I. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 16. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2001, pp. 54-55.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Seshathetep/Heti (G 5150), Nesutnefer (G 4970) and Seshemnefer II (G 5080), Volume 2. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 18. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2002, pp. 7, 51-64, pls. 24-32, 58-65.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Hemiunu, Pehenptah, and German/American Collaboration at the Giza Necropolis (Giza Archives Project Gleanings: II)." In Antje Spiekermann, ed. Zur Zierde gereicht. . . Festschrift Bettina Schmitz zum 60. Geburtstag am 24. Juli 2008, HIldesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge 50. Hildesheim: Verlag Gebrüder Gerstenberg, 2008, p. 35.

    Pieke, Gabriele. "Der Grabherr und die Lotosblume. Zu Lokalen und Geschlechtsspezifischen Traditionen eines Motivkreises." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 269, 272, 277, Abb. 8.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 146-148, plan 16.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, pp. 214-215, 311, 321, 325, 328, 330, 344.

    Reisner, George A., and Clarence S. Fisher. "Preliminary Report on the Work of the Harvard-Boston Expedition in 1911-13." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte 13 (1914), pp. 227-252.

    Reisner, George A., and William Stevenson Smith. The Tomb of Hetep-Heres the Mother of Cheops: a Study of Egyptian Civilization in the Old Kingdom. A History of the Giza Necropolis 2. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1955, p. 51, figs. 50-51.

    Shaheen, Alaa el-din M. "'Water Carrier' or the Like in the Ancient Egyptian Sources and Its Resemblance to Dilmun Glyptic Art." In Zahi Hawass and Janet Richards, eds. The Archaeology and Art of Ancient Egypt. Essays in Honor of David B. O'Connor, Vol. II. Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, Cahier no. 36. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2007, pp. 373, 377.

    Simpson, William Kelly. Mastabas of the Western Cemetery, Part 1: Sekhemka (G 1029); Tjetu I (G 2001); Iasen (G 2196); Penmeru (G 2197); Hagy, Nefertjentet, and Herunefer (G 2352/53); Djaty, Tjetu II, and Nimesti (G 2337X, 2343, 2366). Giza Mastabas 4. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1980, pp. vii, 3, 18.

    Simpson, William Kelly. "Topographical Notes on Giza Mastabas." In Manfred Görg and Edgar Pusch, eds. Festschrift Elmar Edel 12. März 1979. Ägypten und Altes Testament 1. Bamberg, 1979, p. 491, fig. 1.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "Inscriptional Evidence for the History of the Fourth Dynasty." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 11 (1952), pp. 120, 127, fig. 8.

    Smith, William Stevenson. A History of Egyptian Sculpture and Painting in the Old Kingdom. London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, Oxford University Press on behalf of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1946, p. 165, figs. 141, 234-236, 287, pl. 47.

Photos 196

People 24

Ancient People

  • Henutsen (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080); Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, seated with her husband at offering table), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore; in situ in G 5080. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief south of south false door), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr Nt wptt wAwt Hm-nTr HwtHr swt=s nb] royal acquaintance, priestess of Neith Opener-of-the-Ways and of Hathor in all her places; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Hetep (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Limestone lintel (33-1-71) inscribed for Hetep, identified as [jrj nbw pr-aA jmj-r pr Ddfra xntj-S wab nswt] keeper of the gold of the Great House, steward of Djedefre, palace attendant, royal wab-priest; found displaced in G 5080 B.
  • Hetepti (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), north wall (bottom register, third figure from left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 5080.
  • Isi (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), north wall (second register from bottom, fourth figure from left, carrying hyena), name and title very poorly preserved, identified as [jrj ...] custodian of ... ; in situ in G 5080.
  • Itji (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), east wall (bottom register, second figure from right, picking up bird); in situ in G 5080.
  • Khentka (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), east wall (top register, depicted as scribe); in situ in G 5080.
  • Meretites (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, kneeling beneath chair, middle figure); in situ in G 5080.
  • Meretites (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief south of south false door), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 5080.
  • Nedjem (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), north wall (bottom register, second figure from left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 5080.
  • Nedjetempet (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, kneeling beneath chair, figure on left); in situ in G 5080.
  • Neferhetepre (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, top register), and south wall (middle register of three registers fully preserved, figure on left), identified as [sS a nswt sAb sHD sSw] royal document scribe, juridicial inspector of scribes; in situ in G 5080.
  • Neferi (east of G 2180 and G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fragments of limestone false door (MFA 12.1393 + MFA 12.1498 + MFA 12.1515) inscribed for Neferi, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S Sps nswt smr pr] overseer of the department of palace attendants, noble of the king, companion of the house; found east of G 5080 (MFA 12.1393) and east of G 2180 (MFA 12.1498 and MFA 12.1515) (incorrectly attributed to G 2185 in P-M III, p. 81).
  • Pehenptah (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, third register) and south wall (middle register of three registers fully preserved, figure on right), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; in situ in G 5080. May be same individual as Pehenptah who appears on east wall.
  • Pehenptah (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), east wall (top register, first figure on left), only lower legs and part of name preserved; in situ in G 5080. May be same individual as son of Seshemnefer [II] who appears on south and west walls.
  • Rahetep (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), north wall (bottom register, first figure on left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 5080.
  • Rawer (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, second register) and south wall (middle register of three registers fully preserved, middle figure), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; in situ in G 5080.
  • Seshemnefer [III] (G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 5170. North and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer; also appears in chapel relief (west, south, east walls); identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f tAjtj sAb Tatj] king's son of his body, chief justice and vizier; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170. Son ([sA=f] his son) of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080) and Henutsen. Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, kneeling beneath chair, figure on right), south wall (upper register of three registers fully preserved, figure on left), and east wall (depicted as young boy standing in front of his father), identified as [jmj-r sSw a nswt] overseer of royal document scribes; in situ in G 5080.
  • Seshemnefer [II] (G 5080)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 5080. Pillars and jambs of court entrance and north and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer, identified as [jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nb nt nswt jmj-r kAt nb nswt sS Xrt-a nswt sS a nswt n sbAjt nswt Hrj-sStA n Xrt-a nswt jmj-r (pr) aHAw m prwj] overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, overseer of all royal works, scribe of the royal document-case, royal document scribe of the royal instructors, secretary of the royal document-case, overseer of (the house of) weapons in the two houses; also appears in chapel relief (west, south, and east walls); in situ in G 5080. Red granite sarcophagus (33-4-19 = Cairo JE 60541) inscribed for Seshemnefer; found in situ in G 5080 B.
  • Seshemnefer-nedjes (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Pehenptah ([pHnptH sA=f] Pehenptah, his son) and grandson of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, south wall (upper register of three registers fully preserved, figure on right); in situ in G 5080.
  • Setju (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Probable son of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, bottom register), identified as [sS] scribe; in situ in G 5080.
  • Tjena (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), north wall (bottom register, last figure on right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 5080.
  • Weri (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080), north wall (bottom register, fifth figure from left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 5080.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.