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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Nisutnefer (G 4970)
  • Excavator
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Attested
    Aat (in G 4970)
    Ankhiswidjedefre (in G 4970)
    Atjetkaus (in G 4970)
    Bunefer (in G 4970)
    Dedhekenu (in G 4970)
    Henutsen (in G 4970)
    Hesi (in G 4970)
    Hetepiry(?) (in G 4970)
    Ini (in G 4970)
    Inkaf (in G 4970)
    Innebef (in G 4970)
    Inpuhetep (in G 4970)
    Iswiankhiwedjes (in G 4970)
    Iy (in G 4970)
    Iymu (in G 4970)
    Iytwai (in G 4970)
    Kaemhes (in G 4970)
    Kaemib (in G 4970)
    Kaha (in G 4970)
    Kaha (in G 4970)
    Kahersetef (in G 4970)
    Kai (in G 4970)
    Kawedjankh (in G 4970)
    Khentetka (in G 4970)
    Khnumhetep (in G 4970)
    Meretites (in G 4970)
    Meri (in G 4970)
    Merib (in G 4970)
    Merky (in G 4970)
    Meshet (in G 4970)
    Metiu (in G 4970)
    Nebuka (in G 4970)
    Neferhai (in G 4970)
    Nefermaat (in G 4970)
    Nefernen (in G 4970)
    Nefernen (in G 4970)
    Nefrethernisut (in G 4970)
    Nengi (in G 4970)
    Nesedjerka (in G 4970)
    Netjernefer (in G 4970)
    Niankhhathor (in G 4970)
    Nisuti (in G 4970)
    Pehtes (in G 4970)
    Satmeret (in G 4970)
    Seneb (in G 4970)
    Seni (in G 4970)
    Senrehui (in G 4970)
    Sepererankh (in G 4970)
    Sesendjetef (in G 4970)
    Setju (in G 4970)
    Shepseska (in G 4970)
    Tety (in G 4970)
    Tety (in G 4970)
    Tjenti (in G 4970)
    W[...]dj (in G 4970)
    Wedjanetjer (in G 4970)
    Werrudju (in G 4970)
  • Baer Date
    Early to mid Dynasty 5
  • PorterMoss Date
    Early or middle Dynasty 5
  • Baud Date
    Khafre
  • Harpur Date
    Userkaf - Sahure
  • Jacquet-Gordon Date
    Slightly post- Niuserre
  • Junker Date
    Slightly after Niuserre
  • Kanawati Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • idem Date
    Sahure or immediately after
  • Reisner Date
    Late Menkaure - post-Neferirkare
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba

Finds 5

Maps & Plans 2

Drawings 1

Published Documents 11

Unpublished Documents 22

Full Bibliography

  • Bolshakov, Andrey. "anx-wD.s: St. Petersburg-Cambridge." Göttinger Miszellen 188 (2002), p. 34, note 13.

    Brovarski, Edward. "A Unique Funerary Monument of Old Kingdom Date in the Egyptian Museum." In Mamdouh Eldamaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections around the World. Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, pp. 186-187, 189, notes 27, 28, 29.

    Brovarski, Edward. "Inventory Offering Lists and the Nomenclature for Boxes and Chests in the Old Kingdom." In Emily Teeter and John A. Larson, eds. Gold of Praise. Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honor of Edward F. Wente. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 58. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 1999, p. 40.

    Brovarski, Edward. "An Inventory List from 'Covington's Tomb' and Nomenclature for Furniture in the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 1. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1996, pp. 149-150, fig. 12c.

    Jacquet-Gordon, Domaines funéraires, 255-6 (25G5), figs. 61-2.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Aspects of Mastaba Development: The Position of Shafts and the Identification of Tomb Owners." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, pp. 345-346, figs. 1-2.

    Jánosi, Peter. "The Tombs of Officials. Houses of Eternity." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 31, fig. 15f.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 35, 163-187, figs. 1, 9b, 25-32, pls. 5-6,10-11, 14 [a].

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Seshathetep/Heti (G 5150), Nesutnefer (G 4970) and Seshemnefer II (G 5080), Volume 2. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 18. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2002, pp. 7, 15-18, 31-50, pls. 1-2, 11-23, 49-57.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G201.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Unfinished Business: The Giza Tablet of Tjenti (JE 72135)." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, p. 783, note 17.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Presenting the Scroll: Papyrus Documents in Tombs Scenes of the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 2. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1996, p. 583.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 143-144.

    Reisner, George A. A History of the Giza Necropolis 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942, p. 214.

    Roth, Ann Macy. "Little Women: Gender and Hierarchic Proportion in Old Kingdom Mastaba Chapels." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 284-285, table 1.

Photos 86

People 59

Ancient People

  • Aat (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (between false doors, fourth register, second figure from right), identified as [HqA] chief; in situ in G 4970.
  • Ankhiswidjedefre (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, third register), depicted as dwarf; in situ in G 4970.
  • Atjetkaus (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, fourth figure from right), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4970.
  • Bunefer (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, third figure from right), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4970.
  • Dedhekenu (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Nisustnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, top register; between false doors, top register, first figure on right), identified on panel of relief south of south false door as [jmj-r Hmw-kA] overseer of ka-priests, identified on relief between false doors as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970.
  • Henutsen (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, first figure on right), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4970.
  • Hesi (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), south wall (bottom register, first figure on left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970.
  • Hetepiry(?) (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (over chapel entrance, boating scene, bottom register, first boat, fifth figure from right); in situ in G 4970. Name should perhaps be read [Htp] Hetep, with [jrjjj] as unusual writing of [jrj] or [jrjj] companion, mate.
  • Ini (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (bottom register, sixth figure from right, carrying calf), identified as [smsw pr] elder of the house; in situ in G 4970.
  • Inkaf (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (between false doors, bottom register, second figure from right); in situ in G 4970.
  • Innebef (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (name added later in ink and now faded) in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (between false doors, bottom register, second figure from right); in situ in G 4970.
  • Inpuhetep (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (third register, seventh figure from right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; in situ in G 4970.
  • Iswiankhiwedjes (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, bottom register), depicted as dwarf; in situ in G 4970.
  • Iy (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (between false doors, fourth register, third figure from right), identified as [HqA] chief; in situ in G 4970.
  • Iymu (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (bottom register, second figure from right, carrying table with offerings), identified as [xrp sH] director of the dining hall, and south wall (bottom register, third figure from right), depicted as butcher; in situ in G 4970.
  • Iytwai (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), north wall (top register [below offerings], figure on right), identified as [HqA] chief; in situ in G 4970.
  • Kaemhes (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (top register, third figure from right), identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4970.
  • Kaemib (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (top register, first figure on right), identified as [smr xrp aH] companion, director of the palace; in situ in G 4970.
  • Kaha (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (third register, sixth figure from right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970. One of two figures named Kaha; both appear on east wall (third register).
  • Kaha (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (third register, first figure on right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970. One of two figures named Kaha; both appear on east wall (third register).
  • Kahersetef (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east and west walls (depicted as young boy), and north wall (depicted as adult, top register [below offerings], figure on left), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; in situ in G 4970.
  • Kai (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (bottom register, fourth figure from right), identified as [jmj-r pr] steward; in situ in G 4970.
  • Kawedjankh (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (top register, fifth figure from right), identified as [aD-mr Tnw] administrator of the settlement; in situ in G 4970.
  • Khentetka (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Limestone seated statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 7507) inscribed for Khentetka (called Khent) with her son Rudju (a.k.a Werrudju) depicted as young boy; found in situ in G 4970 serdab (behind north false door). Also appears (in most cases identified as Khent) on north and south false doors and in chapel reliefs (west, north, and east walls), identified as [Hm-nTr HwtHr Hm-nTr Nt rxt nswt] priestess of Hathor, priestess of Neith, royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4970.
  • Khnumhetep (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (over chapel entrance, boating scene, bottom register, second boat, second figure from right), identified as [xrp jst] director of the crew; in situ in G 4970.
  • Meretites (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, second figure from right), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4970.
  • Meri (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, top register), identified as [nHs Smsw] Nubian and retainer; in situ in G 4970.
  • Merib (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), north wall (second register [below offerings], figure on right), identified as [HqA] chief; in situ in G 4970.
  • Merky (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (third register, fourth figure from right), identified as [jmj-r sSr] overseer of linen; in situ in G 4970.
  • Meshet (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, fifth figure from right); in situ in G 4970.
  • Metiu (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (third register, second figure from right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970.
  • Nebuka (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, seventh figure from right); in situ in G 4970.
  • Neferhai (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, third register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970.
  • Nefermaat (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (top register, fourth figure from right), identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4970.
  • Nefernen (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (between false doors, second register, first figure on right), identified as [sS] scribe; in situ in G 4970. One of two figures named Nefernen (other appears on east wall over chapel entrance); possibly same person.
  • Nefernen (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (over chapel entrance, boating scene, bottom register, first boat, first figure on right); in situ in G 4970. One of two figures named Nefernen (other appears on west wall, between false doors); possibly same person.
  • Nefrethernisut (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, sixth figure from right); in situ in G 4970.
  • Nengi (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), south wall (bottom register, first figure on right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970.
  • Nesedjerka (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (top register, seventh figure from right), identified as [sHD wjA] inspector of the boat; in situ in G 4970.
  • Netjernefer (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (between false doors, top register, fifth figure from right), identified as [HqA] chief; in situ in G 4970.
  • Niankhhathor (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, ninth figure from right); in situ in G 4970.
  • Nisuti (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), north wall (second register [below offerings], figure on left, and bottom register, first figure on left), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970.
  • Nisutnefer (G 4970)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 4970. Chapel entrance drum lintel and north and south false doors inscribed for Nisutnefer, also appears in chapel relief (north, south, west, and east walls), identified as [jmj-r aH sAb Hrj-sStA jmj-r prw msw-nswt aD-mr grgt jmj-r mnnw jmj-r nswtjw HqA Hwt aAt sSm-tA tA-wr sSm-tA wADt jmj-r wabw wrxafra xrp jmjw sAw wr-xafra Hm-nTr xafra] overseer of the palace, juridicial secretary, overseer of the houses of the royal children, administrator of a settlement, overseer of fortresses, overseer of the king's people, chief of a Great Estate, nomarch of U.E. 8, nomarch of U.E. 10, overseer of wab-priests of the pyramid of Khafre, director of members of the phyles of the pyramid of Khafre, priest of Khafre; in situ in G 4970. Seated statue (Hildesheim 2143) inscribed for Nisutnefer, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r wpwt] royal acquaintance, overseer of commissions; found in situ in G 4970 serdab (behind south false door).
  • Pehtes (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, bottom register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970.
  • Satmeret (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (second register, eighth figure from right); in situ in G 4970.
  • Seneb (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, second register), identified as [nHs xtmw] Nubian and sealer; in situ in G 4970.
  • Seni (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (bottom register, fifth figure from right, carrying tray of offerings), identified as [wdpw] butler, also possibly south wall (bottom register, fourth figure from right, name only partially preserved), depicted as butcher; in situ in G 4970.
  • Senrehui (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (bottom register, seventh figure from right) and west wall (between false doors, second register, fifth figure from right), identified as [jrj mDAwt] keeper of documents; in situ in G 4970.
  • Sepererankh (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (bottom register, first figure on right, censing), identified as [xrp sH] director of the dining hall, also possibly south wall (bottom register, fifth figure from right, name only partially preserved), depicted as butcher; in situ in G 4970.
  • Sesendjetef (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (between false doors, bottom register, first figure on right), identified as [HqA] chief; in situ in G 4970.
  • Setju (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (over chapel entrance, boating scene, top register, second boat, first figure on right); in situ in G 4970.
  • Shepseska (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (top register, sixth figure from right), identified as [sHD wjA] inspector of the boat; in situ in G 4970.
  • Tety (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (third register, fifth figure from right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970. One of two figures named Tety; both appear on east wall (third register).
  • Tety (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (third register, third figure from right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4970. One of two figures named Tety; both appear on east wall (third register).
  • Tjenti (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, second register, and between false doors, fourth register, first figure on right), identified as [sS Hm-kA] scribe and ka-priest; in situ in G 4970.
  • W[...]dj (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), east wall (bottom register, third figure from right, name only partially preserved), identified as [wdpw] butler; in situ in G 4970.
  • Wedjanetjer (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Nisutnefer (owner of G 4970), south wall (bottom register, second figure from right), identified as [Smsw] retainer; in situ in G 4970
  • Werrudju (in G 4970)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=s] her son) of Khentetka (wife of Nisutnefer, owner of G 4970), also called Rudju. Limestone seated statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 7507) inscribed for Khentetka (called Khent) with her son Rudju (depicted as young boy); found in situ in G 4970 serdab (behind north false door). Also appears in chapel relief, east wall (top register, second figure from right, depicted as adult), identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4970.

Modern People

  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.