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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Kapi (G 2091)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
    Montague Ballard, British
  • Attested
    Kaemtjenenet (in G 2091)
    Kares (in G 2091)
    Kepames (in G 2091)
    Khamerernebty (in G 2091)
    Meretites (in G 2091)
    Minnefer (in G 2091)
    Neferkhuhathor (in G 2091)
    Neithmeret (in G 2091)
    Netjernefer (in G 2091)
    Nikhasutnisut (in G 2091)
    Tjeset (in G 2091)
    W[...] (in G 2091)
    Wepet (in G 2091)
    [...]khu (in G 2091)
    [...]nebes (in G 2091)
  • PorterMoss Date
    Late Dynasty 5 or Dynasty 6
  • Reisner Date
    Niuserre to Izezi
  • Harpur Date
    Unis - Dynasty 6
  • Roth Date
    Niuserre - Djedkare
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 2091 A; G 2091 B; G 2091 C; G 2091 D; G 2091 Serdab
  • Remarks
    Although the tomb number G 2090 was never assigned in the field, some photos and drawings of G 2091 were incorrectly labeled "G 2090".

Finds 2

Excavation Diary Pages 19

  • Vol.29.p.375

    • Diary page dates 07/23/1936 through 07/29/1936
  • Vol.29.p.376

    • Diary page dates 07/29/1936
  • Vol.29.p.377

    • Diary page dates 07/29/1936; 07/30/1936; 07/31/1936; 08/01/1936
  • Vol.29.p.378

    • Diary page dates 08/02/1936; 08/03/1936
  • Vol.29.p.379

    • Diary page dates 08/03/1936; 08/04/1936; 08/05/1936; 08/06/1936
  • Vol.29.p.380

    • Diary page dates 08/07/1936; 08/08/1936
  • Vol.29.p.382

    • Diary page dates 08/15/1936; 08/16/1936; 08/17/1936
  • Vol.29.p.383

    • Diary page dates 08/17/1936; 08/18/1936; 08/19/1936; 08/20/1936
  • Vol.32.p.636

    • Diary page dates 03/27/1938 through 04/02/1938
  • Vol.32.p.637

    • Diary page dates 04/02/1938; 04/03/1938
  • Vol.33.p.735

    • Diary page dates 01/02/1939; 01/03/1939; 01/04/1939; 01/05/1939
  • Vol.33.p.736

    • Diary page dates 01/05/1939
  • Vol.33.p.742

    • Diary page dates 01/07/1939; 01/08/1939; 01/09/1939; 01/10/1939; 01/11/1939; 01/12/1939
  • Vol.33.p.744

    • Diary page dates 01/19/1939
  • Vol.33.p.762

    • Diary page dates 03/03/1939; 03/04/1939; 03/05/1939; 03/06/1939
  • Vol.33.p.763

    • Diary page dates 03/07/1939; 03/08/1939; 03/09/1939; 03/10/1939
  • Vol.33.p.766

    • Diary page dates 03/16/1939; 03/17/1939; 03/18/1939; 03/19/1939
  • Vol.35.p.002

    • Diary page dates 01/17/1940; 01/18/1940; 01/19/1940; 01/20/1940; 01/21/1940
  • Vol.35.p.030

    • Diary page dates 01/12/1940 through 01/19/1940

Maps & Plans 21

Drawings 29

Published Documents 11

Unpublished Documents 29

Full Bibliography

  • Callender, Vivienne G. "A Contribution to the Burial of Women in the Old Kingdom." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, p. 304.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G104.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 69-70.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, p. 285, fig. 182.

    Roth, Ann Macy. A Cemetery of Palace Attendants: Including G 2084-2099, G 2230+2231, and G 2240. Giza Mastabas 6. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1995, pp. 97-105, fig. 99, pls. 41-61, 153-168.

    Roth, Ann Macy. "Little Women: Gender and Hierarchic Proportion in Old Kingdom Mastaba Chapels." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 286-287, table 2.

    Smith, William Stevenson. A History of Egyptian Sculpture and Painting in the Old Kingdom. London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, Oxford University Press on behalf of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1946, figs. 184, 212.

    Smith, William Stevenson. "The Old Kingdom Linen List." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 71 (1935), pp. 136, 141, 144.

Photos 88

People 18

Ancient People

  • Kaemtjenenet (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice on north false door inscribed for Kapi (owner of G 2091), upper north and south jambs, identified in both places as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; false door in situ in G 2091.
  • Kapi (G 2091)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 2091. North and south false doors inscribed for Kapi; also appears in chapel relief; identified as [sHD xntjw-S pr-aA jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA rx nswt Hrj-pr pr-aA wab nswt] inspector of palace attendants of the Great House, overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House, royal acquaintance, major-domo of the Great House, royal wab-priest; in situ in G 2091. Two fitting fragments of displaced architrave inscribed for Kapi, identified as [jmj-r mDw pr-aA jmj-xt pr-aA] overseer of tens of the Great House, under-supervisor of the Great House; found south of G 2091, probably originally from chapel. Four fitting fragments of displaced architrave inscribed for Kapi, identified as [jmj-r wpw(t) pr-aA] overseer of commissions of the Great House; found south of G 2091, probably originally from south entrance. Architrave fragment (probably inscribed for Kapi, although name not preserved): [... jmj-r st xntjw-S ...] overseer of the department of palace attendants...; found south of G 2091.
  • Kares (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Kapi (owner of G 2091), south face of pillar (upper register, one of two men facing left), identified as [jmj-r st] overseer of a department; pillar in situ in G 2091.
  • Kepames (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on south false door inscribed for Kapi (owner of G 2091), upper north jamb; false door in situ in G 2091.
  • Khamerernebty (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Kapi (owner of G 2091). Appears in chapel relief, north face of pillar, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr Nt] royal acquaintance, priestess of Neith; also appears on east wall of corridor (inscription not preserved); in situ in G 2091.
  • Meretites (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Kapi (owner of G 2091). Appears in chapel relief, north face of pillar (with her mother Khamerernebty and sister Tjeset), and on east wall of corridor (damaged relief, with her father and mother and her sister Neferkhuhathor); in situ in G 2091.
  • Minnefer (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Brother ([sn=f] his brother) of Kapi (owner of G 2091). Appears in chapel relief, south face of pillar (lower register, one of two men facing left); in situ in G 2091.
  • Neferkhuhathor (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Kapi (owner of G 2091). Appears in chapel relief, east wall of corridor (damaged relief, with her father and her mother Khamerernebty and her sister Meretites); in situ in G 2091.
  • Neithmeret (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on south false door inscribed for Kapi (owner of G 2091) lower north jamb, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; false door in situ in G 2091.
  • Netjernefer (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Kapi (owner of G 2091), south face of pillar (lower register, one of two men facing left), identified as [Hs pr-aA] singer of the Great House; in situ in G 2091.
  • Nikhasutnisut (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Kapi (owner of G 2091), south face of pillar (upper register, one of two men facing left); in situ in G 2091.
  • Tjeset (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=s] her daughter) of Khamerernebty, wife of Kapi (owner of G 2091). Appears in chapel relief, north face of pillar (with her mother and sister Meretites); in situ in G 2091. Possibly same individual attested in G 2097'.
  • W[...] (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on north false door inscribed for Kapi (owner of G 2091), lower south jamb (name only partially preserved), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 2091. This area of false door badly damaged; Roth (Giza Mastabas 6, p. 103) identified figure as female, Reisner identified it as male.
  • Wepet (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Sister ([snt=f] his sister) of Kapi (owner of G 2091). Appears on south false door inscribed for Kapi, lower south jamb; in situ in G 2091.
  • [...]khu (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on south false door inscribed for Kapi (owner of G 2091), upper south jamb (name only partially preserved), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 2091. Name based on Roth (Giza Mastabas 6, pp. 102, 104).
  • [...]nebes (in G 2091)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on north false door inscribed for Kapi (owner of G 2091), lower north jamb (name only partially preserved), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 2091. Name based on Roth (Giza Mastabas 6, pp. 103, 104).

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Montague Ballard

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates British
    • Remarks Member of British Parliament; conducted excavations at Giza (1901-1902) with Maspero's reluctant permission