Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Details

  • Format
    Journal Article
  • Language
    ENGLISH
  • Year Published
    2001
  • Number of Pages
    11
  • Citation Text
    Brovarski, Edward. "The Senedjemib Complex at Giza: Report on the February-March 1999 Field Season of the Giza Mastabas Project." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte 76 (2001), pp. 65-72.
  • Author
    Edward Brovarski
  • Publisher
    Service des Antiquités
  • Individual - Modern
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Individual - Ancient
    Akhetmehu (G 2375)
    Ankhirptah (G 2375a)
    Hunetka (in G 2375)
    Irenakhet Iri (G 2391)
    Kaesites (in G 2391)
    Khnumenti (G 2374)
    Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (G 2381)
    Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy (G 2386/G 2381)
    Neferi (in G 2391)
    Sabuptah Ibebi (G 2386/G 2381)
    Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)
    Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)
    Seshemnefer (in G 2375)

Tombs and Monuments 5

  • G 2370

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 2374

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 2375

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 2378

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 2391

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Finds 4

People 15

Ancient People

  • Akhetmehu (G 2375)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2375. Architectural elements (pillars and architrave of pillared portico) and false door inscribed for Akhetmehu, identified as [sAb smsw hAjt r nxn wDa-mdw StA n Hwt wrt Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr mAat Hrj-wDbw] judge, elder of the court, mouth of Nekhen, judge of secret matters of the Great Court, secretary, priest of Maat, master of reversion-offerings; on architrave, identified as [sAb r nxn smsw hAjt Hrj-tp mdw n wDa-mdw StAw n Hwt wrt Hm-nTr mAat Hrj-sStA n wDa-mdw r nxn] judge, mouth of Nekhen, elder of the court, overlord of the words of secret judgements of the Great Court, priest of Maat, secretary of judgements, mouth of Nekhen (written twice); also appears in chapel recess relief, west wall (north of false door, Akhetmehu seated at offering table with Seshemnefer leading row of offering bearers below, and south of false door, Akhetmehu seated at offering table), north wall (marsh scene, depicting Akhetmehu and Hunetka with their sons Ankhirptah and Seshemnefer), south wall (including displaced blocks 35-11-96a and 35-11-96b, standing figures of Akhetmehu and Hunetka and son Ankhirptah receiving tribute); false door and relief in situ in G 2375, pillared portico reconstructed. Name and titles (including [r nxn wDa-mdw StAw Hm-nTr mAat smsw hAjt] mouth of Nekhen, judge of secret judgements, priest of Maat, elder of the court) appear on displaced inscribed block, along with those of wife Hunetka; found in chapel of G 2375 (possibly originally from south wall of chapel recess).
  • Ankhirptah (G 2375a)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Akhetmehu (owner of G 2375); owner of secondary chapel G 2375a (abutting east face of G 2375). False door inscribed for Ankhirptah, identified as [sAb r nxn] judge, mouth of Nekhen; in situ in secondary chapel G 2375a. Also appears in chapel relief in tomb of his father G 2375, north wall of chapel recess (marsh scene, depicting Akhetmehu and Hunetka and their sons Ankhirptah and Seshemnefer), identified as [sAb sS] juridicial scribe; south wall of chapel recess (including displaced blocks 35-11-96a and 35-11-96b, standing figures of Akhetmehu and Hutnetka and son Ankhirptah receiving tribute), identified as [sAb] judge; one face of each displaced pillar inscribed for Ankhirptah, identified as [sAb smsw hAjt] judge, elder of the court; displaced pillar originally from G 2375 pillared portico (reconstructed), relief in situ in G 2375.
  • Hunetka (in G 2375)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Akhetmehu (owner of G 2375). False door inscribed for Hunetka, identified as [rxt nswt mrt nTr Hm-nTr HwtHr] royal acquaintance, beloved of the god, priestess of Hathor; found displaced in court of G 2375. Also appears in chapel relief, north wall of chapel recess (marsh scene, depicting Akhetmehu and Hunetka and their sons Ankhirptah and Seshemnefer), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; south wall of chapel recess (including displaced blocks 35-11-96a and 35-11-96b, standing figures of Ankhetmehu and Hunetka and son Ankhirptah receiving tribute); in situ in G 2375. Name and titles (including [Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht] priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore) appear on displaced inscribed block, along with those of her husband Akhetmehu; found in chapel of G 2375 (possibly originally from south wall of chapel recess).
  • Irenakhet Iri (G 2391)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2391. Irenakhet, [rn=f nfr] his good name Iri. False door inscribed for Irenakhet Iri, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; central false door in situ in G 2391. Offering stone inscribed for Irenakhet, identified as [Hm-kA jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA] ka-priest, overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; found in situ in front of false door of Irenakhet. Fitting blocks of limestone lintel (12-12-165 = MFA 13.4333) inscribed for Irenakhet, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA jmj-r pr] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House, steward; found displaced in front of G 2391. Appears on panel of relief south of false door of his wife Kaesites, identified as [jmj-r st xntjw-S pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; north false door in situ in G 2391.
  • Kaesites (in G 2391)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Irenakhet Iri (owner of G 2391). False door inscribed for Kaesites; north false door in situ in G 2391. Block of limestone lintel (12-12-166 = MFA 13.4337) inscribed for Kaesites (two standing figures of Kaesites, second figure from left and last figure on right), identified as [rxt nswt (Hm-nTr) HwtHr nbt nht] royal acquaintance, (priestess of) Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore; also appears on fitting blocks of limestone lintel (12-12-165 = MFA 13.4333) inscribed for her husband Irenakhet Iri (left end of block, standing behind her husband); both found displaced in front of G 2391.
  • Khnumenti (G 2374)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2374 (possibly buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2385 A). Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] son of his body) of Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370); father of Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (?) (owner of G 2381, buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2382 A). False door inscribed for Khnumenti, identified as [smr watj mdw rxjjt jwn-knmwt jmj-r wabtj jmj-r prwj nbw Hrj-sStA n nswt jmj-r Snwtj mrj nb=f m tAwj=f jmj-jb nswt m kAt=f nbt jmj-r prwj-HD] sole companion, staff of the commoners, iun-kenmut priest, overseer of the two wabets, overseer of the two houses of gold, royal secretary, overseer of the two granaries, beloved of his lord in his Two Lands, he who is in the heart of the king in all his works, overseer of the two treasuries; in situ in G 2374. Chapel architrave inscribed for Khnumenti and appears in chapel relief (facade and through out chapel), identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt mDH qd nswt m prwj Xrj-tp nswt Hrj-sStA wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt jmj-jb nswt jmj-r sSw a n nswt jmj-r Hwt-wrt sjsw sHD Hmw-nTr Dd-swt-sA-ra-ttj] hereditary prince, count, chief justice and vizier, overseer of all royal works, royal architect in the two houses, royal chamberlain, secretary of every royal decree, he who is in the heart of the king, overseer of royal document scribes, overseer of the six great law-courts, inspector of priests of the pyramid of Teti; some blocks in situ, others found loose in G 2374. Also appears in chapel relief in tomb of his father Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370), first antechamber (= room II, west wall, standing behind his father [bottom register]); this scene now almost completely destroyed (only lowest register still in situ in G 2370), but was drawn in its entirety by Lepsius. Khnumenti likely also appeared in lowest registers of south and/or north walls of offering room (= room IV), but inscriptions are illegible.
  • Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (G 2381)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2381, buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2382 A. Son of Khnumenti (?) (owner of G 2374). Father of Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy, Sabuptah Ibebi, and Tjemat; Nekhebu identified variously as [jmj-r kAt jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r wpwt nswt mnnfr-mrjra ppj jmj-r xntjw-S mnnfr-mrjra ppj jmj-r qdw aA dwAw mtj n sA mDH nswt mDH nswt qdw mDH nswt qdw m prwj Hrj-sStA n wabtj xrp SnDt nbt Xrj-Hb Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp Xrj-tp nswt sm smr watj smsw snwt sHD qdw Sps nswt qdw n aSAt qdw m prwj kAwtj] overseer of works, overseer of all royal works, overseer of royal commissions of the pyramid of Pepi I, overseer of palace attendants of the pyramid of Pepi I, overseer of builders, assistant of (the god) Duau, regulator of a phyle, royal carpenter, royal architect, royal architect in the two houses, secretary of the two wabets, director of every kilt, lector-priest, chief lector-priest, royal chamberlain, sem-priest, sole companion, elder of the snwt-house, inspector of builders, noble of the king, ordinary builder, builder in the two houses, workman. Appears in chapel relief and wall paintings: 1) relief scene (13-3-545 = MFA 13.4335) probably from lintel depicting six standing figures (three facing right, three facing left) of Nekhebu holding staff and scepter with columns of hieroglyphic text between figures identifying Nekhebu with his names, titles, and honorific epithets; 2) painted scene (13-1-546 = MFA 13.4339) of at least three registers depicting Nekhebu striding to right with name and titles in black in front of each figure; 3) autobiographical inscription of Nekhebu (13-1-547 = MFA 13.4331) with eight vertical columns and one horizontal line of text above seated figure of Nekhebu (facing left); 4) autobiographical inscription of Nekhebu (13-1-548 = MFA 13.5969 + Cairo JE 44608) with ten vertical columns and one horizontal line of text above seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right); 5) relief scene (13-1-549 = MFA 13.4331 + possibly one fragment from 13-1-558a = MFA 13.5975) from wall adjoining autobiographical inscription (13-1-547) depicting Nekhebu spear fishing in marsh; 6) relief scene (13-1-550 = MFA 13.4351) depicting figure of Nekhebu (facing right, only top of head preserved) with five vertical columns of inscription (above) and offering list (in front); 7) two door jambs (13-1-551: left jamb = MFA 13.4348; right jamb = MFA 13.4349) depicting standing figures of Nekhebu with accompanying inscription; 8) relief scene (13-1-553 + 13-1-556j + 13-1-558i = MFA 13.5834) depicting aging Nekhebu kneeling in boat in marsh; 9) relief scene (13-1-554 = MFA 13.4349) from section of facade adjoining right door jamb (13-1-551) depicting registers of Nile boats, on one boat in middle register (MFA 13.4349.2) seated figure of Nekhebu faced by his wife Hatkau playing harp; 10) relief scene (13-1-555 = MFA 13.4346 + possibly 13-1-558d = MFA 13.5974) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) and three registers of offering bearers (facing left) leading cattle and gazelle; 11) relief scene (13-1-555 + 13-1-556 + 13-1-558o = MFA 13.5830) depicting Nekhebu seated in carrying chair; 12) relief scene (13-1-556d + 13-1-558j = MFA 13.5934) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) and two registers of family members and offering bearers (facing left); 13) relief scene (13-1-556l + 13-1-558k = MFA 13.5935) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing left) with vertical columns of inscription above; 14) relief scene (13-1-558l = MFA 13.5936) depicting seated figure of Nekhebu (facing right) with vertical columns of inscription above (original position to left of section of facade with ceremonial dancers and offering bearers MFA 13.4348). Chapel almost completely destroyed with most blocks and fragments of relief and inscription found scattered in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragmentary limestone seated statue (12-12-14 + 12-12-22 = MFA 13.3161a-b) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; fragments found scattered in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragmentary limestone seated statue (12-11-26) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; fragments found scattered in G 2370 and Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-595 = MFA 13.3159) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [smr watj mDH qd nswt m prwj] sole companion, royal architect in the two houses; found in debris west of G 2381 A. Fragmentary incomplete limestone seated statue (12-11-58 + 12-12-176a = MFA 13.3149a-c), preserved fragments uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; fragments found scattered in G 2381. Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-9 = MFA 13.3156), preserved fragment uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragment of limestone seated statue (12-12-16 = MFA 13.3154), preserved fragment uninscribed, attributed to Nekhebu; found in G 2381. Limestone obelisk (12-12-23 = MFA 13.4353 deaccessioned = Memphis 1981.1.5) inscribed for Nekhebu, identified as [jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt smr watj] overseer of all royal works, sole companion; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Fragments of diorite offering table (12-12-20 = MFA 13.3143a-b) inscribed for Nekhebu; found in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382).
  • Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy (G 2386/G 2381)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Possible owner of one of two stone built chapels G 2386a or G 2386b, buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2381 A. Merptahankh-meryre, [rn=f nfr] his good name Ptahshepses Impy. Son of Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (owner of G 2381). Wood coffin (12-12-575 = MFA 13.3085) inscribed for Impy, identified as [HAtj-a sm xrp SnDt nbt Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp jmA-a xtmw-bjtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt smr watj mDH nswt qdw m prwj jmj-r wabtj] count, sem-priest, director of every kilt, chief lector-priest, gracious of arm, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, overseer of all royal works, sole companion, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two wabets; found in situ in G 2381 A. Copper flaring basin (12-12-265 = MFA 13.2940) inscribed for Impy, identified as [HAtj-a jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt smr watj mDH nswt qdw] count, overseer of all royal works, sole companion, royal architect; found in situ in G 2381 A. Wesekh broadcollar (12-12-583 = MFA 13.3086) with terminals inscribed for Impy, identified as [HAtj-a jmj-r kAt] count, overseer of works; found (more than one-half intact) in situ in G 2381 A.
  • Neferi (in G 2391)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Mehi, grandson of Irenakhet Iri (owner of G 2391). False door inscribed for Neferi, identified as [jmj-r wpwt Hmw-kA jmj-xt pr-aA Hm-kA jmj-xt xntjw-S pr-aA] overseer of commissions of ka-priests, under-supervisor of the Great House, ka-priest, under-supervisor of palace attendants of the Great House; south false door in situ in G 2391. Limestone lintel (12-12-167 = MFA 13.4338) inscribed for Neferi (appears twice: first figure on left faced by row of his children; right end of block, lower figure facing his father Mehi), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; found displaced in front of G 2391.
  • Sabuptah Ibebi (G 2386/G 2381)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Possible owner of one of two stone built chapels G 2386a or G 2386b, probably buried in sloping-passage shaft G 2381 C. Sabuptah, [rn=f nfr] his good name Ibebi. Son ([sA=f] his son) of Merptahankh-meryre Nekhebu (owner of G 2381); brother of Merptahankh-meryre Ptahshepses Impy and Tjemat. Appears in chapel relief possibly from G 2386: two blocks of relief (13-1-556o = MFA 13.4345) depicting portions of three registers of standing male figures (facing right) separated by vertical panels of inscription naming Sabuptah Ibebi, identified as [jmj-r sS prwj sm xrp SnDt nbt smr watj Xrj-Hb xtmw bjtj HAtj-a jmj-r njwt...] overseer of the fowling pond of the two houses, sem-priest, director of every kilt, sole companion, lector-priest, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, count, overseer of the pyramid town of...; two related fragments (13-1-558dd = MFA 13.5951, MFA 13.5979) depicting portions of male figures wearing long kilts; blocks of relief found displaced in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Also appears in chapel relief in G 2381: scene (13-1-549 = MFA 13.4331) from wall adjoining autobiographical inscription (13-1-547) depicting Nekhebu spear fishing, standing male figure of Sabuptah Ibebi (facing right, on two blocks MFA 13.4331.21 + MFA 13.4331.22) behind figure of Nekhebu, identified as [Xrj-Hb sS pr-mDAT nTr] lector-priest, scribe of the library of the god; blocks of relief found displaced in Senedjemib Complex court (G 2382). Alabaster headrest (12-12-581 = MFA 13.2925) inscribed for Sabuptah Ibebi, identified as [smr watj Xrj-tp nswt mDH nswt qdw m prwj] sole companion, royal chamberlain, royal architect in the two houses; found in burial of Impy in G 2381 A. Wood coffin (12-12-575 = MFA 13.3085) mainly inscribed for Impy, but with short inscription of Ibebi, identified as [smr watj Xrj-Hb mDH nswt qdw m prwj] sole companion, lector-priest, royal architect in the two houses; found in situ in G 2381 A.
  • Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2370. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Inti. Father of Senedjemib Mehi (owner of G 2378) and Khnumenti (owner of G 2374). Appears in chapel relief (throughout chapel), architectural elements (including portico facade, door jambs and displaced portico architrave) and false door inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [xrp sSw nbw Xrj-tp nswt jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r pr-aHAw mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r prwj-HD jmj-r jswj Xkr nswt jmj-r st nbt nt Xnw jmj-r prw msw nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt jmj-r Hwt-wrt sjsw jmj-r sDmt nbt jrj-pat HAtj-a tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt Hrj-Xb smr watj] controller of all scribes, royal chamberlain, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the armory, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two treasuries, overseer of the two chambers of royal regalia, overseer of every department of the Residence, overseer of the houses of the royal children, overseer of royal regalia, overseer of the six great law-courts, overseer of all that is judged, hereditary prince, count, chief justice and vizier, overseer of all royal works, overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, lector-priest, sole companion; in situ in G 2370. Limestone sarcophagus inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [HAtj-a mAa jntj tAjtj sAb TAtj snDmjb Xrj-tp nswt jntj] true count Inti, chief justice and vizier Senedjemib, royal chamberlain Inti; in situ in burial chamber of G 2370 B. Possibly same individual as owner of Lepsius 10 (in Khafre Quarry). Similar titles found on entrance lintel of Lepsius 10, inscribed for Senedjemib Inti. Probably same individual whose name appears on fragmentary limestone architrave (35-9-17 = MFA 35.2033) inscribed for Tjetu; found displaced in G 2338 B (possibly originally from G 2343 = G 5511).
  • Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2378. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Mehi. Son of Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370). Portico architrave inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt jmj-jb n nswt m st=f nbt jmAxw xr nswt-bjtj Wnjs] hereditary prince, true count, overseer of all royal works, secretary of every royal decree, he who is in the heart of the king in all his places, revered before the King of Upper and Lower Egypt Unis; offering room false door inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [smr watj tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r sSw a nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt nb Xrj-tp nswt mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r prwj-aHAw jmj-r wabtj jmj-r prwj nbw jmj-r sSr nswt jmAxw xr Jssj] sole companion, chief justice and vizier, overseer of royal document scribes, overseer of all royal regalia, royal chamberlain, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the two armories, overseer of the two wabets, overseer of the two houses of gold, overseer of royal linen, revered before Isesi; also appears in chapel relief (thoughout chapel), identified as [jwn-knmt] iun-kenmut priest; false door and relief in situ in G 2378, portico reconstructed. Also appears in chapel relief (including portico west wall, door jambs, and offering room) in tomb of his father Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370), identified as [HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt] true count, overseer of all royal works; in situ in G 2370.
  • Seshemnefer (in G 2375)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Akhetmehu (owner of G 2375). Appears in chapel relief, north wall of chapel recess (marsh scene, depicting Akhetmehu and Hunetka and their sons Ankhirptah and Seshemnefer), west wall of chapel recess (north of false door, Akhetmehu seated at offering table with Seshemnefer leading row of offering bearers below), identified as [sAb sS] juridicial scribe; in situ in G 2375.

Modern People

  • Edward Brovarski

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Egyptologist and co-director of the Cairo University-Brown University Excavations (CBE) in the Abu Bakr Cemetery.
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.

Institutions 1

  • Service des Antiquités

    • Type Publisher
    • Remarks Egyptian antiquities service; precursor to Supreme Council of Antiquities.