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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Seshemnefer [III] (G 5170)
  • Excavator
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Attested
    Henutsen (in G 5080)
    Hetepheres (in G 5170)
    Hetepka (in G 5170)
    Ihu (in G 5170)
    Ini (in G 5170)
    Inpuweser (in G 5170)
    Kaemnefret (in G 5170)
    Kaseshem (in G 5170)
    Khemetnu (in G 5170)
    Meni (in G 5170)
    Neby (in G 5170)
    Neferrenpet (in G 5170)
    Neferseshemptah (in G 5170)
    Netjernefer (in G 5170)
    Rawer (in G 5170)
    Rawer [II] (G 5470)
    Rudju (in G 5170)
    Seshemnefer (in G 5170)
    Seshemnefer (in G 5170)
    Seshemnefer (in G 5170)
    [...]def (in G 5170)
  • Baer Date
    Dynasty 5: early Djedkare
  • Baud Date
    Neferirkare or Niuserre ?
  • Brunner-Traut Date
    Late Dynasty 5
  • Harpur Date
    Early Djedkare
  • Jacquet-Gordon Date
    After Neferirkare
  • Junker Date
    Second half of Dynasty 5
  • Kanawati Date
    Late Djedkare
  • Strudwick Date
    Menkauhor - early/mid Djedkare
  • PorterMoss Date
    Isesi (early)
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    2 shafts; serdab; chapel

Finds 6

Maps & Plans 3

Published Documents 12

Unpublished Documents 38

Full Bibliography

  • Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Presenting the nDt-Hr Offerings to the Tomb Owner." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, p. 26, fig. 1.

    Arnold, Dieter. "Old Kingdom Statues in their Architectural Setting." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 49, note 33.

    Bolshakov, Andrey. "Osiris in the Fourth Dynasty Again? The False Door of Jntj, MFA 31.781." In Hedvig Györy, ed. Mélanges offerts à Edith Varga. Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts Supplément-2001, Budapest: Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts, 2001, p. 70.

    Brovarski, Edward. "Old Kingdom Beaded Collars." In Jacke Phillips with Lanny Bell, Bruce B. Williams, James Hoch and Ronald J. Leprohon (eds.) Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Near East. Studies in Honour of Martha Rhoads Bell, Volume 1. San Antonio: Van Siclen Books, 1997, p. 141, note 15.

    Brunner-Traut, Seschemnofers III, passim.

    Delvaux, Luc and Eugène Warmenbol. "Trois Seshemnefer et Trente-Six Domaines." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 84 (1998), pp. 64-65, fig. 4.

    De Rougé, Inscr. hiéro, pl. 44.

    Galvin, Marianne. "The Hereditary Status of the Titles of the Cult of Hathor." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 70 (1984), p. 45.

    Gamer-Wallert, Ingrid."Die bewegte Geschichte der Mastaba Seschemnofers III. (G 5170)." Sokar 9 (2. Halbjahr, 2004), pp. 28-34, all figs.

    Grdseloff, ASAE 42 (1943), 40, fig. 4.

    Jacquet-Gordon, Domaines funéraires, 270-4 (30G5), figs. 67-8.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Bemerkungen zur Entstehung, Lage und Datierung der Nekropolenfelder von Giza unter Cheops." Sokar 4 (1. Halbjahr 2002), p. 5.

    Jánosi, Peter. "The Tombs of Officials. Houses of Eternity." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 37, note 29.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 9-10, 33, 192-215, figs. 1, 4-5, 8b, 36-39, pls. 1-4, 12 [a-c].

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 7. Der Ostabschnitt des Westfriedhofs, Erster Teil. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 72, Abhandlung 3. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1944, plan after pl. 40.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Seshathetep/Heti (G 5150), Nesutnefer (G 4970) and Seshemnefer II (G 5080), Volume 2. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 18. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2002, pp. 17, 57, 60, 61, notes 86, 299, 316, 317.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G208.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited–Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), pp. 15, 22, 30, 48.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Eight Years at the Giza Archives Project: Past Experiences and Future Plans for the Giza Digital Archive." Egyptian and Egyptological Documents, Archives, and Libraries, An Annual 1 (Milan, 2009), p. 151, note 6. 

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Unfinished Business: The Giza Tablet of Tjenti (JE 72135)." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, p. 784, note 21.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 152, note 8.

    Mariette, Auguste. Les mastabas de l'ancien empire. Paris: F. Vieweg, 1889, pp. 566-7.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 153-154.

    Shaheen, Alaa el-din M. "'Water Carrier' or the Like in the Ancient Egyptian Sources and Its Resemblance to Dilmun Glyptic Art." In Zahi Hawass and Janet Richards, eds. The Archaeology and Art of Ancient Egypt. Essays in Honor of David B. O'Connor, Vol. II. Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, Cahier no. 36. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2007, pp. 373, 377.

    Simpson, William Kelly. Mastabas of the Western Cemetery, Part 1: Sekhemka (G 1029); Tjetu I (G 2001); Iasen (G 2196); Penmeru (G 2197); Hagy, Nefertjentet, and Herunefer (G 2352/53); Djaty, Tjetu II, and Nimesti (G 2337X, 2343, 2366). Giza Mastabas 4. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1980, pp. 3, 4 (note 13), 18.

    Smith, William Stevenson. A History of Egyptian Sculpture and Painting in the Old Kingdom. London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, Oxford University Press on behalf of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1946, pp. 289, 362.

Photos 16

People 23

Ancient People

  • Henutsen (in G 5080)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080); Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, seated with her husband at offering table), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore; in situ in G 5080. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief south of south false door), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr Nt wptt wAwt Hm-nTr HwtHr swt=s nb] royal acquaintance, priestess of Neith Opener-of-the-Ways and of Hathor in all her places; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Hetepheres (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f mrt=f] his beloved wife) of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall, identified as [sAt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht Hm-nTr Nt wptt wAwt] king's daughter, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore, priestess of Neith Opener-of-the-Ways; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Hetepka (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, third register, figure on right), identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Ihu (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks False door (Hildesheim 3046) inscribed for Ihu, identified as [Xrj-tp nswt] royal chamberlain; found in south shaft of G 5170 (tomb of Seshemnefer [III]).
  • Ini (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), east wall (bottom register, second figure from right, trapping birds), identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Inpuweser (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), east wall (bottom register, first figure on left), identified as [jmj-r pr jmj-r Hmw-kA] steward, overseer of ka-priests; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Kaemnefret (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), east wall (bottom register, second figure from left, carrying bird), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Kaseshem (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), south wall (second register of offering bearers, figure on right); chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Khemetnu (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), south wall (top register of offering bearers, figure on left, carrying tray), identified as [sSmw] butcher; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Meni (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), south wall (top register of offering bearers, second figure from right, carrying offering table); chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Neby (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, third register, figure on left), identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Neferrenpet (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), east wall (bottom register, third figure from left), identified as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Neferseshemptah (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, south wall (third register of offering bearers, figure on right, kneeling), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Netjernefer (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), east wall (top register, second figure from left), identified as [sS sHD Hmw-kA] scribe, inspector of ka-priests; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Rawer (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, second register, figure on right), identified as [sAb sHD sSw] juridicial inspector of scribes; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170. Possibly son of Rawer [II] (owner of G 5470), behind whom he appears on west wall, and hence nephew of Seshemnefer [III].
  • Rawer [II] (G 5470)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 5470. False door inscribed for Rawer, identified as [sAb aD-mr jmj-r sSw Hm-nTr maAt] judge and administrator, overseer of scribes, priest of Ma'at; also appears in chapel relief (west, east, south walls); false door in situ in G 5470. Brother ([sn=f] his brother) of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, second register, figure on left), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Rudju (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), south wall (top register of offering bearers, first figure on left, carrying offering table); chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Seshemnefer (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, south wall (second register of offering bearers, first figure on left), identified as [jmj-r sSw a nswt] overseer of royal document scribes, and east wall (depicted as young boy standing in front of his father); chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170. Possibly same individual as Seshemnefer [IV] (owner of Lepsius 53).
  • Seshemnefer (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, bottom register, figure on right), identified as [sS pr-mDAt] scribe of the library, and south wall (bottom register of offering bearers, kneeling), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Seshemnefer (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, bottom register, figure on left), and south wall (bottom register of offering bearers, kneeling), identified (in both cases) as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Seshemnefer [III] (G 5170)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 5170. North and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer; also appears in chapel relief (west, south, east walls); identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f tAjtj sAb Tatj] king's son of his body, chief justice and vizier; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170. Son ([sA=f] his son) of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080) and Henutsen. Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, kneeling beneath chair, figure on right), south wall (upper register of three registers fully preserved, figure on left), and east wall (depicted as young boy standing in front of his father), identified as [jmj-r sSw a nswt] overseer of royal document scribes; in situ in G 5080.
  • [...]def (in G 5170)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170), east wall (third register, last figure on right, holding birds, name only partially preserved), identified as [Hmwtj Hm-kA] craftsman, ka-priest; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.

Modern People

  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.