Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Tepemankh (D 20)
  • Excavator
    Georg Steindorff, German, 1861–1951
  • Individual - Ancient
    Khernefret (in D 20)
    Wahni (in D 20)
  • Attested
    Autib (in D 20)
    Kanitef (in D 20)
    Khenuka (in D 20)
    Qaiptah (in D 20)
    Tepemankh (in D 20)
  • PorterMoss Date
    Dynasty 5-6
  • Site Type
    Stone+Brick-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    D 20,1; D 20,2; D 20,3; D 20,4; D 20,5; D 20,6; D 20,serdab a; D 20,serdab b; D 20,serdab c; D 20,chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba is east of D 19, south of D 29, and north of D 44 and D 45.
  • Problems/Questions
    Grimm, Alfred [Hrsg.], Steindorff, Georg and Uvo Hölscher, Die Mastabas westlich der Cheopspyramide (...), S. 31ff., Taf. 4. Porter, Bertha and Rosalind B. Moss, Assisted by Ethel W. Burney, Topographical Bibliography [...], III. Memphis. Part I, S. 109f.Spiekermann, Antje & Kampp-Seyfried, Friederike. Giza: Ausgrabungen im Friedhof der Cheopspyramide von Georg Steindorff. (Kleine Schriften der Ägyptischen Museums der Universität Leipzig. 6.) Leipzig (Ägyptisches Museum), 2003, S. 27-39.

Finds 35

Maps & Plans 4

Drawings 7

Published Documents 6

Full Bibliography

  • Eaton-Krauss, Marianne. "Pseudo-Groups." In Rainer Stadelmann and Hourig Sourouzian, eds. Kunst des Alten Reiches: Symposium im Deutschen Archäologischen Institut Kairo am 29. und 30. Oktober 1991. Sonderschrift des Deutschen Archäologischen Institut Abteilung Kairo 28, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1995, pp. 62, 73.

    Hornemann, Types 5, pl. 1370.

    Hornemann, Types 3, pl. 689.

    Ippel and Roeder, Denkmaler...Hildesheim, p. 48.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 9. Das Mittelfeld des Westfriedhofs. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 73, Abhandlung 2. Vienna: Rudolph M. Rohrer, 1950, plan 2 after pl. 20.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G9.

    L. D. 2, p. 152 [b].

    L. D. 1, p. 44.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 109-110, plan 14.

    Steindorff, Georg, and Uvo Hölscher. Die Mastabas westlich der Cheopspyramide 1-2. Edited by Alfred Grimm. Münchner Ägyptologische Untersuchungen 2. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1991, pp. 30-33, pl. 4.

Photos 19

People 9

Ancient People

  • Autib (in D 20)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife (?) of Tepemankh (owner of D 20). Standing triad or pseudo-group statue (GEM_1077 = Cairo JE 37826): two male figures identified as Tepemankh (possibly father and son), one female figure identified as [rxt nswt] "royal acquaintance" Autib; found in D 20 serdab (a).
  • Kanitef (in D 20)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son [sA=f] of Tepemankh (owner of D 20). Relief fragment of south wall (Paris, Louvre E 11161), showing seated Tepemankh and wife Autib receiving offerings from their sons Qaiptah, Khenuka, Kanitef, and Tepemankh; found in D 20.
  • Khenuka (in D 20)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son [sA=f] of Tepemankh (owner of D 20). Relief fragment of south wall (Paris, Louvre E 11161), showing seated Tepemankh and wife Autib receiving offerings from their sons Qaiptah, Khenuka, Kanitef, and Tepemankh; found in D 20.
  • Khernefret (in D 20)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks RELATED SITE: D 20
  • Qaiptah (in D 20)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son [sA=f] of Tepemankh (owner of D 20). Relief fragment of south wall (Paris, Louvre E 11161), showing seated Tepemankh and wife Autib receiving offerings from their sons Qaiptah, Khenuka, Kanitef, and Tepemankh; found in D 20.
  • Tepemankh (D 20)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of D 20. Drum lintel (Berlin 1138) inscribed for Tepemankh, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r st n xntj-S pr-aA] royal acquaintance, overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; found in D 20 (removed by Lepsius). False door (Theodore Pitcairn Collection, Bryn Athyn, Pennsylvania) inscribed for Tepemankh, identified as [Hm-nTr xwfw] priest of Khufu; found in D 20. Relief fragment of south wall (Paris, Louvre E 11161), showing seated Tepemankh and wife Autib receiving offerings from their sons [sA=f] Qaiptah, Khenuka, Kanitef, and Tepemankh; found in D 20. Standing triad or pseudo-group statue (GEM_1077 = Cairo JE 37826): two male figures identified as Tepemankh (possibly father and son - father identified as [jmj-r st xntj-S pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House), one female figure identified as Autib; found in D 20 serdab (a).
  • Tepemankh (in D 20)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son [sA=f] of Tepemankh (owner of D 20). Relief fragment of south wall (Paris, Louvre E 11161), showing seated Tepemankh and wife Autib receiving offerings from their sons Qaiptah, Khenuka, Kanitef, and Tepemankh; found in D 20. Standing triad or pseudo-group statue (GEM_1077 = Cairo JE 37826): two male figures identified as Tepemankh (possibly father and son - son identified as [jmj-r xtmt pr-aA] overseer of the treasury of the Great House), one female figure identified as Autib; found in D 20 serdab (a).
  • Wahni (in D 20)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks RELATED SITE: D 20

Modern People

  • Georg Steindorff

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1861–1951
    • Remarks Egyptologist and Copticist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1861-1951) German Egyptologist and Copticist; he was born in Dessau, 12 Nov. 1861, son of Ludwig S. and Helen S.; he was educated at the Universities of Berlin and Gottingen, and was Erman's (q.v.) first student; Ph.D. Gott., 1884; afterwards appointed assistant in Berlin Museum, 1885-93; Professor of Egyptology at Leipzig, 1893 until 1938, where he founded the Egyptian Institute and filled it with objects from his excavations in Egypt and Nubia; Steindorff made a special study of Coptic and was with Crum (q.v.) the leading authority in the world during his lifetime; he was also interested in art and published books and articles on this subject as well as on Egyptian religion; he explored the Libyan Desert, 1899-1900; excavated at Giza, 1909-1 1, and in Nubia, 1912- 14 and 1930-1; he edited the ZAS for 40 years and contributed many articles to it; his studies in Coptic were of the utmost importance and his Coptic Grammar still remains a standard work of reference and perhaps the most popular ever written in this field; in philology as a whole he was in the first rank and established the rules which are gener- ally accepted for the vocalization of Egyptian; in 1939 he was forced to emigrate to America when the Nazis were in power in Germany, and started another career there at the age of nearly eighty; he continued his studies in the museums of New York, Boston, and Baltimore and the Oriental Institute of Chicago; Hon. MemberofAmerican Oriental Soc.; at Baltimore he compiled a 12-vol. MSS Catalogue of Egyptian antiquities in the Walters Art Gallery, which formed the basis for a later pub. work; both his 70th and 80th birthdays were the subject of tributes, see below; his published works are very numerous and his bibl. lists about 250 books, articles, and reviews, the first of which appeared in 1883, the last in the year of his death nearly 70 years later; Sassanidische Siegelsteine, with P. Horn, 1891; Koptische Grammatik mit Chrestomathie, Worterverzeichnis und Literatur, 1894, rev. ed. 1904; Grabfunde des Mittleren Reiches in den Koniglichen Museen zu Berlin. I. Das Grab des Mentuhotep, 1896; Die Apokalypse des Elias, eine unbekannte Apokalypse und Bruchstücke der Sophonias-Apokalypse. Koptische Text, Ubersetzung, Glossar, 1899; Die Blütezeit des Pharaonenreiches, 1900, rev. ed. 1926; Grabfunde des Mitt, Reiches in den Koniglichen Mus, zu Berlin, II. Der Sarg des Sebk-o. Ein Grabfund aus Gebelên, 1901; Durch die Libysche Wüste zur Amonoase, 1904; The Religion of the Ancient Egyptians, 1905; Koptische Rechtsurkunden des Achten Jahrhunderts aus Djëme, Theben, with W. E. Crum, 1912; Das Grab des Ti. Veroffentlichungen der Ernst von Sieglin Expedition in Agypten, vol. 2, 1913; Aegyten in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 1915; Kurzer Abriss der Koptischen Grammatik mit Lesestücken und W?rterveyzeichnis, 1921;Die Kunst derAegypter. Bauten,Plaslik, Kunstgewerbe, 1928; Aniba, 1. Band with R. Heidenreich, F. Kretschmar, A. Langsdorff, and W. Wolf, 11. Band with M. Marcks, H. Schleif, and W. Wolf, 1935-7; Die Thebanische Graberwelt, with W. Wolf, 1936; When Egypt Ruled the East, with K. C. Seele, 1942; Egypt, text of Hoyningen-Huene, 1943; Catalogue of the Egyptian Sculpture in the Walters Art Gallery, 1946; Lehrbuch der Koptischen Grammatik, 1951; while in America he also wrote a Coptic-Egyptian Etymological Dictionary; The Origin of the Coptic Language and Literature: Prolegomena to the Coptic Grammar; The Proverbs of Solomon in Akhmimic Coptic according to a Papyrus in the State Library in Berlin, with a Coptic-Greek Glossary compiled by Carl Schmidt, he also edited many editions of Baedeker's Egypt, making it a standard work for all travellers and the best general guide available; he died in Hollywood, California, 28 Aug. 1951. AEB 28, 29; Bulletin Issued by. the Egyptian Educ. Bureau, London, n(. 58, Sept. 1951. 25 (anon);Chron. D'Eg.27 (I952), 391;JA0S 61 (1941), 288-9, Eightieth Anniversary. of Prof.Steindorff,J.H Breasted Jnr.;66.(1946), 76-87, The Writings of Georg Steindroff , J.H.Breasted Jnr.; 67 (1947) , 141-2,326-7; JEA 38 (1952), 2; Kürschner Corr .; The Times , 30 Aug. 1951; ZAS67 (1931), 1, Seventieth Birthday Tribute; ZAS79 (1954) , V-VI (portr.)(S.Morenz); E. Blumenthal,Altes ?gypten in Leipzig, 1918, 15-31 .