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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Kakhent (G 2088)
    Pehenptah (G 2088)
  • Attested
    Ankhmaes (in G 2088)
    Hetepenes(?) (in G 2088)
    Katjesu (in G 2088)
    Neferkhennisut (in G 2088)
    Nefretinet (in G 2088)
    Nefretser(?) (in G 2088)
    Nenankh (in G 2088)
    Neni (in G 2088)
    Niankhhathor (in G 2088)
    Seteskau (in G 2088)
    Setimu (in G 2088)
    [...]khu (in G 2088)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Alternate Reisner No
    G 2088a
    G 2088b
  • PorterMoss Date
    Dynasty 4-5
  • Reisner Date
    Niuserre to Unis
  • Roth Date
    Niuserre - Djedkare - Unis
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 2088 A; G 2088 B; G 2088 C; G 2088 D; G 2088 E; G 2088 F; G 2088 X; G 2088 Y; G 2088 Z; G 2088a A; G 2088b A; G 2088 Serdab 1; G 2088 Serdab 2; G 2088 Chapel

Finds 40

Excavation Diary Pages 25

  • Vol.32.p.638

    • Diary page dates 04/03/1938; 04/04/1938; 04/05/1938; 04/06/1938; 04/07/1938
  • Vol.32.p.639

    • Diary page dates 04/08/1938; 04/09/1938; 04/10/1938
  • Vol.32.p.640

    • Diary page dates 04/09/1938
  • Vol.32.p.641

    • Diary page dates 04/11/1938; 04/12/1938; 04/13/1938; 04/14/1938
  • Vol.32.p.642

    • Diary page dates 04/14/1938
  • Vol.32.p.643

    • Diary page dates 04/15/1938 through 04/21/1938
  • Vol.32.p.644

    • Diary page dates 04/21/1938; 04/22/1938; 04/23/1938; 04/24/1938
  • Vol.32.p.646

    • Diary page dates 04/27/1938; 04/28/1938
  • Vol.32.p.647

    • Diary page dates 04/28/1938
  • Vol.32.p.648

    • Diary page dates 04/29/1938; 04/30/1938
  • Vol.32.p.649

    • Diary page dates 04/30/1938
  • Vol.32.p.651

    • Diary page dates 05/01/1938; 05/02/1938
  • Vol.32.p.652

    • Diary page dates 05/02/1938; 05/03/1938; 05/04/1938
  • Vol.32.p.664

    • Diary page dates 05/12/1938; 05/13/1938
  • Vol.33.p.744

    • Diary page dates 01/19/1939
  • Vol.33.p.747

    • Diary page dates 01/20/1939; 01/21/1939
  • Vol.33.p.755

    • Diary page dates 02/16/1939; 02/17/1939; 02/18/1939; 02/19/1939
  • Vol.33.p.759

    • Diary page dates 02/27/1939; 02/28/1939; 03/01/1939
  • Vol.33.p.760

    • Diary page dates 03/01/1939; 03/02/1939
  • Vol.33.p.761

    • Diary page dates 03/02/1939; 03/03/1939
  • Vol.33.p.762

    • Diary page dates 03/03/1939; 03/04/1939; 03/05/1939; 03/06/1939
  • Vol.33.p.763

    • Diary page dates 03/07/1939; 03/08/1939; 03/09/1939; 03/10/1939
  • Vol.33.p.764

    • Diary page dates 03/11/1939; 03/12/1939; 03/13/1939; 03/14/1939; 03/15/1939
  • Vol.33.p.766

    • Diary page dates 03/16/1939; 03/17/1939; 03/18/1939; 03/19/1939
  • Vol.34.p.865

    • Diary page dates 01/03/1940

Maps & Plans 33

Drawings 33

Published Documents 6

Unpublished Documents 40

Full Bibliography

  • Bolshakov, Andrey. "Osiris in the Fourth Dynasty Again? The False Door of Jntj, MFA 31.781." In Hedvig Györy, ed. Mélanges offerts à Edith Varga. Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts Supplément-2001, Budapest: Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts, 2001, p. 79.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kats. G101-G102.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 69.

    Roth, Ann Macy. A Cemetery of Palace Attendants: Including G 2084-2099, G 2230+2231, and G 2240. Giza Mastabas 6. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1995, pp. 80 -90, fig. 55, pls. 25(b) - 31(c), 35(c), 146-152.

    Roth, Ann Macy. "The Meaning of Menial Labor: 'Servant Statues' in Old Kingdom Serdabs." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 39 (2002), pp. 111-112.

Photos 129

People 15

Ancient People

  • Ankhmaes (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Secondary false door inscribed for Ankhmaes, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 2088, north of entrance to inner chapel. Fragmentary (incomplete) inscribed limestone servant statue (38-4-2 = Cairo JE 72139); two female figures on one base, Nefretinet squatting (proprer right) and Ankhmaes standing (proper left); found in G 2088.
  • Hetepenes(?) (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fragmentary (incomplete) limestone servant statue of brewer (39-3-4 + 38-4-8) inscribed for Hetepenes(?); found in G 2088.
  • Kakhent (G 2088)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner (along with son Pehenptah) of G 2088. North false door inscribed for Kakhent, identified as [sHD xntjw-S ... pr-aA] inspector of palace attendants, ... of the Great House; in situ in G 2088. Also appears in chapel relief, two blocks of relief (figure of Kakhent seated at offering table), identified as [sHD xntjw-S pr-aA rx nswt] inspector of palace attendants of the Great House, royal acquaintance; found in G 2088, originally from west wall of chapel. Inscribed architrave (bearing name of Kakhent); found displaced, originally from G 2088 portico. Drum lintel (Chicago Field Museum 31733) inscribed for Kakhent, identified as [sHD xntjw-S pr-aA]; findspot unknown, possibly originally from G 2088 (based on identical title and spelling of Kakhent's name in both places with the [kA]-arms hieroglyph rather than the more commonly found [k]-cup).
  • Katjesu (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fragment of limestone servant statue (38-4-17 = MFA 38.2155) inscribed for Katjesu; found in G 2088.
  • Neferkhennisut (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Limestone seated statue (38-4-1 = MFA 38.2146.1 + MFA 38.2146.2) inscribed for Neferkhennisut; found in G 2088.
  • Nefretinet (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fragmentary (incomplete) inscribed limestone servant statue (38-4-2 = Cairo JE 72139); two female figures on one base, Nefretinet squatting (proprer right) and Ankhmaes standing (proper left); found in G 2088.
  • Nefretser(?) (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f smsw(t)] his eldest daughter) of Kakhent. Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second from left in row of squatting figures); in situ in G 2088. Roth suggests (based on uncertainty of last two signs in name) "... it would be tempting to read the signs Nfrt-jnt, equating her with the woman who is sieving grain in the double model 38-4-2."
  • Nenankh (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Limestone servant statue (38-4-3 = MFA 38.2147) inscribed for Nenankh, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; found in G 2088. Possibly same Nenankh as son of Redi (owner of G 2086).
  • Neni (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fragments of limestone seated statue (38-4-9 = MFA 38.2150 front of base with feet + 38-4-15 = MFA 38.2153 proper right hand + 39-4-25 unaccessioned seat with lower body of figure: .1 = seat and legs, .2 = part of proper right arm) inscribed for Neni, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; found in G 2088.
  • Niankhhathor (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) in chapel relief in tomb of Kakhent and Pehenptah (owners of G 2088), east wall (last on left in row of squatting daughters of Kakhent); in situ in G 2088. Roth suggests she is another daughter of Kakhent.
  • Pehenptah (G 2088)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner (along with Kakhent) of G 2088. Son ([sA=f] his son) of Kakhent. Displaced north door jamb of courtyard entrance with standing figure of Pehenptah, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; displaced architrave from portico inscribed for Pehenptah, identified as [sHD xntjw-S pr-aA] inspector of palace attendants of the Great House; found in G 2088.
  • Seteskau (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sA(t)=f] his daughter) of Kakhent. Appears in chapel relief, east wall (third from left, playing harp, in row of squatting figures); in situ in G 2088.
  • Setimu (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Base of limestone servant statue (39-3-3) inscribed for Setimu; found in G 2088.
  • [...]khu (in G 2088)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter (?) (could read either [sA=f] his son or [sAt=f] his daughter) of Kakhent (owner of G 2088). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (fourth figure from left, playing harp, in row of squatting figures, name only partially preserved); in situ in G 2088. Roth suggests "text is faint enough to allow the possibility that this was a daughter." This seems likely, as most harp players at this time were usually female.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.