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*The original, paper version of this page in “Chapter 16: The Royal Family of Dynasty Four” can be found in archival box L01 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934—1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Hemiunu (G 4000)
    Khufu
    Meretites (G 4140)
    Nefermaat (G 7060)
    Snefru
    Snefruseneb (G 4240)
    Wenshet (G 4840)
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 8

  • G 4000

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4140

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4240

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4330

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4440

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4830

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4840

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4860

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Photos 1

People 9

Ancient People

  • Hemiunu (G 4000)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4000. Probable son of Nefermaat (owner of tomb at Meidum), probable grandson of Snefru. Architectural elements, including chapel entrance lintel (Hildesheim 2380) and door jamb (Hildesheim 2146), inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a xtmw-bjtj] hereditary prince, count, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt; door jamb found in situ in G 4000. Seated statue (Hildesheim 1962) inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [sA nswt n XT=f tAjtj sAb TAtj wr djw pr-DHwtj] king's son of his body, chief justice and vizier, greatest of the five of the House of Thoth; found in situ in G 4000 serdab behind north niche.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Meretites (G 4140)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4140. Limestone slab stela (MFA 12.1510) inscribed for Meretites, identified as [sAt nswt nt Xt=f] king's daughter of his body; found in situ on east face of G 4140.
  • Nefermaat (G 7060)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Nefertkau.
  • Snefru

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 4. Father of Khufu.
  • Snefruseneb (G 4240)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4240. False door tablet (Cairo JE 43292) depicting Snefruseneb seated at offering table, identified as [sm xrp SnDt aD-mr dp r p nb smr sA nswt n Xt=f] sem-priest, director of the kilt, administrator of Dep, mouth of all Pe, companion, king's son of his body; found in G 4240. Reserve head (13-11-60 = Cairo JE 46215) attributed to Snefruseneb; found in G 4240 A.
  • Wenshet (G 4840)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4840. False door (Hildesheim 2971) inscribed for Wenshet, identified as [sAt nswt n Xt=f Hm-nTr Nt mHtt jnb=s Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht] king's daughter of his body, priestess of Neith north of her wall, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore; found in situ in G 4840 (north chapel). Fragment of limestone slab stela (14-2-1 = MFA 14.1183) inscribed for Wenshet; found in G 4832 A, originally from G 4840.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.