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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Khufuankh (G 4520)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Attested
    Djefatka (in G 4520)
    Iaunisut (in G 4520)
    Iti (in G 4520)
    Iumenib (in G 4520)
    Iupu (in G 4520)
    Kap (in G 4520)
    Khabaukhufu (in G 4520)
    Khufumernetjeru (in G 4520)
    Medj-dineti (?) (in G 4520)
    Menkaure-ankh (in G 4520)
    Meretites (in G 4520)
    Sutiuf (in G 4520)
  • Kanawati Date
    Userkaf
  • Reisner Date
    Userkaf
  • Baer Date
    Later Dynasty 5
  • PorterMoss Date
    Userkaf or late Dynasty 5
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 4520 A; G 4520 Serdab; G 4520 Chapel

Finds 44

Excavation Diary Pages 16

Maps & Plans 20

Drawings 30

Published Documents 8

Unpublished Documents 97

Full Bibliography

  • Kanawati, Egyptian Administration, pp. 111, 154 (242).

    García, Juan Carlos Moreno. "A New Old Kingdom Inscription from Giza (CGC 57163), and the Problem of sn-Dt in Pharaonic Third Millennium Society." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 93 (2007), pp. 122, 131.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G183.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 129-130, plan 15.

    Reisner, George A. "Accessions to the Egyptian Department During 1914." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 13, No. 76 (April 1915), p. 31.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, pp. 215-216, 503-507, fig. 204, pls. 65, 66, 67a-d.

    Reisner, unpublished manuscript, Box L 13, Description of Mastabas in Cemetery G 4000, pp. 59-62.

    Reisner, George A., and Clarence S. Fisher. "Preliminary Report on the Work of the Harvard-Boston Expedition in 1911-13." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte 13 (1914), pp. 227-252.

    Reisner, George A., and William Stevenson Smith. The Tomb of Hetep-Heres the Mother of Cheops: a Study of Egyptian Civilization in the Old Kingdom. A History of the Giza Necropolis 2. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1955, p. 52, fig. 54.

    Smith, Anc. Eg. (1942 and 1952) 36, 1960, pp. 38, 41.

Photos 93

People 14

Ancient People

  • Djefatka (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Limestone seated family group statue (14-3-4a = MFA 14.1445.1 + 14-3-4b = MFA 14.445.2) of Khufuankh, his wife Djefatka, and son Menkaure-ankh; found between G 4620 and G 4530 (SW of G 4630), originally from G 4520. Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht Hm-nTr Nt wpt wAwt mHtt jnb=s] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore, priestess of Neith Opener-of-the-Ways north of her wall; found in situ in G 4520. Limestone offering stone (14-4-49 = MFA 47.1634) inscribed for Khufuankh and his wife Djefatka; found in situ in front of false door.
  • Iaunisut (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Father (jt=f] his father) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, inner south jamb, identified as [rx nswt xntj-S] royal acquaintance, palace attendant; found in situ in G 4520. Small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu, identified as [xntj-S] palace attendant; found in situ in exterior chapel of G 4520.
  • Iti (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), outer north jamb (standing figures of Djefatka, Meretites, and Iti), identified as [sn(t) Dt] sister of the funerary estate; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Iumenib (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), left flange of tablet (one of three men facing right, figure on right), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Iupu (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, inner north jamb, identified as [xntt-S] palace attendant; found in situ in G 4520. Small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu; found in situ in exterior chapel of G 4520.
  • Kap (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), left flange of tablet (one of three men facing right, figure on left), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; found in situ in G 4520. Might be same Kap (possible owner of G 4522) attested on fragmentary limestone standing pair statue (14-3-16 + 14-3-23 + 14-3-32 = MFA 21.2602) inscribed for Kap (identified as [jrj-xtmt n pr-aA xntj-S] he who is in charge of the sealed goods of the Great House, palace attendant) and his wife Hy and fragment of limestone seated pair statue (14-3-31 = MFA 14.1461) inscribed for Kap, identified as [rx nswt xntj-S n pr-aA jmAxw xr nTr aA] royal acquaintance, palace attendant of the Great House, revered before the Great God (belongs with 14-3-24 = MFA 14.1455, fragment of limestone seated pair statue inscribed for Niankhhathor); attributed to G 4522.
  • Khabaukhufu (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), right flange of tablet (one of three men facing left, figure on left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Khufuankh (G 4520)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 4520. Limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, identified as [rx nswt xntj-S pr-aA Hsw jmj-r Hsw pr-aA jmj-r sbjw] royal acquaintance, palace attendant of the Great House, singer, overseer of singers of the Great House, overseer of flautists; found in situ in G 4520. Limestone offering stone (14-4-49 = MFA 47.1634) inscribed for Khufuankh and his wife Djefatka; Khufuankh identified as [rx nswt Hsw xntj-S pr-aA] royal acquaintance, singer, palace attendant of the Great House; found in situ in front of false door. Limestone seated family group statue (14-3-4a = MFA 14.1445.1 + 14-3-4b = MFA 14.445.2) of Khufuankh, his wife Djefatka, and son Menkaure-ankh; found between G 4620 and G 4530 (SW of G 4630), originally from G 4520. Appears on small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu, north outer jamb, identified as [xntj-S pr-aA] palace attendant of the Great House; found in situ in exterior chapel of G 4520. Limestone offering basin inscribed for Khufuankh, identified as [Hsw xntj-S] singer, palace attendant; found in situ in front of small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu in exterior chapel of G 4520.
  • Khufumernetjeru (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), left flange of tablet (one of three men facing right, figure in middle), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Medj-dineti (?) (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), right flange of tablet (one of three men facing left, figure in middle, name uncertain), identified as [Hm- kA] ka-priest; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Menkaure-ankh (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Limestone seated family group statue (14-3-4a = MFA 14.1445.1 + 14-3-4b = MFA 14.445.2) of Khufuankh, his wife Djefatka, and son Menkaure-ankh; found between G 4620 and G 4530 (SW of G 4630), originally from G 4520. Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, outer south jamb (standing figures of Khufuankh and Menkaure-ankh); found in situ in G 4520.
  • Meretites (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, outer north jamb (standing figures of Djefatka, Meretites, and Iti); found in situ in G 4520.
  • Sutiuf (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), right flange of tablet (one of three men facing left, figure on right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; found in situ in G 4520.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.