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*The original, paper version of this page in “Chapter 16: The Royal Family of Dynasty Four” can be found in archival box L01 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934—1942
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Ankh-haf (G 7510)
    Hemiunu (G 4000)
    Henutsen (G I-c)
    Hetepheres (in G 7510)
    Hetepheres I (G 7000 X)
    Kaemah (G 1223)
    Khufu
    Nefretiabet (G 1225)
    Nefretkau (G 7050)
    Snefru
    Wepemnefret (G 1201)

Tombs and Monuments 7

  • G 2000

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 4000

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 7050

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G 7510

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G I-a

    • Site Name Khufu Pyramid Complex
  • G I-c

    • Site Name Khufu Pyramid Complex
  • Khufu Pyramid

    • Site Name Khufu Pyramid Complex

Photos 1

People 13

Ancient People

  • Ankh-haf (G 7510)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7510. Husband of Hetepheres.
  • Hemiunu (G 4000)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4000. Probable son of Nefermaat (owner of tomb at Meidum), probable grandson of Snefru. Architectural elements, including chapel entrance lintel (Hildesheim 2380) and door jamb (Hildesheim 2146), inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a xtmw-bjtj] hereditary prince, count, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt; door jamb found in situ in G 4000. Seated statue (Hildesheim 1962) inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [sA nswt n XT=f tAjtj sAb TAtj wr djw pr-DHwtj] king's son of his body, chief justice and vizier, greatest of the five of the House of Thoth; found in situ in G 4000 serdab behind north niche.
  • Henutsen (G I-c)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Khufu.
  • Hetepheres (in G 7510)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of Ank-haf (owner of G 7510) and eldest daughter of Snefru and Hetepheres I. North false door inscribed for Hetepheres; in situ in G 7510, interior chapel.
  • Hetepheres I (G 7000 X)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of King Snefru, founder of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty, and mother of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid. Her burial was hidden in a secret chamber (labeled G 7000 X) nearly 90 feet underground, and contained beautiful pieces of gilded and inlaid wooden furniture, silver jewelry, and a large alabaster sarcophagus that was found to be mysteriously empty.
  • Kaemah (G 1223)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1223. Limestone slab stela (Cairo JE 37725 = CG 57128) inscribed for Kaemah, identified as [jmj-r sAw Sma wr mDw Sma sA nswt] overseer of the phyles of Upper Egypt, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, king's son; found in situ on east face of G 1223.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Nefretiabet (G 1225)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1225. Limestone slab stela (Louvre E 15591) inscribed for Nefretiabet, identified as [sAt nswt] king's daughter; found in G 1225.
  • Nefretkau (G 7050)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Probably Daughter of Snefru Probably Mother of Nefermaat (G 7060)
  • Snefru

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 4. Father of Khufu.
  • Wepemnefret (G 1201)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1201. Limestone slab stela (Hearst 6-19825) inscribed for Wepemnefret, identified as [mDH sSw nswt wr mDw Sma hkA mHjt Hm-nTr Hqt xt HA sA nswt] craftsman of the king's scribes, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, heka-priest of Mehit, priest of Heqet, khet-priest of Ha, king's son; found in situ on east face of G 1201.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.