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*The original, paper version of this page in “Chapter 16: The Royal Family of Dynasty Four” can be found in archival box L01 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934—1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Akhethetep (G 1208)
    Ankh-haf (G 7510)
    Bauefre (G 7310-7320)
    Duaenre (G 5110)
    Hemiunu (G 4000)
    Horbaef (G 7410-7420)
    Hordjedef (G 7210-7220)
    Kameni (in G 4840)
    Kawab (G 7110-7120)
    Khafre
    Khufu
    Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)
    Meretites (in G 1208)
    Minkhaf (G 7430-7440)
    Nefermaat (G 7060)
    Rahetep
    Seshathetep Heti (G 5150)
    Seshatsekhentiu (G 2120)
    Snefruseneb (G 4240)
    Wenshet (G 4840)
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 1

  • G 4840

    • Site Name Western Cemetery

Photos 1

People 21

Ancient People

  • Akhethetep (G 1208)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 1208. Chapel entrance drum lintel inscribed for Meretites and Akhethetep, identified as [rx nswt wab nswt sHD Hmw-nTr xwfw jmj-r mSa jmj-r Axt-xwfw xrp jmjw sA] royal acquaintance, royal wab-priest, inspector of priests of Khufu, expedition leader, overseer of the pyramid of Khufu, director of members of a phyle; in situ in G 1208.
  • Ankh-haf (G 7510)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7510. Husband of Hetepheres.
  • Bauefre (G 7310-7320)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Question if name is correct.
  • Duaenre (G 5110)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 5110. Appears in chapel relief (west, south, east, and north walls [only lower legs and feet preserved in situ on west, east, and north walls], and chapel entrance north and south door jambs), and displaced fragment of lintel (MFA 34.1465), identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f jrj(-pat) HAtj-a tAjtj sS mDAt-nTr r nxn r p nb] king's son of his body, hereditary (prince), count, vizier, scribe of the divine book, mouth of Nekhen, mouth of every Butite; in situ in G 5110. Uninscribed sarcohpagus of Duaenre (Turin S.1838, Turin S.1839); Schiaparelli excavations. Possibly same individual as Duare (in G 3098b) and/or Duaenre (in G 8172).
  • Hemiunu (G 4000)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4000. Probable son of Nefermaat (owner of tomb at Meidum), probable grandson of Snefru. Architectural elements, including chapel entrance lintel (Hildesheim 2380) and door jamb (Hildesheim 2146), inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a xtmw-bjtj] hereditary prince, count, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt; door jamb found in situ in G 4000. Seated statue (Hildesheim 1962) inscribed for Hemiunu, identified as [sA nswt n XT=f tAjtj sAb TAtj wr djw pr-DHwtj] king's son of his body, chief justice and vizier, greatest of the five of the House of Thoth; found in situ in G 4000 serdab behind north niche.
  • Horbaef (G 7410-7420)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Horbaef, husband of Meresankh II, is buried in G 7420.
  • Hordjedef (G 7210-7220)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Hordjedef was buried in G 7220.
  • Kameni (in G 4840)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son ([sA=s] her son) of Wenshet (owner of G 4840). Appears on false door (Hildesheim 2971) inscribed for Wenshet, north inner jamb (top register), identified as [wr mAAw jwnw] greatest of seers (high priest of Re) of Heliopolis; found in situ in G 4840 (north chapel).
  • Kawab (G 7110-7120)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 7120, along with Hetepheres [II] (original owner of G 7110). Son of Khufu and Meretites [I]. Appears in chapel relief in tomb of his daughter Meresankh III (owner of G 7530-7540), main room (east wall), identified as [jrj-pat sA nswt smsw n Xt=f Xrj-Hb Hrj-tp xrp jAwt nTrt aA dwAw] hereditary prince, king's eldest son of his body, chief lector-priest, director of divine offices, assistant of (the god) Duau; in situ in G 7530-7540). Also mentioned in tomb of his steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Khafre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Fourth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khufu. Builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza and probably of the Great Sphinx as well. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Khephren. A number of diorite and greywacke statues and statue fragments depicting the king have been discovered in Khafre's valley temple, including Cairo CG 9-17. The fragmentary head of an alabaster royal statue (MFA 21.351 + MFA 33.1113) is attributed to Khafre.
  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Khufukhaf [I] (G 7130-7140)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Khufu and probably Henutsen. He is buried in G 7140.
  • Meretites (in G 1208)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Akhethetep (owner of G 1208). Chapel entrance drum lintel inscribed for Akhethetep and Meretites; Meretites identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 1208.
  • Minkhaf (G 7430-7440)

    • Type Mentioned on page
  • Nefermaat (G 7060)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son of Nefertkau.
  • Rahetep

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Prince in Medum during Dynasty IV. Suggested by Reisner to be son of King Snefru and brother of Nefermaat.
  • Seshathetep Heti (G 5150)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 5150. Seshathetep, called Heti. Chapel entrance lintel and door jambs, and north and south false doors inscribed for Seahathetep; also appears in chapel relief (west, north, south, and east walls); identified as [sA nswt n Xt=f smr xrp aH wt jnpw Xrj-Hb wr mDw Sma rx nswt Hrj-sStA kAt nb nswt jmj-r kAt nb nswt] king's son of his body, companion, director of the palace, embalmer of Anubis, lector-priest, great one of the tens of Upper Egypt, royal acquaintance, secretary of all royal works, overseer of all royal works; most in situ in G 5150. Fragmentary limestone standing pair statue of man and woman (KHM Vienna ÄS 7788) inscribed for [sA nswt n Xt=f smsw jrj-pat tAjtj sAb TAtj wr (mDw Sma) wr mAw jwnw xrp tjst bjtj aA dwAw wn r (Hm-nTr) xntjxm Hm-nTr bA n anpt Hm-nTr Hr stX xrp mrwt Sma mHw Hm-nTr BAstt Hm-nTr Ssmtt wa wrw Hb sS mDAt-nTr smsw snwt jmj-r kAt nbt nswt] eldest king's son of his body, hereditary prince, chief justice and vizier, great one (of the tens of Upper Egypt), greatest of the seers of Iunu, director of the tjst-companions of the king of Lower Egypt, assistant of (the god) Duau, opener of the mouth, (priest of) Khenty-khem, priest of Ba-anpet, priest of Horus and Seth, director of singers of Upper and Lower Egypt, priest of Bastet, priest of Seshmetet, unique one among the great ones of the festival, scribe of the divine book, elder of the snwt-house, overseer of all royal works (names not preserved), possibly representing Seshathetep Heti and his wife, or his parents; found in G 5150 (part of statue found in shaft, part found in serdab). Limestone false door tablet (OIC_E_13546, now in Chicago) of Seshathetep Heti. He and his wife Hepetka(?) sit facing each other over an offering table. Findspot unrecorded, presumably from southern(?) false door.
  • Seshatsekhentiu (G 2120)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2120. Limestone slab stela (group of unregistered fragments + 33-2-187 + 38-3-2 + 38-3-3 = MFA 06.1894) inscribed for Seshatsekhentiu; some fragments found east and west of G 2120. Fragments of red granite drum lintel (38-3-11) originally inscribed with name and titles of Seshatsekhentiu; partially preserved titles: [Xrj-(Hb)] lector(-priest), [Hrj-tp ...tjw] chief .... (Seshatsekhen)tiu; found in debris in front of slab stela emplacement in east face of G 2120.
  • Snefruseneb (G 4240)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4240. False door tablet (Cairo JE 43292) depicting Snefruseneb seated at offering table, identified as [sm xrp SnDt aD-mr dp r p nb smr sA nswt n Xt=f] sem-priest, director of the kilt, administrator of Dep, mouth of all Pe, companion, king's son of his body; found in G 4240. Reserve head (13-11-60 = Cairo JE 46215) attributed to Snefruseneb; found in G 4240 A.
  • Wenshet (G 4840)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 4840. False door (Hildesheim 2971) inscribed for Wenshet, identified as [sAt nswt n Xt=f Hm-nTr Nt mHtt jnb=s Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht] king's daughter of his body, priestess of Neith north of her wall, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore; found in situ in G 4840 (north chapel). Fragment of limestone slab stela (14-2-1 = MFA 14.1183) inscribed for Wenshet; found in G 4832 A, originally from G 4840.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.