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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Merib Kapunisut (G 2100-I)
  • Attested
    Ishi (in G 2100-I)
    Khufumernetjeru (in G 2100-I)
    Merib-nedjes (in G 2100-I)
    Nensedjerkai [I] (G 2100-II)
    Sedit (G 2100)
    Sednet (in G 2100-I)
  • Excavator
    (Karl) Richard Lepsius, German, 1810–1884
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Junker No
    VIII 1
  • Alternate Reisner No
    G 2100-I Annex
    G 2100 I Annex
  • Lepsius No
    LG 24
    Lepsius 24
    L.24
  • Baud Date
    Djedefre - Khafre
  • Harpur Date
    Menkaure - Userkaf
  • Jacquet-Gordon Date
    Late Dynasty 4 - early Dynasty 5
  • Kanawati Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Schmitz Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Priese Date
    End of Dynasty 4 to begin Dyn. 5
  • Barta Date
    Dynasty 4: Pre-Menkaure
  • Harpur Date
    Dynasty 4-5: Shepseskaf-Userkaf
  • Cherpion Date
    Dyn 4: Khufu
  • Begelsbacher-Fischer Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Strudwick Date
    Menkaure to the end of Dynasty 4
  • Baer Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Junker Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Reisner Date
    Late Menkaure- post-Neferirkare
  • PorterMoss Date
    Cites Reisner & Junker dates
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 2100-I B; G 2100-I C
  • Remarks
    Junker originally called this mastaba VIII 1.

Finds 3

Maps & Plans 9

Drawings 5

Published Documents 17

Unpublished Documents 23

Full Bibliography

  • Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Funerary Boats and Boat Pits of the Old Kingdom." Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002), pp. 276, 284, n. 64.

    Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Presenting the nDt-Hr Offerings to the Tomb Owner." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 30-32, fig. 4.

    Brovarski, Edward. "An Inventory List from 'Covington's Tomb' and Nomenclature for Furniture in the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 1. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1996, pp. 124-125, 128 [16], 155.

    Faulkner, Raymond O. "Review of 'Giza II' and 'Giza III'." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 27 (1941), pp. 166-167.

    Jacquet-Gordon, Domaines funéraires, p. 229, figs. 35-36.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 2: Die Mastabas der beginnenden V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1934, pp. 121-135, fig. 11, pl. 1.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3: Die Mastabas der Vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 36-37 [18].

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 6. Die Mastabas des Nfr (Nefer), Kdfjj (Kedfi), Kahjf (Kahjef) und die westlich anschließenden Grabanlagen. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 72, Abhandlung 1. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1943. plan after p. 273.

    Lepsius, Denkmaeler Text 1, pp. 46-49; Lepsius, Denkmaeler I, pl. 22; Denkmaeler vol. 2, pls.18-22.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Eight Years at the Giza Archives Project: Past Experiences and Future Plans for the Giza Digital Archive." Egyptian and Egyptological Documents, Archives, and Libraries, An Annual 1 (Milan, 2009), p. 151, note 6. 

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Hemiunu, Pehenptah, and German/American Collaboration at the Giza Necropolis (Giza Archives Project Gleanings: II)." In Antje Spiekermann, ed. Zur Zierde gereicht. . . Festschrift Bettina Schmitz zum 60. Geburtstag am 24. Juli 2008, HIldesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge 50. Hildesheim: Verlag Gebrüder Gerstenberg, 2008, p. 32, note 22.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "A 'New' Slab Stela for Nefer from G 2100? (Giza Archives Project Gleanings: I)." In Stephen E. Thompson and Peter Der Manuelian, eds. Egypt and Beyond: Essays Presented to Leonard H. Lesko upon his Retirement from the Wilbour Chair of Egyptology at Brown University June 2005. Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, 2008, p. 236, note 16.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "A Re-examination of Reisner's Nucleus Cemetery Concept at Giza. Preliminary Remarks on Cemetery G 2100." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 222, 224, 226-229, fig. 2.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Presenting the Scroll: Papyrus Documents in Tombs Scenes of the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 2. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1996, pp. 561, 586, fig. 1.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 71-72, plan 11.

    Priese, Karl-Heinz. Die Opferkammer des Merib. Berlin: Ägyptisches Museum, Berlin, 1984, passim.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, pp. 216, 311, 419-21, pl. 26(d).

    Reisner, George A., and Clarence S. Fisher. "Preliminary Report on the Work of the Harvard-Boston Expedition in 1911-13." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte 13 (1914), pp. 227-252.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom Linen List." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 71 (1935), pp. 135-136, 138, 141, 143-144, 147.

Photos 717

3D Models 1

Videos 1

People 9

Ancient People

  • Ishi (in G 2100-I)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Merib (owner of G 2100-I), chapel entrance north door jamb (reveal, bottom register, figure on right, offering length of linen to Merib), identified as [Hrj-tp sSr] supervisor of linen; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Khufumernetjeru (in G 2100-I)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Appears in chapel relief, chapel entrance south door jamb (reveal and facade faces), identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Merib Kapunisut (G 2100-I)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 2100-I. Merib, also known as Kapunisut. Chapel entrance lintel, drum and door jambs inscribed for Merib, identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f smr xtmtj-nTr bA-nTrw dwA-tAwj xtmw-nTr Nb-rxjjt ab-nTrw jmj-r kAt nt nswt] king's son of his body, companion, god's sealer of (the ships) 'Ba-netjeru' and 'Dua-tawy', god's sealer of (the ships) 'Neb-rekhyt' and 'Ab-netjeru', overseer of royal works. North and south false doors inscribed for Merib, identified as [xtmw-nTr wjA jmj-r kAt nbt nswt Hts(?) jnpw smr watj wr mDw Sma rx nswt Xrj-Hb wt jnpw] god's sealer of the ship, overseer of all royal works, staff(?) of Anubis, sole companion, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, royal acquaintance, lector-priest, embalmer of Anubis. Also appears in chapel relief (north, west, south, and east walls), identified as [jmj-r mSa xrp aH aD-mr Haw r p nb wr mAAw jwnw Hm-nTr xwfw] expedition leader, director of the palace, administrator of the fleet, mouth of every Butite, greatest of seers in Iunu, priest of Khufu; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I. Also appears in tomb of his daughter Nensedjerkai (owner of G 2100-II), chapel, pillared portico, west faces of north and south pillars, identified as [sA nswt xtmw-nTr wjA smr watj sHD bA-nTrw] king's son, god's sealer of the ship, sole companion, inspector of (the ship) 'Ba-netjeru'; in situ in G 2100-II.
  • Merib-nedjes (in G 2100-I)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] his son of his body) of Merib (owner of G 2100-II). Appears in chapel relief, chapel entrance north door jamb (reveal and facade faces), identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-II.
  • Nensedjerkai [I] (G 2100-II)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 2100-II. Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Architectural elements, including archtrave over pillared portico, chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel, and north and south false doors inscribed for Nensedjerkai; also appears on east and west faces of pillars of pillared portico; identified as [sAt nswt Xkrt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr Hm-nTr xwfw] king's daughter, royal ornament, priestess of Hathor, priestess of Khufu; in situ in G 2100-II. Also appears in chapel relief in tomb of her father Merib, chapel entrance south door jamb (reveal); chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Sedit (G 2100)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Probable owner of G 2100. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Appears in chapel relief in tomb of her son Merib, south and east walls, identified as [sAt nswt n Xt=f Hm-nTr Nt mHtt jnb=s] king's daughter of his body, priestess of Neith north of her wall; chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Sednet (in G 2100-I)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Appears in chapel relief, chapel entrance south door jamb (reveal); chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.

Modern People

  • (Karl) Richard Lepsius

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1810–1884
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.