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*Original paper documents for Chapter 9 are in archival boxes K01 and K02 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934–1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Clarence Stanley Fisher, American, 1876–1941
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Khafre
    Khufu
    Khufuankh (G 4520)
    Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)
    Neferhetepes-nedjes (G 3098b)
    Nensedjerkai [I] (G 2100-II)
    Userkaf
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 4

Photos 1

People 10

Ancient People

  • Khafre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Khufuankh (G 4520)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4520. Limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, identified as [rx nswt xntj-S pr-aA Hsw jmj-r Hsw pr-aA jmj-r sbjw] royal acquaintance, palace attendant of the Great House, singer, overseer of singers of the Great House, overseer of flautists; found in situ in G 4520. Limestone offering stone (14-4-49 = MFA 47.1634) inscribed for Khufuankh and his wife Djefatka; Khufuankh identified as [rx nswt Hsw xntj-S pr-aA] royal acquaintance, singer, palace attendant of the Great House; found in situ in front of false door. Limestone seated family group statue (14-3-4a = MFA 14.1445.1 + 14-3-4b = MFA 14.445.2) of Khufuankh, his wife Djefatka, and son Menkaure-ankh; found between G 4620 and G 4530 (SW of G 4630), originally from G 4520. Appears on small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu, north outer jamb, identified as [xntj-S pr-aA] palace attendant of the Great House; found in situ in exterior chapel of G 4520. Limestone offering basin inscribed for Khufuankh, identified as [Hsw xntj-S] singer, palace attendant; found in situ in front of small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu in exterior chapel of G 4520.
  • Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7530-7540.Granddaughter of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid, and wife of either Khafre or Menkaure. Her unique underground chapel (labeled G 7530-7540) preserves beautifully carved and painted scenes of the queen and her royal family, as well as servants, artisans, and funerary priests. The scenes also depict the sort of rich burial goods that would have been placed in Meresankh’s tomb: statues and fine furniture; boxes containing food, clothing, and jewelry; even a representation of the black granite sarcophagus that was actually found in situ in her burial chamber. Chapel entrance architrave, jambs, reveals and drum inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts nbwj xt Hr wrt Hst DHwtj smrt Hr mrt=f sAt nswt n Xt=f Hmt nswt mrt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Lords, khet-priestess of Horus, great of praises of Thoth, companion of Horus, his beloved, king's daughter of his body, beloved king's wife; in situ in G 7530-7540. Appears in chapel relief of main room: seated holding lotus (south wall); standing with her mother (east wall), idenitifed as [wrt Hts] great one of the hetes-scepter; on pillars (north wall), idenitifed as [tjst Hr] intimate(?) of Horus; seated at offering table, standing north of false door and on central pillar, and with her mother and son (west wall), idenitifed as [Hm-nTr DHwtj wrt Hts nbtj Hm-nTr bApf Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt jwnt smAwt mrjj nbtj] priestess of Thoth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Ladies, priestess of Bapef, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-Dendera, consort of him who is beloved of the Two Ladies; in situ in G 7530-7540. Also appears on all walls of offering (west) room; in situ in G 7530-7540. Architrave on north wall of north room inscribed for Meresankh; uninscribed statues may also represent Meresankh (along with other female family members); in situ in G 7530-7540. Black granite sarcophagus (Cairo JE 54935) inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [xrp sSmtjw SnDt] director of butchers of the 'Acacia House'; in situ in burial chamber of G 7530-7540. Incomplete limestone statue of Meresankh (MFA 30.1457) and pair statue of Meresankh and Hetepheres II (MFA 30.1456); found displaced in debris of main room. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Nebemakhet (owner of G 8172 = Lepsius 86). Appears in relief of inner chapel (above doorway in eastern wall), identified as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts wrt Hst Hmt nswt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, great of praises, king's wife; in situ in G 8172. Also mentioned in the tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Neferhetepes-nedjes (G 3098b)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 3098b (second extension on G 3098). Daughter (?) of Neferhetepes and granddaughter (?) of Duare (possibly same individual as Duaenre owner of G 5110). Limestone false door (UPM_E13519) and limestone offering stone (UPM_E13520) inscribed for Neferhetepes-nedjes, identified on both as [rxt nswt Xkrt nswt] royal acquaintance, royal ornament; both found in situ in G 3098b. Vertical inscriptions on false door jambs: "King's son of his body, (Prince) Duare; his daughter, the royal acquaintance, Neferhetepes" (Neferhetepes-nedjes traces her royal lineage by naming her mother Neferhetepes and grandfather Duare). There may be a connection between family of Neferhetepes-nedjes and Iymery (owner G 3098).
  • Nensedjerkai [I] (G 2100-II)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2100-II. Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Architectural elements, including archtrave over pillared portico, chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel, and north and south false doors inscribed for Nensedjerkai; also appears on east and west faces of pillars of pillared portico; identified as [sAt nswt Xkrt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr Hm-nTr xwfw] king's daughter, royal ornament, priestess of Hathor, priestess of Khufu; in situ in G 2100-II. Also appears in chapel relief in tomb of her father Merib, chapel entrance south door jamb (reveal); chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Userkaf

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 5. Horus name: [jrjmAat] Irymaat.

Modern People

  • Clarence Stanley Fisher

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1876–1941
    • Remarks Archaeologist and architect. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.