Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

*The original, paper version of this page in “Appendix J: Cemeteries 1400, 3000” can be found in archival box L08 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934—1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Djedefre
    Duaenre (G 5110)
    Duare (in G 3098b)
    Hetepheres II (G 7110-7120)
    Iymery (G 3098)
    Kawab (G 7110-7120)
    Khafre
    Mededi (G 3093)
    Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)
    Neferhetepes (in G 3098b)
    Neferhetepes-nedjes (G 3098b)
    Rudj (G 3086)
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 11

  • G 1687

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 1688

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 1691

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 1694

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 3086

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 3088

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 3093

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 3094

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 3097

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 3098

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 5110

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Photos 1

People 13

Ancient People

  • Djedefre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Third king of Dynasty 4. Son (?) of Khufu.
  • Duaenre (G 5110)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 5110. Appears in chapel relief (west, south, east, and north walls [only lower legs and feet preserved in situ on west, east, and north walls], and chapel entrance north and south door jambs), and displaced fragment of lintel (MFA 34.1465), identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f jrj(-pat) HAtj-a tAjtj sS mDAt-nTr r nxn r p nb] king's son of his body, hereditary (prince), count, vizier, scribe of the divine book, mouth of Nekhen, mouth of every Butite; in situ in G 5110. Uninscribed sarcohpagus of Duaenre (Turin S.1838, Turin S.1839); Schiaparelli excavations. Possibly same individual as Duare (in G 3098b) and/or Duaenre (in G 8172).
  • Duare (in G 3098b)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Father of Neferhetepes and grandfather (?) of Neferhetepes-nedjes (owner of G 3098b). Mentioned on limestone false door (UPM_E13519) inscribed for Neferhetepes-nedjes; found in situ in G 3098b (second extension on G 3098). Vertical inscriptions on false door jambs: "King's son of his body, (Prince) Duare; his daughter, the royal acquaintance, Neferhetepes" (Neferhetepes-nedjes traces her royal lineage by naming her mother Neferhetepes and grandfather Duare). Possibly same individual as Duaenre (owner of G 5110).
  • Hetepheres II (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Original owner of G 7110, along with Kawab (owner of G 7120). Appears with her daughter Meresankh III in G 7530-7540 (east and west walls, main room), and in pair statue MFA 30.1456 (= 27-4-963 + 27-4-964 + 27-4-965). Later married to a king, possibly Djedefre (Radjedef) according to Reisner, but Khafre is also a possibility. Her association with G 7350, and its sarcophagus is uncertain. Also mentioned in tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Iymery (G 3098)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 3098. Limestone offering basin (UPM_E13525) inscribed for Iymery, identified as [jmj-r wxrt] overseer of the dockyard; fragment of pottery offering stand (UPM_E13545) inscribed for Iymery, identified as [sHD wabw] inspector of wab-priests; limestone drum lintel (UPM_E13527) inscribed for Iymery (identified as [rx nswt wab mwt nswt] royal acquaintance, wab-priest of the king's mother) and Persenet (dedicated by their son Rudj, owner of G 3086); all found in G 3098.
  • Kawab (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7120, along with Hetepheres [II] (original owner of G 7110). Son of Khufu and Meretites [I]. Appears in chapel relief in tomb of his daughter Meresankh III (owner of G 7530-7540), main room (east wall), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt smsw n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp jAwt nTrt aA dwAw] hereditary prince, king's eldest son of his body, chief lector-priest, director of divine offices, assistant of (the god) Duau; in situ in G 7530-7540). Also mentioned in tomb of his steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Khafre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Mededi (G 3093)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 3093. Standing statue (Cairo 46494) of Mededi, identified as [rx nswt jmj-xt xrp n mSa] royal acquaintance, under-supervisor of the director of the expedition; found in situ in G 3093. Also appears on northern jamb of false door (Cairo 46495) inscribed for his wife Khakhenmet, identified as [rx nswt jmj-xt] royal acquaintance, under-supervisor; found in situ in G 3093.
  • Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7530-7540.Granddaughter of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid, and wife of either Khafre or Menkaure. Her unique underground chapel (labeled G 7530-7540) preserves beautifully carved and painted scenes of the queen and her royal family, as well as servants, artisans, and funerary priests. The scenes also depict the sort of rich burial goods that would have been placed in Meresankh’s tomb: statues and fine furniture; boxes containing food, clothing, and jewelry; even a representation of the black granite sarcophagus that was actually found in situ in her burial chamber. Chapel entrance architrave, jambs, reveals and drum inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts nbwj xt Hr wrt Hst DHwtj smrt Hr mrt=f sAt nswt n Xt=f Hmt nswt mrt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Lords, khet-priestess of Horus, great of praises of Thoth, companion of Horus, his beloved, king's daughter of his body, beloved king's wife; in situ in G 7530-7540. Appears in chapel relief of main room: seated holding lotus (south wall); standing with her mother (east wall), idenitifed as [wrt Hts] great one of the hetes-scepter; on pillars (north wall), idenitifed as [tjst Hr] intimate(?) of Horus; seated at offering table, standing north of false door and on central pillar, and with her mother and son (west wall), idenitifed as [Hm-nTr DHwtj wrt Hts nbtj Hm-nTr bApf Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt jwnt smAwt mrjj nbtj] priestess of Thoth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Ladies, priestess of Bapef, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-Dendera, consort of him who is beloved of the Two Ladies; in situ in G 7530-7540. Also appears on all walls of offering (west) room; in situ in G 7530-7540. Architrave on north wall of north room inscribed for Meresankh; uninscribed statues may also represent Meresankh (along with other female family members); in situ in G 7530-7540. Black granite sarcophagus (Cairo JE 54935) inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [xrp sSmtjw SnDt] director of butchers of the 'Acacia House'; in situ in burial chamber of G 7530-7540. Incomplete limestone statue of Meresankh (MFA 30.1457) and pair statue of Meresankh and Hetepheres II (MFA 30.1456); found displaced in debris of main room. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Nebemakhet (owner of G 8172 = Lepsius 86). Appears in relief of inner chapel (above doorway in eastern wall), identified as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts wrt Hst Hmt nswt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, great of praises, king's wife; in situ in G 8172. Also mentioned in the tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Neferhetepes (in G 3098b)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Mother (?) of Neferhetepes-nedjes (owner of G 3098b). Mentioned on limestone false door (UPM_E13519) inscribed for Neferhetepes-nedjes; found in situ in G 3098b (second extension on G 3098). Vertical inscriptions on false door jambs: "King's son of his body, (Prince) Duare; his daughter, the royal acquaintance, Neferhetepes" (Neferhetepes-nedjes traces her royal lineage by naming her mother Neferhetepes and grandfather Duare).
  • Neferhetepes-nedjes (G 3098b)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 3098b (second extension on G 3098). Daughter (?) of Neferhetepes and granddaughter (?) of Duare (possibly same individual as Duaenre owner of G 5110). Limestone false door (UPM_E13519) and limestone offering stone (UPM_E13520) inscribed for Neferhetepes-nedjes, identified on both as [rxt nswt Xkrt nswt] royal acquaintance, royal ornament; both found in situ in G 3098b. Vertical inscriptions on false door jambs: "King's son of his body, (Prince) Duare; his daughter, the royal acquaintance, Neferhetepes" (Neferhetepes-nedjes traces her royal lineage by naming her mother Neferhetepes and grandfather Duare). There may be a connection between family of Neferhetepes-nedjes and Iymery (owner G 3098).
  • Rudj (G 3086)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 3086. Son of Iymery (owner of G 3098) and Persenet. Two limestone offering basins (Cairo JE 46497 = CG 57042, UPM_E13522) inscribed for Rudj (identified as [rx nswt Hm-nTr xwfw Hm-nTr xafra Hm-nTr Ddfra sAb Hrj-wDb wab mwt nswt jmj-xt sAw-prw] royal acquaintance, priest of Khufu, priest of Khafre, priest of Djedefre, juridicial master of reversion-offerings, wab-priest of the king's mother, under-supervisor of police) and his wife Mesat; red granite offering slab (UPM_E13523) inscribed for Rudj (identified as [wab mwt nswt] wab-priest of the king's mother) and Mesat; all found in G 3086. Limestone offering basin (UPM_E13524) inscribed for Rudj, identified as [wab mwt nswt sAb Hrj-wDb sAb (jmj-xt) sAw-prw] wab-priest of the king's mother, juridicial master of reversion-offerings, juridicial (under-supervisor) of police (?); limestone offering basin (UPM_E13526) inscribed for Persenet, dedicated by her son Rudj, identified as [wab] wab-priest; limestone drum lintel (UPM_E13527) inscribed for Iymery and Persenet, dedicated by their son Rudj, identified as [sAb Hrj-wDb] juridicial master of reversion-offerings; all found in G 3098.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.