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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Iymery (G 3098)
  • Excavator
    Clarence Stanley Fisher, American, 1876–1941
  • Attested
    Duare (in G 3098b)
    Neferhetepes (in G 3098b)
    Neferhetepes-nedjes (G 3098b)
    Persenet (in G 3098)
    Rudj (G 3086)
  • Alternate Reisner No (Fisher Cemetery)
    [G 2098]
  • Alternate Reisner No
    G 3098b
    G 3098a
  • Reisner Date
    Dynasty 5
  • PorterMoss Date
    Dynasty 6
  • Site Type
    Mud-brick mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 3098 A; G 3098 B; G 3098 C; G 3098 X; G 3098 Serdab; G 3098 Chapel
  • Remarks
    Original mastaba occupied by Iymery and his wife Personet. Northeast annex occupied by Neferhetepes-nedjes. Originally called G 2098 by Fisher. Renamed by Reisner.

Finds 7

Excavation Diary Pages 6

Maps & Plans 15

Drawings 1

Published Documents 5

Unpublished Documents 105

Full Bibliography

  • Fisher, Clarence S. The Minor Cemetery at Giza. Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1924, pp. 15, 63-67, 139 [10], 140 [11], 143 [16-17], 144 [18], 145 [19], 155 [40], figs. 51-53, 129, pls. 26, 47-48, 50.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G168.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited–Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), p. 33.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 99, plan 9.

    Reisner, unpublished manuscript, Boxes L8 & L9, Appendix J: The Mastabas in Cemeteries G 1400 and G 3000, p. 114-117.

Photos 20

People 7

Ancient People

  • Duare (in G 3098b)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Father of Neferhetepes and grandfather (?) of Neferhetepes-nedjes (owner of G 3098b). Mentioned on limestone false door (UPM_E13519) inscribed for Neferhetepes-nedjes; found in situ in G 3098b (second extension on G 3098). Vertical inscriptions on false door jambs: "King's son of his body, (Prince) Duare; his daughter, the royal acquaintance, Neferhetepes" (Neferhetepes-nedjes traces her royal lineage by naming her mother Neferhetepes and grandfather Duare). Possibly same individual as Duaenre (owner of G 5110).
  • Iymery (G 3098)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 3098. Limestone offering basin (UPM_E13525) inscribed for Iymery, identified as [jmj-r wxrt] overseer of the dockyard; fragment of pottery offering stand (UPM_E13545) inscribed for Iymery, identified as [sHD wabw] inspector of wab-priests; limestone drum lintel (UPM_E13527) inscribed for Iymery (identified as [rx nswt wab mwt nswt] royal acquaintance, wab-priest of the king's mother) and Persenet (dedicated by their son Rudj, owner of G 3086); all found in G 3098.
  • Neferhetepes (in G 3098b)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother (?) of Neferhetepes-nedjes (owner of G 3098b). Mentioned on limestone false door (UPM_E13519) inscribed for Neferhetepes-nedjes; found in situ in G 3098b (second extension on G 3098). Vertical inscriptions on false door jambs: "King's son of his body, (Prince) Duare; his daughter, the royal acquaintance, Neferhetepes" (Neferhetepes-nedjes traces her royal lineage by naming her mother Neferhetepes and grandfather Duare).
  • Neferhetepes-nedjes (G 3098b)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 3098b (second extension on G 3098). Daughter (?) of Neferhetepes and granddaughter (?) of Duare (possibly same individual as Duaenre owner of G 5110). Limestone false door (UPM_E13519) and limestone offering stone (UPM_E13520) inscribed for Neferhetepes-nedjes, identified on both as [rxt nswt Xkrt nswt] royal acquaintance, royal ornament; both found in situ in G 3098b. Vertical inscriptions on false door jambs: "King's son of his body, (Prince) Duare; his daughter, the royal acquaintance, Neferhetepes" (Neferhetepes-nedjes traces her royal lineage by naming her mother Neferhetepes and grandfather Duare). There may be a connection between family of Neferhetepes-nedjes and Iymery (owner G 3098).
  • Persenet (in G 3098)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Iymery (owner of G 3098). Limestone offering basin (UPM_E13526) inscribed for Persenet, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance (dedicated by her son Rudj, owner of G 3086); limestone drum lintel (UPM_E13527) inscribed for Iymery and Persenet (dedicated by their son Rudj, owner of G 3086); found in G 3098.
  • Rudj (G 3086)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 3086. Son of Iymery (owner of G 3098) and Persenet. Two limestone offering basins (Cairo JE 46497 = CG 57042, UPM_E13522) inscribed for Rudj (identified as [rx nswt Hm-nTr xwfw Hm-nTr xafra Hm-nTr Ddfra sAb Hrj-wDb wab mwt nswt jmj-xt sAw-prw] royal acquaintance, priest of Khufu, priest of Khafre, priest of Djedefre, juridicial master of reversion-offerings, wab-priest of the king's mother, under-supervisor of police) and his wife Mesat; red granite offering slab (UPM_E13523) inscribed for Rudj (identified as [wab mwt nswt] wab-priest of the king's mother) and Mesat; all found in G 3086. Limestone offering basin (UPM_E13524) inscribed for Rudj, identified as [wab mwt nswt sAb Hrj-wDb sAb (jmj-xt) sAw-prw] wab-priest of the king's mother, juridicial master of reversion-offerings, juridicial (under-supervisor) of police (?); limestone offering basin (UPM_E13526) inscribed for Persenet, dedicated by her son Rudj, identified as [wab] wab-priest; limestone drum lintel (UPM_E13527) inscribed for Iymery and Persenet, dedicated by their son Rudj, identified as [sAb Hrj-wDb] juridicial master of reversion-offerings; all found in G 3098.

Modern People

  • Clarence Stanley Fisher

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1876–1941
    • Remarks Archaeologist and architect. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.