Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

*The original, paper version of this page in “Chapter 15: Chronological Order of Finished Mastabas in the Giza Necropolis” can be found in archival box K14 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934—1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Heinrich Balcz, German, 1898 - 1944
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    William Stevenson Smith, American, 1907–1969
    Djaty (G 5370)
    Heti (G 5480)
    Khafre
    Khufu
    Menkaure
    Pehenptah (G 5280)
    Rawer [II] (G 5470)
    Seshemnefer [I] (G 4940)
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 4

Photos 1

People 12

Ancient People

  • Djaty (G 5370)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 5370. Architrave and false door inscribed for Djaty, identified as [wr mDw Sma jmj-r kAt nswt] great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, overseer of royal works; in situ in G 5370.
  • Heti (G 5480)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 5480. Appears in chapel relief (west and north walls and chapel entrance door jamb, name not preserved in chapel); in situ in G 5480. Headless seated statue (Cairo TR 20.1.41.4) inscribed for Heti, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; incomplete standing pair statue (Cambridge E 42.1926) inscribed for Heti and his sister Khenut, and base of limestone standing statue (KHM Vienna ÄS 8543) inscribed for Heti, identified (on both) as [zAb jmy-r sS] judge, overseer of scribes; all found in G 5480 serdab. Limestone statue base (12-11-1 = MFA 13.3447) inscribed for Heti, identified as [zAb jmy-r sS] judge, overseer of scribes; found in upper debris of G 2360 A, originally from G 2340 = G 5480. Uninscribed scribal statue of Heti (Hildesheim 2407); head found in mastaba of Khenit, body found in serdab of G 5480.
  • Khafre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Menkaure

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.
  • Pehenptah (G 5280)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 5280. False door inscribed for Pehenptah; found in situ in G 5280. Limestone drum lintel (39-9-2) inscribed for Pehenptah, identified as [rx nswt sS a n nswt] royal acquaintance, royal document scribe; found displaced in G 5280. Limestone standing statue (12-10-2 = Cairo JE 44609) inscribed for Pehenptah and limestone standing pair statue (12-10-3 = KHM Vienna ÄS 7502) inscribed for Pehenptah and his mother Amendjefaes; both found in G 5280 serdab. Shattered triad statue (12-10-4 = MFA 13.4330 triad + 12-10-4 = MFA 13.4358 fragment of female figure + 12-11-22 = MFA 13.3160 fragment of male figure proper right) of Pehenptah and his mother Amendjefaes; found in G 5280 serdab with some fragments from outside serdab. Son of Seshemnefer [I] (owner of G 4940). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, north end, lower register, second figure from left); in situ in G 4940.
  • Rawer [II] (G 5470)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 5470. False door inscribed for Rawer, identified as [sAb aD-mr jmj-r sSw Hm-nTr maAt] judge and administrator, overseer of scribes, priest of Ma'at; also appears in chapel relief (west, east, south walls); false door in situ in G 5470. Brother ([sn=f] his brother) of Seshemnefer [III] (owner of G 5170). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, second register, figure on left), identified as [sS a nswt] royal document scribe; chapel (Tübingen 3) found in situ in G 5170.
  • Seshemnefer [I] (G 4940)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4940. North and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer; also appears in chapel relief (north, west, east, and south walls), identified as [rx nswt Xrj-tp nswt Hwt Hr-xpr xt HA Hm-nTr Hqt Hm-nTr Hr THnw qA-a sAb aD-mr wr mDw Sma Hrj-sStA jmj-r kAt nt nswt jmj-r sSw Xr-a nswt Hrj-wDbw m Hwt-anx jmj-r stj-DfAw smr Hm-nTr jnpw xrp aH] royal acquaintance, royal chamberlain of the funerary temple of Horkheper (Djedefre), khet-priest of Ha, priest of Heqet, priest of Horus of Libya, elevated of arm, judge and administrator, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, secretary, overseer of royal works, overseer of scribes of the royal portfolios, master of reversion-offerings in the Mansion of Life, overseer of the two places of provisions, companion, priest of Anubis, director of the palace; in situ in G 4940.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Heinrich Balcz

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1898 - 1944
    • Remarks German Egyptologist. Worked with Hermann Junker.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • William Stevenson Smith

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1907–1969
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Curator, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.