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Limestone false door of Khufuankh; false door tablet: Khufuankh and his wife Djefatka sit facing each other at offering table; lower portion of false door: several family members appear, including: (outer left) standing figures of Khufuankh and his son Menkaure-ankh, (inner left) standing figure of his father Iaunisut, (outer right) standing figures of his wife Djefatka and his daughter Meretites, and standing female figure identified as [sn(t)-Dt] sister of the funerary estate Iti, (inner right) standing figure of his mother Iupu; six standing male figures carrying offerings flanking false door tablet: (to left) identified as [sn-Dt] brother(s) of the funerary estate: Kap, Khufumernetjeru, Iumenib, (to right) identified as brother(s) of the funerary priest(s) (lit. ka-servant(s)): Khabaukhufu, [...]enti, Sutiuf (or Iufsut).

Details

  • ID
    MFAB_21.3081
  • Department
    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Classification
    Architectural elements-False Doors
  • Findspot
    Mastaba G 4520
  • Material
    Limestone
  • Dimensions
    Height x width: 296 x 183 cm (116 9/16 x 72 1/16 in.)
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Object Ownership Information
    MFA
  • Period
    Old Kingdom, Dynasty 5
  • Attested
    Djefatka (in G 4520)
    Iaunisut (in G 4520)
    Iti (in G 4520)
    Iumenib (in G 4520)
    Iupu (in G 4520)
    Kap (in G 4520)
    Khabaukhufu (in G 4520)
    Khufumernetjeru (in G 4520)
    Medj-dineti (?) (in G 4520)
    Menkaure-ankh (in G 4520)
    Meretites (in G 4520)
    Sutiuf (in G 4520)
  • Owner
    Khufuankh (G 4520)
  • Notes
    This object was excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition, but was not recorded in any object register book. 1914: Excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1921: assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt. (Accession Date: January 1, 1921)

Tombs and Monuments 1

  • G 4520

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Published Documents 5

Full Bibliography

  • Edel, Elmar. Altägyptische Grammatik. Analecta Orientalia. Commentationes Scientificae De Rebus Orientis Antiqui 34/39. Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1955, p. 760(?) [to be completed].

    Fischer, Henry G. Egyptian Women of the Old Kingdom and of the Heracleopolitan Period. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000, pp. 58, 76.

    Fischer, Henry G. Varia: Egyptian Studies 1. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1976, p. 72, n. 24.

    Fischer, Henry G. Varia Nova. Egyptian Studies 3. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996, p. 21, n. 51.

    Junker, Hermann. Die Gesellschaftliche Stellung der Ägyptischen Künstler im Alten Reich. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse. Wien: R.M. Rohrer, 1959, p. 25.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "A Race against Time in the Shadow of the Pyramids. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Giza Necropolis, 1902-1990." KMT 1, No. 4 (1990-91), p. 15.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, p. 375, fig. 204, pp. 503-505, pl. 65a-b.

    Roccati, Alessandro. La Littérature historique sous L'ancien Empire Égyptien. Littératures Anciennes du Proche-Orient 11. Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1982, pp. 99-100.

    Sanborn, Ashton. "New Installation of Egyptian Sculpture." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 23, No. 140 (December 1925), p. 73.

    Smith, William Stevenson. Ancient Egypt as Represented in the Museum of Fine Arts. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1942, p. 36.

    Smith, William Stevenson. Ancient Egypt as Represented in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1960 (6th ed.), p. 38.

    Smith, William Stevenson. A History of Egyptian Sculpture and Painting in the Old Kingdom. London: Oxford University Press, 1946, p. 190.

    Wilson, John A. "The Artist of the Egyptian Old Kingdom." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 6 (1947), p. 242, no. 23.

Photos 17

People 13

Ancient People

  • Djefatka (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Limestone seated family group statue (14-3-4a = MFA 14.1445.1 + 14-3-4b = MFA 14.445.2) of Khufuankh, his wife Djefatka, and son Menkaure-ankh; found between G 4620 and G 4530 (SW of G 4630), originally from G 4520. Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht Hm-nTr Nt wpt wAwt mHtt jnb=s] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore, priestess of Neith Opener-of-the-Ways north of her wall; found in situ in G 4520. Limestone offering stone (14-4-49 = MFA 47.1634) inscribed for Khufuankh and his wife Djefatka; found in situ in front of false door.
  • Iaunisut (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Father (jt=f] his father) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, inner south jamb, identified as [rx nswt xntj-S] royal acquaintance, palace attendant; found in situ in G 4520. Small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu, identified as [xntj-S] palace attendant; found in situ in exterior chapel of G 4520.
  • Iti (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), outer north jamb (standing figures of Djefatka, Meretites, and Iti), identified as [sn(t) Dt] sister of the funerary estate; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Iumenib (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), left flange of tablet (one of three men facing right, figure on right), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Iupu (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, inner north jamb, identified as [xntt-S] palace attendant; found in situ in G 4520. Small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu; found in situ in exterior chapel of G 4520.
  • Kap (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), left flange of tablet (one of three men facing right, figure on left), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; found in situ in G 4520. Might be same Kap (possible owner of G 4522) attested on fragmentary limestone standing pair statue (14-3-16 + 14-3-23 + 14-3-32 = MFA 21.2602) inscribed for Kap (identified as [jrj-xtmt n pr-aA xntj-S] he who is in charge of the sealed goods of the Great House, palace attendant) and his wife Hy and fragment of limestone seated pair statue (14-3-31 = MFA 14.1461) inscribed for Kap, identified as [rx nswt xntj-S n pr-aA jmAxw xr nTr aA] royal acquaintance, palace attendant of the Great House, revered before the Great God (belongs with 14-3-24 = MFA 14.1455, fragment of limestone seated pair statue inscribed for Niankhhathor); attributed to G 4522.
  • Khabaukhufu (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), right flange of tablet (one of three men facing left, figure on left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Khufuankh (G 4520)

    • Type Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 4520. Limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, identified as [rx nswt xntj-S pr-aA Hsw jmj-r Hsw pr-aA jmj-r sbjw] royal acquaintance, palace attendant of the Great House, singer, overseer of singers of the Great House, overseer of flautists; found in situ in G 4520. Limestone offering stone (14-4-49 = MFA 47.1634) inscribed for Khufuankh and his wife Djefatka; Khufuankh identified as [rx nswt Hsw xntj-S pr-aA] royal acquaintance, singer, palace attendant of the Great House; found in situ in front of false door. Limestone seated family group statue (14-3-4a = MFA 14.1445.1 + 14-3-4b = MFA 14.445.2) of Khufuankh, his wife Djefatka, and son Menkaure-ankh; found between G 4620 and G 4530 (SW of G 4630), originally from G 4520. Appears on small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu, north outer jamb, identified as [xntj-S pr-aA] palace attendant of the Great House; found in situ in exterior chapel of G 4520. Limestone offering basin inscribed for Khufuankh, identified as [Hsw xntj-S] singer, palace attendant; found in situ in front of small false door inscribed for Iaunisut and his wife Iupu in exterior chapel of G 4520.
  • Khufumernetjeru (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), left flange of tablet (one of three men facing right, figure in middle), identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Medj-dineti (?) (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), right flange of tablet (one of three men facing left, figure in middle, name uncertain), identified as [Hm- kA] ka-priest; found in situ in G 4520.
  • Menkaure-ankh (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Limestone seated family group statue (14-3-4a = MFA 14.1445.1 + 14-3-4b = MFA 14.445.2) of Khufuankh, his wife Djefatka, and son Menkaure-ankh; found between G 4620 and G 4530 (SW of G 4630), originally from G 4520. Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, outer south jamb (standing figures of Khufuankh and Menkaure-ankh); found in situ in G 4520.
  • Meretites (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Khufuankh (owner of G 4520). Appears on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh, outer north jamb (standing figures of Djefatka, Meretites, and Iti); found in situ in G 4520.
  • Sutiuf (in G 4520)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (without family relationship, if any, indicated) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520), right flange of tablet (one of three men facing left, figure on right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; found in situ in G 4520.