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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Mes-sa (G 1020)
  • Attested
    Hetepi (in G 1020)
    Nefer (in G 1020)
    Renpetnefret (in G 1020)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Reisner Date
    Late Menkaure - post-Neferirkare
  • Verner Date
    Late Dynasty 4 - early Dynasty 5
  • PorterMoss Date
    Late Dyn 4 or 1st half of Dyn 5
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 1020 A; G 1020 B; G 1020 C; G 1020 D; G 1020 Q (= formerly G 1102 G); G 1020 R; G 1020 S; G 1020 T (= formerly G 1108 Y); G 1020 U (= formerly G 1108 X); G 1020 V; G 1020 X (= formerly G 1102 X); G 1020 Y; G 1020 Z; serdab; chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba on independent site in middle of space between G 1201 and G 2000. Shaft G 1108 X was later designated G 1020 U and shaft G 1108 Y was designated G 1020 T. Shaft G 1102 G was later designated G 1020 Q and shaft G 1102 X was designated G 1020 X.

Finds 2

Excavation Diary Pages 2

Maps & Plans 44

Drawings 2

Published Documents 5

Unpublished Documents 81

Full Bibliography

  • Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G54.

    Lutz, Henry F. Egyptian Statues and Statuettes in the Museum of Anthropology of the University of California. University of California Publications. Egyptian Archaeology 5. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs, 1930, pp. 20-21.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited–Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), p. 33.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 53.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, p. 216, figs. 13, 87.

    Reisner, unpublished manuscript, Box L 4, Appendix G, Cemetery G 1000-1100, pp. 33-36.

    Reisner, George A., and Clarence S. Fisher. "Preliminary Report on the Work of the Harvard-Boston Expedition in 1911-13." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte 13 (1914), pp. 227-252.

Photos 180

People 5

Ancient People

  • Hetepi (in G 1020)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Probable son of Mes-sa (owner of G 1020). Limestone seated pair statue (Hearst 6-19760) inscribed for Hetepi and his wife Renpetnefret; Hetepi identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; found in situ in G 1020 serdab.
  • Mes-sa (G 1020)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 1020. Limestone standing statue (Hearst 6-19826) inscribed for Mes-sa; found in situ in G 1020 serdab.
  • Nefer (in G 1020)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Limestone lintel inscribed for Nefer, identified as [jmj-r TAw n wjA aA smsw sn(w)-Dt jmj-r Xaq(w)] overseer of boatmen(?) of the great bark, elder of the brothers of the funerary estate (?), overseer of barbers; reused as roofing in G 1020 U.
  • Renpetnefret (in G 1020)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Hetepi (probable son of Mes-sa, owner of G 1020). Limestone seated pair statue (Hearst 6-19760) inscribed for Hetepi and his wife Renpetnefret; Renpetnefret identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; found in situ in G 1020 serdab.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.