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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Kaemnefret (Mastaba III)
  • Excavator
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Reisner No
    G I S No.2
    G II S
  • Junker No
    M. III
  • PorterMoss Date
    Menkaure
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    S 66; S 67; S 81; chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba is one of nine major tombs (as well as two "potential" ones) built in line along south side of Khufu Pyramid, east of Mastaba I and west of Mastaba IV. Junker assigned numbers I to XI for this row of mastabas. Mastaba II was not assigned as the space where II would have been was filled with collection of smaller mastabas. Reisner assigned numbers I to X sequentially to the nine major mastabas that were actually built (and Lepsius 52 = Junker's Mastaba V = Reisner's G IV S).

Finds 4

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 6

Unpublished Documents 13

Full Bibliography

  • Flentye, Laurel. "The Development of Art in the Eastern and GIS Cemeteries at Giza during the Fourth Dynasty: Iconography and Style." In Jean-Claude Goyon and Christine Cardin, eds. Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Egyptologists, Grenoble, 6-12 septembre 2004, vol. I. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 150. Leuven: Uitgeveru Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies, 2007, p. 734, fig. 2.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Aspects of Mastaba Development: The Position of Shafts and the Identification of Tomb Owners." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, p. 343-344, 349, fig. 5

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 10. Der Friedhof südlich der Cheopspyramide: Westteil. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 74, Abhandlung 1. Vienna: Rudolph M. Rohrer, 1951, pp. 18-38, figs. 4, 5, 8-16, pls. 2-3, 8, 10, 13, 16, 23, plan 1 of 2 after p. 211.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G270.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 218, plan 19.

Photos 25

People 2

Ancient People

  • Kaemnefret (Mastaba III)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of Mastaba III. Granite sarcophagus (Hildesheim 3177) inscribed for Kaemnefret, identified as [Xrj-tp nswt] royal chamberlain; found in situ in Mastaba III shaft 66 burial chamber.

Modern People

  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.