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*Original paper documents for Chapter 10 are in archival box K03 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934–1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Henri Gauthier, French, 1877–1950
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
    Émile Baraize, French, 1874–1952
    Djaty (G 7810)
    Horbaef (G 7410-7420)
    Kaemnefret (Mastaba III)
    Khuenre (MQ 1)
    Khufuankh (in G 7760)
    Menkaure
    Niankhre (Lepsius 52)
    Ptahsedjefa Fefi (G 8926)
    Rawer [III] (G 8310)
    Sekhemka (Mastaba IX)
    Seshemnefer [II] (G 5080)
    Setju (G 4710)
    Werirni (Werirni)
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 16

Photos 1

People 18

Ancient People

  • Djaty (G 7810)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Horbaef (G 7410-7420)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Horbaef, husband of Meresankh II, is buried in G 7420.
  • Kaemnefret (Mastaba III)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of Mastaba III. Granite sarcophagus (Hildesheim 3177) inscribed for Kaemnefret, identified as [Xrj-tp nswt] royal chamberlain; found in situ in Mastaba III shaft 66 burial chamber.
  • Khuenre (MQ 1)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of MQ 1. Son of Menkaure and Khamerernebty [II]. Appears in chapel relief, west wall (unnamed), east and south walls (depicted as young naked boy standing in front of his seated mother Khamerernebti on south wall), identified as [sA nswt smsw n Xt=f xrj-sStA n jt=f smr watj n jt=f] king's eldest son of his body, secretary of his father, sole companion of his father; in situ in Menkaure quarry cemetery MQ 1 = MQ 137. Limestone seated scribe statue (13-1-560 = MFA 13.3140) inscribed for Khuenre; found in Menkaure quarry cemetery MQ 1 = MQ 137.
  • Khufuankh (in G 7760)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Menkaure

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.
  • Niankhre (Lepsius 52)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of Lepsius 52. Most tomb decoration no longer extant, but name of tomb owner recorded by Lepsius.
  • Ptahsedjefa Fefi (G 8926)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 8926. Entrance lintel and drum inscribed for Fefi, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests; lintel found broken in fragments before entrance, drum in situ in G 8926. False door inscribed for Ptahsedjefa Fefi, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests; in situ in G 8926. Limestone sarcophagus (JE 66681) inscribed for Ptahsedjefa Fefi; found in burial chamber of G 8926.
  • Rawer [III] (G 8310)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 8310 = Lepsius 94.
  • Sekhemka (Mastaba IX)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of Mastaba IX. Lower portion of seated statue (Hildesheim 3262) inscribed for Sekhemka, identified as [Xrj-tp nswt sAb aD-mr Hm-kA mAat] royal chamberlain, judge and administrator, priest of Maat; found in Mastaba IX south exterior chapel. Also appears in chapel relief (name not preserved in most instances); in situ in Mastaba IX interior chapel.
  • Seshemnefer [II] (G 5080)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 5080. Pillars and jambs of court entrance and north and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer, identified as [jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nb nt nswt jmj-r kAt nb nswt sS Xrt-a nswt sS a nswt n sbAjt nswt Hrj-sStA n Xrt-a nswt jmj-r (pr) aHAw m prwj] overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, overseer of all royal works, scribe of the royal document-case, royal document scribe of the royal instructors, secretary of the royal document-case, overseer of (the house of) weapons in the two houses; also appears in chapel relief (west, south, and east walls); in situ in G 5080. Red granite sarcophagus (33-4-19 = Cairo JE 60541) inscribed for Seshemnefer; found in situ in G 5080 B.
  • Setju (G 4710)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4710. Architectural elements, including interior chapel entrance lintel, drum lintel, and door jambs, and false door including upper lintel (tablet = Brooklyn 37.34E, various parts of jambs = Berlin 1125-1127, upper lintel = Berlin 1149) inscribed for Setju; also appears in chapel relief (west wall); identified as [smr watj xrp aH Hrj-sStA n pr-dwAt Hrj-wDbw Hwt-anx Hrj-tp nxb (Hrj-tp) DAt] sole companion, director of the palace, secretary of the House of Morning, master of reversion-offerings in the Mansion of Life, chief of Nekheb, supervisor of the wardrobe; found in G 4710.
  • Werirni (Werirni)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of Werirni (unnumbered mastaba, located between G 7810 and G 7820, excavated by the Service des Antiquités). Granite sarcophagus (Cairo JE 48078 = CG 6007) inscribed for Werirni, identified as [jrj-pat xtmw-bjtj mdw Hp sAw nxn r p nb smr watj HAtj-a jmj js Hrj-tp nxb Hrj-tp DAt] hereditary prince, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, herdsman of Apis, guardian of Nekhen, mouth of every Butite, sole companion, count, councillor, chief of Nekheb, supervisor of the wardrobe; from shaft of mastaba of Werirni.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Henri Gauthier

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates French, 1877–1950
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.
  • Émile Baraize

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates French, 1874–1952
    • Remarks French engineer working for the Service des Antiquities who excavated around the Sphinx from 1926-1936.