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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Kap (G 4522)
  • Attested
    Hy (in G 4522)
    Niankhhathor (in G 4522)
    Nishepsesnisut (in G 4411)
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • PorterMoss Date
    Late Dynasty 5
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    G 4522 A; G 4522 B; G 4522 C; G 4522 D; G 4522 Serdab
  • Remarks
    Mastaba complex of G 4521-4523 built beginning against end of exterior chapel of G 4520. Map EG002031 shows G 4522 with shafts C-D & E-H. Reisner named shafts E-H as G 4521.

Finds 13

Excavation Diary Pages 9

Maps & Plans 10

Published Documents 4

Unpublished Documents 6

Full Bibliography

  • Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G184.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 130, plan 15.

    Reisner, unpublished manuscript, Box L 13, Description of Mastabas in Cemetery G 4000, p. 63 a-b.

Photos 28

People 5

Ancient People

  • Hy (in G 4522)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Kap (possible owner of G 4522). Fragmentary limestone pair statue (14-3-16 + 14-3-23 + 14-3-32 = MFA 21.2602) inscribed for Kap and his wife Hy; fragments found in debris between G 4520 and G 4620, attributed to G 4522. Two women (or same woman with two names) have been identified as wife of Kap: Hy on standing pair statue, Niankhhathor on seated pair statue.
  • Kap (G 4522)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Possible owner of G 4522. Fragmentary limestone standing pair statue (14-3-16 + 14-3-23 + 14-3-32 = MFA 21.2602) inscribed for Kap and his wife Hy; Kap identified as [jrj-xtmt n pr-aA xntj-S] he who is in charge of the sealed goods of the Great House, palace attendant; fragments found in debris between G 4520 and G 4620, attributed to G 4522. Fragment of limestone seated pair statue (14-3-31 = MFA 14.1461) inscribed for Kap, identified as [rx nswt xntj-S n pr-aA jmAxw xr nTr aA] royal acquaintance, palace attendant of the Great House, revered before the Great God (belongs with 14-3-24 = MFA 14.1455, fragment of limestone seated pair statue inscribed for Niankhhathor); found east of G 4520, attributed to G 4522. Two women (or same woman with two names) have been identified as wife of Kap: Hy on standing pair statue, Niankhhathor on seated pair statue. G 4522 tentatively assigned to Kap based on fragmentary statue finds; presumably because only evidence for a chapel (assuming statues originated in a chapel) in area where fragments were found is G 4522. Might be same Kap who appears (identified as [sn Dt] brother of the funerary estate) on limestone false door (MFA 21.3081) inscribed for Khufuankh (owner of G 4520).
  • Niankhhathor (in G 4522)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Kap (possible owner of G 4522). Fragment of limestone seated pair statue (14-3-24 = MFA 14.1455) inscribed for Niankhhathor (belongs with 14-3-31 = MFA 14.1461, fragment of limestone seated pair statue inscribed for Kap); found east of G 4520, attributed to G 4522. Two women (or same woman with two names) have been identified as wife of Kap: Hy on standing pair statue, Niankhhathor on seated pair statue.
  • Nishepsesnisut (in G 4411)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on north door jamb of entrance of inner room of chapel (Berlin (East) 1186) in tomb of Sekhemka (owner of G 4411) (bottom register, figure on left, carrying basin and ewer), identified as [jr-ant Hm-kA] manicurist, ka-priest; found in situ in G 4411. Limestone lintel fragment (14-3-21 = MFA 14.1453) inscribed for Nishepsesnisut, identified as [jr-ant] manicurist; found displaced in G 4521, probably G 4522 chapel, mastaba of origin unknown. Based on similarity of title, this Nishepsesnisut seems to be same Nishepsesnisut that appears on north door jamb in G 4411. Lintel suggests he had a tomb of his own, but identification of that tomb not possible based on surviving evidence (G 4522 tentatively assigned to Kap based on fragmentary statue finds). This calls into question identification of Nishepsesnisut, owner of possibly intrusive statue (15-12-46 = MFA 21.352) found in G 4410 serdab, with Nishepsesnisut, who appears on north door jamb in G 4411 and owns inscribed lintel, since if he had a tomb of his own, why was his statue placed in a secondary(?) serdab constructed in G 4410 chapel. Perhaps Nishepsesnisut actually is owner of G 4410 (like Tetu, who also appears in G 4411, is probably same individual as Tetu, owner of G 4420).

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.